Ramsau near Berchtesgaden

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Ramsau near Berchtesgaden
Ramsau near Berchtesgaden
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Ramsau near Berchtesgaden highlighted

Coordinates: 47 ° 36 '  N , 12 ° 54'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Bavaria
County : Berchtesgadener Land
Height : 670 m above sea level NHN
Area : 129.17 km 2
Residents: 1700 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 13 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 83486
Area code : 08657
License plate : BGL, BGD, LF , REI
Community key : 09 1 72 129
Address of the
municipal administration:
Im Tal 2
83486 Ramsau
Website : www.ramsau.de
Mayor : Herbert Gschoßmann ( CSU )
Location of the municipality of Ramsau near Berchtesgaden in the Berchtesgadener Land district
Berchtesgaden Eck (gemeindefreies Gebiet) Schneizlreuth Schellenberger Forst Ainring Anger (Berchtesgadener Land) Bad Reichenhall Bayerisch Gmain Berchtesgaden Bischofswiesen Freilassing Laufen (Salzach) Marktschellenberg Piding Ramsau bei Berchtesgaden Saaldorf-Surheim Schneizlreuth Schönau am Königssee Teisendorf Landkreis Traunstein Österreichmap
About this picture

Ramsau bei Berchtesgaden (officially: Ramsau b.Berchtesgaden ) is a municipality in the Upper Bavarian district of Berchtesgadener Land . The Ramsau parish church of St. Sebastian and the Hintersee are world-famous motifs of landscape painting . Ramsau is a climatic health resort and the first mountaineering village in Germany. The Berchtesgaden National Park takes up over 82 percent of the community area.


Parish church St. Sebastian in Ramsau near Berchtesgaden in the Malerwinkel

Geographical location

Ramsau bei Berchtesgaden is part of the high alpine region of Berchtesgadener Land in the south of the Berchtesgadener Land district . Together with the neighboring communities of Berchtesgaden , Bischofswiesen , Marktschellenberg and Schönau am Königssee , Ramsau near Berchtesgaden lies within the geomorphological unit of the Berchtesgaden valley basin and is almost completely surrounded by the Berchtesgaden Alps , whose mountain ranges in turn extend to the east, south and southwest into the Austrian state of Salzburg . Within the Berchtesgaden valley basin , Ramsau again forms a closed area, framed by the Watzmann , Hochkalter , Reiter Alm and Lattengebirge mountains of the Berchtesgaden Alps.

The community of Ramsau is characterized by different altitudes ranging from 630 to 2,713 m above sea ​​level . The highest point of the municipality is the central peak of the Watzmann (2,713 m), the lowest point is the Ramsauer Ache on the municipality border with Bischofswiesen, downstream of the Wimbach bridge. The center of the village is about 670 m above sea level.


Ramsau is eponymous for the Ramsaudolomit .

Neighboring communities

The neighboring communities on the German side, like Ramsau itself, belong to the Berchtesgadener Land district . Its north-western neighboring municipality is Schneizlreuth , which is joined to the northeast by the municipality of Bischofswiesen and to the southeast by the municipality of Schönau am Königssee . In the further course the municipality border is also the state border to the Salzburg district of Zell am See ( Pinzgau ). To the south, the city of Saalfelden borders here , followed by Weißbach bei Lofer , Sankt Martin bei Lofer , Lofer and Unken (Salzburg) to the west .

Community structure

The Hintersee in the district of the same name

The settlement of the community is limited to the valley along the Ramsauer Ache, around the Hintersee and on the southern slopes of the Lattengebirge up to a height of 1,100 m.

The municipality is divided into the Gnotschaft or districts Antenbichl , Au , Schwarzeck and Taubensee and the village of Hintersee , whose corridors are traditionally included in the old Gnotschaft Antenbichl. Adjacent parts of the gnotships Au, Schwarzeck and Taubensee form a built-up interior area that is informally referred to as the village of Ramsau or the town center .


Original message from the monastery of Berchtesgaden

After starting 1201 the Klosterstiftskirche Berchtesgaden the spiritually parish Berchtesgaden was incorporated, came soon after Ramsau as one of its branches which will, however, only in 1512 with the Church of St. Sebastian as a private branch church building was equipped. A purchase contract with provost Johann Sax von Saxenau from 1295, according to von Koch-Sternfeld “the first German document from Berchtesgaden”, also refers to a “Heinrich von Ramsau (in Hinterberchtesgaden)” as one of several witnesses to this contract. Koch-Sternfeld also thinks that at that time there was already "lively traffic" between Berchtesgaden and the Pinzgauer goods on the other side of the " Hirschbühel and Gerhardstein" to exchange salt and cattle - which is why Ramsau and Hintersee "are already widely inhabited and for agriculture thrown out ”. According to his observation, "the people class there (still) reveals that several parts of it come from the Unterpinzgau".

In the course of the Landbrief issued by Provost Ulrich Wulp in 1377 , Ramsau with its two undivided "Gnotschaftsbezirken", which were unnamed until 1817, probably became one of the eight " Primordial Gnotships " of the Berchtesgadener Land by the end of the 14th century . The area surface of Berchtesgaden corresponded from 1155 to the heartland of the monastery pen Berchtesgaden, the 1380 to Reichsprälatur Berchtesgaden and 1559 to direct imperial Berchtesgaden Provostry had been raised. Ramsau is first mentioned in writing as a Gnotschaft, the area of ​​which roughly encompassed that of today's municipality of Ramsau near Berchtesgaden , in the first tax book of the Berchtesgadener Land from 1456.
See also the section on this paragraph: History in Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden

Ceiling fresco in Maria Kunterweg

In the 16th century, the Reformation found few followers in Ramsau in contrast to most of the other Gnotships in the Berchtesgadener Land.
And after a large number of Protestants and thus 10 percent of the population had been expelled from the territory ruled by the prince provost in the course of the Counter Reformation, the Maria Himmelfahrt church , also known as Maria Kunterweg , was consecrated in Ramsau in the year of their departure (1733) who triumphantly documents this emigration with a ceiling painting. In the lower chronogram of two cartouches , translated from Latin, you can read:

