Morzg is a district in the south of Salzburg . The district developed along Gneiserstrasse and Morzgerstrasse. The part of Morzg "Kleingmain" close to the city borders with the Nonntaler Hauptstraße and the Hofhaymerallee on the district Nonntal . To the east of the Morzg settlement area is the Hellbrunn landscape garden with Hellbrunner Allee . To the west of it, framed by meadows and fields, next to the district of Gneis, lies the large Salzburg municipal cemetery . Not far from the Morzg settlement area, in the south, outside the city limits, are the places Anif and Grödig . About 2500 people live in Morzg with its 460.8 ha.
The oldest sites of today's cadastral community are located at the foot of the Hellbrunnerberg and are among the most important sites in the province of Salzburg. The area of today's settlement center of Morzg was also partly settled in the Neolithic, but especially in the Bronze Age and also in the Roman Age (Gut Marciago), as numerous finds show.
The place was first mentioned in a document in historical times in 720, when the Bavarian Duke Theodebert donated the Roman manor (called "villa") Marciago to the monastery Nonnberg, along with the entire wide area. Another time is mentioned in 930 Morzg, when Archbishop Adalbert mentioned this place during an exchange of a property at Morzg ("ad morzagam"). Morzg developed from a rural clustered village that was able to retain its village character despite the villa buildings of the 19th century and the larger residential buildings of the 20th century.
The village of Morzg is connected to the south of the Morzger Hügel, to the south of which the old manor Montfort (Golser Hof) borders, which has been mentioned in a document since 1334.
After 1930, a small settlement area arose around the new Eschenbachgasse, which was first also included in Kleingmain. After this small settlement core was completely enclosed by the Herrnau settlement area between 1960 and 1970, it is now part of this new district.
Finally, the settlement area around Berchtesgadener Strasse south of the municipal cemetery (built in 1878) and the former high court of the city of Salzburg, the Freimannhöft with the former poor sinners cemetery and the gallows (from 1599 to approx . 1810), which is now part of the Gneiss district .
Morzg was incorporated into the city of Salzburg in small parts in 1935, but in its major parts in 1939. The once extensive alluvial forest areas, whose names (Grafenau, Herrenau) are reminiscent of former manor houses, belong to the cadastral community of Morzg. Today they are mostly used as an industrial area and accessed from the Alpine Road. This settlement area close to the Salzach has now developed into the district of Salzburg-Süd .
Culture and sights
The architectural monuments in Morzg are almost all outside the actual settlement area in the closed green space between Morzg and the district of Salzburg-Süd, which therefore cannot be clearly assigned to a specific district. In the historical context, however, they are to be assigned to the settlement area of Morzg.
Located next to Gneiser Straße, it used to be part of Gneiss, today it is part of Morzg-Kleingmain. The farm, which has been mentioned in a document since the beginning of the 17th century, was a small castle owned by the Salzburg canons and dates from the beginning of the 19th century in its current appearance and is a broad farmhouse with a living room and stable. The neat stable with its marble columns and the Platzel vault is now used as an art gallery. This house has a marble plaque (today in the north facade) with the coat of arms of the Bishop of Chiemsee, Aegidius Rem. The former eponymous pond in the south of the courtyard was filled in in the early 20th century. The original Meierhof of the castle was the adjacent house at Biberngasse 29.
(also called Daimergut or Webergütl, Hellbrunner Allee 60)
The estate, located near Hellbrunn Palace, was first mentioned in 1412 in the Nonnberg Monastery land register . In 1451, Jörg Weber ("Webergütl") lived here as the owner. Last rebuilt in 1837, the rural building with its wooden upper floor in the service wing is part of the typical ambience around Hellbrunn Palace, which, however, is located in a large garden and is not visible to outsiders.
The villa was built in 1901 as a planned residence for the Ulanenrittmeiter Josef Ritter von Lommer (1864–1902) and in 1935 it was given its characteristic shape by Martin Knoll according to plans by the Viennese artist (architect, painter, designer etc.) Alfred Keller . Its late historic baroque facade is enriched by numerous stucco elements . What is remarkable here is the rare "symbiosis of Viennese living culture with a baroque ambience" ( Friedrich Achleitner ). The large park with its old trees also includes various larger fish ponds.
The agricultural homestead of the Nonnberg Monastery , which has been run as a model organic farm for years, was built in 1909/10 by Karl Pirich in the then popular Heimat style.
