|Residents||110,530 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||524 inhabitants / km²|
Partial view of Terni
Terni ( Latin Interamna Nahars ) is an Italian commune in the south of the central Italian region of Umbria . Terni is the capital of the province of Terni , the seat of a bishopric and the second largest city in Umbria.
Terni is Nera , 100 km northeast of Rome , 40 km northwest of Rieti and 30 km south of Spoleto . The city has 110,530 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) and an area of 211 km², which results in a population density of 528 inhabitants per km². Terni is in the climatic classification of Italian communities in zone D, 1 650 GG.in a plain on the river
The districts include Acquapalombo (517 m, approx. 30 inhabitants), Appecano (532 m, approx. 30 inhabitants), Battiferro (649 m, approx. 20 inhabitants), Campomaggiore (I. and II., Approx. 150 inhabitants), Castagna (258 m, approx. 30 inhabitants), Cecalocco (608 m, approx. 40 inhabitants), Cesi (437 m, approx. 650 inhabitants), Colle Giacone (350 m, approx. 30 inhabitants), Colle Sant'Angelo (280 m, approx. 30 inhabitants), Collestatte (with Collestatte Piano , approx. 900 inhabitants), Giuncano Scalo (350 m, approx. 50 inhabitants), Larviano (386 m, approx. 100 inhabitants), Marmore ( 376 m, approx. 800 inhabitants), Miranda (597 m, approx. 80 inhabitants), Papigno (222 m, approx. 450 inhabitants), Perticara (337 m, approx. 100 inhabitants), Piediluco (375 m, approx. 520 Inhabitants), Poggio Lavarino (362 m, approx. 70 inhabitants), Polenaco (468 m, approx. 50 inhabitants), Porcivalle-San Giacomo (164 m, approx. 100 inhabitants), Porzano (443 m, approx. 10 inhabitants) , Pozzo Saraceno (195 m, approx. 80 inhabitants), Pracchia (534 m, approx. 50 inhabitants), Rocca San Zenone (189 m, approx. 50 inhabitants), Sa n Carlo (208 m, approx. 260 inhabitants), San Liberatore (420 m, approx. 40 inhabitants), Torreorsina (326 m, approx. 280 inhabitants) and Vallemicero (124 m, approx. 50 inhabitants).
The city was probably founded in the 7th century BC. Chr. By the Umbrians founded. In Roman times, Interamna was an important station on the Via Flaminia , the nearby Carsulae (today's municipality of San Gemini ) was known for its mineral springs .
The nearby Cascata delle Marmore , one of the highest waterfalls in Europe with a drop of 165 m , also dates back to Roman times: It was created in 271 BC. BC under the Roman consul Manius Curius Dentatus , who diverted the Velino River through a canal to dry out a swamp area . The canal was modified several times , especially in the late Middle Ages , and has been used to generate electricity in the Galleto hydropower plant since the 1950s .
In the 19th century, Terni developed into the central industrial location of Umbria and experienced a significant economic boom, especially through its steelworks. This gave the city the nickname Manchester italiana (The Italian Manchester ). Because of the numerous steel works and the associated strategic importance for the armaments industry, the city was badly damaged by bombing raids during World War II.
After the war, the local heavy industry experienced a massive decline and numerous factories were closed. Terni is still traditionally the most important industrial city in Umbria, but has undergone a significant economic and urban transformation, especially in the last two decades . For example, a new residential area and an archaeological museum were built on the former SIRI ( Società Italiana Ricerche Industriali ) site.
Sights worth mentioning include a Roman amphitheater , which is still used today for concerts and theater performances, a restored city gate from Roman times, the baroque cathedral Santa Maria Assunta from the 17th century (built over a structure from the 6th century, the enlarged in the 11th century), the Church of San Francesco (built in 1265 and enlarged in 1437), the Romanesque church of San Salvatore from the 11th century (contains frescoes by Andrea Polinori and Ludovico Carosi) and the Basilica of San Valentino in the south of the city, which houses the coffin of St. Valentine . The municipal art gallery ( Pinacoteca Comunale Orneore Metelli ) contains some important works of old masters and modern artists.
In the surrounding area, the Cascata delle Marmore and the excavations of Carsulae are particularly worth seeing, but also the Lago di Piediluco , a picturesque lake embedded in the mountainous landscape. The place Piediluco lies below at the foot (Piedi) of the mountain Monte Luco. On it is the Rocca Albornoz castle (also called Rocca di Piediluco , Castello or Rocca de Luco), which was built around the year 1000 and became a ruin in the 18th century.