At the intercession of the Immaculate Virgin and Mother
is the corrupting misconception here of this one
Church has been driven out. (1733)

See also the sections on this paragraph: Reformation and Counter-Reformation, expulsions and emigration in Berchtesgaden

Secularization, connection to Bavaria

After the secularization of 1803, the Berchtesgadener Land lost its political independence as a prince provost , which was followed by three changes of rule in quick succession. In 1810 the Berchtesgadener Land was finally incorporated into the Kingdom of Bavaria . Under the direct jurisdiction of the Berchtesgaden Regional Court , Ramsau became a municipality that was assigned to the Salzach district and, from 1817, the newly created Isar district , which has been called Upper Bavaria since 1838 . The two previous Gnotschaft districts of Ramsau were given names by name in 1817 and were split into the four districts of Au and Schwarzeck (formerly parts of the 1st Gnotschaftsbezirks) and Antenbichl and Taubensee (formerly parts of the 2nd Gnotschaftsbezirks), which have since been known as "Gnotschaften "Are designated. Since the administrative reforms in Bavaria in 1818, the municipality of Ramsau has been able to administer itself.
See also the section on this paragraph: After the secularization in the Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden

Under the reigns of the Electorate of Salzburg from 1803 to 1805 and that of the Austrian Empire until 1809, a road was laid out in Ramsau from Hintersee over the Hirschbichl into the Pinzgau , which was intended to transport salt and establish closer economic ties between the territory and Austria.
See also the section on this paragraph: After the secularization in the Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden

Post bus to Hintersee (1907)

In 1868, the administrative district of Upper Bavaria was subdivided and Ramsau was incorporated into the Berchtesgaden district office . The Bavarian dynasty of the Wittelsbach family used the extensive forest areas of Ramsau as a court hunting area .

On May 1, 1885, the first “fixed post office” or “postal expedition” was set up in Ramsau, which existed until 1995 as an independent post office. However, after the post office was privatized and the delivery service was relocated from Ramsau to Berchtesgaden, the post office was converted into a "post office" and finally abandoned in 1998. The previous tasks of the post were then taken over by a post agency set up in a drugstore, which was also given up in 2003. Since then there has been no permanent post office in Ramsau.

As one of the first post bus routes from the forecourt of the Berchtesgaden train station , the Berchtesgaden – Hintersee connection was established in 1907 , which also helped to promote tourism in the Ramsau community.

Time of the Weimar Republic

In the course of the November Revolution , the security was King Ludwig III. no longer guaranteed in Munich. On November 7, 1918, he and the rest of the court fled in automobiles first to Wildenwart and from there to the Hintersee . When the king's security seemed threatened in Ramsau too, he fled to Schloss Anif near Salzburg in Austria and released the Bavarian officials and soldiers from their oath of loyalty on November 13, 1918 with the Anifer Declaration .

time of the nationalsocialism

The burgeoning already in the 1920s for the first time and the market Berchtesgaden finally presented efforts of Ramsau from the Watzmann with a cable car to open up, the Bavarian Prime Minister gave Ludwig Siebert ( NSDAP ) with "the consent of the Fuehrer and Chancellor" abschlägigen one on February 2, 1935 Notification.

Between 1934 and 1937, the German Alpine Road was laid out, which, like the road connection over the Hochschwarzeck to Loipl (Bischofswiesen) created between 1968 and 1972 , made Ramsau not only a "destination, but also a transit area" to an unprecedented extent. The General Inspector for German Roads, Fritz Todt , who was also involved in the construction of the Alpine Road, acquired the former customs house on Hirschbichlstrasse near the Hintersee and had it converted into a residential building by Gustav Gsaenger in 1940/41 .

The district office responsible for the place Berchtesgaden was renamed in 1939 in the district of Berchtesgaden with the same area of ​​responsibility.

Paul Giesler (1895–1945), first Gauleiter of the NSDAP of Westphalia-South and Munich-Upper Bavaria, then Bavarian Prime Minister and, according to Hitler's political will, from April 30, 1945, successor to Heinrich Himmler as Reich Minister of the Interior on May 2, 1945 shot his wife in the magic forest near the Hintersee . This was allegedly preceded by a joint attempted suicide with sleeping pills with his wife and mother-in-law . A possibly second suicide attempt after the killing of his wife also failed: seriously wounded by a shot in the head, Giesler was taken to a hospital in the Bischofswieser district of Stanggaß , where he died a few days later according to the death register of the Catholic parish of Berchtesgaden on May 8, 1945. But all in all, the information about Giesler's death circumstances is contradictory and uncertain.

post war period

Shortly after the end of the Second World War, the Ramsau forester Georg Küßwetter tried to prevent the further expansion of tourism in the Ramsau mountains. From 1946 he initiated several arson attacks on alpine huts and mountain huts and then had the walls of the former Wehrmacht house on the Blaueis blown up. In addition to his completed crimes, he instigated one of his hunters several times, without success, to burn Todt's house, which was now occupied by an American captain who was involved in massive poaching. In 1952, the Traunstein Regional Court led the trial against him as the main accused in the royal palace in Berchtesgaden. This court case attracted nationwide media interest. He was sentenced to two and a half years in prison in September 1952.

In 1968 the municipality of Ramsau founded the “Watzmannbahn GmbH” together with the Berchtesgaden market, the tourist association of the Berchtesgadener Land and a few private individuals with the aim of making a new attempt at the Watzmannbahn after the negative decision of 1935. This was followed by legal disputes with opponents of the tourist development of the Watzmann. And although the Ramsau municipal council still said on September 13, 1972, "the construction of a cable car to Falzköpfl is a vital project for Ramsau", the judgment of the Bavarian Administrative Court of December 17, 1969 and the decision of the Bavarian State Government of May 7, 1974 withdrew the foundation of the project through the establishment of the Berchtesgaden National Park and put a new end to it.

From the territorial reform to the present

Even after the regional reform in Bavaria in 1972, Ramsau ( officially since then: "Ramsau bei Berchtesgaden") remained an independent municipality.

