|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Upper Austria|
|Political District :||Vöcklabruck|
|License plate :||VB|
|Residents :||12,378 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||794 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||4840|
|Area code :||07672|
|Community code :||4 17 46|
|UN / LOCODE||AT VOC|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Herbert Walter Brunsteiner ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2015)
|Location of Vöcklabruck in the Vöcklabruck district|
Lower City Tower in Vöcklabruck; seen from the suburbs
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Vöcklabruck is a municipality with 12,378 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the Hausruckviertel in Upper Austria . The city is the center of the Vöckla-Ager-Senke, the second most important economic area in Upper Austria. As the seat of the district administration and the district court of Vöcklabruck , it is also an important administrative town, a regionally important shopping and business town and, as the location of various secondary schools, also a relevant school town.
The city is located at 433 meters above sea level on the rivers Vöckla and Ager , which flow into the Ager southeast of the municipality on the border with Regau . Because of its proximity to the lakes of the Salzkammergut (especially Attersee and Mondsee ), Vöcklabruck is also called the “gateway to the Salzkammergut” - especially in tourism advertising.
The municipality includes the following 18 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Altwartenburg (15)
- Outer Hafling (9)
- Buchleiten (391)
- Dörfl (1195)
- Durnau (2716)
- Overhead lines (421)
- Inner Hafling (4)
- Kirchberg (24)
- Neuwartenburg (4)
- House of Lords (55)
- Oberthalheim (47)
- Pastor's Field (445)
- Schondorf (1704)
- Voecklabruck (3845)
- Front book (41)
- Wagrain (1380)
- Wegscheid (22)
- Ziegelwies (60)
The community consists of the cadastral communities Vöcklabruck and Wagrain.
When the Roman administration finally collapsed towards the end of the 5th century under the onslaught of the Germanic tribes, the Bavarian conquest began in 550 , in which the population and settlement-like structures that have continued to have an effect up to our day emerged. The Vöckla-Ager-Senke is one of the oldest Bavarian settlement areas.
The name of the city was first mentioned in 1134 as Pons Veckelahe . In 1984 the company celebrated its 850th anniversary. There is evidence of the Schöndorf Church as early as 824: In the tradition book of the Mondsee Monastery there is a document stating that a pious man named Mahtuni has part of his inheritance, consisting of 40 days of land, forests and other valuables in Attergau in the place called Puhilesphah (today Pilsbach ) transferred to this monastery. The contract for this was renewed on December 26, 824 in the church in Scugindorf , today's Schöndorf.
Between 1134 and 1143, Pilgrim von Weng had a hospice built on the bridge over the Vöckla on the left bank, the oldest in Upper Austria and the third oldest in the German-speaking area.
The core of today's city, the town square closed by two heraldic towers, the emblem of Vöcklabruck, was probably a planned foundation of the Babenbergs in the 12th century, who fortified their newly obtained property from the Count of Regau .
Presumably, Vöcklabruck was not officially raised to the status of a town, but slowly developed from a market town to a town in the course of the 14th century . Since we know that it was already a town in 1358, the year Duke Albrecht II died , this year is usually mentioned. Albrecht and his son Rudolf IV were great patrons of the city of Vöcklabruck and are therefore - stylized as knights - on the city coat of arms.
Emperor Maximilian I , who was friends with the lord of the nearby Wartenburg Castle, Wolfgang von Polheim , also promoted the city and stayed in it several times. He had his coat of arms affixed to the city towers.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, the fortunes of the city were shaped by the religious wars that followed the Reformation and the peasant revolts associated with them . In 1570 the majority of the townspeople were Protestant, the pastoral office , which was under the monastery of St. Florian , was Catholic, which led to constant conflicts.
In 1620, Emperor Ferdinand II pledged the land above the Enns ( Upper Austria ) to the Bavarian Duke Maximilian I in return for his support in the Battle of the White Mountains . Under Maximilian's governor Adam Graf von Herberstorff , the Counter-Reformation began in full force. The uprising of the peasants against the forced re-Catholicization culminated in the Upper Austrian Peasants' War in 1626. The trigger for this war was the Frankenburg dice game in May 1625, in which Herberstorff let the ringleaders of an anti-Catholic uprising roll the dice for their lives in pairs.