Today part of the Erentrudishof, this essentially baroque building was rebuilt in 1859. The street-side, marble-framed house gate is now filled in by the road filling; otherwise the building is in poor condition.
The building, first mentioned in a document in 1405 as a fiefdom of the Ester , was run as an inn at the latest since 1875. In 2014, the comprehensive renovation of the house, which is under special conservation protection, began.
The farm is a typical two-storey farm with a baroque core. The facades under the wooden gable field have a fascia frame.
Wayside shrines on Gneiserstraße and at the Montforterhof
(Gneiserstraße by house no.58 and the connecting path southwest of Montfort Castle)
The small monument on Gneiserstraße probably dates from the 17th century. The old wayside shrine at Montfort Castle has a small tent roof and four surrounding linden trees, which are intended to provide symbolic protection. It was renewed around 2000.
The castles of Hellbrunner Allee
- Emslieb Castle (Hellbrunnerallee No. 65), also Villa Strongfort
- Emsburg Castle (Hellbrunner Allee No. 52), also Kreuzhof, Ritterhof, or Lambergschloss
- Frohnburg Castle (Hellbrunner Allee 53) also Kuenburg Castle or Grafenauerhof
- Kayserburg (Hellbrunner Allee 48)
- Lasserhof (also called Metzgermayerhof, Rupertihof or, most recently, Gwandhaus, Morzgerstr. 31)
- Herrnau Castle - Christanihof (Fronburgweg 10)
The Kleingmain area close to the city
"Gmain" (Old High German gimeini ) means general changing (communal) ownership. Here the citizens of the city had the opportunity to graze their cattle together.
Today, Kleingmain is a small settlement center that is bordered in the west by Nonntaler Hauptstraße Straße, in the north by Hofhaymer Allee and in the east and south by Hellbrunner Allee and the open meadows surrounding the avenue (as part of the Hellbrunn landscape garden) . Here (away from Hellbrunner Allee) were once those open meadows where the citizens of the city of Salzburg had the privilege of grazing their cattle.
The neat little two-story property with its crooked hipped roof next to Hellbunnerallee was first mentioned in 1608. Rebuilt after the year 2000, the building, which was previously vacant for a long time, with its around a dozen residential units is now once again an asset to the cityscape.
The old farmstead has the well-known shape of a Flachgauer Einhof (Mittertenn farmstead) and has been traceable since the early 17th century. Old stone walls around the typical small windows characterize the old farm.
(Lainerhof, Gneiserstr. 14)
The Lainerhof, today a popular event and rehearsal location for associations of homeland care. The former baroque stable with its square vault and the largest brick ventilation grilles on the upper floor are remarkable .
Morzg has an elementary school and a kindergarten in the center of the village next to the church. Morzg has a lively club life. Senior clubs or the active Morzger Krampusse and the Morzger gymnastics club are examples of this. Before the First World War, gymnastics began in Morzg with horizontal bar and calisthenics . In 1923 the gymnastics club Morzg was founded as a separate club, and in 1925 Martin Knoll built the gymnasium. Together with Aigen, Morzg is probably the most expensive settlement area in the city. The square meter price is around 1,600 € / m² (as of 2012).
The scout group “Salzburg 11 Morzg” has existed in Morzg since 1976, and its home is located in the Morzger parish center next to the church.
The amateur theater group “Die Kleingmainer” has been active since 1980. It plays every November in the Kleingmainersaal, Morzgerstrasse 27, under the motto “Let the people talk”. Comedies and comedies are offered, from folk plays to boulevard theaters.
- Martin Knoll (born August 4, 1888 in Morzg; † July 14, 1937 in Salzburg), architect
- Rudolf Hradil (born April 1, 1925 in Salzburg; † October 26, 2007 in Vienna), painter, printmaker, draftsman, watercolorist and member of the Vienna Secession
- Alois Schmiedbauer (born April 24, 1902 in Mattsee; † May 27, 1989 in Salzburg), art educator, painter and photographer
- Fritz Egger (born February 12, 1960 in Schärding), cabaret artist
- Hubert von Goisern (born November 17, 1952 in Goisern), musician
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- ↑ Morzger Hof , Salzburg-Wiki, accessed on September 4, 2014
Coordinates: 47 ° 46 ' N , 13 ° 3' E