On January 1, 1984, the community-free areas of Forst Hintersee (3489.32 ha ), Ramsau Forest (5685.89 ha) and Forest Taubensee (754.78 ha) were dissolved and completely incorporated into the community of Ramsau as separate districts . Likewise, the southern part of the Jettenberger Forest (Reiter Alm, 963.27 of 2963.27 ha) was incorporated into the municipality and district of Ramsau (the larger northern part with 2000.00 ha went to the neighboring municipality of Schneizlreuth ). These uninhabited areas are entirely located in the Berchtesgaden National Park; their incorporation has increased the area of ​​the municipality considerably from 22.98 km² to 129.18 km². This also includes the two hectares that Berchtesgaden received on July 1, 1982 when the municipality-free area of Berchtesgadener Bürgerwald was dissolved (the lion's share of 258.9 hectares went to the neighboring municipality of Bischofswiesen).

Population development

In the last census of 1987, a total of 1694 inhabitants were reported for Ramsau, on December 31, 2014 the community had 1742 inhabitants.

Between 1988 and 2018 the number of inhabitants decreased or it stagnated from 1723 to 1714 by 9 inhabitants or by 0.5%.

Geographical and socio-cultural assignments

Ramsau bei Berchtesgaden lies within the Berchtesgadener Land region, which is surrounded by the Berchtesgaden Alps . From 1155 almost congruent with the heartland of the monastery monastery Berchtesgaden, which became more and more independent over the centuries and was raised to the imperial provost of Berchtesgaden from 1559 to 1803 , this region is still today culturally and socio-culturally bordered by neighboring Chiemgau and within the same district Berchtesgaden from the former Duke of Bavaria Bad Reichenhall and the once the Archbishopric of Salzburg belonging Rupertiwinkel from. Thus, for Ramsau bei Berchtesgaden, responsible municipal associations and regional authorities such as the former district of Berchtesgaden and the current district of Berchtesgadener Land as well as the associated communities went far beyond the socio-cultural conceptual unit “Berchtesgadener Land”.

In relation to the Berchtesgadener Land region, the Ramsau Christmas Rifle Club, founded on January 26th, 1908, joined the United Christmas Riflemen of the Berchtesgadener Land, founded in 1925, and the Ramsau Mountain Costume Preservation Association "D 'Achentaler", the United Trachten Associations founded in 1928 in the Berchtesgadener Land .


In 2011, out of a total of 1727 inhabitants in Ramsau near Berchtesgaden, 96 were Protestant (a decrease of 28.4% compared to 1987) and 1,445 were Roman Catholic (a decrease of 5.3% compared to 1987), the religious affiliation of the remaining 186 inhabitants was not broken down. So far, in addition to “Roman Catholic” and “Evangelical Lutheran”, only the number of “foreigners” is given in the statistics of the census - here with 90 (an increase of 73.1% compared to 1987) of the 186 inhabitants, which are not specifically broken down . No information is available for Ramsau about members of other religious communities and their possible meeting rooms. (→ see also the sections that restrict or criticize the information provided in this regard in the 2011 census : Household survey , questions on religion and scientific control .)

A branch of the Berchtesgaden parish since the 13th century , a canon resided in Ramsau from 1657 at the church of St. Sebastian as vicar , to whom a rectory was established in 1659 . In 1812 an independent Roman Catholic parish was established for the area of ​​the municipality of Ramsau and the church of St. Sebastian became a parish church . For several years the pastoral care and administration of the parish of Ramsau near Berchtesgaden had been entrusted to the dean of the dean's office in Berchtesgaden as the parish administrator . Since 2013, the parish has its own pastor again, who is also the parish administrator of the Unterstein parish (Schönau am Königssee). With this parish administration, the 2020 structure plan of the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising has already found its first practical implementation with regard to a parish association of the parishes of Ramsau and Unterstein , which was taken the next step in 2016 with the establishment of the Ramsau Unterstein Parish Association .

The area of ​​the political community of Ramsau, together with Schönau am Königssee, forms the 2nd  district of the Evangelical Lutheran parish of Berchtesgaden and has its own Evangelical church , the Church of the Good Shepherd , consecrated in 1958 .


Municipal council

The municipal council consists of 12 councilors and the first mayor .

In the local elections on March 15, 2020 , the following distribution of seats in the local council resulted:

  • CSU : 7 seats (61.6%)
  • FWG / Greens : 5 seats (38.4%).

The turnout was 68.48%.


Mayor of the municipality of Ramsau from May 1945
from mayor Party / parliamentary group
1945 1 Karl Dieterich -
1945 Karl Graßl CSU
1972 Georg Graßl
1984 Hans Flunk FWG Ramsauer electoral block
1996 Hans Datzmann CSU
2008 Herbert Gschossmann
1 May June

Herbert Gschoßmann (CSU) is the honorary first mayor. He has been in office since May 1, 2008 and is also a member of the district council of the Berchtesgadener Land district .

Community partnerships

The municipality of Ramsau has maintained a partnership with the Slovenian municipality of Bohinj since 2000 . The starting point are similarities such as the location in a national park and the first ascent of the Watzmann in Ramsau in 1800 by the Slovenian Valentin Stanič .


Ramsau bei Berchtesgaden is part of the Traunstein constituency and the Berchtesgadener Land constituency for state and district elections.

coat of arms

DEU Ramsau COA.svg

Blazon : Saint Vincent in blue in a silver dalmatic with golden fringes over a red undergarment, in the right a "Merschl" (long-handled ax), in the left holding a " Griesbeil ".

The tools in the hand of Vincent de Saragossa indicate that he is venerated as the patron saint of the woodcutters . In addition to agriculture, logging to supply the Berchtesgaden saltworks used to be almost the only source of income for the residents of Ramsau.

The coat of arms was introduced in 1953 on the legal basis of a resolution of the municipal council and with the consent of the State Ministry of the Interior. (The ministerial resolutions are dated July 17, 1953 and October 16, 1953.)

Culture and sights

natural beauties

To the west of the center of Ramsau lies the Hintersee , which can also be reached on a path through the so-called magic forest . The magic forest is a geotope with landslide debris between the trees, which is said to have a romantic atmosphere reflected in its name.

