Zell am See

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Zell am See
coat of arms Austria map
Coat of arms of Zell am See
Zell am See (Austria)
Zell am See
Basic data
Country: Austria
State : Salzburg
Political District : Zell am See
License plate : ZE
Surface: 55.12 km²
Coordinates : 47 ° 19 '  N , 12 ° 48'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 19 '24 "  N , 12 ° 47' 53"  E
Height : 757  m above sea level A.
Residents : 9,879 (Jan 1, 2020)
Population density : 179 inhabitants per km²
Postcodes : 5700, 5702, 5705
Area code : 06542
Community code : 5 06 28
Address of the
municipal administration:
Brucker Bundesstrasse 2
5700 Zell am See
Website: www.zellamsee.salzburg.at
Mayor : Andreas Wimmreuter ( SPÖ )
Municipal Council : (2019)
(25 members)
11 10 
A total of 25 seats

Location of Zell am See in the Zell am See district
Bramberg am Wildkogel Bruck an der Großglocknerstraße Dienten am Hochkönig Fusch an der Großglocknerstraße Hollersbach im Pinzgau Kaprun Krimml Lend Leogang Lofer Maishofen Maria Alm am Steinernen Meer Mittersill Neukirchen am Großvenediger Niedernsill Piesendorf Rauris Saalbach-Hinterglemm Saalfelden am Steinernen Meer Sankt Martin bei Lofer Stuhlfelden Taxenbach Unken Uttendorf Viehhofen Wald im Pinzgau Weißbach bei Lofer Zell am See Salzburg (Bundesland)Location of the municipality of Zell am See in the Zell am See district (clickable map)
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Austria / maintenance / site plan image map
right Zeller old town, left Zell am See-Süd, in front Thumersbach;  from Mitterberg, in a south-westerly direction over Zeller See towards the local mountain Schmittenhöhe, and over Salzachtal towards Kitzsteinhorn
right Zeller old town , left Zell am See-Süd , in front Thumersbach ; from Mitterberg, in a south-westerly direction over Zeller See towards the local mountain Schmittenhöhe , and over Salzachtal towards Kitzsteinhorn
Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria
Urban development Zell am See
Above the roofs of the old town of Zell
City structure Zell am See

Zell am See is a municipality in the Austrian state of Salzburg with 9879 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020). It is both the seat of the district authority of the district of the same name as well as the district court of Zell am See .

The city's roots go back to the Bronze Age . Today Zell am See is internationally known as a holiday destination Zell am See- Kaprun as one of the most important winter sports locations in Austria and an important traffic junction in the region.


Zell am See is located in the middle of the Alps north of the valley furrow of the Salzach, about 60 km as the crow flies south-south-west of the provincial capital Salzburg , 100 km east of Innsbruck and 30 km north of the Großglockner .


The Zell Basin is the connection between the Saalach and Salzach valleys. The center is the about almost four kilometer long, one kilometer wide and 68 meters deep Zeller See what the old town to the west and the district Thumersbach in the east, southeast and Erlberg in Schüttdorf border in the south.

To the south the basin merges with the west-east running Salzach Valley, to the north it is only separated from the Saalfelden basin by a gentle valley watershed , resulting in a common valley area that is one of the largest inner-alpine basins . The valley is flanked by the Slate Alps , to the east by the Hundstein group of the Dientener Mountains (Salzburg Slate Alps), to the west by the Schmittenhöhe as the southeastern foothills of the Kitzbühel Alps (Tyrolean Slate Alps). The Schieferberge, also known as the “Pinzgauer Grasberge”, are gently ridged, wooded mountain ranges with matted two-thousand- meter peaks in the summit area , which in the Zell am See area clearly stand out against the massive, glacier-bearing three-thousand meter high Tauern in the south ( Kitzsteinhorn 3203  m above sea level . , Hoher Tenn 3368  m above sea level with Imbachhorn and foothills) and delimit the distant, rugged, bare limestone of the Steinernes Meer and the Leoganger Steinberge ( Northern Limestone Alps ).

Since the original Zeller See ran further to the north and south to the Salzach, today there are large swamp areas in the south, which have been drained more and more since the end of the 18th century. It has the characteristic shape of a peanut and its area is about 4.7 km².

The local mountain of Zell am See is the Schmittenhöhe ( 1965  m above sea level ), a well-known mountain in the Grauwackenzone (also known as the Grasberge), which is now mainly used for winter sports. The Hundstein , the local mountain of Thumersbach, is 2117  m above sea level. A. the highest point in the Salzburg Slate Alps. The mountains are predominantly forested or have agriculturally used alpine pastures , both of which are also accessible to tourists through huts , ski areas and hiking trails.

On October 30, 2017, construction will start on the largest flood protection project to date in the State of Salzburg. The construction work will take at least 3 years, most of the costs of 20 million euros are borne by the federal government, with the state and the municipalities also contributing. Over 60 property owners gave their consent. In the Zell Basin, alternative areas for water are being created between Bruck ad Glocknerstrasse and the Schüttdorf district of Zell . In addition, the river bed of the Salzach is being expanded.

