Königssee (Schönau am Königssee)
Community of Schönau am Koenigssee
|Height :||632 (551-1156) m|
|Area :||7.51 km²|
|Residents :||2055 (May 25 1987)|
|Population density :||274 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||May 1, 1978|
|Postal code :||83471|
|Area code :||08652|
Municipality boundary map of the district of Berchtesgaden with Königssee as an independent municipality (1892)
Königssee is a district or a district of the municipality of Schönau am Königssee in the Upper Bavarian district of Berchtesgadener Land and was an independent municipality until 1978. The chief town of the same name was Koenigssee , in turn, a smaller district within the Ur gnotschaft Schonau corresponded.
Königssee is located at the northern end of the Königssees lake of the same name and east of the outflow into the Königsseer Ache.
Structure of the former municipality of Königssee
From 1817 to 1978, the municipality of Königssee was divided into three districts or Gnotschaften :
Part of an original message from the Berchtesgadener Land
In the course of 1377 issued " country briefs " by Provost Ulrich Wulp was Schonau probably already at the end of the 14th century to one of the eight "Ur gnotschaften " of Berchtesgaden country , whose territory area from 1155 to the heartland of the monastery pen Berchtesgaden corresponded to the 1380 to Reichsprälatur Berchtesgaden and in 1559 was raised to the imperial provost of Berchtesgaden . The original Schönau community with its nameless or just numbered eight Gnotschafts districts was first mentioned in writing in the first tax book of the Berchtesgadener Land from 1456. The municipality of Königssee was formed from three of these Gnotschaft districts in 1817 .
→ See also the section on this paragraph: History in Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden
Division of the original message into the communities of Schönau and Königssee
After the secularization of 1803, the Berchtesgadener Land lost its political independence as a prince provost , which was followed by three changes of rule in quick succession. In 1810, the Berchtesgadener Land was finally annexed to the Kingdom of Bavaria and in 1817 the former original Gnotschaft Schönau into the municipalities of Schönau with five former Gnotschaft districts and Königssee with the Gnotschafts districts Königssee (formerly 1st Gnotschaftsgebiet), Schwöb (formerly 4th Gnotschaftsgebiet) and Faselsberg (formerly 8th Gnotschaftsgebiet) . Communion district) divided. The previous Gnotschaft districts of the "Original Gnotschaft" have been referred to as "Gnotschaften" since then.
→ See also the section on this paragraph: After the secularization in the Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden
time of the nationalsocialism
The Berchtesgaden district office responsible for the municipality of Königssee was renamed the Berchtesgaden district in 1939, with the same area of responsibility.
post war period
On May 1, 1978, as part of the regional reform in Bavaria, the municipalities of Schönau (west of the Königsseer Ache) and Königssee (east of the Königsseer Ache including the separate district of Forst St. Bartholomä) were merged to form the municipality of " Schönau am Königssee ", whose area was again roughly corresponds to the original Schönau message. Since then, the former rural community Koenigssee a district or a district of the municipality of Berchtesgaden.
In Königssee, in the immediate vicinity of the lake of the same name , the B 20 begins , which leads through the community of Schönau am Königssee to the neighboring middle center of Berchtesgaden . It is the highest-ranking street in the municipality and also provides information about Bad Reichenhall and others. the connection to the A 8 motorway to the junction in Piding .
From 1909 to 1965 the municipality of Königssee was connected to the railway network by the Königsseebahn .
Culture and sights
As far as known and relevant, only all structures in the Königssee district are listed here.
The former Königssee train station , built in 1908/09 in Art Nouveau style as the terminus of the Berchtesgaden-Königssee railway line , is now used as a restaurant.
The Roman Catholic Mountain Victims Memorial Chapel St. Bernhard was inaugurated on September 11, 1999 on Kühroint.