After the end of the lien in 1628 and further bloody battles between the peasants and the imperial troops in 1632, Vöcklabruck (together with the municipality of Engelhartszell ) was pledged again towards the end of the Thirty Years War when Ferdinand II needed money to raise an army against Sweden . The city left the association of sovereign cities, became impoverished and could hardly recover from the consequences of the war. It was not until 1718 by Emperor Karl VI. re-triggered and regained their status and privileges.
In the Napoleonic Wars , Vöcklabruck suffered great damage again. After the Peace of Schönbrunn in 1809, the city came to France, which it passed on to Bavaria . With the Congress of Vienna Vöcklabruck came back to Austria - this time for good. It belonged to the Hausruckkreis ; In 1868 the Vöcklabruck district administration was installed.
Second World War
From June 6, 1941 to May 14, 1942, there was a satellite camp of the Mauthausen concentration camp in Wagrain . It was on the same site on which half of the bus parking lot of the school center and the district sports hall are located today. Around 300 prisoners were deployed in road and bridge construction and also for other work in Vöcklabruck and Attnang-Puchheim. After the Second World War , in which the city was only slightly destroyed, new districts emerged in Schöndorf and Dürnau , not least to take in refugees from the east, where more than half of the population of Vöcklabruck now lives.
From July 15 to 21, 1985, the 8th International Fire Brigade Competitions of the World Fire Brigade Association CTIF (Fire Brigade Olympiad ) were held in the Voralpenstadion in Vöcklabruck . The program included Traditional International Fire Brigade Competitions, International Fire Brigade Sports Competitions and International Youth Fire Brigade Competitions.
In March 2006 the gutted building of the old Upper Austria. State hospital Vöcklabruck expertly blown up.
coat of arms
- In blue on a green, corrugated shield base, a golden stone arch bridge starting from the right edge of the shield, provided with three red, white and red binding shields , which leads to a golden, crenellated gate extending from the left edge of the shield with a raised portcullis in the black open gate. On the bridge two knights in blue armor riding on horses to the city gate with golden, closed, crowned bucket helmets decorated with green peacock butts , each holding a flag in the Austrian colors attached to golden poles and a shield; Four red-white-red labels are visible on the golden horse blankets .
When the coat of arms was awarded is not known, the use of a city seal goes back to the 14th century. The coat of arms symbolizes the city and the eponymous bridge over the Vöckla. The two riders represent Duke Albrecht II and his son Duke Rudolf IV, who promoted the city and granted it privileges.
- Český Krumlov (Bohemian Krumlov), Czech Republic
- Hauzenberg , Germany
- Slovenj Gradec (German Windischgräz), Slovenia
The municipal council has 37 members.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Upper Austria in 2003, the municipal council had the following distribution: 16 ÖVP, 14 SPÖ, 5 GRÜNE, and 2 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Upper Austria in 2009, the municipal council had the following distribution: 19 ÖVP, 9 SPÖ, 5 GRÜNE, and 4 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Upper Austria in 2015 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 18 ÖVP, 7 FPÖ, 6 SPÖ, and 6 GRÜNE.
- since 1991 Herbert Brunsteiner (ÖVP)
Culture and sights
- Vöcklabruck city fortifications : The frescoes on the city towers were discovered in the 1960s and date from around 1502 by the Tyrolean court painter Jörg Kölderer , who also painted the frescoes on the coat of arms tower in Innsbruck (which were destroyed in 1766).
- Dörflkirche (Aegidius Church): a baroque church well worth seeing, a central building with a cross plan built by Carlo Antonio Carlone in 1688–1691 , decorated with stucco by Giovanni Battista Carlone (his brother) and frescoed by Carlo Antonio Bussi ; on the left Vöcklaufer.
- Pilgrimage Church Maria Schöndorf : Early medieval fortified church , built before 824.
- Upper Austrian State Garden Show 2007: from April 27th to October 14th under the motto “Where the gardens build bridges”.
- Heimathaus Vöcklabruck : The museum offers a cross-section of rural and middle-class life in the region. There is also an extensive collection of the remains of the pile dwellings from the Attersee region and a separate memorial room is dedicated to the composer Anton Bruckner .