Neighboring communities

The neighboring communities are:

Viehhofen in the Glemmtal
Saalfelden and Maishofen

Maria Alm
Neighboring communities
Piesendorf Kaprun Bruck an der Großglocknerstrasse

City structure

The municipality of Zell am See is divided into five cadastral municipalities , which are also localities (population in brackets as of October 31, 2011):

  • Bruckberg (476) (Salzachtal slopes, popular residential area)
    • Cell moss
  • Erlberg (154) (includes the nature reserve "Zeller See")
  • Schmitten (596) (location of many cable cars)
  • Thumersbach (974) (posh district, popular seaside resort)
    • Prielau (Zell am See-North)
  • Zell am See (7328)
    • Old town (center with sights, most expensive district)
    • Zell am See-Süd (Schüttdorf) (most populous part, commercial areas)


Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Zell am See
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) -0.3 3.0 8.3 13.9 19.2 21.5 23.6 23.0 18.7 13.8 5.8 0.8 O 12.7
Min. Temperature (° C) -7.0 -5.9 -1.6 2.5 7.2 10.3 12.2 11.9 8.6 4.5 -0.6 -4.7 O 3.2
Temperature (° C) -4.1 -2.2 2.4 7.2 12.3 15.1 17.0 16.4 12.5 8.0 2.0 -2.3 O 7.1
Precipitation ( mm ) 62 58 77 69 106 151 164 153 105 75 69 70 Σ 1,159
Humidity ( % ) 79.8 67.2 58.2 50.2 49.6 54.3 54.7 56.1 59.0 61.9 73.7 81.4 O 62.2
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


The place name "in Bisontio", still used in the 8th century, in connection with the Celtic tribe of the Ambisonts , Bronze Age ceramic fragments and copper smelting sites (near the Ebenbergalm, the middle station and in Thumersbach ) indicate an inspection and probably also the first settlement of the area around the Zeller See over 3,000 years ago. Even at the time of the Romans (a major hoard AD on Fuchslehen from the mid-2nd century..) And the Great Migration was the convenient location location at the crossroads of transport routes ( Saalachtal , Salzachtal , north-south connection through the main Alpine ridge with a Celtic-Roman passport sanctuary at the Hochtor ) of supraregional interest. So there is much to suggest that the trade and a settlement related to it were never completely given up until the Bavarian conquest of the land in the early Middle Ages , and that the later "monastery" was founded as an economic cell - comparable to a hospice - in the second half of the 8th century be associated with it.

This economic cell, which soon gave its name to the entire settlement ( Cella in Bisontio ), was first mentioned in the collection of documents of the Salzburg (arch) bishop Arn , the Notitia Arnonis , in 788/790. The founders themselves are noble Bayern look that does not spread in Salzburg Hippolytus - patronage could the monastery Tegernsee communicate, but also the environment of the Bavarian duke can not be excluded. It was not until the 12th and 13th centuries that the influence of the Salzburg archbishops in the Pinzgau increased continuously, extensive inheritance contracts subsequently secured the possession of the prince-archbishopric of Salzburg, but the individual counties did not finally fall under the crosier until 1480 . The origins of market rights in Zell im Pinzgau (Pisontia, Pinzgowe, Pinzcow, ...) go back to the first half of the 14th century; further market privileges were documented in 1357. In the late Middle Ages , Zell can also be used as a court (1449 as a regional court with an instructor).

Although the north-south trade shifted more and more to the "Untere Straße" over the Radstädter Tauern , which had meanwhile been developed into a cart path , the people of Zell still played an important role as accommodation providers, hauliers and middlemen ; the south was mainly supplied with salt from the archbishop's salt pans and returned with products from the Mediterranean region (sweet wine, oil, tropical fruits , "Venedigerwaren", ...). Numerous guest and accommodation establishments in Zell, which were certified as early as the 15th century, were primarily connected to "Weinlehen", and large stables were available for the pack horses. Since Zell am See benefited greatly from market and long-distance trade and (in contrast to Radstadt, which was heavily fought over in the peasant wars ) never had a city ​​wall , attempts were evidently made to stay out of armed conflicts and uprisings as much as possible, including the peasant uprising of 1525/26 in the run-up to the decisive battle on Lake Zell (on July 1, 1526 under the leadership of Peter Paßler), they submitted to the troops of the Swabian League . In connection with renewed peasant unrest in 1606 a. a. The Zeller nurse Caspar Vogl was also executed at the behest of Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau . The trials and mass executions surrounding the mysterious magician Jackl affected the whole country, and in Zell im Pinzgau a boy magician was also executed in 1682 . The expulsion of the Protestants from Salzburg under Prince Archbishop Leopold Anton Freiherr von Firmian in 1731 affected six farm estates in the “Zell court”.

Economically been for centuries the mining of importance in numerous tunnels in the then independent municipalities Bruckberg-Schmitten and Thumersbach were copper and Schwefelkieserze and silver- galena and sphalerite reduced. The Rosenbergs in particular appeared as trades here; Rosenberg Castle , which was built in 1577 and has been used as the town hall since 1973, also goes back to them .

Zell am See (July 1903)
Zell am See (June 1903) AEHasse
Zell am See (June 1903), brewery cart
Zell am See (June 1903) - Market square (today town square)

Napoleon's campaigns initially only marginally affected Zell am See. However, a rifle congress took place on December 27th, 1800 in the Gasthaus Bräu (later Alte Post) on the market square in Zell, at which the courts of Pinzgau and Pongau decided to oppose the French troops. As a result, the market town was repeatedly affected by hard war contributions (compensation) that had to be handed over to both the French troops and the "Tyroller" shooters. In 1809, enthusiasm for the war for Tyrol and the Emperor of Austria in Zell im Pinzgau, which was once Bavarian and for a long time Salzburg, was kept within narrow limits, "only a small number of riflemen from Zell am See" joined Anton Wallner's calls to fight against the Bavarian-French troops. In the Bavarian period of Salzburg from 1810 to 1816, the term Zell am See instead of Zell im Pinzgau is likely to have come more and more into use and eventually become common.

