Remembrance day

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A day of remembrance (or anniversary ) is a calendar date on which a certain historical event , also from a cultural point of view, or a personality of high national or religious importance is remembered. The annual recurrence of the day (the beginning or end) of a dramatic event (e.g. war , catastrophe , treaties ) is commemorated or the process is honored. In some cases, such days of remembrance have become official national holidays .


Remembrance days can be celebrated every year and are then also referred to as anniversaries. An alternative is perception as anniversaries (for example 50th, 100th, 250th or 500th anniversary). A distinction must be made between moving memorial days , founding days , birthdays or death days , special days and world days .

State memorial days are - especially to commemorate the war dead - about the day of national mourning in Germany and around the world and the International Holocaust Remembrance Day .

In the church year the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Churches and the observances of the be saints (and here offered by not obligatory memorials distinction). In memory of the deceased, the Catholic Church celebrates All Souls' Day , the Protestant Church celebrates the Sunday of the Dead .

Some events are commemorated as a national day of remembrance. The reflection on historical events should thus have an identity-forming effect in the people or in a group. Under certain circumstances, such days can lead to the emergence of images of the enemy if they are to emphasize superiority over others.

Examples of memorial days

See also

Web links

Commons : Remembrance Days  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Remembrance Day  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. National Memorial Days . In: Arnold Suppan : Yugoslavia and Austria, 1918–1938. Bilateral foreign policy in the European environment (= publications by the Austrian Institute for East and Southeast Europe. Vol. 14). Oldenbourg et al., Munich et al. 1996, ISBN 3-486-56166-9 , accessed on December 1, 2008.