The brine pipeline between the Brunnhaus Söldenköpfl and the Schwarzbachwacht was originally laid out as a route for the brine pipeline from Berchtesgaden to Bad Reichenhall and is almost completely flat. Located on a south-facing slope at an altitude of approx. 900 m, it offers a panoramic view of the Ramsau valley and the opposite mountain ranges, such as Watzmann , Hochkalter and Reiteralpe .

The Hindenburglinde is on the German Alps-Baltic Sea Holiday Route ( Bundesstrasse 305 ), above the Ramsauer Ache valley . The chest height in 2015 was 10.90 m.

The Berchtesgaden National Park , the only Alpine National Park in Germany, lies with the Wimbachklamm and the Wimbachtal to a large extent on the municipality of Ramsau. At the entrance of Klausbachtals the offset there is historical Klaus Bach House as a National Park information and forms the starting point for many hikes and excursions in the National Park.

Cultural traditions

Since Ramsau was "a world of its own" until the 1930s, despite the road connection from the Hirschbichl to the Pinzgau that was laid out between 1803 and 1809, the inhabitants had developed their own dialect that deviated from "Berchtesgaden" .

The traditional alpine-Bavarian culture is in Ramsau z. B. cultivated by the Ramsau singers as nationally known folk musicians and the mountain costume preservation association “D 'Achentaler” with the Berchtesgaden traditional costume .

After the Berchtesgadener Weihnachtsschützen (1874), the Ramsau Christmas Rifle Club was founded on January 26th, 1908 , and in 1925 it merged with the other Christmas rifle clubs in neighboring towns to form the United Christmas Riflemen of the Berchtesgadener Land .

The Ramsau music band has existed since 1909 and plays on all parish and church festivals and holidays.

An artisan tradition that goes back to the 16th century and is only practiced in Ramsau is the carving of ass pipe steed as a Berchtesgaden war .


Profane building

The transferred Laroslehen today National Park Information Point Klausbachhaus

The Gasthof Oberwirt forms the center of the village next to the famous church.

The Gasthof Auzinger is a traditional, listed inn near the Hintersee . In the 19th century, together with its predecessor buildings and their hosts, it was a hostel and contact point for artists from a painters' colony established on the Hintersee .

The farmhouse from 1757, renamed Klausbachhaus , was moved from Laroslehen in Unterau to Ramsau at the beginning of the 1990s and was restored there in 1995 based on its historical model, with one difference. Since then it has served as an information point for the Berchtesgaden National Park .

In addition, there are some mountain farms, mountain farms and inns that have largely been preserved in their original state in Ramsau.

Sacred building

Church of the Good Shepherd
Roman Catholic

The church of St. Sebastian was built in 1512, since then it has been expanded several times and in 1812 it became the parish church of Ramsau. It became well known as a pictorial motif used by numerous painters of the 19th century and later on postcards and Christmas cards.

The pilgrimage church Maria Himmelfahrt (also known as Maria Kunterweg ) was completed in 1733 and is considered one of the most original works of Bavarian Rococo .

Evangelical Lutheran

The Church of the Good Shepherd was inaugurated on July 27, 1958 and belongs to the Evangelical Lutheran parish of Berchtesgaden .

Landscape painting

Johann Wilhelm Schirmer : The Hintersee near Berchtesgaden (1838)
Albert Zimmermann : Chapel on the Hintersee near Berchtesgaden (1888)
Konrad Westermayr : Ramsau, two women with a parasol (1911)
View from the Riesenbichl towards the center of the village of Ramsau with the Kunterwegkogel and parts of the Reiteralpe .

In the 19th century, from the 1830s onwards, a well-known painters' colony had developed on the Hintersee , mainly made up of representatives of the Munich and Vienna Schools, including: Wilhelm Busch , Carl Rottmann , Ludwig Richter , Carl Schuch , Karl Hagemeister , Thomas Fearnley , Friedrich Gauermann , Ferdinand Waldmüller and Frederik Christian Kiærskou (1805–1891). Among them then u. a. Carl Rottmann also made the lake itself a motif. Many of them were served by the Auzinger inn and its predecessor, Hint. See Wirth as a meeting point and hostel.

The parish church of St. Sebastian was captured on sketches, drawings and paintings by painters such as Wilhelm Bendz , Thomas Fearnley, Ferdinand Laufberger , Wilhelm Busch, Ferdinand Runk , Otto Pippel and Will Klinger-Franken . However, while Fearnley (1830) and Loos (1836) , for example, still chose the perspective from the west or from the former village center at Gasthof Oberwirt towards the church with the Göll in the background, towards the end of the 19th century the perspective changed in the opposite direction , and the viewpoint called Malerwinkel today with Ramsauer Ache and Ertlsteg in the foreground and the Reiter Alpe in the background prevailed. In addition, it still serves as the central motif on photo and postcards and is also used on a puzzle .

At the beginning of the 20th century, Konrad Westermayr (1883–1917) , who was born in Ramsau, also dealt with his hometown in paintings as a late impressionist painter .

On the occasion of the 500th anniversary of the St. Sebastian parish church, Ramsau was the first municipality in the Berchtesgadener Land district to host the " I. Open ExTempore for Visual Art in Berchtesgadener Land " as the official organizer . In the adult category alone, well over 100 artists from Germany and abroad registered for the free competition. From June 21 to 24, 2012, as part of this open art symposium, which is accessible to everyone, new works of art on the subject of “magic forest” and a landscape motif from the area were created. These Extempore works, which were created on site, were then exhibited in the Klausbachhaus and awarded a prize there. After a second event of this kind in 2013 in Berchtesgaden , the “III. Open ExTempore für Bildkunst im Berchtesgadener Land ” will again take place in Ramsau from May 29 to June 1, 2014.

Film set

The following films / series were (partially) shot in Ramsau:


In the summer of 2010, the Martinsklause of Ludwig Ganghofer under far-off National Park -Festspiele an open-air performance on Hintersee staged.

Since 1991 the local amateur drama group “Provisorium” has performed one-act plays and spontaneous improvisations in the guest's house every November .

Sports and sports clubs

The SK Ramsau ski club also organizes sports competitions outside of skiing and a. also a triathlon department . In 2010 the football department separated from SK Ramsau and re-established as FC Ramsau eV . The club played in the A-Class and C-Class in the Upper Bavaria Inn / Salzach district in the 2019/2020 season.