In 1816 the Archbishopric of Salzburg , which was independent until 1803, and with it Zell am See, came to the Austrian crown . After the kk district administration had been relocated to the neighboring municipality of Saalfelden in 1850 (in Zell only the district collegial court was to remain in existence), the most important Zell mayor of the 19th century, Josef Salzmann, obtained the relocation from the ministries in Vienna in 1854 . Thus, Zell am See also remained the seat of the district administration, which means that numerous offices and administrative offices are still located in the village today. Salzmann's efforts to ensure that the railway line of the Salzburg-Tiroler Bahn was not routed via the then still independent municipality of Thumersbach , as was rescheduled for cost reasons , but via Zell am See was just as successful . Hundreds of onlookers from all over the Pinzgau came to the festive opening on July 30, 1875 with many celebrities. The connection to the railway network marks the actual beginning of the tourist development of the place, in which pioneers such as Rudolf Ehrenfried Riemann played a large part together with Mayor Salzmann, District Captain Johann Stöckl or District Construction Engineer Nikolaus Gassner. In 1877, for example, a beautification association for the creation and maintenance of promenade paths was founded, and folders and hiking maps were issued. Together with Rudolf Riemann, the Pinzgau des D. u., Which was established in 1871, was involved in the development of the Pinzgau mountains with their glacier world . Ö. Alpine Club significantly involved.

In August 1885 "Empress" Elisabeth ("Sisi") stayed in Zell am See accompanied by her youngest daughter, Archduchess Marie Valerie , in summer 1893 Emperor Franz Joseph I also stayed in the village and visited the Schmittenhöhe and the Kaprun Valley . During the early days of Zell, numerous new accommodation establishments emerged, such as the Hotel Krone in 1876, the Hotel Kaiserin Elisabeth in 1879, the Grand Hotel am See in 1878 and 1894, and the Pinzgauer Hof (today the tax office) in 1898. In that year, with the construction of the Pinzgauer local railway , the Oberpinzgau - and with it the Krimml waterfalls - was opened up for traffic. In 1900 the well-known Trapp family stayed in Thumersbach for one summer.

To the reputation of Zell am See as a tourist destination artists like the German contributed to a large extent Vedutenmaler August Franz Heinrich Naumann , the Prague engraver Anton Balzer , the German landscape painter and graphic artist Wilhelm Friedrich Schlotterbeck or from Heidelberg originating Vedutenmaler and engraver Johann Jakob Strüdt at . It was followed by the (old) Austrian artists Franz Barbarini , Franz Josef Sandmann , Thomas Ender , Friedrich Gauermann , Hubert Sattler and Edmund Höd , the Englishman Edward Theodore Compton and Karl Flieher, who lives in Zell . They all painted and drew the small market town and the “eerily beautiful” high mountain landscape with passion, their oil paintings, illustrations, prints and brochures reached an international audience.

The First World War brought an abrupt end to the general upswing . 270 Zeller had to enter, 62 of them lost their lives in the war. War memorials next to the parish church and in Thumersbach remind of this. In Zell am See - as everywhere - a drastic shortage and the resulting rationing of food was painfully felt. In addition, soon after the start of the war, the Imperial and Royal Military Authority ordered the accommodation of the wounded and the creation of a TBC home. It was also in 1913/ 14 , the Western Railway double-railed, the actions of some railway officials and site managers was reckless, the beautiful promenades on the lake were circumcised by a "Geleiswirrwarr". After the famous Hotel Kaiserin Elisabeth fell victim to the pickaxe in 1915, Mayor Josef Wisgrill was only able to prevent the construction of the Elisabeth Park with workshops and barracks, which at that time still belonged to the railway, with great personal commitment. In 1918, the local council considered the quick purchase of this park and finally carried it out in 1925. Immediately after the end of the war, Wisgrill handed over the mayor's office to Anton Gassner (German Workers 'Party> DAP ), Anton Gassner (German Workers' Party> DAP ), who had earned the mayor's office at the music and fire department .

After a surprising election victory by the Social Democrats in 1919 and the (first) term of office of Anton Werber (partly represented by the bourgeois Vice Mayor Leo Host due to illness), an agreement was reached in the bourgeois and national camps on a joint mayor candidate. After the elections in 1922, the national Josef Ernst ( DAP , later DNSAP or Hitler movement in Austria ) became mayor. In the 1925 elections in Zell am See a "unified list of the economically united Christian Social, Greater German and National Socialist parties in Zell am See" ran for the list. Ludwig Margreiter was the leader of the list, followed by Josef Ernst as mayor-designate. In the nine-year term of office of Josef Ernst, Zell was promoted to town on January 24th, 1928 by the Salzburg state parliament, this was justified “in appreciation of the excellent development of the market that he had in the field of tourism at the end of the last century, but especially has recently taken ” . The fact that the Schmittenhöhebahn was the fifth cable car in Austria and the first in Salzburg to be built within a year and officially put into operation on December 30, 1927 , contributed significantly to this . Provincial Governor Franz Rehrl also made a special contribution here .

In 1931 the bourgeois-national coalition broke up, disputes within the groups led to a split into a Greater German camp and the wing of the Hitler movement. After three dramatic ballots and secret agreements, the social democrat Werber got a majority - again after 1919. In Werber's second term of office (April 1931 to May 1933), however, the tense situation that had been tense for years escalated. The Zeller municipal council switched itself off - similar to what happened in the parliament in Vienna. After a vote of no confidence was a state "ex lege", with district captain Rudolf Hanifle had from the state government , a government commissioner in place of an elected mayor with the conduct of official business are commissioned. From December 1933 to June 1934 this task was carried out by Government Councilor Leo Weißengruber, followed by Adalbert Müller. In the early thirties, Zell had sunk to the “most needy community in the whole country” , riots and fights were the order of the day, in 1933 even military units had to be stationed in Zell to maintain public order.

Only in May 1936 a regular municipal council, which stands above all the camps constituted again Sebastian Hörl took in 1936 after much hesitation, the office that he was the connection of Austria to the German Reich issued in March 1938 by the Nazis. For a short time Georg Lippert ( NSDAP ) acted as mayor on an interim basis, from 1939 to 1945 the National Socialist Ing.Erich Janik , who was appointed mayor , ran the business of the mining town.

The euphoria among the numerous partisans and sympathizers of the Anschluss flattened out very quickly after the outbreak of World War II in 1939, and in Zell am See too everything soon had to be subordinated to "wartime economic requirements". Around 1050 Zeller were called up for military service, and the community ultimately had 183 dead and missing.

