The Indo-European or Indo-European ancient peoples and tribes who immigrated to Italy are called Italiker or Italer ( Latin Italus ) ; accordingly, their languages are summarized as Italic languages . There are two main groups: the Latino-Faliska language group ( Latiner , Falisker ) and the Oscar - Umbrian language group ( Osker , Umbrer , Samnite ). Some researchers suggest that it was around 1200 to 1000 BC. Immigrated to Italy from the north via the Alps. Since the 4th century BC BC Rome subjugated the remaining Italians.
- Massimo Pallottino : Italy before Roman times . Translated from the Italian by Stephan Steingräber . Verlag CH Beck, Munich 1987, ISBN 3-406-32012-0 . Original edition: Storia della prima Italia . Rusconi Libri, Milan 1984.
- Giacomo Devoto : Gli antichi Italici . Vallechi, Florence 1951.
- Francisco Villar : Gli Indoeuropei e le origini dell'Europa . Il Mulino, Bologna 1997, ISBN 88-15-05708-0 .
Wiktionary: Italians - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
- Italian cultures from the 7th to 3rd centuries BC - Greeks and Italians in Campania. German Archaeological Institute , archived from the original on October 11, 2008 .
- Italians. In: Wissen.de .
- ↑ On the Oscar-Umbrian language group see Giacomo Devoto : History of the Language of Rome . Translated from the Italian by Ilona Opelt. Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, Heidelberg 1968, pp. 62–70.