Salzburg Airport

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Salzburg Airport
Salzburg Airport LOWS RWY check flt u left base RWY15.jpg

47 ° 47 '42 "  N , 13 ° 0' 14"  E Coordinates: 47 ° 47 '42 "  N , 13 ° 0' 14"  E

Height above MSL 430 m (1411  ft )
Transport links
Distance from the city center 3.1 km west of Salzburg
Street Wiener Straße B 1 ,
Autobahn A 1 , A 10
Local transport Trolleybus lines 2 and 10 every 10 or 15 minutes to the main station or the city center, Albus line 27 every 15 minutes
Basic data
opening 1926
operator Salzburg Airport GmbH
surface 175 ha
Terminals 2
Passengers 1,844,362 (2018)
Air freight 191.8 t (2018)
59,703 (2018)
Employees 371 (2018)
Start-and runway
15/33 2750 m × 45 m asphalt

i1 i3

i7 i10 i12 i14

The Salzburg Airport ( IATA : MUC , ICAO : LOWS ) is located in the city of Salzburg and is based on the number of aircraft movements is the second largest airport in Austria . The Salzburg municipal airfield went into operation on August 16, 1926 and remained undamaged during World War II . During the American occupation it was called Salzburg Airport from 1945 . The airport operator also uses the name Salzburg Airport WA Mozart for the airport .

Location and transport links

The airport is located about three kilometers west of Salzburg city center in the Maxglan district , about two kilometers from the German border, near Ainring and Freilassing . The airport is 430  m above sea level. A. high on the former area of ​​the Untersberger Moor and in the area of ​​the Salzburg basin. The Untersberg is located south of the airport . The area of ​​the airport site extends over 175 hectares.

The airport is connected to Salzburg's local transport by trolleybuses on lines 2 and 10 and the Albus bus line 27. Various regional lines also run to the airport, mostly served by the Postbus bus company , such as to Bad Reichenhall and Zell am See . The airport is connected to the Austrian Federal Railways network via the city bus routes . The airport can be reached via the West Autobahn A 1 and Wiener Straße B 1. This passes under the runway and taxiway in a tunnel.


Prehistory of aviation in Salzburg

The first flight in the Salzburg area took place on September 4, 1811, when a balloon filled with warm air landed in Salzburg. Twelve years later, in 1823, Joseph Wibmperger from Salzburg founded his first airline .

The first motorized airplane took off on July 16, 1910 from a trotting track in Aigen near Salzburg. After the need for flights in Salzburg slowly increased, after the First World War , on May 31, 1920, the demand to build an airfield near Salzburg came up for the first time.

Operating phase before and during World War II

This was finally able to start operations on August 16, 1926. The inaugural flight began in Munich- Oberwiesenfeld and led via the new airport in Salzburg to the neighboring airport in Bad Reichenhall, which had opened a year earlier . The ceremony was chaired by Governor Franz Rehrl . At that time, the airport consisted of a wooden shack with a waiting room, a customs office and an area for passenger handling. In 1928 the first pilot test took place in Salzburg. The wooden barracks were replaced by a new building in 1930.

During the National Socialist era, the airport was expanded and modernized with new hangars, concreting the runway and improving the air traffic control systems. Before the airport was taken over by the armed forces of the United States as Airfield R.81 after the surrender of the German Wehrmacht on May 8, 1945 , it served as a refuge for Luftwaffe aircraft in the last days of the war . These included the Messerschmitt Me 262 fighter aircraft, the world's first mass-produced jet aircraft . A significant number of Me 262s were blown up shortly before the American invasion. You shouldn't fall into the hands of the enemy. The only remaining copy in the German-speaking area is exhibited in the Deutsches Museum in Munich.

Operating phase after the Second World War

During the American occupation, Salzburg Airport was reintegrated into international air traffic. Although Austria was still banned from powered flight after the Second World War, the training of Austrian pilots for the reconstruction of civil aviation in Austria began as early as 1954 with the approval of the US military government.

In the late 1950s there was discussion about building a new airport to be built north of the city of Salzburg, in the Salzburg Flachgau region . After the decision was made in favor of expanding the old location, a large-scale modernization and expansion of the airport took place in the 1960s. On September 26, 1968, a visit Boeing 737 of Lufthansa for the first time an aircraft of this type from the airport.