On the occasion of construction work for a gliding school of the National Socialist Aviation Corps ( NSFK ), barracks were built on community land from 1939 by forced laborers from the occupied war zones in the east, and the Gauleitung ordered the construction of makeshift homes for bomb victims in Zell am See. But the air war also increasingly reached the mountains, by the end of the war there had been 459 air alarms, the city itself was spared from bomb hits.

From the beginning of the National Socialist assumption of office, there were also deportations to concentration camps in Zell am See (including the former government commissioner and later district captain Franz Gasteiger), Aryanizations (with favors such as the Nazi general music director Herbert von Karajan or the Führer sculptor Joseph Thorak ) and reprisals against the population. Several prison terms were imposed in this regard for statements hostile to the regime (incitement), listening to " enemy broadcasters " or "black slaughter ". The Zeller Reichsbahn employee Andreas Kronewitter was sentenced to death in 1944 and executed because of letters written to his son at the front because of the deterioration of military strength .

For the Reich government in Berlin , the Reich ministries and the security apparatus, evacuation measures were carried out in April 1945 during the Battle of Berlin . Only Hermann Göring went to southern Germany with his staff after Hitler had decided to stay in Berlin on April 22nd. Most of the staffs to be evacuated should move north. At the beginning of May 1945, the last Reich government was formed in Flensburg in the Mürwik special area . The alpine fortress propagated by leading National Socialists was a mirage, but towards the end of the war there were a few evacuated Wehrmacht command posts in Mittersill , Niedernsill , Maria Alm and Zell am See, and the Air Force High Command (OKW) moved into quarters in Thumersbach . During this time, Zell am See generally experienced the largest invasion in its history. Have been strengthened since 1942 Reich German and South Tyrol ( optants ) especially in the "new home" located in Schüttdorf and Einöd been so thousands of refugees from the combat zones of Germany and Eastern Austria came in the last months of the war to Zell am See. In addition to the accommodations in the barracks and makeshift homes, many hospitals had to be set up in hotels and inns, and the number of residents rose to over 11,000.

The first American soldiers in Pinzgau were the paratroopers of the 101st Airborne Division ( 101st Airborne Division ), they moved into Zell am See on May 8, 1945, the day of the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht . A little later the " Rainbow Division " (42nd Infantry) took over the administration, denazification and democratization of the liberated areas in Pinzgau. Soon the American commanders, in cooperation with representatives of the township, succeeded in alleviating the widespread shortage of food and other everyday necessities. It is also worth mentioning that there was an American university ( Rainbow University ) in Zell am See in the Grand Hotel (with a branch in the Metzgerwirt) . But a lot was done for education after the war in Zell am See as well : In 1955, another elementary school and a business school were founded, and in 1963 a federal high school was added.

As everywhere in Zell am See, the first years after the end of the war were difficult. a. the food shortage made people to create, and extensive clean-up and restoration work was pending. But everything was slowly restored, the infrastructure on the Schmittenhöhe was continuously improved with new lifts and more spacious ski runs, and shipping was also promoted by purchasing the Libelle boat. This was followed by municipal works, the construction of the elementary school, the adaptation and furnishing of the hospital and much more. Due to the increasing economy and the steadily growing tourism, Zell am See soon moved back into the top row of Salzburg's tourist destinations. It is noticeable that winter tourism gained more and more importance in the “50s” and “60s”, and skiing found increasing supporters.

On June 12, 1966, Zell am See was hit by a severe weather disaster. After a two-hour thunderstorm with rain and hailstorms, the Schmittenbach burst its banks, washed away houses and carried away several vehicles. The roads were soon impassable with mud and debris. A mudslide also destroyed an apartment building, killing six German vacationers. The situation became so dramatic that Mayor Ernst Höfer declared a state of emergency and hundreds of helpers from the fire brigade, gendarmerie and army had to be called in.

Zell am See by night (November 2009)

The 1960s and 1970s are considered particularly sustainable in Zell am See, and numerous projects have been implemented under Mayor Ernst Höfer and Alois Latini. The purchase of Rosenberg Castle proved to be particularly valuable ; the trade building from the 16th century was completely renovated and subsequently adapted as the town hall . In 1973 the pedestrian zone in the city center was decided and implemented. At the end of the seventies, Zell am See was the venue for Alpine World Cup races , including of course the Austrian “athlete of the century” Annemarie Moser-Pröll . With the construction of the Zeller Bergbahn (now CityXpress), the everlasting goal of direct access from the city to the Schmittenhöhe was achieved.

Probably the biggest challenge for all those responsible was the steadily increasing traffic on the federal highway B311 through the city, since the sixties the call for a bypass tunnel has been loud again and again. However, construction did not begin until 1993, and the bypass tunnel was officially opened on June 27, 1996 during the term of office of Mayor Walter Thaler .

From the first half of the nineties, the number of overnight stays in the winter half-year was consistently higher than that of the summer months; today the Zell am See - Kaprun region records over two million overnight stays per year (2011/12: 2,247,426). In addition to numerous other infrastructural measures, Mayor Georg Maltschnig built the Ferry Porsche Congress Center (FPCC) in 2007 as a central congress and event center. In December 2010, the Tauern SPA World in Zell am See-Kaprun became a new tourist flagship “Opened the bathing and wellness business.

Population development


The community council has a total of 25 members.