There is also the Royal Privileged Fire Rifle Society Ramsau and the MSC Ramsau Motorsport Club .


The traditional events in Ramsau are still strongly influenced by the church's annual schedule. Special features are the Ramsau wood beer , the anniversary of the lumberjack on Rose Monday and the patronage of the parish church, the Sebastianitag on January 20th ( Ramsau public holiday ), on which many Ramsau companies are still closed today.

Economy and Infrastructure

Alpine panorama in Ramsau

Economic structure

In the past, the economic structure of Ramsau was mainly determined by agriculture and forestry, which only produced very meager income for the residents. At times, millstones from Ramsau Nagelfluh were extracted on a large scale in Ramsau .

In the 19th century a fundamental structural change, which the then "tourism" mentioned began Tourism made the livelihood of many people. For 2018, the Bavarian State Office for Statistics shows a total of 225,979 overnight stays in Ramsau, which placed the municipality in fourth place out of the 13 municipalities listed here, in relation to the low population of the municipality that was once again the highest number of overnight stays in the Berchtesgadener Land district .

A part of the local population that is well above the district average works in the construction industry, which is well above local needs. This is very similar to the neighboring Austrian mountain districts. The economic structure is supplemented by service and trading companies mainly for regional needs. Agriculture is mainly operated as a sideline .


As early as the 19th century, members of the Bavarian royal family ( Wittelsbachers ) were regularly hunting in Ramsau. In the 1870s a beautification association was founded in Ramsau with the aim of promoting " tourism ".

In 1950, the municipality and ten other municipalities in the region founded the Berchtesgadener Land tourist association , which was renamed the Berchtesgaden-Königssee tourist association in 2005 , in which the municipality is still represented with a seat and a voice.

In 2015, the municipality was the first in Germany to be awarded the title mountaineering village by the Alpine Association .


Alpine adventure bus on the Hintersee

The main traffic artery is the German Alpine Road B 305; it leads from Inzell via Schneizlreuth and the Wachterl pass to Ramsau and from there to Berchtesgaden. The village of Ramsau and the Hintersee district are accessed by a state road that branches off from the German Alpine Road. A special feature of the road to Berchtesgaden is the rock gate through which the main road leads.

Buses RVO GmbH run from Berchtesgaden main station (partly Schönau) to Ramsau and further to Hintersee . From the Hintersee on the Hirschbichlstraße, which is closed to private traffic, the Almerlebnisbus travels across the state border at the Hirschbichl and on into the Pinzgau to Weißbach bei Lofer in the Salzburg region ( Austria ). There are other bus connections along the Alpine Road and to the Hochschwarzeck.

Public facilities

The municipality of Ramsau maintains a mountain spa garden as well as a sports field and gymnasium that were laid out in 1973.

The local cemetery with the morgue, which has been built since 1938, is owned and managed by the Roman Catholic Church.

A converter for better television coverage in Ramsau was put into operation in 1972 on the Kunterwegkogel.

The Ramsau Volunteer Fire Brigade was founded in 1874 . She belongs to the inspection area south of the district fire inspection Berchtesgadener Land. In 1980/81 the fire station and apartments were built at the old parish hall.

The private Jugend-Treff.5 Förderverein eV provides a supervised meeting point for young people in Ramsau .

Like the municipalities of Bischofswiesen and Schönau am Königssee, Ramsau uses and finances the wastewater treatment plant in the Berchtesgaden market and, like the aforementioned municipalities and Marktschellenberg , also finances the slaughterhouse in Berchtesgaden.

Educational institutions

Ramsau has a single primary school , and combined classes are set up depending on the number of students. In 1999 the primary school moved into a new school building. In addition, the community has had a kindergarten since 1985 , which also moved to new premises in 1999 and was expanded in 2008 to include an extension for a crèche group . In addition to looking after small children, the kindergarten also offers lunchtime care for primary school children up to 10 years of age.


On his way to Mariapfarr , Joseph Mohr (1792–1848) also came to the Ramsau vicarage and, at the request of the pastor, was employed as a parish assistant from August 29 to October 10, 1815 . A year later, Mohr wrote the text of the world-famous Christmas carol Silent Night in Mariapfarr .


Sons and daughters of the church

Honorary citizen

The municipal council has made the following people honorary citizens :

  • 1897: Martin Westermayer, Villa Post , teacher, first operations manager of the Ramsauer Post from 1885, board member of the Beautification Association and founding member of the Ramsau volunteer fire brigade, to whom the community erected a memorial stone in the mountain spa garden in 1999.
  • August 31, 1919: Johann Irlinger, Fendten , district councilor , 1st mayor a. D.
  • January 29, 1973: Gottfried Raubinger, pastor
  • August 10, 1976: Richard Graßl, Haus Bachrand , district councilor, 2nd mayor and retired local council. D.
  • September 12, 1986: Sister Guntrama (1914–1992), community sister from 1946 to 1987

Known citizens

The following personalities were not born in Ramsau, but were or are in a close relationship with the community:

  • Hans Brandner (* 1949), luge world champion and Olympic silver medalist in two-seater, ran the hotel "Hochkalter" in Ramsau with his family
  • Wolfgang Bartels (1940–2007), bronze medalist in the 1964 Olympic downhill race , ran the “Wörndlhof” inn in Hintersee, which he had taken over from his parents
  • Hermann Buhl (1924–1957), the first to climb Nanga Parbat , had his first residence in Ramsau from 1951 until his death.
  • Kriemhild Buhl (* 1951), children's book author, lives in Ramsau and grew up there
  • Carolin Fernsebner (* 1986), ski racer, grew up in Ramsau
  • Franz Graßl (* 1965), ski mountaineer, lives in Ramsau
  • Georg Graßl (1926–1995), member of the state parliament, started his own business as a master painter in Ramsau
  • Hartmut Graßl (* 1940), climate researcher, grew up in Ramsau
  • Judith Graßl (* 1968), ski mountaineer, lives in Ramsau
  • Wilfried Heller (* 1942), geographer and migration researcher, grew up in Ramsau
  • Thomas Klinger (* 1951), photographer and graphic artist, lives in Ramsau and grew up there
  • Will Klinger-Franken (1909–1986), painter, regular residence from 1949, first residence in Ramsau from 1960 until his death.
  • Manuel Machata (* 1984), world champion in the four-man bobsleigh 2011, grew up in Ramsau
  • Franz Pöschl (1917–2011), Lieutenant General ret. D., lived at the Hintersee for many years
  • Jakob Resch , two-time bronze medalist in the bobsleigh, lives in Ramsau and ran the hotel and inn on the Hindenburglinde .
  • Martin Schwab (1926–2012), folk musician, ran the “Gerstreit” inn in Ramsau
  • Willy Schlieker (1914–1980), industrialist and founder of the Ramsau Hochschwarzeck ski area , lived in his wife's hunting lodge in Ramsau from the mid-1960s.