- Museum of the Displaced Persons
- Model making museum
- Catholic parish church Vöcklabruck
- Evangelical parish church Vöcklabruck
- Wagrain Castle with the Wagrain Castle Federal Real Gymnasium
- Open art and culture house (former Hatschek Foundation)
Economy and Infrastructure
The city forms the center of the important economic area Vöckla-Ager-Senke with nationally important companies such as Lenzing AG. The following important companies are located in Vöcklabruck:
- Rail: The double-track, electrified Westbahn runs through Vöcklabruck . The Vöcklabruck station was completely rebuilt from 1998 to 2001 as part of the expansion of the Attnang-Puchheim-Salzburg section. Since December 2007, 30 intercity trains have stopped at Vöcklabruck station every day. Important destinations such as Salzburg, Linz or Vienna can be reached every hour.
- Road: Wiener Straße - from Salzburg to Vienna - runs parallel to the A1 West Autobahn and runs through the municipality . About ten kilometers southwest of the city center is the Seewalchen motorway junction to the A1 West motorway and about ten kilometers southeast of the Regau motorway junction to the A1 West motorway .
- Bus: The city bus was founded in Vöcklabruck in 1992. The most important residential areas are now connected every half hour or hour with six city bus routes. In addition, a shared call taxi is offered for the smaller settlement areas.
- Air traffic: Salzburg International Airport can be reached in around 50 minutes by car or in around 60 minutes by train (with transfers) and Linz Airport in around 60 minutes by car or by train (with transfers) about 60 minutes to reach.
- Vocational Promotion Institute
- Vocational school for commercial apprenticeships
- Federal high school
- Bundesrealgymnasium Schloss Wagrain
- Federal Trade Academy and Federal Trade School
- Don Bosco School
- Higher technical federal school
- State music school
- Agricultural vocational and technical school
- Pestalozzi School
- Polytechnic school
- Private primary school and secondary school of the Franciscan Sisters
- New middle school
- School of General Health and Nursing
- School for painting and design
- Municipal student after-school care center
- Adult Education Center of the Chamber of Labor
- Elementary school 1 and 2
- WIFI Vöcklabruck
In the post-war years, the field handball department of SV Vöcklabruck played an important role. Players in black and white were then: Hermann Kamper (goal), Rupert Pichlmann, Max Asen, Rudi Slezina. Despite excellent results, the association did not allow the team to rise because games with the Linz clubs were not possible due to post-war conditions. An outstanding event in the history of the handball team was a friendly game on April 9, 1950 (Easter Sunday) with the Swiss handball team Thun , which visited Vöcklabruck for several days, was greeted with a festive procession and went on excursions to the Salzkammergut with the hosts.
The 1. FC Vöcklabruck 2008 increased as Regional Champion in the First League , so the second-highest division of Austria, on, after only one season (2008/2009) but the same again. After that, the club stopped playing due to financial problems and the withdrawal of the license. With the Vöcklabrucker Sportclub (VB SC for short) a successor club was founded, which started again in the lowest Upper Austrian league.
sons and daughters of the town
- Leonhard Schiemer (* around 1500), leading figure in the Anabaptist movement
- Sebastian Schwarz (1809–1870), priest and founder of the order
- Emilie Mediz-Pelikan (1861–1908), painter and lithographer
- Josef Zauner (1876–1967), politician (CSP)
- Max Auer (1880–1962), most important Anton Bruckner biographer
- Hermann Aichinger (1885–1962), important architect, Otto Wagner student
- Othmar Lux (1892–1980), painter and sculptor
- Wilhelm Bock (1895–1966), Mayor of Linz, parish priest of Vöcklabruck
- Gerhard Possart (1923–1996), politician (ÖVP), honorary citizen of Vöcklabruck
- Oskar Czerwenka (1924–2000), opera singer (bass) and painter, born and died there
- Franz Bucar (1925–2014), painter (including sgraffito)
- Werner Kreindl (1927–1992), actor (including student Gerber)
- Eduard Christoph Heinisch (1931–1999), poet, prose writer, satirist and journalist
- Hansjörg Eichmeyer (1940–2019), Evangelical Lutheran theologian
- Günter Kahowez (1940–2016), composer