  • 1919–1922 Anton Werber (SDAP)
  • 1922–1931 Josef Ernst (DNSAP)
  • 1931–1933 Anton Werber
  • 1933 Rudolf Hanifle
  • 1933–1934 Rudolf Weißengruber
  • 1934–1936 Adalbert Mueller
  • 1936–1938 Sebastian Hörl


  • 1938–1939 Georg Lippert (NSDAP)
  • 1939–1945 Erich Janik (NSDAP)

from 1945

  • 1945 Erich Schandlbauer
  • 1945 Roland Weinlich
  • 1945–1955 Erwin Prodinger (ÖVP)
  • 1955–1959 Richard Glantschnigg (ÖVP)
  • 1959–1969 Ernst Höfer (SPÖ)
  • 1969–1982 Alois Latini (SPÖ)
  • 1982–1993 Walter Thaler (SPÖ)
  • 1993–1998 Johann Wallner (SPÖ)
  • 1998-2008 Georg Maltschnig (SPÖ)
  • 2008–2009 Bernd Kaiser (SPÖ)
  • 2009–2013 Hermann Kaufmann (ÖVP)
  • 2013–2019 Peter Padourek (ÖVP)
  • since 2019 Andreas Wimmreuter (SPÖ)

Town twinning

Zell am See maintains a partnership relationship with

coat of arms

AUT Zell am See COA.svg

The coat of arms of the community is: “In the black shield on a natural-colored floor, the figure of the patron saint of Zell am See St. Hippolytus , namely a right-turned, nimbled, armored knight with a red, hermelin-tipped cap and thrown over his left shoulder and in wide folds up to Red coat hanging from the floor. In the right hand the knight holds the white flag of the cross with a red cross and in the left hand, which also holds the cloak, a sword leaned on his shoulder. "

In addition to the coat of arms, the municipality carries a flag with the colors white-red-white.

Culture and sights

Old town of Zell around 1900
Rosenberg Castle, today's town hall
  • Zell's old town : The historic town center with the old town of Zell is located on an alluvial cone of the Schmittenbach. The oldest building elements are the parish church of St. Hippolyt, the Vogtturm, the old propstei, and go back to the (early) Middle Ages and have largely been preserved. There were catastrophic floods through the Schmittenbach. a. In the years 1588, 1737 and most recently in 1966, a devastating fire in the center of the village, which also led to the demolition of the church "Our Lady in the Forest", occurred in 1770.
  • Rosenberg Castle : Today's town hall is the city's landmark. The southern Bavarian influence is evident in the square floor plan with the four corner towers and the round central tower.
  • Prielau Castle
  • The parish church of Zell am See with numerous art-historical treasures (Celtic-Roman relief stone, Roman spoils , early medieval crypt , late Gothic gallery (1514/15), mighty west tower, ...). The church was recorded and renovated between 1972 and 1975 (including the uncovering of the crypt), and the tower was renovated in 2012/13.
  • Vogtturm : In addition to the parish church, the Vogt and Kastnerturm is the oldest building in the city. Today the tower houses the city museum with special exhibitions on five floors.
Tower of St. Hippolytus Church
Ferry Porsche Congress Center Zell am See
  • The Ferry Porsche Congress Center (FPCC) is the multifunctional event center of the municipality of Zell am See, which was completed in 2007 and is named after the automobile manufacturer and honorary citizen of Zell, Ferry Porsche .
Grand Hotel 2018
Casino Zell am See 2016
  • The Grand Hotel Zell am See is a 4-star hotel and is a landmark for the city of Zell am See. The hotel building, built in the Belle Époque style from 1894 to 1896 , is located in the city center on the extreme eastern tip of the Zell peninsula directly on the lake shore and can be seen from almost every point on the lake. The striking, elongated structure stands out due to its snow-white facade and mansard roof .

Economy and Infrastructure

By far the most important economic sector in the entire Pinzgau region is tourism, which is dominated by Zell am See and Kaprun . Important employers in Zell am See are therefore the numerous hotels and restaurants as well as the slope management on the Schmittenhöhe . Also a considerable part of the non-tourist economy - v. a. Construction and handicrafts - depends on the investments of the tourism industry. The order and employment situation of many companies is exposed to strong seasonal fluctuations.

Due to its central location in Pinzgau, the Schüttdorf district of Zell is also an important trading center. In 2007/2008, many branches of trading groups settled in particular along Kitzsteinhornstraße. There is now a large variety of industries there. The most important are the vehicle, food, home furnishings, building materials, electrical, clothing and shoe retailers. With the “Pinzgau Shopping Center Zell am See (PEZZ)”, the city's first shopping center was opened in 2007. In the center of Zell am See, on the other hand, the retail trade is predominantly small-business and focuses mainly on tourist needs in higher price ranges.

Another important employer in Zell am See is the production of and trade in hygiene products by Hagleitner Hygiene International GmbH . In addition, with the companies Design Storz GmbH and Porsche Design GmbH in the Schüttdorf district, two well-known companies are active in the field of product and industrial design. Bankruptcy proceedings were opened in 2007 shortly after a takeover by the German Arquana International Print & Media AG, which ended in 2008 with the complete closure of the operations in Zell am See, about the Sochor Group GmbH , a regionally important and traditional large company in the printing industry .

Old town Kirchgasse


Together with the municipality of Kaprun, Zell am See forms the Zell am See-Kaprun holiday region ; this is considered to be one of the most important tourism centers in Austria . From November 2015 to October 2016, it recorded 2,557,427 overnight stays, almost as many in summer as in winter. In the winter season 2016/17 305,000 visitors (almost 1.4 million overnight stays) came.

Zell am See is a member of the Association of Small Historic Cities and, along with Vienna, one of the most frequent travel destinations for Arab guests in Austria. Families, especially from Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates, stay for up to six weeks and thus escape the very hot summer in their homeland.


