15th arrondissement (Paris)

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15th Arrondissement (Vaugirard)
Arrondissement municipal of Paris
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About this picture
Coordinates 48 ° 50 '29 "  N , 2 ° 17' 59"  E Coordinates: 48 ° 50 '29 "  N , 2 ° 17' 59"  E
height 37  m (28- 67  m )
surface 8.48 km²
Residents 233,392 (Jan. 1, 2017)
Population density 27,523 inhabitants / km²
INSEE code 75115
Post Code 75015
Website mairie15.paris.fr
The high-rise buildings of the Front de Seine, Quartier Grenelle
Replica of the Statue of Liberty in Paris

The 15th arrondissement of Paris , the Arrondissement de Vaugirard , is one of the 20 arrondissements of Paris and the one with the largest population. It was created in 1860 when the municipalities of Vaugirard and Grenelle were incorporated into the city of Paris.

Origin of the name Vaugirard

The name Arrondissement de Vaugirard is reminiscent of an Abbé (German abbot) Girard, who u. a. in what is now the 15th arrondissement lands belonged. " Vaugirard " is derived from: " val Girard " = " vallée Girard " = " Valley of Girard ".

Geographical location

The 15th arrondissement is on the left bank of the Seine . It borders on the 14th arrondissement in the east, separated by the tracks of Gare Montparnasse , in the west on the 16th arrondissement and in the north on the 7th arrondissement . In the south it borders on the municipalities of Malakoff , Vanves and Issy-les-Moulineaux , separated by the boulevard périphérique . The area was a working-class district until the 1970s, but is now a residential area of ​​the middle and upper bourgeoisie because it is relatively quiet by Parisian standards; only in the south and south-west, in the Javel district, there are many social housing.

Quarter in the 15th arrondissement

The arrondissement consists of the following four districts:

  • Saint-Lambert district
This district in the south is identical in its boundaries to the former municipality of Vaugirard , located along a historic Roman road of the same name. The relatively hilly landscape was predestined for viticulture and mining. Many monuments in Paris, such as the École Militaire , have been built with stones from Vaugirard. With the expansion of Paris, the place was gradually viewed by the Parisians as a nearby suburb, a pleasant place with excursion restaurants and wine bars to take a walk in the country. The area was not urbanized until the end of the 19th century. Nowadays the only places of interest are the Parc des Expositions . For example, the Paris fair, the Salon de l'agriculture or the Mondial de l'Automobile take place, and the Parc Georges Brassens , which was built on the site of a former slaughterhouse.
  • Necker district
This district in the east corresponds to the originally uninhabited area between historic Paris and Vaugirard. The Gare Montparnasse and the Tour Montparnasse are the most famous sights. The district around the station was renovated and now houses tall residential buildings and offices, shopping centers and the Jardin Atlantique park , which was laid out on a large stony area above the railway tracks. There are also many public buildings in the district: the Lycée Buffon , the Hôpital Necker-Enfants malades and the Institut Pasteur .
  • Quartier de Grenelle
This district in the north is identical in its boundaries with the former municipality of Grenelle . The Grenelle plain, which stretches to the left of the Seine from what is now the Hôtel des Invalides to Issy-les-Moulineaux, has been practically uninhabited over the centuries because of the difficulties in cultivating the soil. At the beginning of the 19th century , the entrepreneur Violet divided part of the plain. The village of Beaugrenelle was created with its characteristic rectangular network of streets that exists today. Together they broke away from the municipality of Vaugirard in 1830 to found the municipality of Grenelle. This was then incorporated into Paris. In the 1960s and 1970s, as part of the Front de Seine project, numerous elevated skyscrapers were built on the banks of the Seine with a shopping center again called Beaugrenelle .
  • Quartier de Javel
This neighborhood is in the east of the arrondissement, south of Grenelle. Javel was the arrondissement's first industrial center. At first it was known for its chemical industry (the famous Eau de Javel was invented and produced here). The village of Javelle continued to write itself into the 20th century, which is why the chemical is still called Eau de Javelle in older chemistry books. Javel later became known for its electrical ( Thomson ) and automotive ( Citroën ) industries . For many years, Citroën's factories occupied a very large part of the area. The industrial facilities were closed in 1968, then demolished and replaced by residential and leisure facilities. The area is now occupied by the Parc Citroën , the new Hôpital Georges Pompidou and the large buildings and offices of ( Sagem , Snecma , the Direction générale de l'aviation civile , Canal + , France Télévisions , ...). South of the boulevard périphérique , a former maneuvering area, which was used as an airfield at the beginning of the 20th century , forms a bulge of the otherwise rectangular floor plan of the arrondissement. Today there is a heliport , a sports complex and a leisure center here.