- Wolfgang Panuschka (* 1942), sculptor, painter, graphic artist and restorer
- Ludwig Nagl (* 1944), philosopher
- Josef Ackerl (* 1946), politician
- Jim Silye (* 1946), Canadian politician, businessman and former sportsman (football), emigrated to Canada in 1951
- Ute Baur-Timmerbrink (* 1946), German author, blogger and guide for the children of the occupation
- Gerhard Fitzinger (1947–2016), composer, music teacher and church musician
- Hans Höller (* 1947), Germanist, philologist and university professor
- Leopold Köppl (* 1947), singer (baritone) and hobby painter
- Inge Jäger (* 1949), politician ( SPÖ ) and adult educator
- Wolfgang Holzmair (* 1952), baritone singer
- Christian Scholz (1952–2019), economist
- Maximilian Hofmann (* 1954), politician and member of the Austrian National Council
- Kurt Palm (* 1955), author and director
- Hans Eichhorn (1956-2020), writer
- Reinhard Palm (1957–2014), author, translator and dramaturge
- Editta Braun (* 1958), choreographer, stage dancer and dance teacher
- Franz Froschauer (* 1958), actor
- Franz Gruber (* 1960), Catholic dogmatist and university professor
- Andrea Eder-Gitschthaler (* 1961), politician ( ÖVP ) and insurance employee
- Peter Weinhäupl (* 1962), cultural manager, director Leopold Museum Vienna / Klimt Foundation
- Harry Ahamer (* 1964), musician and songwriter
- Elisabeth Kölblinger (* 1966), city councilor and member of the state parliament (ÖVP)
- Walter Fischbacher (* 1966), jazz and fusion musician
- Sylvia Sperandio (* 1966), doctor, first officer in the Austrian army
- Franzobel (Stefan Griebl, * 1967), writer
- Christian Bachner (* 1970), jazz musician
- Robert Bachner (* 1972), jazz musician and composer
- Jörg Winter (* 1972), ORF journalist
- Claudia Brandmair (1975–2017), fashion designer
- Daniela Emminger (* 1975), writer
- Alois Gstöttner (* 1975), photographer, author, journalist, graphic designer and publisher
- Susanne Gschwendtner (* 1981), actress
- David Six (* 1985), musician
- Peter Hackmair (* 1987), soccer player
- Daniela Holzinger-Vogtenhuber (* 1987), politician ( SPÖ , now - Pilz list )
- Daniel Hemetsberger (* 1991), ski racer
- Lisa Hofmaninger (* 1991), jazz musician
- Lukas Pöstlberger (* 1992), racing cyclist
- Miriam Hufnagl alias AVEC (* 1995), songwriter and musician
- Alexandra Charlotte Ulrike Maryam Virginia Princess of Hanover (* July 20, 1999), daughter of Ernst August Prince of Hanover and Princess Caroline of Hanover, Princess of Monaco
- Franz Satzinger: Vöcklabruck town history - from the beginnings to 1850 . Kilian Verlag, 2006 ( online ).
- Alois Zellinger: Vöcklabruck in the years 1933 to 1945. Upper Austrian Provincial Archives, 2006, ISBN 3-900313-82-2 .
- J. Stülz: On the history of the parish and the city of Vöcklabruck. In: Upper Austrian State Museum: Report on the Francisco-Carolinum Museum. Volume 17, 1857, pp. 1-190 ( Google eBook, full view ).
- Website of the city of Vöcklabruck
- Map in the Digital Upper Austrian Room Information System ( DORIS )
- 41746 - Vöcklabruck. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Further information about the municipality of Vöcklabruck on the geographic information system of the federal state of Upper Austria .
- J. Stülz: On the history of the parish and the city of Vöcklabruck.
- OKH - Open Art and Culture House Vöcklabruck - Culture in the Hatschek Foundation
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Engelbert Lasinger, Upper Austrian Provincial Archives (ed.): Files and manuscripts of the Vöcklabruck district administration in Upper Austria. State Archives . Inventory (as of 2003). Linz 2003 ( PDF ).
- Text: "Vöcklabruck, March 17, 1920"
- The text in the upper field reads: “The municipality of Vöcklabruck issues vouchers based on the meeting resolution of November 29, 1919 and is liable for the liability” Lower text field: “to redeem them with all their assets. The end of the validity period will be announced publicly. Imitation is punishable by law. "
- Christian Hawle, Gerhard Kriechbaum, Margret Lehner: Perpetrators and victims: National Socialist violence and resistance in the Vöcklabruck district 1938–1945. Library of the Provincial Publishing House, Freistadt 1995.
- Franz-Josef Sehr : CTIF World Championships in Austria . In: Florian Hessen 9/1985 . Munkelt Verlag, 1985, ISSN 0936-5370 , p. 1-2 .
- European Community of Historical Shooters