Berchtesgaden district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Berchtesgaden district
Berchtesgaden district
Map of Germany, position of the district of Berchtesgaden highlighted

Coordinates: 47 ° 38 '  N , 13 ° 0'  E

Basic data (as of 1972)
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Bavaria
Administrative headquarters : Berchtesgaden
Area : 624.44 km 2
Residents: 39,400 (Dec. 31, 1971)
Population density : 63 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : BGD
Circle key : 09 1 35
Circle structure: 18 parishes
Address of the
district administration:
8240 Berchtesgaden
District Administrator : Rudolf Müller ( CSU )
Location of the district of Berchtesgaden in Bavaria
About this picture

The district of Berchtesgaden , until 1939 the district office of Berchtesgaden , was a district in the Bavarian administrative district of Upper Bavaria . It went up in the course of the regional reform in 1972 in the new district of Berchtesgadener Land .


District Office Berchtesgaden

The Berchtesgaden district office was formed in 1862 through the merger of the older district courts Reichenhall and Berchtesgaden . Until 1905 it comprised a total of 24 communities. Until the nationwide change of the name from district office to district in 1939, their number was reduced to 19 municipalities through mergers and incorporations. In 1905, the community was St. Zeno of Bad Reichenhall incorporated. A small part of the community came to the neighboring community Bayerisch Gmain (until 1926: Gmain ). On July 1, 1909, the communities of Jettenberg (today: Unter- and Oberjettenberg ) and Ristfeucht merged to form the community of Schneizlreuth . On March 1, 1911, Ettenberg was incorporated into the Landschellenberg community .

On January 1, 1920, the districts of Berchtesgaden and Bad Reichenhall, whose boundaries coincided with the district courts, were combined into a single district association. Before that there was a general resolution of June 14, 1919 to change the term district or its extensions such as district school etc. to district and district school . The administration of this district association was only transferred to the district assembly and district committee , from 1933 to the district assembly alone. The city of Bad Reichenhall became a district immediate city in 1929 and thus left the district office.

Berchtesgaden district

With the Third Ordinance on the Rebuilding of the Reich of November 28, 1938 during the National Socialist era , the administrative districts were given the designation Landkreis on January 1, 1939 . Thus went District Office Berchtesgaden in the district of Berchtesgaden on the County Council on 26 September 1939 on the district administration and the jurisdiction.

On January 1, 1940, the city of Bad Reichenhall was incorporated into the district.

After the end of the Second World War , the members of the district assembly were appointed by the American military government; from April 20, 1946, the district assembly was elected by the population.

On April 1, 1948, Bad Reichenhall became an independent city again.

After the Second World War, the governor of the Austrian state of Salzburg aimed for a "traung limit", which would mean that the Berchtesgaden district would have been transferred from Bavaria to Salzburg and thus to Austria.

On October 1, 1969, the communities of Marktschellenberg , Landschellenberg and Scheffau were merged to form the new community of Marktschellenberg. From July 1, 1972, as part of the regional reform in Bavaria, the district of Berchtesgaden together with the southern part of the district of Laufen and the independent city of Bad Reichenhall formed the new district of Bad Reichenhall , which was renamed the district of Berchtesgadener Land on May 1, 1973 . The license plates of the previous districts remained valid until 1979. (→ see section: Vehicle registration number )

With the dissolution of the district of Berchtesgaden u. a. At the same time, the Berchtesgaden District Court was dissolved .

Population development

Population development in the
Berchtesgaden district office - Berchtesgaden district
from 1864 to 1972
year number possibly Roman Catholic otherwise. christl. jew. otherwise.
1864 16,146
1885 16,820
1900 20,858 524 7) 20,304 17th 10 3
1910  1) 23,290 701 22,535 oA oA 54
1925 27,888 1,834 7) 25,915 oA 60 79
1933  1)  2) 20,648 1,132 19,444 1 2 69
1939  1)  2) 27,015 1,945 24,395 51 0 624
1940  2)  3) 30,499
1940  4) 42,071
1950  5)  6) 39,539 6.178 32,446 oA oA 915
1961  2)  5) 37,519 6,051 30,623 oA oA 845
1970  5) 39,085
1) Information on religious affiliation according to Michael Rademacher

2) Without Reichenhall
3) Before changing the district boundary
4) After changing the district boundary on April 1, 1940
5) Census results 1950, 1961 and 1970
6) Of which 11,085 displaced persons
7) 1900: Prot . Reform. ; 1925: Ev. Luth.

On June 30, 1972, the district of Berchtesgaden had 39,428 inhabitants on an area of ​​624.41 km², the new district of Berchtesgadener Land from July 1, 1972, however, had 88,743 inhabitants on an area of ​​839.82 km².

Politics and administration

Former court judge's house , from 1828 the seat of the regional court, from 1862 the district office and until 1972 the district office

Seat of the district and district office

The former court judge's house in Berchtesgaden (Doktorberg 4), which had already been used for the Berchtesgaden district court from 1828, was also the seat of the district office from 1862 (including the Berchtesgaden district court until 1868 ) and the district office from 1939 to 1972. It is a monument as (D-1-72-116-27) II listed building and is currently (as of 2020) as an annexe of Dienstelle Berchtesgaden the tax office Berchtesgaden Racing used.

From 1862 the head of the authorities and heads of a Bavarian administrative district (district) bore the title of “ district officer ”, from April 1, 1920, “district officer”, from September 26, 1939, finally, district administrator .

District officers, district officers

The list of district officers or district chief officers:

District administrators

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the Berchtesgaden district.jpg

Blazon : The shield shows in blue crossed a gold and a silver key, over a silver orb with golden tires and Cross, including a silver salt load of floor .

