|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Zell am See|
|License plate :||ZE|
|Residents :||3,130 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||31 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||5710|
|Area code :||06547|
|Community code :||5 06 06|
|UN / LOCODE||AT CAP|
|Address of the
|Kaprun municipal office
|Mayor :||Manfred Gaßner ( SPÖ )|
Municipal Council : (2019)
|Location of Kaprun in the Zell am See district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Kaprun is a municipality with 3130 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the Zell am See district in the Austrian state of Salzburg . Together with the city of Zell am See , the municipality is known as a holiday destination of Zell am See-Kaprun.
Kaprun lies at the foot of the Hohe Tauern in the area of the Glockner group. Parts of the municipality of Kaprun are in the Hohe Tauern National Park . The Großer Wiesbachhorn (3570 meters) is the summit of the seventh highest independent summit in Austria and the third highest summit of the Glockner group in the municipality of Kaprun. The summit represents the municipal boundary between the municipalities of Fusch and Kaprun. Kaprun is traversed from south to north by the Kapruner Ache, which flows into the Salzach .
Monthly average temperatures and precipitation for Mooserboden
Districts of Kaprun are Eßreitdörfl, Guggen, Hauserdörfl, Hintertal, Kaprun-Werksiedlung, Kitzsteinhorn, Maiskogel, Mooserboden, Moossiedlung, Pichldörfl, Schaufelberg and Winklerdörfl as well as numerous individual locations.
Excavation finds in the area of the Bürgererkogel (near the valley station of the Maiskogelseilbahn) indicate Celtic mining activities (see Ambisonts ). This approximately 150 m high rock spur carried a fortified hilltop settlement from the early Bronze Age , which was also inhabited in the Hallstatt and Latène Ages . The spur was developed for the construction of residential and farm buildings with terraces. The archaeological investigations in the years 1991–1993 showed that there was lively settlement activity, especially in the later Latène period. Many finds indicate trade contacts with areas south of the main Alpine ridge, including three Roman aces (coins), minted around 96–80 BC. BC, Campanian ceramics and an Italian bronze mirror. A disc-shaped iron bar weighing exactly 20 Roman pounds (34.97 kg) also indicates barter goods. The traces of settlement end with the Roman conquest of the Alpine regions . The surrounding wall of the Celtic settlement was largely destroyed when a castle wall was built in the 10th century AD. The found objects are now in the Salzburg Museum Carolino Augusteum .
Kaprun was first mentioned in a document in 931 with the Celtic name Chataprunnin (wild water) in the Codex Odalberti. The place was a mountain farming village for centuries. In 1166 the Kaprun possessions of the lords of Falkenstein-Neuburg were mentioned in the Codex Falkensteinensis . Kaprun Castle was built in the 12th century and was stormed and burned down by farmers in 1526. Immediately afterwards, the building was rebuilt in its current form, extensive renovation work has taken place gradually since 1984.
The construction of the so-called Tauern power plant was started during the National Socialist rule with Jewish forced laborers who were housed in a camp in Kaprun. The suffering of the Jewish slave laborers and the suppression of this story in post-war Austria were also the subject of the play “Das Werk” by Elfriede Jelinek (2003).
The Kaprun power plant (Tauernkraftwerke AG) was finally transfigured into a national myth after the end of the Second World War as Austria's development work. With the completion of the Tauern power plants in 1955, the place experienced a continuous upswing. A three-stage cable car (built 1963–1965, since then continuously expanded) to the Kitzsteinhorn opened up a glacier ski area for the first time in Austria . The ski area has expanded considerably since then.
On November 11, 2000, there was a serious fire accident in the tunnel funicular Gletscherbahn Kaprun 2 , in which 155 people died. The reason was hydraulic oil leaking at a leak and dripping onto a fan heater that was subsequently installed to heat the driver's cab. All suspects in the investigation were initially acquitted. The judgment is controversial because the household fan heater identified as the cause of the fire was unsuitable for use in the driver's cab of the glacier lift and there were practically no safety precautions such as smoke detectors or fire extinguishers against fire accidents. However, the court also found that the standards and laws in force at the time of the accident had not been violated. In the years of legal dispute over compensation payments for the relatives of the victims of the Kaprun cable car disaster, an agreement was reached. As the chairman of the mediation commission, Klaus Liebscher , announced at a press conference in Vienna, "unconditional approval" was obtained with all 451 claimants. Overall, the settlement amount will now be paid out in the amount of 13.9 million euros.
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the municipality is: "In black on a triple golden double flash, a red-armored silver falcon with a raised right muzzle."
The community council has a total of 19 members.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2004, the municipal council had the following distribution: 11 SPÖ and 8 ÖVP.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2009 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 11 SPÖ and 8 ÖVP.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2014 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 9 SPÖ, 6 ÖVP, 2 FPÖ, and 2 GRÜNE.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg 2019 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 10 SPÖ, 8 ÖVP, and 1 FPS.