Other chapels of the Roman Catholic parish Unterstein / Schönau am Königssee in the area are:
- Brandner Chapel (Jennerbahnstrasse in Koenigssee)
- Widlbrand Chapel (Richard-Voss-Straße in Königssee, built in 1928 by Georg Lenz, renovated in 1992 by Josef Lenz)
- Grutschen chapel (Holzlobstraße in Königssee, Grutschen chapel, with hipped roof, 18th century; with furnishings, included as a monument in the Bavarian list of monuments)
- Spinnerlehen chapel (Spinnerwinklweg 8, court chapel of an agricultural property, hipped roof, probably 18th century; with furnishings; old Klaubstein field walls, included as a monument in the Bavarian list of monuments)
Sports and sports clubs
- The WSV Koenigssee , founded in December 1951 is a winter sports club with sections for luge , skeleton , bobsleigh , curling , snowboarding and alpine skiing . Currently (as of November 2007) the association has more than 950 members, including more than 320 children and young people. The WSV is one of the most successful winter sports clubs in the world. Olympic champions, world champions, European champions, world cup winners and German champions emerged from its ranks. The club has already organized several major events (10 world, 8 European and soon 50 other events such as German championships and world cup races).
The following people were the mayor of the former municipality of Königssee from the time the church was founded in 1819 until it was dissolved in 1978 (until 1869).
|1888-1894||Andreas Hallinger||2. Term of office|
|1894-1906||Georg Eder||Honorary citizen|
|1951-1957||Michael Brandner||2. Term of office|
coat of arms
Blazon : The chapel of St. Bartholomä, growing in blue from a corrugated, blue shield base , consists of three silver round buildings with red domed roofs, each with a gold ball, and is elevated by a silver turret with a red domed roof and a gold cross.
Reason: The landmark of the former municipality of Königssee, the St. Bartholomä Church, known since the 12th century, serves as a symbol for the past and present of the municipality. The main coat of arms colors reflect the Bavarian national colors. The shield foot denotes the Königssee and the municipality name. The coat of arms was awarded to the former municipality of Königssee in 1964.
The following people were granted honorary citizenship until the municipality of Königssee was dissolved .
|decision||Surname||Life dates||Profession / work|
|May 22, 1910||Hans Hohenadel||1851-1933||royal forester|
|May 22, 1910||Max Sollacher||1861-1924||royal forester|
|August 23, 1914||Richard Voss||1851-1918||writer|
|June 30, 1918||Karl Florian||1865-1933||Head teacher|
|June 26, 1920||Emma Haldy||1855-1945||Landowner|
|July 10, 1926||Georg Eder||1846-1926||mayor|
|November 14, 1936||Wolfgang Rasp||1847-1939||Contract builder, toy maker|
- Joseph Ernst von Koch-Sternfeld: History of the Principality of Berchtesgaden and its salt works . Volume 2, from p. 27 f.
- For "Ur gnotschaften " and tax book see Manfred Feulner : Maria Gern - Gnotschaft and community on behalf of the Maria Gern brass band . Literature and sources: berchtesgadeninfo.de, Market Archive Berchtesgaden, Dept. Maria Gern.
- Dieter Albrecht : Fürstpropstei Berchtesgaden - Statistical overview based on the status of 1698. I. District and Nursing Court Berchtesgaden. Chapter: Gnotschaft Schönau In: Historical Atlas of Bavaria . Part Altbayern, No. 7, Munich 1954, p. 28 and 29
- Joseph Ernst von Koch-Sternfeld: History of the Principality of Berchtesgaden and its salt works . Volume 3, from p. 121 f.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 597 .
- erzbistum-muenchen.de ( memento of the original from October 5, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. On the history of the St. Bernhard memorial chapel
- erzbistum-muenchen.de ( memento of the original from October 5, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. To the chapels of the Roman Catholic parish Unterstein / Schönau am Königssee
- Adam Maltan: Chronicle of the community Schönau am Königssee. Ed .: Community of Schönau am Königssee. Schönau am Königssee 1985, , pp. 48-50.
- Adam Maltan: Chronicle of the community Schönau am Königssee. 1985, p. 53.
- Adam Maltan: Chronicle of the community Schönau am Königssee. 1985, p. 51 f.