An artist colony is a living and working community of artists , which is mainly practiced by painters.
This way of life and way of working has its origins in Germany and Switzerland. It was often associated with the architectural idea of the garden city movement. Towards the end of the 19th century, groups of artists emerged in rural places such as Worpswede or Ahrenshoop , which attracted painters from the cities due to their special tranquility, their originality and better environmental conditions for painting in the "free nature" and for life in the country. Various reasons were given for the painters' “ flight from the city ” . In addition to the interest in light , unusual subjects such as flora and faunaor striking landscape features such as heather or mountains, romantic longings for “unspoiled”, rural idyll and a simple, natural life in “ freedom ” were a motive. Life in the country was generally cheaper. The joint appearance in a colony promoted contact with the villagers and also benefited the artistic exchange. Although many artists consciously sought contact with locals, they often kept to themselves. The artists' sense of belonging to one another varied in strength. They mainly sold their works in the cities; but they also succeeded in gradually winning over an audience in the country.
In addition to painters, other artistic communities such as actors and musicians founded their communities. Just like art , the self-image of an artist colony depends on fashions and is subject to change. Districts such as Berlin-Wilmersdorf , Berlin-Friedrichshagen ( Friedrichshagener Kreis , Neue Gemeinschaft ) or Munich- Schwabing became attractive for artists.
To revitalize closed commercial areas ( vacant use ), large, but increasingly also small, municipalities have been offering cheaper living space and studios for independent artists and projects in recent years. For example, artists moved into the old port of Münster-Hansaviertel , in a former cellulose factory in Hattersheim- Okriftel or in a paper factory building in Bad Alexandersbad in the Fichtel Mountains .
Well-known artist colonies
- Experiment Kalltalgemeinschaft (parts of the Cologne Progressive )
- Artist group
- chronological -
- A. Hartmann: The Dachau painters and the problem of rural artist colonies in Germany around 1900. Humboldt University Berlin, diploma thesis 1960.
- Gerhard Wietek (Ed.): German artist colonies and artist locations. Thiemig, Munich 1976, ISBN 3521040615 .
- Erika Rödiger-Diruf, Brigitte Baumstark (ed.): German artist colonies 1890 - 1910: Worpswede, Dachau, Willingshausen, Grötzingen, “Die Brücke”, Murnau . Exhibition catalog, Städtische Galerie Karlsruhe 1998, ISBN 3-923344-43-0 .
- Melanie Ehler (Ed.): Retreat to Paradise. The artist colonies Worpswede - Ahrenshoop - Schwaan. Catalog for the 2001 exhibition of the same name in the Vineta Museum Barth. Lukas Verlag, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-931836-62-2 , limited preview in the Google book search.
- Claus Pese (ed.): Artist colonies in Europe - In the sign of the plain and the sky . [Exhibition catalog, November 15, 2001 to February 17, 2002.] Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg 2002, ISBN 3-926982-81-0 .
- Ruth Negendanck : Hiddensee. The special island for artists. edition fischerhuder kunstbuch, publisher Atelier im Bauernhaus, Fischerhude 2005, ISBN 3-88132-288-4 .
- Jörn Barfod: Nidden. Artists' colony on the Curonian Spit. edition fischerhuder kunstbuch, Verlag Atelier im Bauernhaus, Fischerhude 2005, ISBN 3-88132-254-X .
- Pascal Ruedin: The School of Savièse. An artist colony in the Alps around 1900. Translated from the French by Alexandra Delcourt. [Exhibition catalog, July 26, 2012 to January 6, 2013, Sion , Kunstmuseum Wallis.] 5 Continents, Milan 2012, ISBN 978-88-7439-566-8 .
- Brita Polzer (Ed.): Art and Village. Artistic activities in the province. Scheidegger & Spiess Zurich 2013, ISBN 978-3-85881-400-5 , table of contents.
- Doris Blübaum, Maximilian Eiden (Ed.): Departure into the open? Artist colonies in Germany around 1900. [Exhibition catalog, April 18 to October 18, 2015, Achberg Castle .] Ravensburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-944685-03-8 , table of contents.
- Thomas Andratschke (ed.): Myth of home. Worpswede and the European artist colonies. [Exhibition catalog, March 18, 2016 to June 26, 2016, Lower Saxony State Museum , Hanover.] Sandstein Verlag, Dresden 2016, ISBN 978-3-95498-227-1 .
- Nicole Bröhan: artist colonies . A guide through Germany, Switzerland, Poland and Lithuania. Parthas, Berlin 2017, ISBN 978-3-86964-093-8 , table of contents.
- euroArt - the European Federation of Artists 'Colonies - has 70 members, in 43 Artists' Colonies in 13 countries. 2019, (English)
- Bernd Hüttner: German artist colonies at the end of the 19th century. In: rosalux.de , January 31, 2017, short introduction, (PDF; 120 kB)
- ↑ Lecture: Creative industries in vacancies. In: coopolis.de , May 19, 2015.
^ Fichtelgebirge Artists Colony eV Platform for cultural and creative workers. - Official website.
Sabine Gollner: Fichtelgebirge Artists' Colony eV ( Memento from August 20, 2015 in the web archive archive.today ). In: oberfranken.de , May 17, 2013.
- ↑ ape: Galerie Carlshöhe: Great art to see and buy | shz.de. Retrieved May 2, 2020 .
- ↑ New studios for Carlshöhe. Retrieved May 2, 2020 .
- ^ Dorothea Steinbacher: The Chiemsee painters. In: chiemsee-chiemgau.info , July 12, 2017, accessed on November 15, 2019.
- ^ Museum of the Havelländische painter colony. In: havellaendische-malerkolonie.de , accessed on November 15, 2019.
- ^ Exhibition: Welcome to Paradise: The School of Savièse. In: museen-wallis.ch , 2013, accessed on November 15, 2019.
- ↑ New special exhibition: Retreat to Paradise. The artist colonies Worpswede, Ahrenshoop and Schwaan. ( Memento of April 5, 2002 in the Internet Archive ). In: Vineta-Museum Barth , 2001.
- ↑ Announcement: Artist colonies in Europe - 'In the sign of the plain and the sky'. International exhibition in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg. In: AsKI Kulturberichte , 2001, No. 3, with illustrations.