Boat trip to Zell am See
Brucker Bundesstrasse (P311) and Westbahn route into town
  • The traffic load caused by individual traffic in and around Zell am See reaches considerable proportions, especially in the tourist-intensive seasons (summer and winter). While the construction of the Schmittentunnel bypass tunnel from Zell am See-Süd to Zell am See-Nord, which was opened in 1996, greatly relieved the city center, the B311 in particular is currently a traffic bottleneck on the section between the industrial estate in Bruck and the industrial estate in Schüttdorf because it is the only direct connection between Upper, Lower and Middle Pinzgau. In addition, it is burdened by the large number of retailers located in the catchment area with rapidly growing shopping traffic. In order to relieve this section of the road, a medium-term goal of the regional transport policy is the construction of a bypass road for Schüttdorf.
City bus Zell am See
Regional bus in Zell am See
070 Lehenbrücke / Panorama Camp - Postplatz - train station - Tischlerhäusl - Postbus garage - Imbachhornstrasse - EKZ Süd - Areitbahn
071 Postplatz - CityXpress - Kaltenbrunn - Schmittenhöhebahn

Furthermore, a citizens' bus is operated for the districts of Schüttdorf and Zellermoos.

0Citizen bus Postbus garage - Stadium - Porscheallee - tennis hall - EKZ - Zellermoosstraße - Kitzsteinhornstraße
Pinzgauer Lokalbahn in Zell am See

In addition to the passenger station in the center, there is a freight station in Schüttdorf .

  • Sea shipping: Shipping on Lake Zell can look back on a long history. Until the end of the 19th century, the farmers from the districts of Thumersbach, Erlberg and Erlbruck used simple flat boats to get across the lake to the church on Sundays. When the first tourists traveled to Zell am See in the course of the summer vacation around 1880 , some boatmen earned their living by taking the guests around the lake in their rowing boats. As a result, the first commercial boat rentals were launched and, also before the turn of the century, the first small steamship , named Stefanie , was put into operation on the lake around 1890 . This was followed by the year of commissioning, the motor boats and ships Franz Ferdinand (1909), Großglockner (1910), Gastein (1928), South Tyrol (1930) and Rudolf Riemann (1930). At the latest after the Second World War , however, only the Großglockner and the Südtirol were in operation, but they were no longer expected to be used for a long time. That is why the Libelle was built in 1947, inaugurated on October 25, 1947 and is the only one of the ships mentioned above that is still in operation today. Today, four motor-driven ships operate on the lake in the frost-free months, some of which are operated by Schmittenhöhebahn AG for regular services (over and round trips), but also for charter trips. These are the "MS Schmittenhöhe" (built in 2005), the "Kaiserin Elisabeth" (built in 1972), the "MS Großglockner" (built in 1966) and the nostalgic ship "Libelle" (built in 1947) in descending order of size. In addition, the propulsion of boats with internal combustion engines is only permitted for individual institutions, such as B. the police, water rescue and fire brigade. The rest of the traffic is made up of sailing, electric and pedal / rowing boats. Since the lake regularly freezes over completely in winter, shipping stops at this time of the year. The ice surface is then released for entry and use for ice sports - provided that the ice cover is suitably firm.
  • Air traffic: In Zell am See there has been an airfield ( ICAO : LOWZ ) since 1934 , the new building of which was opened in 2002. It is mainly used by helicopters and small motor planes and gliders of the Zell am See air sports club and serves as a base for alpine rescue helicopters and alpine sightseeing flights.

Public facilities

District authority Zell am See

Zell am See is the seat of the following public institutions:

District Court of Zell am See

Recreational facilities

Zell am See has - also due to its tourist character - a wide variety of sports and leisure facilities:

  • Leisure center with ice rink, indoor swimming pool, sauna and bowling alley (built in 1968, renovated and expanded in 2010)
  • Tennis hall with several indoor and outdoor courts (built in 1976, expanded in 2007)
  • 5 public outdoor pools and bathing areas around the lake: 3 beach baths in Zell am See, Thumersbach and Seespitz as well as 2 bathing meadows in Erlberg and Prielau.
  • several sailing and windsurfing schools
  • Local mountain Schmittenhöhe , accessible through numerous hiking trails, ski slopes and lifts
  • Lichtspielhaus Zell am See
  • library
  • municipal club house "House of Encounters"
  • Public parks and gardens: Elisabethpark, Stadtpark and Schlosspark in the center, Vellmarpark in Schüttdorf , Rudolf-Riemann-Park in Thumersbach.


The water supply of Zell am See is managed by a ring network around the lake, which is fed from the Prielau groundwater works in the north and from high springs in the Schmittental in the north-west of the city and the Fuschertal in the south. The water pressure is generated by three main storage tanks (Fuchslehen, Erlbruck, Bruckberg) and four secondary storage tanks (Breitenbach, Sonnberg, Thumersbach, Schüttdorf).

Wastewater and garbage disposal has been carried out since 1976 - together with the neighboring communities of Kaprun , Piesendorf and Maishofen - in a central waste treatment center, the Central Garbage and Sewage Sludge Composting Plant (ZEMKA) . The complete collection and subsequent clarification of all wastewater through a circular pipeline around Lake Zell was started as a project in 1954 after the Burgundy blood algae was first detected in the water of Lake Zell in 1952 . The sewage, which had not been treated until then, had brought the lake into an extremely poor ecological condition. Today, thanks to the measures taken at an early stage, Lake Zell is once again one of the purest bathing lakes in Europe.

Fire fighting and prevention as well as disaster and accident operations have been ensured by the Zell am See volunteer fire brigade since 1868.

Health, Rescue, Seniors and Nursing

A.ö. Tauern Clinic in Zell am See

Zell am See is the seat of a general public hospital that was rebuilt between 1972 and 1976 in the Thumersbach district . The initial capacity of 281 beds was expanded in 1998. The hospital has been renovated and expanded again since 2010. The Pinzgau district office and the southern regional control center of the Austrian Red Cross are attached directly to the hospital . The state control center dispatches all emergencies and ambulance transports in the mountain regions .

Since 2003 there has also been a specialist medical center on Schillerstraße in the upper city center, in which 8 specialists from various fields operate their practice.

The urban senior citizens' residential complex is located on Porscheallee in Schüttdorf .

Zell am See is the location of a regional center of Caritas Salzburg . The Diakonie operates the integration and education center Zell am See.

pepp, the non-profit association for children and parents in the state of Salzburg , stands for parenting advice and early help; its headquarters are in Zell am See.