  • Hellmut Schöner (Ed.), A. Helm : Berchtesgaden in the course of time . Reprint from 1929. Association for local history d. Berchtesgadener Landes. Berchtesgadener Anzeiger and Karl M. Lipp Verlag, Munich 1973. pp. 223–224.
  • Hellmut Beautiful (Ed.): Berchtesgaden through the ages - Supplementary Volume I . Association for local history d. Berchtesgadener Landes. Verlag Berchtesgadener Anzeiger and Karl M. Lipp Verlag, Munich 1982 ISBN 3-87490-528-4 , pp. 95, 96, 244-249.

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. a b Mayor / Lord Mayor in municipalities belonging to the district (as of May 1st, 2020). (xlsx) Bavarian State Office for Statistics, accessed on June 16, 2020 .
  3. Markt Berchtesgaden - land use plan with landscape planning , Chapter: 2.6 Landscape as a protected asset ; Environmental reports from March 6, 2014 to March 6, 2016, PDF file p. 16 of 48 pages, online at gemeinde.berchtesgaden.de
  4. a b c ramsau.de ( Memento from January 28, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Under “Numbers, data, facts” the indication of the altitude of the town center
  5. ^ Community of Ramsau near Berchtesgaden in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on December 24, 2017.
  6. Minutes of the public meeting of September 20, 2011 of the Ramsau municipal council - on page 3 of the PDF file it says: “The building plot (..), Ramsau district, is located inside. In the land use plan of the municipality of Ramsau, the area is shown as a village area. "
  7. Canons of Berchtesgaden , basic data and history:
    Stephanie Haberer:  Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden - Canons and miners in the database of monasteries in Bavaria in the House of Bavarian History
  8. A. Helm : Berchtesgaden in the course of time , keyword: history of the country, pp. 108-109
  9. ^ Michael Petzet : Monuments in Bavaria , Volume 1–2; P. 141
  10. ^ Joseph Ernst von Koch-Sternfeld : History of the Principality of Berchtesgaden and its salt works , Volume 1. Salzburg 1815; P. 128 and 129 ( full text in the Google book search).
    Here it says: “In 1295, on St. Mark's Day , Friedrich von Rupolding and his housewife Benedikta, and their sons Rapoto and Ortolf, acquired by Megenwarth and von Teisenheim, sell their freyes property in Niedertiesbach (in the hollow beings, southwest of Berchtesgaden to the provost Johann . Heinrich von Taufkirchen seals the letter on the provost's house. *) ”
    And in the footnote on page 129: “ *) S. and B. II. 58. As far as is known, this is the first German document from Berchtesgaden. The following were present as witnesses: (..) Heinrich von Ramsau (in Hinterberchtesgaden), and other loyal people. "
  11. ^ A b Joseph Ernst von Koch-Sternfeld : History of the Principality of Berchtesgaden and its salt works , Volume 1. Salzburg 1815; P. 131 ( full text in Google book search).
  12. Joseph Ernst von Koch-Sternfeld: History of the Principality of Berchtesgaden and its salt works . Volume 2, from p. 27 f.
  13. Joseph Ernst von Koch-Sternfeld: History of the Principality of Berchtesgaden and its salt works . Volume 2, p. 29 full text in the Google book search.
    According to Koch-Sternfeld, a Berchtesgaden judge by the name of Eberhard criticized the provost Ulrich I. Wulp (1377-1384) for clearing the forest and thus opening up the natural boundaries of the Berchtesgadener Land on the Schwarzache - from Taubensee to Schwarzbach (see: Schwarzbach (Bad Reichenhall) ) along towards Jettenberg (today: Oberjettenberg and Unterjettenberg ).
  14. Joseph Ernst von Koch-Sternfeld: History of the Principality of Berchtesgaden and its salt works . Volume 2, from p. 145 f.
  15. a b On "Ur gnotschaften ", tax book and municipality register from 1817 see Manfred Feulner : Maria Gern - Gnotschaft and municipality on behalf of the Maria Gern brass band . Literature and sources: berchtesgadeninfo.de, Market Archive Berchtesgaden, Dept. Maria Gern.
  16. a b Dieter Albrecht : Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden - Statistical overview based on the status of 1698. I. District and Nursing Court Berchtesgaden. Chapter: Gnotschaft Ramsau In: Historical Atlas of Bavaria . Part Altbayern, Heft 7, Munich 1954, p. 26
  17. berchtesgaden-evangelisch.de ( Memento from November 21, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Alfred Spiegel-Schmidt: Reformation and Emigration in the Berchtesgadener Land. Text on the emigration of Protestants from the prince-provost of Berchtesgaden.
  18. Joseph Ernst von Koch-Sternfeld: History of the Principality of Berchtesgaden and its salt works . Volume 2, pp. 131–132 ( full text in the Google book search).
  19. Manfred Feulner : Berchtesgaden - history of the country and its inhabitants. see The expulsion of the Protestants from Berchtesgaden. Pp. 171-174
  20. berchtesgaden-evangelisch.de ( Memento from March 5, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) Alfred Spiegel-Schmidt: Expulsion of Protestants from Berchtesgaden. with translation of the cartridge.
  21. notthracht.de Harald Stark : In the footsteps of the Berchtesgaden prince provost Cajetan Anton Notthracht , see end of the penultimate paragraph.
  22. Joseph Ernst von Koch-Sternfeld: History of the Principality of Berchtesgaden and its salt works . Volume 3, from p. 121 f.
  23. a b c d Hellmut Beautiful (ed.): Berchtesgaden in the course of time - Supplement I . P. 245
  24. a b c d Regarding sport and Martin Westermayer Reference to honorary citizenship and memorial stone in AA: 125 years ago a " Post Expedition " (PDF; 1.5 MB) opened in Ramsau in Ramsauer Bladl No. 42 from September 2010
  25. On Berchtesgaden - Hintersee see Friedrich Schelle: Walks through Berchtesgaden and the surrounding area 1860–1920 . Photos with captions. Plenk Verlag, Berchtesgaden 2nd edition 1977. Unpaginated, therefore no page number possible.