The 1970s were marked by protests from local residents and the beginning ecological movement , which forced the airport operator to invest in noise protection and to adhere to strict operating hours. With the beginning of the era of jet aircraft and the increasing popularity of air travel, flight movements increased sharply, which meant that glider operations had to be discontinued in this decade . On March 25, 1976, a wide- bodied Airbus A300 landed for the first time at the airport, which Lufthansa had ordered to Salzburg for presentation purposes. Two years later, on March 30, a Douglas DC-10 from Swissair was the first long-haul aircraft to arrive in Salzburg. The Concorde supersonic airliner landed in Salzburg for the first time on April 23, 1984, followed by a Boeing 747 the following February.

At the beginning of the 1990s, the runway was widened in order to cope with both the increasing traffic and the increasingly strict safety regulations. At the same time, several new hangars were built in the north-western part of the airport. In 1995 a Boeing 777 , the largest twin-engine passenger aircraft, landed at the airport for the first time. Due to renewed protests about increased noise pollution, since 2005 both arrivals and departures have only been allowed between 6:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.

Operating phase in the 21st century

Regional air traffic at Salzburg Airport
Douglas DC-6 of the Flying Bulls landing in Salzburg

In August 2003, Hangar 7 east of the runway was officially opened with an air show. It is a museum of historical aircraft that are serviced in Hangar 8 opposite . The operator is The Flying Bulls . In Hangar 7 restaurant is under the direction of Eckart Witzigmann furnished.

In December 2003, the new airport Terminal 2 was opened for seasonal winter charter traffic in order to increase passenger comfort for winter tourists. The airport invested 25 million euros by 2005, the majority of which was spent on security measures such as the new 100 percent large baggage check. On May 4, 2005 Terminal 2 will also be opened for regular services.

On July 28, 2010, the second Lufthansa A380-800 was christened “Munich” at the Franz-Josef-Strauss Airport in Munich . During the “Alpine round flights” of this aircraft that were carried out later in the day, sham approaches to runway 16/34 were also carried out in Salzburg. Since the runway is 15 m too narrow, the runway was not touched down, but only flown over at a low altitude.

In October 2011, the construction of a new tower began, which was completed in 2014. It is 53 meters high and is located to the west of the old tower, which was dismantled by November 2015 following the commissioning of the new tower.

As of August 23, 2012, the name of the previous runway 16/34 was changed to 15/33 due to the changing location dismissal. Runway 15/33 was renamed for the first time since its construction in the 1960s. At that time, it replaced runway 10/28.

In August 2013, Salzburg Airport received ISO 50.001 certification.

From April 24, 2019, the almost 60-year-old runway of the airport was renewed, the airport was closed for 5 weeks during this time. In the course of the construction work, the entire lighting system for the runways and landing runways is to be converted to LED lamps, which should reduce power consumption.


Baggage claim Terminal 1
Amadeus terminal 2 at Salzburg Airport
Event location amadeus terminal 2

Salzburg Airport has two terminals. These can handle up to 1400 passengers per hour and have 17 parking positions. 14 of these belong to the public area, three are reserved for private aircraft. Five of the parking positions belonging to the public area are designed for wide-body aircraft. The amadeus terminal 2 is designed for the heavy traffic on Saturdays of the winter charter traffic, but also means preparation for any capacity bottlenecks. A baggage sorting system is installed in the basement of the check-in building. In addition to its function as a terminal, the building is also used as an event location for events for up to 1500 people.

There is a freight terminal on the eastern part of the airport. Freight is processed from here on 2300 m² of storage space and 1600 m² of office space. However, since there are no pure cargo flights at Salzburg Airport, these are transported via replacement trucks and in passenger planes. The terminal has a capacity of 13,000 tons of cargo per year. There are two hazardous goods rooms in the freight building, each of which can be entered through locks, as well as a deep-freeze and a cold room for handling special goods.

Operating times

At Salzburg Airport there is a seven-hour night flight ban from 11 p.m. to 6 a.m. In the case of machines with loud engines, the usable time window is shortened from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., however, delayed machines will be handled because the airport is forced to do so due to the operating obligation. If a flight does take place outside of this time window, the management of the airport must deal with it on a case-by-case basis. The only exception to all restrictions are ambulance flights, which can be operated 24 hours a day.