There are the following public educational institutions in Zell am See:

  • Elementary school Zell am See
  • Schüttdorf Primary School (Prof. Dr. Ferdinand Porsche Memorial School)
  • Thumersbach elementary school
  • New & Music Middle School
  • Special Education Center (Dr. Ernst Höfer School)
  • Polytechnic school
  • State vocational school
  • Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium
  • Federal Trade Academy and Federal Trade School
  • School of General Health and Nursing

The city also operates five kindergartens.


The radio factory has been operating an outdoor studio for the station in the Limberg district since September 2019 in cooperation with a local initiative (Free Radio Pinzgau) and the municipality.


  • Citizen music Zell am See
  • Liedertafel Zell am See (largest male choir in the state of Salzburg)
  • Gymnastics Club Zell am See 1886
  • EK Zell am See - ice hockey club of the city of Zell am See, which currently plays in the Alps Hockey League .
  • Wikings Zell am See - Floorball club of the city of Zell am See (Austrian record champion and current champion of the highest Austrian league)
  • FC Zell am See - football club of the city of Zell am See (active in the regional league, 4th Austrian division)
  • Air sports club Zell am See
  • Volleyboi Zell am See
  • Zell am See ski club



sons and daughters of the town

People related to the city

  • Anton Eleutherius Sauter (born April 18, 1800 in Salzburg; † April 6, 1881 ibid.), Physician and natural scientist (botanist); was from 1830 to 1936 the kk district doctor in Zell am See
  • Ferry Porsche (* September 19, 1909, † March 27, 1998), entrepreneur (automotive) and engineer, died in Zell am See and on the site of the bulk material buried
  • Niki Wuchinger (* July 23, 1923; † June 21, 2020), musician, lived in Zell am See from 1951 until his death
  • Otto Leodolter (born March 18, 1936 in Mariazell), ski jumper (medalist at the 1960 Olympic Games in Squaw Valley); started (from 1954) for the SC Zell am See
  • Gerhard Seibold (born May 13, 1943 in Klosterneuburg), canoeist and high school professor; Medalist at the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City and 1970 World Champion in Copenhagen; From 1973 to 1999 he taught movement and sport (formerly physical exercises) and geography and economics at the Gymnasium Zell am See.
  • The double Olympic champion in tornado sailing Hans-Peter Steinacher, born on September 9, 1968 in Zell am See, and the Viennese Roman Hagara are members of the Zell yacht club.


  • Josef Dürlinger: From Pinzgau. 1. Historical overviews, 2. Place and church registers; With chronological table. Salzburg, 1866.
  • Erwin Prodinger: Something about shipping on the Zellersee , 1947.
  • Ferdinand Hölzl: 1200 years of Zell am See. A home chronicle. Self-published; Zell am See, 1975.
  • Franz Fuhrmann: On the building history of the parish church in Zell am See. In: Richard Hirschbäck (Red.): The Church of St. Hippolyth, Zell am See. Renovation 1972 to 1975. Published by the Catholic parish office in Zell am See. Zell am See, 1975.
  • City of Zell am See: 1978 - anniversary year in Zell am See. Festschrift, 1978.
  • Josef Lahnsteiner: Mitter- and Unterpinzgau: Mitterpinzgau. Saalbach, Saalfelden, Lofer, Salzburg Saaletal. - Unterpinzgau. Zell am See, Taxenbach, Rauris. 2nd edition (1st edition 1960). Hollersbach, 1980.
  • Christa Mitterrutzner / Gerhard Ungar (Red.): Documentation archive of the Austrian resistance (DÖW): Resistance and persecution in Salzburg 1934–1945. Vol. 1. Österreichischer Bundesverlag: Vienna / Universitätsverlag Anton Pustet: Salzburg, 1991.
  • Hermann Hinterstoisser: The end of the war in Pinzgau. In: Bayr, Hans et al. (Ed.): Salzburg 1945–1955. Destruction and rebuilding. (Annual publication of the Salzburg Museum Carolino Augusteum 40/41.) 41–55, 1994/95.
  • Barbara Fink: 1945: University town of Zell am See. In: The Hippolytus. No. 20, Dec. Chronicle, 2005.
  • Susanne Rolinek / Gerald Lehner / Christian Strasser: In the shadow of the Mozartkugel. Travel guide in Salzburg's brown topography. Czernin: Vienna, 2009.
  • Barbara Fink: The Schmittentunnel. In: The Hippolytus No. 46, Chronicle. June 2012.
  • Horst Scholz: Pinzgau retrospectives. From the district archive. Alpress: Saalfelden, 2012.
  • Rainer Hochhold: Cella in Bisontio - Zell im Pinzgau - Zell am See. A historical journey through time , Zell am See, 2013.
  • Walter Thaler: Art and Literature in Pinzgau - The Power of the Province - 43 Portraits. Vienna 2015.