  26. to Watzmann train: Hellmut Beautiful (Ed.): Berchtesgaden through the ages - Supplementary Volume I . P. 95, 96
    The reasons given by the Bavarian Prime Minister in the wording: “The mountain railways (..) currently available in Bavaria will for a long time to meet and satisfy even the most increased need. I have obtained the consent of the Fuehrer and Reich Chancellor to the above decision. It is therefore final. "
  27. geodaten.bayern.de (PDF; 141 kB) Bavarian State Office for the Preservation of Monuments to Fritz Todt and the house at Hirschbichlstrasse 11, which was re-qualified as a listed building.
  28. ^ The circumstances of Giesler's death after: Karl Höffkes : Hitler's political generals. The Gauleiter of the Third Reich. 2nd edition, Grabert-Verlag, Tübingen 1997, ISBN 3-87847-163-7 , pp. 95ff. There also the death book in facsimile. In spite of the euphemistic character of his book published by the radical right-wing Grabert Verlag , reference is made to the representation of Höffkes by Lilla, extras , and the Internet portal Westfälische Geschichte . Nevertheless, it must be considered unsecured.
  29. ^ "The prevented alpine fortress" Documentation by Hellmut Schöner, Ilse Lackerbauer and Fritz Hofmann, ISBN 3-927957-00-3 , p. 26 " No battle transfer of the district" by Karl Theodor Jacob , p. 44 "The end of the war in Ramsau" by Engelbert Aigner.
  30. spiegel.de BRANDSTIFTUNG - Schaun's in Ramsau in Der Spiegel No. 32, 1952, pp. 10-12 of August 6, 1952
  31. Schaun's in Ramsau . In: Der Spiegel . No. 32 , 1952, pp. 10-12 ( online August 6, 1952).
  32. archiv.preussische-allgemeine.de On the judgment against Georg Küßwetter in the Ostpreußenblatt of September 13, 1952, under From day to day , PDF file p. 2 of 16
  33. Hellmut Beautiful (Ed.): Berchtesgaden through the ages - Supplementary Volume I . P. 95
  34. a b Ramsau near Berchtesgaden: Official statistics of the LfStat p. 6 of 29 PDF pages, statistics on the division of the population into Protestant and Roman Catholic
  35. Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing - update of the population, quarters (here fourth quarter, reference date at the end of the quarter)
  36. Berchtesgadener Land Tourismus GmbH: The history of the district of Berchtesgadener Land ( memento of July 13, 2016 in the Internet Archive ): “The 'district of Berchtesgadener Land' forms a unity both historically, culturally and economically; all three parts - the actual 'Berchtesgadener Land' (in the narrower sense of the former sovereignty of the prince-provost of Berchtesgaden), the city of Bad Reichenhall and the land around Laufen - stood in the early Middle Ages over the centuries until the beginning of the 19th century Tension between the Archdiocese of Salzburg and the Duchy of Bavaria, who both claimed the richness of salt in the area. ” - online at berchtesgadener-land.com
  37. Ditto: Use of the term Berchtesgadener Land - “The Berchtesgadener Land (let's not let the irritating district name in the course of the territorial reform unsettle us!) Is the designation of the territory of the former bishopric of Berchtesgaden. The extent of the territory must therefore be determined exactly. ”- Günter Kampfhammer: Territory names in Bavaria p. 621; Dieter in Harmening, Erich Wimmer, Wolfgang Brückner (ed.): folk culture, history, Region: Festschrift for Wolfgang Brückner 60th . Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 1992.
  38. www. prangerschuetzen.de : The Rupertiwinkel
  39. Hellmut Beautiful (Ed.): Berchtesgaden through the ages - Supplement IS 18
    The Berchtesgaden according Beautiful in includes "its historical borders Schellenberg to Hallthurm , Schwarzenbach forest and Hirschbichl " or analogous to the Berchtesgaden valley only the southern part of the district with the communities Berchtesgaden , Bischofswiesen , Berchtesgaden , Marktschellenberg and Ramsau near Berchtesgaden, which together, at that time split into smaller units Gnotschaften , the heartland of the first of Stiftspröpsten and last of Fürstpröpsten ruled Berchtesgaden country or Berchtesgaden country formed.
  40. a b Christmas Schuetzenverein-ramsau.de To the story
  41. www.berchtesgadener-land.com : Trachtenvereine in Berchtesgadener Land
  42. ^ Ramsau near Berchtesgaden: Official statistics of the LfStat p. 6 of 29 PDF pages
  43. books.google.de Monuments in Bavaria, Vol. 1-2 By Michael Petzet; P. 141
  44. kirche-ramsau.de Reference to “200 years of independent Ramsau parish” p. 36 of 36 pages of the PDF file “Ramsauer Pfarrbrief”, issue 2/2012
  45. berchtesgaden-evangelisch.de ( Memento from July 24, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) - On the occasion of the ecumenical church convention 2010 in Munich, a community letter from the Evangelical Lutheran parish of Berchtesgaden with a guest contribution to the Roman Catholic parish in Ramsau; Congregational Letter No. 130 for July-October 2010, see page 21 of 32 PDF pages
  46. Our pastor , online at kirche-ramsau.de
  47. Parish Unterstein , online at erzbistum-muenchen.de
  48. erzbistum-muenchen.de “Pastoral care units in the Archdiocese of Munich and Freising according to planning 2020” as a PDF file, one page
  49. Our neighboring parishes , online at kirche-ramsa
  50. berchtesgaden-evangelisch.de ( Memento from July 23, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) The parish of the Evangelical Lutheran parish of Berchtesgaden
  51. berchtesgaden-evangelisch.de ( Memento from July 23, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Website for the Evangelical Church of the Good Shepherd
  52. fwg-ramsau.de reference to 10-year community partnership with Bohinj in 2010, PDF file p. 6 of 6
  53. ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Ramsau near Berchtesgaden  in the database of the House of Bavarian History