Salzburg Airport is owned and operated by Salzburger Flughafen GmbH, 75% of which is owned by Salzburg Land Beteiligungen GmbH and 25% by City of Salzburg Beteiligungs GmbH. Bettina Ganghofer is the managing director of the airport. Salzburger Flughafen GmbH continues to hold a 100% stake in Salzburg Airport Services GmbH, a 100% stake in Secport Security Services GmbH and an 85% stake in Carport Parkmanagement GmbH.

Airlines and Destinations

Salzburg Airport serves the source and destination traffic in the greater Salzburg area including the neighboring Bavarian districts ( Euregio Salzburg - Berchtesgadener Land - Traunstein ), the neighboring Upper Austria and the Tyrolean lowlands . Scheduled services include the airports in Belgrade , Bucharest , Düsseldorf , Frankfurt , Hamburg , Istanbul , Kiev , Larnaka , London , Niš , Palma de Mallorca , Saint Petersburg , Skopje , Tuzla and Varna . Salzburg Airport is also the destination of international charter flights , especially from Great Britain , Russia and Scandinavia .

Traffic figures

Source: Salzburg Airport
Salzburg Airport - traffic figures
Year of operation Passenger volume Air freight [ t ] Flight movements
1990 0.934.287 k. A. 13,646
1995 1,129,342 460.8 23,544
2000 1,261,516 574.8 22,151
2001 1,280,245 427.2 20,254
2002 1,326,711 423.3 21,522
2003 1,263,751 295.2 19,762
2004 1,422,397 203.6 20,423
2005 1,695,430 198.5 24,554
2006 1,878,266 218.8 21,511
2007 1,946,422 194.8 21,918
2008 1,809,601 234.5 21,330
2009 1,552,154 174.2 19,456
2010 1,625,842 153.8 20,159
2011 1,700,983 168.7 19,548
2012 1,666,487 214.5 17.122
2013 1,662,834 182.3 18,068
2014 1,819,520 200.8 19,335
2015 1,828,309 213.4 19,556
2016 1,739,288 253.1 17,711
2017 1,890,164 228.3 19,479
2018 1,844,362 191.8 18,457

State treaty with the Federal Republic of Germany

Due to the close proximity to the border with Bavaria, there is the “Agreement of December 19, 1967 between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Austria on the effects of the facility and operation of Salzburg Airport on the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany”, which was ratified by the German Bundestag in 1974.

Due to the special location of the airport in the Salzburg Basin and the fact that an instrument landing system is only installed on runway 15, the majority of arrivals and departures are handled via German territory. For this purpose, an opposite runway procedure is carried out in which - contrary to common practice - the operating direction of the runway is alternately "rotated" for aircraft approaching from the north and aircraft taking off from the north . As a result, the aircraft take off - offset in time - in the direction from which the approaching traffic is coming.

Due to the heavy use of the northern approach with the associated noise pollution and safety impairments, initiatives on the German side have recently called for the revision of the state treaty by the Federal Ministry of Transport in order to achieve a fairer distribution of air traffic on a southern approach and the introduction of instrument approach procedures from the south which each lead across Austrian territory.

Since the summer of 2011, a Required Navigation Performance app has been tested, which leads from the south through the Tennengau to piste 33.


Serious aircraft accidents worldwide have been recorded in the Aviation Safety Network database since 1943. Among other things, an event is noted at Salzburg Airport that falls into the rare category of “ mid air collision ” (October 26, 1988).

  • October 26, 1988: Cessna 501 Citation I / SP, OE-FFK of Aero Technik. Shortly after taking off from Salzburg, the aircraft turned on a course in a south-westerly direction when it collided with a Cessna 172 at an altitude of 400 m two kilometers from the airport . All four occupants of both planes died.
  • February 19, 1996, crash of a Cessna 550 near Freilassing 1996 : A Cessna Citation 550 coming from Berlin got into an uncontrolled attitude during the ILS approach to runway 15 of the airport and crashed into the alluvial forest shortly before the state border near Freilassing. All ten inmates were killed.