Web links

Commons : Zell am See  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Start of construction for the greatest flood protection orf.at, October 27, 2017, accessed October 27, 2017.
  2. Statistics Austria, register census from October 31, 2011
  3. ^ Josef Lahnsteiner (1980) / Waltraud Schmidl: Archaeological Find Topography of the Upper and Lower Pinzgau (Salzburg). Diploma thesis, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, 2007 / Katharina Winckler: The Alps in the Early Middle Ages. The history of a room in the years 500 to 800. Böhlau, Vienna / Cologne / Weimar, 2012. All in: Rainer Hochhold (2013)
  4. ^ Fritz Lošek : Notitia Arnonis and Breves Notitiae. The Salzburg goods registers from around 800. In: Wolfram, Herwig (Hg.): Sources on Salzburg's early history. Oldenbourg: Vienna / Munich, 2006.
  5. ^ Friederike Zaisberger: History of Salzburg. Verlag für Geschichte und Politik, Vienna, 1998 and Rainer Hochhold (2013) pp. 60 ff.
  6. Max Spindler (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian History. Vol. I: CH Beck, Munich 1981, p. 207 FN.
  7. Josef Dürlinger (1866) p. 56.
  8. Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 112 ff.
  9. ^ Franz Ortner: The farmers fight back. In: Alois Eder (Red.): Chronicle Saalfelden. Vol. I. Tyrolia, Innsbruck, 1992. p. 139. The tradition that the people of Zell did not take part in the peasant wars and therefore received the honorary title “Loyal servants of St. Rupert” and privileges on pilgrimages to Salzburg is historical not durable . See: Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 125
  10. Rainer Hochhold (2013) pp. 136/137, 138f u. 163f
  11. Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 143f
  12. Josef Lahnsteiner (1980) p. 53
  13. Felix Redolf: The battle at the half-hour bridge near Taxenbach 1809. Homepage of the Salzburg Military History Museum ( Memento from August 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ).
  14. Rainer Hochhold (2013) pp. 189–195
  15. ^ Pinzgau district archive; Zell am See; Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 257 ff. And 210 ff.
  16. ^ Pinzgau district archive; Zell am See; Rainer Hochhold (2013) pp. 270f
  17. Rainer Hochhold (2013) pp. 224/225
  18. Josef Lahnsteiner (1980), p. 63; Rainer Hochhold (2013), p. 279
  19. Rainer Hochhold (2013), pp. 279 and 305
  20. ^ Minutes of the meeting of the market town of Zell am See on October 5, 1918; In: Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 280
  21. ^ Minutes of the meeting of the market town of Zell am See from 1919 to 1927; Rainer Hochhold (2013) pp. 282 to 295 and 313 ff.
  22. Ferdinand Hölzl (1975), p. 134; Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 288.
  23. ^ Minutes of meetings of the market town of Zell am See from 1931 to 1936; Rainer Hochhold (2013) pp. 296 to 303
  24. Rainer Hochhold (2013) pp. 308 to 310 and 399
  25. Lahnsteiner (1980), 63. or war memorials in Zell am See and Thumersbach Cf. Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 330
  26. fire brigade chronicle ; processed by Cav. Horst Scholz (District Archive Zell am See), In: Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 337 ff.
  27. Mitterrutzner / Ungar (1991), DÖW 18.695 In: Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 321
  28. Such as B. the revocation of the license for tobacconist Franz Baumgartner. In: Horst Scholz (2012), p. 59
  29. ^ DÖW Mitterrutzner / Ungar (1991), 319 f. In: Rainer Hochhold (2013) pp. 322/323
  30. Stephan Link: "Rattenlinie Nord". War criminals in Flensburg and the surrounding area in May 1945. In: Gerhard Paul, Broder Schwensen (Hrsg.): Mai '45. End of the war in Flensburg. Flensburg 2015, p. 20 f.
  31. At the Hotel Bellevue. Information from: Hermann Hinterstoisser (1994/95) p. 42. See Rainer Hochhold (2013) p .: 338
  32. ^ See Rainer Hochhold (2013) pp. 342, 345, 348 f.
  33. Cf. Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 349 ff.
  34. Barbara Fink (2005), Chronicle; Susanne Rolinek et al. (2009) p. 187 f. Cf.: Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 345 ff.
  35. since 2014 grammar school and secondary school; In: Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 364f
  36. Ferdinand Hölzl (1975), p. 200 ff.
  37. Cf. Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 378 ff.
  38. ^ Chronicle of the Schmittenhöhebahn AG. Schmittenhöhebahn AG, accessed on August 14, 2019 .
  39. Barbara Fink (2012), Chronicle
  40. ^ Zell am See-Kaprun Tourism GmbH; In: Rainer Hochhold (2013) pp. 377, 378 (graphics)
  41. ^ Johann Wallner (Zell am See) . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
  42. Georg Maltschnig . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
  43. Bernd Kaiser . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
  44. Hermann Kaufmann . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
  45. ^ Peter Padourek . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
  46. ↑ Mayoral elections on March 10 and 24, 2019 , salzburg.gv.at, accessed on March 24, 2019
  47. ^ Franz Fuhrmann (1975) p. In: Rainer Hochhold (2013) p. 76
  48. www.grandhotel-zellamsee.at Website of the Grand Hotel
  49. Out for Sochor - Pinzgau finally loses Leitbetrieb ( memento of the original from November 26, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. - salzburg24.at on June 19, 2008 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.salzburg24.at
  50. press release
  51. www.zellamsee-kaprun.com
  52. stern.de October 1, 2017: Gaudi Arabia in the Alpine paradise
  53. www.salzburg.com “Zell plans bypass”: Article in the Salzburger Nachrichten of April 25, 2006
  54. City bus 70 Thumersbach - Zell am See - Schüttdorf - Bruckberg , salzburg-verkehr.at, accessed on May 3, 2019
  55. www.schmitten.at Website of the Schmittenhöhebahn AG
  56. www.flugplatz-zellamsee.at Website of the airfield Zell am See Betriebsgesellschaft mbH
  57. www.salzburg.gv.at ( Memento of the original from March 10, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Website of the Salzburg state government showing the BH Zell am See @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.salzburg.gv.at
  58. www.ffzellamsee.at Website of the volunteer fire brigade of the city of Zell am See
  59. ^ Caritas Salzburg, Help and Offers, Regional Center Zell am See. Retrieved July 21, 2019 .
  60. ^ Diakonie, facilities, IBZ Zell am See. Retrieved July 21, 2019 .
  61. pepp - profit organization for children and parents in the state of Salzburg. Retrieved February 18, 2020 .
  62. ^ Austrian National Center for Early Help: Early Help Austria - Support for Families - Home. Retrieved February 18, 2020 .
  63. Website of the Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium Zell am See
  64. Radiofabrik: Second outdoor studio of the radio factory in Pinzgau. APA-OTS, September 11, 2019, accessed September 12, 2019 .