  54. ^ Hindenburglinde in the directory of monumental oaks . Retrieved January 31, 2017
  55. Hellmut Schöner quoted in supplementary volume I on p. 245 for his own Ramsauer dialect E. Ackermann: Von der Ramsauer Mundart . BH, 1930, nos. 10-11
  56. musikkapelle-ramsau.de ( Memento from July 16, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Chronicle
  57. EE Fischer: Souvenirs, souvenirs: Arschpfeifenrössl. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung of February 26, 2007
  58. R. Mischke: Christmas tree decorations based on old templates. In: Welt am Sonntag on December 19, 2010
  59. ^ Wilhelm Neu, Volker Liedke, Otto Braasch: Upper Bavaria: Ensembles, architectural monuments, archaeological site monuments , Volume 1 of Monuments in Bavaria, Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 1986 ISBN 978-3-486-52392-8 , p. 141
  60. a b c d e faz.net Weindl, Georg: A life between easel and tavern . In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , May 7, 2003
  61. baufachinformation.de ( Memento of March 8, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) - assessment of the pilgrimage church Maria Kunterweg by the Fraunhofer IRB
  62. a b c d e f g auzinger.de On the history of the Gasthof Auzinger
  63. ^ Artists' symposium in Ramsau
  64. What a church in Bavaria has in common with the Eiffel Tower
  65. Ramsauer Malerweg to Hintersee On the trail of the painters of the Romantic era
  66. Christoph Karbacher: Berchtesgaden as a motif of landscape painting. S. 304, in: Walter Brugger et al. (Ed.): History of Berchtesgaden. Volume III / 1, Berchtesgaden 1998, pp. 287-312.
  67. kp: Artist competition: Portrait of Ramsau online at bgland24.de on May 23, 2012
  68. ^ Christian Holzner: Open Art Symposium on Hintersee ( Memento from June 4, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) ; a contribution to the "international 'ExTempore' for visual art" from June 21st to 24th, 2012 in Ramsau for the regional television Upper Bavaria on May 10th, 2012
  69. salz-der-heimat.eu See review: PROJECTS - To I. Open ExTempore for visual art in the Berchtesgadener Land in Ramsau near Berchtesgaden
  70. Christian Holzner: Painters Symposium on Hintersee starts ( Memento of 4 June 2015 Internet Archive ) ; a contribution to the “international 'ExTempore' for visual art” from June 21st to 24th, 2012 in Ramsau for the Upper Bavaria regional television on June 22nd, 2012
  71. kp: Extempore: Pictures with regional references online at bgland24.de on June 27, 2012
  72. salz-der-heimat.eu See review: PROJECTS - To III. Open ExTempore for visual art in the BERCHTESGADENER LAND in Ramsau near Berchtesgaden
  73. Christian Holzner: Painters move Ramsau into the picture ( Memento from July 5, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) ; a contribution to the "international 'ExTempore' for visual art" from May 29th to June 1st 2014 in Ramsau for the regional television Upper Bavaria on June 4th 2014
  74. Veronika Mergenthal: Landscape art at a high level in the Berchtesgadener Anzeiger ; online on June 3, 2014
  75. Wildschütz Jennerwein. Hearts in Need , online at filmportal.de
  76. official festival homepage ( Memento from June 15, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  77. ^ "Provisional" - the Ramsauer Laienbühne in Ramsauer Bladl No. 40 in December 2009, PDF file p. 6 of 16 pages, online at gemeinde-ramsau.de
  78. ^ FC Ramsau 2010
  79. Group classification in the Inn / Salzach district 2019-20. Bavarian Football Association, June 20, 2019, accessed on August 10, 2020 .
  80. a b ramsau.de ( Memento from July 21, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Associations
  81. On customs and festivals in Ramsau Albert Scharf , Fritz Resch : The Ramsau customs during the church year . Berchtesgadener Anzeiger 2005, ISBN 3-925647-39-2
  82. Community of Ramsau - Customs, History, Geography in Ramsau and Berchtesgaden ( Memento from August 18, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) online at ramsau.de
  83. ^ Bavarian State Office for Statistics : 11. Guest arrivals and overnight stays in accommodation establishments , statistical information on the Berchtesgadener Land district , PDF file p. 90 of 113 pages, online at statistik.bayern.de
  84. www.nationalparkregion.at pp. 7–8 ( Memento from April 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 5.8 MB) for Salzburg mountain regions
  85. Bergsteigerdörfer - Bergsteigerdorf Ramsau , online at alpenverein.de
  86. ramsau.de ( Memento from July 27, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Zum Bergkurgarten
  87. a b c d e See Hellmut Beautiful (ed.): Berchtesgaden in the course of time - Supplement I . P. 246
  88. feuerwehr-ramsau.de ( Memento from February 20, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) We about us
  89. ramsau.de ( Memento from June 29, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Website on “General information about our kindergarten” in Ramsau
  90. Otto Franz Gensichen:  Mohr, Joseph Franz . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 52, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1906, p. 435.
  91. Hellmut Schöner (ed.), A. Helm : Berchtesgaden in the course of time . P. 223–224
    Entry in the Ramsau parish chronicle: “Josef Mohr (..) arrived here on August 29, 1815, as he was already destined for Mariapfarr in Lungau, and remained there to help with the approval of the Most Reverend Consistory 10. X. 1815, on which day he left. ” Furthermore, it says in Helm: “ M. was on the way to his first office, he will now have called on the rectory in Ramsau to stay overnight. "
  92. www.gratis-gedicht.de Entry Joseph Mohr
  93. Not even the name stayed . u. a. on Schlieker's stay in Ramsau near Berchtesgaden in: Die Zeit , No. 10/1966

Web links

Commons : Ramsau bei Berchtesgaden  - Collection of images, videos and audio files