- 1950–1961 Friedrich Nyvelt (SPÖ)
- 1961–1969 Wilhelm Fazokas (SPÖ)
- 1969–1975 Franz Hofer (SPÖ)
- 1975–1988 Helmuth Biechl (SPÖ)
- 1988–1998 Martin Pichler (SPÖ)
- 1998-2013 Norbert Karlsböck (SPÖ)
- since 2013 Manfred Gaßner (SPÖ)
Culture and sights
- Kaprun Castle : from the 12th century, extensively repaired since 1975; used today mainly for cultural events, it can also be rented by private individuals for festivities
- Kaprun glacier lift : see also Kitzsteinhorn
- Mooserboden dam
- Sigmund-Thun-Klamm : a gorge up to 32 meters deep from the Kapruner Ache into the rock
- Vehicle Museum Helmut Vötter: Vehicle collection from the 50s and 70s, over 150 copies.
Economy and tourism
Together with the municipality of Zell am See , Kaprun forms the Zell am See-Kaprun tourist region , which, with 17,620 beds and around two and a half million overnight stays, is one of the most important tourist centers in Austria . In the 2009/2010 season (November – October) there were 666,062 overnight stays in Kaprun. In the Kaprun glacier ski area Kitzsteinhorn ( , first ascent 1828), skiing is possible all year round (4 weeks a year, usually in late summer, maintenance work) ; it is accessible via the cable cars of the Kaprun glacier railway. In addition to this glacier ski area, Kaprun has another ski area with the Maiskogel. The connection of the two ski areas by a cable car (3 K K-Onnection) was opened on November 30, 2019.
The place gained worldwide fame after the accident of the Kitzsteinhorn glacier lift on November 11th, 2000, in which 155 people were killed.
Another economic factor besides tourism is electricity generation. The Glockner-Kaprun pumped storage power plant (construction started in 1938, completed in 1955) is an important element of the electricity supply in Austria and became a symbol of Austrian reconstruction in the post-war years . After expansion measures (Limberg II pumped storage plant with two pump turbine sets of 265 MVA each, completion 2011 - all construction work was carried out underground), the power plant capacity installed in Kaprun is sufficient to cover 10 percent of Austria's electricity demand at peak consumption. During the summer months, the two high mountain reservoirs ( Mooserboden and Wasserfallboden ), which form a central part of the power plant, can also be visited by tourists.
After healing water was found during deep drilling in the area of Kaprun Castle , a Tauern Spa World wellness and adventure pool with a total of 2,100 m² of water was built in Kaprun with construction costs of € 83 million - the opening took place on December 2nd, 2010.
In 2001, Markus Casna, who lived in a same-sex partnership, was elected to the local parish council in Kaprun . Casna, who is also the head of the church choir, was elected for the third time in 2012.
- Sons and daughters of the church
- Anton Brugger (1911–1943), member of the Reform Adventists , murdered on February 3, 1943 for conscientious objection in the Brandenburg prison on the Havel
- Anton Thuswaldner (* 1929), Austrian sculptor
- Rüdiger Lainer (* 1949), Austrian architect
- Erika Scharer (* 1952), Austrian politician (SPÖ)
- Gottfried Nindl (* 1948), Austrian politician (ÖVP) and innkeeper
- Community website
- Official website of the tourist board for vacationers
- Fire disaster on the Kaprun glacier cable car 2
- Kaprun . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Susanne Sievers / Otto Helmut Urban / Peter C. Ramsl: Lexicon for Celtic Archeology. A-K and L-Z ; Announcements from the prehistoric commission published by the Austrian Academy of Sciences , Vienna 2012, ISBN 978-3-7001-6765-5 , p. 875.
- Friedrich Nyvelt . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- William Fazokas . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Franz Hofer (Kaprun) . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Helmuth Biechl . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Martin Pichler . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Norbert Karlsböck . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Manfred Gaßner . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Facts & information: Zell am See-Kaprun. In: www.zellamsee-kaprun.com. Retrieved August 17, 2016 .
- www.zellamsee-kaprun.com accessed on December 4, 2008
- Municipal 2010 of the municipal administration ( memento of the original from January 31, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF file; 1.8 MB)
- Kitzsteinhorn and Maiskogen Kaprun are planning ski connection report on http://www.snowplaza.de from February 18, 2017, accessed on June 3, 2017
- Press release from Gletscherbahnen Kaprun AG of March 7, 2017 , accessed on June 3, 2017
- Facts and background to the accident
- Homepage of Verbund AG, Vienna, which owner of the power plants was accessed on August 21, 2013
- Press release: Tauern Spa Kaprun officially opened. meinviertel.at, accessed on February 9, 2012 .
- Homosexual parish council in Kaprun. www.derstandard.at, April 11, 2012.
- Anton Thuswaldner: The artist of the mysterious numbers