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At Lofer

At Lofer

location Pinzgau and Berchtesgadener Land
Waters Saalach
Mountains Northern Alps
Geographical location 47 ° 32 '  N , 12 ° 44'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 32 '  N , 12 ° 44'  E
Saalachtal (State of Salzburg)
Type Trough - narrow valley with basin
length 70 km
particularities Small German Corner
Template: Infobox Glacier / Maintenance / Image description missing

The middle and upper lower reaches of the Saalach , a mountain river in the state of Salzburg ( Pinzgau , Flachgau ) and in the south of Bavaria ( Berchtesgadener Land ), are called Saalachtal .

Course and landscape

Saalfelden Basin , in the background Lake Zell
Saalach in Bad Reichenhall, on the left the Saalachsee

The main valley is around 70 km long and begins north of Lake Zell and forms the wide valley of the Saalfelden basin , the core area of ​​the Saalachpinzgau . First it separates the Kitzbühler Alps in the west, from which the Saalach comes, from the Salzburg Slate Alps in the east, then the Loferer Steinberge and the Chiemgau Alps in the west from the Berchtesgaden Alps in the east. The central narrow valley includes Weißbach bei Lofer , St. Martin bei Lofer , Lofer , and Unken . At Reichenhall and Großgmain the valley widens again to form the Reichenhaller basin and the valley ends between Freilassing and Salzburg , the Saalach flowing through the plains of the Salzburg-Freilassing basin on its last kilometer .

The approximately 30 km long upper course of the Saalach is not called the Saalachtal, but is called the Glemmtal , the area of ​​the source streams is called the Hinterglemm .


The Saalachtal was formed by the Salzach-Saalach glacier . On its retreat, the glacier left behind mighty moraine gravel surfaces that allowed Lake Zell in the north to reach around 10,000 years ago to just before Saalfelden, for example, to Kühbichl ( 875  m ). In the post-ice age, the Saalach flowed into the Zeller See and with it flowed south into the Salzach. With the bed load from the Glemmtal, which was deposited as gravel between Lake Zell and Maishofen , the Saalach blocked its way south and changed its direction of flow to the north, into its current bed . This has been proven by foundation excavations between Atzing and Unterreit .

Side valleys and traffic

The Pinzgauer Straße  (B 311) leads through the Saalachtal from Zell am See to shortly after Lofer, followed by a short section of Loferer Straße  (B 178) to the Austrian-German border. In Bavaria, federal road 21 and from Piding on federal road 20 follow the course of the valley. This street is called the Little German Corner .

In addition to the Salzburg area on the lower reaches and the valley opening to Zeller See ( Mitterpinzgau , Zell am See ) and the upper Salzach Valley ( Oberpinzgau ), there are more important secondary valleys of the Saalach Valley :

There is no continuous train connection through the Saalachtal. The Salzburg-Tiroler-Bahn connects Zell am See with Saalfelden and the Berchtesgadener Land Bahn connects Bad Reichenhall and Freilassing .


  • The Saalachtalbahn project. June 1912 . KK Hof- u. State printing office, Vienna 1912, OBV .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. From the original Ice Age valley to today's Föhntal. Upper Saalachtal in Pinzgau. In: Saalach Adventure World. From the origin to the mouth - a natural and cultural area . Retrieved November 27, 2010 .


  1. In March 1885 two private individuals (with a view to the expected construction of a railway line connecting St. Johann in Tirol and Bad Reichenhall) sought the approval of preliminary technical work with the aim of building a standard gauge local railway station Saalfelden - Ober-Weißbach - St. Martin- Lofer . - See: Commerce, Industry, Transport and Agriculture. (...) Projected local railways. In:  Wiener Zeitung , No. 60/1885, March 14, 1885, p. 7, top center. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wrz.
    At the beginning of the 20th century the project of a Saalachtalbahn received public attention. A route design discussed from 1910 provided the following route: Salzburg (or Freilassing) -
    Bad Reichenhall - Jettenberg - Melleck - Unken - Lofer - Waidring - St. Johann (connection Salzburg-Tiroler-Bahn ).
    The construction of a
    branch line (around 24 km long) was proposed for the Lofer – Saalfelden valley line (also located on the Salzburg-Tiroler Bahn) . The Saalachtalbahn would have saved two and a quarter hours (on express trains) or 100 km on the route from Vienna to Innsbruck that ran via Bischofshofen at the time . - See: Notices about the Saalachtal railway project. In:  Neue Freie Presse , Morgenblatt, No. 16583/1910, October 22, 1910, p. 21, center right. (Online at ANNO ). and C (arl) C (urt) Hosseus (1878–1950): The importance of the Saalachtalbahn project for tourist traffic . In: Communications of the German and Austrian Alpine Club , born in 1912, (Volume XXXVIII), p. 123 f. (Online at ALO ).
    Template: ANNO / Maintenance / nfp