Valentin of Terni

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Valentin of Terni
Saint Valentin (oil painting by Leonhard Beck, around 1510)
Saint Valentin
( oil painting by Leonhard Beck , around 1510)
Deceased February 14, 269
Holiday • February 14th ( Catholic , Anglican , Lutheran )
• July 30th ( Orthodox )
Patron saint of young people , travelers and beekeepers . Invocation of madness , epilepsy and plague . Should help to preserve virginal innocence and a good engagement and marriage .

Valentin von Terni is a saint and martyr of the Roman Catholic Church . In the 3rd century AD he was bishop of Interamna, today's Terni . Today Valentin von Terni is revered as the patron saint of lovers , so that the custom of Valentine's Day goes back to him .

He used to be asked for help with diseases such as epilepsy. With this patronage Valentin von Terni and Valentin von Rätien were called equally. With the admiration of those seeking help, the two figures became more and more mixed up over time.


Tradition distinguishes and mixes at the same time between a Valentin of Terni and a Valentin of Rome . But it may also be the same person.

Valentin von Terni, as bishop in Rome, is said to have won many people over to the Christian faith through healing the sick. This brought him an indictment in court and, around 268, he was martyred by beheading.

As a priest, Valentin of Rome is said to have married couples in Christianity despite the prohibition and was therefore executed on February 14, 269. In addition, Valentin gave the newly married couples flowers from his garden. According to tradition, the marriages concluded by him were of good fortune.


Altar with Valentine's relics in the Basilica of San Valentino in Terni
Alleged bones of Valentine in Santa Maria in Cosmedin

Several places in Europe claim to keep Valentine's bones as relics , although it is unclear whether these are actually Valentin of Terni. Some of these places are:


Saint Valentine is the patron saint of young people , travelers and beekeepers . He is called on insanity , epilepsy and plague . In addition, it should help to preserve virgin innocence and to a good engagement and marriage .

Remembrance day

Valentine's Day on February 14th ( Valentine's Day ) applies to the following churches:

The Orthodox day of remembrance for Valentin of Terni is July 30th .


The depictions of Valentine of Terni on votive pictures and altarpieces of the more well-known pilgrimages , such as Marzoll near Bad Reichenhall or Diepoltskirchen near Eggenfelden , do not differ from the depictions of Valentin von Rätien , who is depicted as a bishop with a sick child at his feet.

Valentin von Terni is actually represented as a bishop with a sword ( martyrdom : beheading) and a rooster (symbol for sacrificing his life).

Pawn rule

The peasant rule corresponding to the commemoration day on February 14th reads:

  • If it's still white on Valentine's Day, the rice will already bloom by Easter.
  • On Saint Valentine's Day, ice and snow go away.

Forensic face recovery

Forensic face recovery

In February 2017, the face of St. Valentine was reconstructed by the 3D designer Cicero Moraes using the skull from the Church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome .

See also


Web links

Commons : Valentin von Terni  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Web archive ( Memento from April 6, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  2. pilgrimage sites in Germany M - Sobottapedia. Retrieved February 17, 2019 .
  3. Sputnik: This is what Saint Valentin looked like: computer graphic artists reconstruct digital portraits. Retrieved August 15, 2018 .