According to the official census of the Parisian districts, these are quarters 57 to 60.

Demographic data

According to the census of 1999 were 848 ha large 15th arrondissement reported 225,362 inhabitants. This corresponds to a population density of 26,576 inhabitants per km². This means that 10.3% of the Paris population have their main residence in the arrondissement.

town hall

The town hall of the 15th arrondissement is located at 31 rue Péclet, 75015 Paris


Philippe Goujon , a member of the bourgeois party UMP , was elected mayor of the 15th arrondissement in March 2008 in the second ballot with 52.65%. In the 2014 elections, he was confirmed in office with 63.4% in the second ballot. The opposing candidate in the runoff election was the socialist Anne Hidalgo , mayor of Paris since March 2014.


The arrondissement is divided into two constituencies, the 12th and 13th constituencies. This means that the winning list in the arrondissement can have two MPs.

Also in the previous legislative periods , René Galy-Dejean was elected mayor in the first round of elections in March 1989 and June 1995 as a candidate for the right-wing list RPR - UDF led by Édouard Balladur . In March 2001, this scheme was not repeated until the second ballot: In the first ballot, Galy-Dejean was not nominated for the RPR-UDF-DL list by Édouard Balladur and Philippe Séguin . The other list of rights, the list tibériste by Jean Tiberi ("renegade" of the RPR, former mayor of Paris) did not nominate him as a candidate. This forced him to compete against the other two civil lists and the list of socialists by Anne Hidalgo , currently the first deputy mayor of Paris, with his own list .

For the first time a list of socialists achieved a majority in the first ballot due to the division of the rights into three lists. The Balladur list came second and the Galy-Dejean list received 19%. These two merged and restored the classic scheme with Balladur at the top of the list and Galy-Dejean as a candidate for mayor. This list traditionally won and retained the majority in the arrondissement. But for the first time, the right needed a second ballot.


Pasteur Museum

See: List of Monuments Historiques in the 15th Arrondissement (Paris) .

Green spaces


The Cimetière de Vaugirard on Rue Lecourbe was inaugurated in 1787 and is the oldest, still in use, cemetery in Paris. There are around 3,000 graves on an area of ​​1.59 hectares .


The famous sculptor Constantin Brâncuși had his studio in l'impasse Ronsin , where he lived and worked from 1925 to 1957. The studio no longer exists, but has been reconstructed in the Center Georges Pompidou . The sculptor died on March 16, 1957 and was buried in the Cimetière du Montparnasse .

The La Ruche artist colony is located in Passage Dantzig .

The Nestor Burma novel A Clochard with Bad Cards (French: Les eaux troubles de Javel , 1957) by Léo Malet is set in the 15th arrondissement.

Web links

Commons : Paris 15e arrondissement  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Results confirmés 2nd tour (2008). Mairie de Paris, accessed July 11, 2014 (French).
  2. Results of the 2nd tour. Elections Municipales 2014. Mairie de Paris, accessed July 11, 2014 (French).
  3. equipement.paris.fr: Cimetière de Vaugirard (French)