The Umbrians (also Umbrians ) settled at the beginning of the 1st millennium BC. The landscape that was named after them, Umbria , and some surrounding areas. They were an Indo-European and Italian tribe and spoke their own language, Umbrian .
They founded some city-states such as Ameria ( Amelia ), Ariminum ( Rimini ), Asisium ( Assisi ), Iguvium ( Gubbio ), Interamna ( Terni ), Perusia ( Perugia ) and Spoletium ( Spoleto ). They were under strong Etruscan influence, came in 308 BC. After the defeat at Mevania, they were finally under Roman rule and were subsequently quickly Romanized.
In the middle of the 15th century AD, 7 bronze tablets were found at Gubbio, probably from the 3rd to 2nd centuries BC. Come from BC. In Umbrian script and language, they provide information about civilization and ritual customs of the ancient Umbrians. These texts made a significant contribution to the knowledge of the ancient Umbrian language and its relationship to the Etruscan and Latin languages and cultures. The panels (Le Tavole Eugubine) are in the Museo Comunale in the Palazzo dei Consoli in Gubbio, Umbria, central Italy.
- A. Ancillotti, R. Cerri: Who Were the Ancient Umbrians? The world of the uguvin tablets. Edizioni Jama, Perugia 2000.
- Dorica Manconi: The Umbri. In: Gary D. Farney, Guy Bradley (Eds.): The Peoples of Ancient Italy. De Gruyter, Boston / Berlin 2017, ISBN 978-1-61451-520-3 , pp. 603–636.