- San Marco , church in the town center with frescoes from the 1460s
- Santa Maria del Monumento , 15th century church near the cemetery
The Università delle tre età e della formazione continua specializes in in-service training.
- The local soccer team , Ternana Calcio , founded in 1925, once played in the first division Serie A and for many years in Serie B , the Italian second division.
- The first stage of the Giro d'Italia 1995 ended on May 13th in Terni with Mario Cipollini's victory .
- In 2004 the Ciclodromo Comunale "Renato Perona" cycling track was inaugurated, named after the track cyclist and Olympic champion in tandem races , Renato Perona , who was born in Terni and also died here.
- The city lies on the railway line from Rome to Ancona , with branches towards L'Aquila and Rieti .
- The State Road 3 Via Flaminia ( Via Flaminia ) passes through the town. To the A1 motorway ( Milan - Naples ) Terni is connected 675 (Umbro-Laziale) on the highway SS.
- At Terni there is an airfield ( Aviosuperficie Alvaro Leonardi ) for general aviation .
The most famous Ternans ( Italian ternani ) are repeatedly mentioned as the Roman Emperor Tacitus and St. Valentine , although neither of these are historically reliable facts. Saint Valentine, whose festival is celebrated on February 14th , is also the patron saint of the city.
sons and daughters of the town
Famous sons and daughters of the city are:
- Alessandro da Terni (Alessandro Tomassoni) (1508–1555), Condottiere
- Anastasio de Fillis (1577-1608), astronomer
- Francesco Angeloni (1587–1652), man of letters and archaeologist
- Saverio Canale (1695–1773), Cardinal of the Curia
- Luigi Gazzoli (1735-1809), cardinal
- Francesco Maria Gazzoli (1763–1848), Bishop of Todi
- Ludovico Gazzoli (1774–1858), Cardinal to the Curia
- Giulio Briccialdi (1818-1881), composer
- Virgilio Alterocca (1853-1910), entrepreneur
- Orneore Metelli (1872–1938), painter
- Amerigo Bartoli (1890–1971), painter and caricaturist
- Alvaro Leonardi (1895–1955), military and aviator
- Elia Rossi Passavanti (1896–1985), military and politician
- Baconin Borzacchini (1898–1933), racing car driver
- Dante Bartolini (1909–1979), political activist and songwriter
- Otello Fabri (1919–2001), painter
- Alessandro Casagrande (1922–1964), composer
- Libero Liberati (1926–1962), motorcycle racer
- Renato Perona (1927–1984), track cyclist and Olympic champion
- Umberto Trippa (* 1931), wrestler
- Rolando Mosca Moschini (* 1939), General
- Paolo Pileri (1944–2007), motorcycle racer
- Lucilla Galeazzi (born 1950), singer
- Paolo Olmi (* 1954), conductor
- Paolo Tagliavento (* 1972), football referee
- Roberto Chiappa (* 1973), track cyclist
- Danilo Petrucci (* 1990), motorcycle racer
Terni maintains community partnerships with:
- Cartagena , Spain
- Dunaújváros , Hungary
- Prague , Prague 8 district , Czech Republic
- Saint-Ouen-sur-Seine , France, since 1961.
- umbriatourism.it: Terni , pictures and interesting facts (German)
- Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- I borghi più belli d'Italia. Borghipiubelliditalia.it, accessed August 13, 2017 (Italian).
- Website of the Agenzia nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l'energia e lo sviluppo economico sostenibile (ENEA) (PDF; 330 kB), accessed on July 12, 2015 (Italian)
- Official website of the ISTAT ( Istituto Nazionale di Statistica ) on the 2001 population figures in the province of Terni, accessed on July 12, 2015 (Italian)
- Touring Club Italiano: Umbria.
- Official website of the province of Terni for the Rocca Albornoz. Archived from the original on April 16, 2010 ; Retrieved July 12, 2015 (Italian).
- Terni: inaugurato il nuovo ciclodromo comunale di Cospea, sarà gratuitamente a disposizione dei cittadini on narnionline.com from April 25, 2004 (Italian)
- Official website of the city of Terni on community partnerships ( Memento of the original from July 25, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on July 14, 2015 (Italian)