  • Kurt W. Leininger: 90 years Salzburg Airport WA Mozart . Leykam Verlag, Graz 2016, ISBN 978-3-7011-8003-5 , p. 327 (German, English).
  • Friedrich Leitich: Städt. Salzburg Airport . 2nd Edition. Alfred Winter, Salzburg 1992, ISBN 978-3-85380-052-2 , pp. 398 .
  • sam Salzburg Airport Magazine . No. 3 . Salzburg Airport GmbH, Salzburg 2006.
  • MUC life The airport newspaper . No. 2 . Airport, corporate communications, Munich 2007.

See also

Web links

Commons : Salzburg Airport  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Salzburg Airport: Technical Data. Retrieved July 28, 2020 .
  2. a b c d e statistical data., accessed on July 31, 2019 .
  3. ^ ASA: Numbers and dates. In: Resident Protection Association Salzburg Airport - ASA. Retrieved on May 9, 2020 (German).
  4. Data and facts about the airport in Salzburg, November 25, 2013, accessed June 3, 2017.
  5. ^ Salzburg Airport: Technical Data. Retrieved July 28, 2020 .
  6. a b c Salzburg Airport: Technical data. Retrieved September 6, 2019 .
  7. Public transport. Retrieved September 5, 2019 .
  8. Salzburg Airport: Directions. Retrieved September 5, 2019 .
  9. ^ Overflights of the A380 , report in ORF-Regional.
  10. ^ New Tower Salzburg ( Memento from October 1, 2015 in the Internet Archive ),, accessed on May 1, 2015.
  11. ^ History., accessed on May 22, 2018 .
  12. Genealogie {Dead Link | url = http: // /PRI/AD_2_LOWS/LO_AD_2_LOWS_en.pdf | date = 2018-12 | archivebot = 2018-12-01 21:25:56 InternetArchiveBot}} (link not available)
  13. 2012: Runway 16-34 is renamed to 15-33, Salzburgwiki, accessed June 3, 2017.
  14. SZG certified as the 1st regional airport IS0 50.001 , AUSTRIAN aviation.NET, accessed on May 1, 2015.
  15. Renovation work at Salzburg Airport completed. Retrieved July 9, 2019 .
  16. Airport renovation: old concrete runway is recycled on ORF-Salzburg from November 24, 2018, accessed on November 25, 2018
  17. Salzburg Airport: Event Location Airport. Retrieved September 5, 2019 .
  18. ^ Salzburg Airport: Air Freight. Retrieved September 5, 2019 .
  19. ^ Salzburg Airport: Salzburg Airport GmbH. Retrieved September 6, 2019 .
  20. ^ Salzburg Airport: Salzburg Airport Services GmbH. Retrieved September 6, 2019 .
  21. Salzburg Airport: Secport Security Services GmbH. Retrieved September 6, 2019 .
  22. ^ Salzburg Airport: Carport Parkmanagement GmbH. Retrieved September 6, 2019 .
  23. Salzburg Airport: Destinations from AZ. Retrieved May 29, 2020 .
  24. Season flight schedule Salzburg Airport. Retrieved September 5, 2019 .
  25. Wizz Air connects Salzburg and St. Petersburg. In: aeroTELEGRAPH. June 18, 2020, accessed on June 26, 2020 (Swiss Standard German).
  26. ^ Salzburg: Wizzair takes on Varna. Retrieved June 26, 2020 (English).
  27. State Treaty of December 19, 1967 ( Memento of July 18, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 58.5 kB), accessed on May 1, 2015.
  28. Law on the contract of December 19, 1967 (PDF; 38.2 kB), accessed on May 1, 2015.
  29. Article “Salzburg Provincial Airport? Far from it "in Der Flugleiter 1/2009 - magazine of the trade union of air traffic control  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , P. 19 ff., PDF, accessed on January 30, 2012.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  30. ^ Entry lane Freilassing , Die Welt from February 13, 2011, accessed on May 1, 2015.
  31. Salzburg's southern route: What is an "RNP Approach"? , The RNP_RNAV 0.3 approach procedure in Salzburg at, accessed on May 1, 2015.
  32. Airport Profile Salzburg , English, in the Aviation Safety Network, accessed on May 1, 2015.
  33. ^ Accident report from October 26, 1988 (English), accessed on May 1, 2015.
  34. BFU Annual Report 1996 (PDF file), accessed on January 19, 2016.
  35. Entry in Aviation Safety Network , accessed on May 1, 2015.
This version was added to the list of articles worth reading on October 28, 2007 .