The two keys are the symbol of St. Peter , the patron saint of the former abbey and prince provost of Berchtesgaden . As an independent principality, the Berchtesgadener Land was directly subordinate to the emperor, which is symbolized by the imperial orb. (The state borders of the core region of Berchtesgadener Land enclosed an area that was only slightly smaller than that of the Berchtesgaden district from 1948.) The lower part shows a saltfuderstock (see also Fuder , a bucket and at the same time a measure of capacity for salt transport), which indicates salt extraction as historical For a long time it was a very important source of income in the region. The coat of arms was granted to the Berchtesgaden district on May 16, 1962.


At the time of its incorporation into the Berchtesgadener Land district on July 1, 1972, the Berchtesgaden district comprised the following 18 municipalities:
(The municipalities that have since been incorporated are set off in italics .)

Parish 1972 today's parish
Anger Anger
Högl (partly now Anger)
Karlstein Bad Reichenhall
was independent until 1972 ,
since then it has been a major district town in the
Berchtesgadener Land district
Bayerisch Gmain Bayerisch Gmain
Berchtesgaden (market) Berchtesgaden
Maria gladly
Salt mountain
Bischofswiesen Bischofswiesen
Marktschellenberg (market) Marktschellenberg
Piding Piding
Högl (partly now Piding)
Ramsau near Berchtesgaden Ramsau near Berchtesgaden
Schneizlreuth Schneizlreuth
Weißbach adAlpenstrasse
Schönau Schoenau upon Kings sea

License Plate

Until 1945 it was used for the district as part of Upper Bavaria II B and after the Second World War as part of the American occupation zone AB 27 as a license plate. On July 1, 1956, the district was assigned the distinctive sign BGD when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced .

The license plate of the district of Berchtesgaden was issued for a good seven years even after its dissolution in the course of the regional reform on July 1, 1972. In particular because of violent protests from the former district of Berchtesgaden against the loss of his BGD , the license plate BGL was issued for the entire new district only from August 1, 1979 .

With the reform of the Vehicle Registration Ordinance (" license plate liberalization ") that came into force on November 1, 2012 , the issue of old license plates is permitted again. After a narrow majority of the district council voted against this possibility in 2013, the distinguishing mark BGD has been available again in the district of Berchtesgadener Land on request, based on a district council resolution of July 22, 2016, since September 15, 2016 - but the standard code remains 'BGL' .

Individual evidence

  1. a b Wilhelm Volkert (Ed.): Handbook of the Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 434 .
  2. a b c d e f g Hellmut Beautiful (ed.): Berchtesgaden in the course of time - Supplement I . Association for local history d. Berchtesgadener Landes. Verlag Berchtesgadener Anzeiger and Karl M. Lipp Verlag, Munich 1982 ISBN 3-87490-528-4 , p. 331.
  3. A. Helm , Hellmut Schöner (ed.): Berchtesgaden in the course of time . Reprint from 1929. Association for local history of the Berchtesgadener Land. Verlag Berchtesgadener Anzeiger and Karl M. Lipp Verlag, Munich 1973; P. 68
  4. for periods of time when Bad Reichenhall was a district-direct or district-free city.
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 566 .
  6. a b c Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to reunification in 1990. Statistical information on the district office and district of Berchtesgaden. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  7. ^ Eugen Hartmann: Statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria . Ed .: Royal Bavarian Statistical Bureau. Munich 1866, population figures of the district offices 1864 ( digitized version ).
  8. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Localities directory of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to government districts, administrative districts, ... then with an alphabetical register of locations, including the property and the responsible administrative district for each location. LIV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1888, Section II, p. V ( digitized version ).
  9. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Directory of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria, with alphabetical register of places . LXV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1904, Section II, Sp. 55 ( digitized version ).
  10. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Localities directory for the Free State of Bavaria according to the census of June 16, 1925 and the territorial status of January 1, 1928 . Issue 109 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1928, Section II, Sp. 57-62 ( digitized version ).
  11. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria - edited on the basis of the census of September 13, 1950 . Issue 169 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1952, DNB  453660975 , Section II, Sp. 67-72 ( digitized version ).
  12. Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB  453660959 , Section II, Sp. 51-54 ( digitized version ).
  13. Hellmut Schöner (ed.), A. Helm : Berchtesgaden in the course of time. Reprint from 1929. Association for local history d. Berchtesgadener Landes. Berchtesgadener Anzeiger and Karl M. Lipp Verlag, Munich 1973, pp. 6-8
  14. Contact person at the Berchtesgaden-Laufen tax office ; the Hofrichterhaus is listed here under "Berchtesgaden, Doktorberg 4 (auxiliary building)".
  15. a b A. Helm, Hellmut Schöner (ed.): Berchtesgaden in the course of time . Pp. 46-48
  16. On the coat of arms of the former district of Berchtesgaden (English) using the source Stadler, K .: Deutsche Wappen - Federal Republic of Germany . Angelsachsen Verlag, 8 volumes from 1964–1971.
  17. Page about the district of Berchtesgaden on (accessed on November 15, 2010)
  18. BayernViewer of the Bavarian Surveying Administration
  19. Hellmut Beautiful (Ed.): Berchtesgaden through the ages - Supplementary Volume I . P. 327.
    Under the premise that BGD would be a kind of trademark and tourism advertisement for Berchtesgaden, numerous members of the state and Bundestag as well as the transport ministries in Bonn and Munich were used to protest against the change in the label.
  20. Hellmut Beautiful (Ed.): Berchtesgaden through the ages - Supplementary Volume I . P. 327.
  21. Michael Hudelist: “BGD” is back , in the Berchtesgadener Anzeiger of July 23, 2016, online at
  22. Reintroduction of the old REI, BGD and LF license plates ( memento of the original from October 2, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Announcement of the Berchtesgadener Land district office from July 28, 2016, online at @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /