|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Spittal an der Drau|
|License plate :||SP|
|Residents :||1,936 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||7.4 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||9854|
|Area code :||0 47 33|
|Community code :||2 06 19|
|Address of the
|No. 13, 9854 Malta|
|Mayor :||Klaus Rüscher (LIM)|
Municipal Council : ( 2015 )
|Location of Malta in the district of Spittal an der Drau|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
With an area of 261.77 km², the municipality is the second largest in Carinthia (after Wolfsberg ). It takes up the majority of the Carinthian Malta Valley , which meets the Liesertal near Gmünd . It is bounded in the west by the Reisseck group , in the north and northwest by the main ridge of the Hohen Tauern with the Hochalmspitze ( ) and the Großer Hafner ( ), and in the east by the Rehreck . Since the Hohe Tauern National Park was expanded to include the Ankogel Group in 1987 , 8,570 hectares of the municipal area have been part of the National Park.
The municipality is divided into the three cadastral municipalities Dornbach, Malta and Maltaberg, the municipal area comprises the following 16 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Brandstatt (48)
- Brochendorf (55)
- Dornbach (169)
- Feistritz (42)
- Fishing rats (421)
- Goess (0)
- Semolina (97)
- Hilpersdorf (200)
- Kleinhattenberg (24)
- Koschach (48)
- Krainberg (18)
- Malta (617)
- Maltaberg (67)
- Saps (78)
- Schlatzing (30)
- Schlatzingerau (22)
The neighboring communities are in the north the community Rennweg am Katschberg and in the state of Salzburg the communities Muhr , Hüttschlag and Bad Gastein , in the east the community Gmünd in Carinthia , in the south the communities Trebesing and Reißeck , in the west the market community Obervellach and the community Mallnitz .
The area of today's municipality was already settled in pre-Roman times.
The place was mentioned in documents between 957 and 992 as "locus Malontina". In the 11th century the castle Ödenfest was built above the village , on which from the 12th century a sideline of the Counts of Heunburg sat, who also called themselves "Mallentheiner" after the name of the place. The castle was abandoned in the 14th century and fell into ruin.
The municipality of Malta was constituted in 1850 from the cadastral municipalities of Dornbach, Malta and Maltaberg and has not changed in its borders since then.
According to the 2001 census, Malta has 2185 inhabitants, 97.8% of whom are Austrian citizens. 66.3% of the population profess the Roman Catholic and 30.6% the Evangelical Church, 2.8% are without religious belief.
Culture and sights
The painting procession from St. Peter / Rennweg to the Maria Hilf church takes place on the 2nd Sunday after Corpus Christi.
Tourist attractions are the Kölnbreinsperre , the Hohe Tauern National Park and the many waterfalls that have given the valley the nickname "Valley of the rushing waters", including the three Gößfalls and the highest waterfall in Carinthia, the Fallbach , which is about 200 meters into the district of Koschach Maltatal falls and can be climbed through the Fallbach via ferrata .
A waterfall in Brandstatt is known as a super humid ice climbing fall .
The Malta Valley since 2008 PES - mountaineering village and one of the most popular climbing areas in the Alps-Adriatic region. In the valley there are countless climbing gardens, bouldering areas and alpine climbing routes, which are described in the climbing guide Maltatal. The Maltatal climbing guide shows a total of 350 sport climbing routes, 80 multi-pitch routes, 200 boulders and 12 alpine routes.
In winter, the Maltatal and Gössgraben are popular ice climbing destinations . The ice climbing guide Osttirol and Oberkärnten lists 10 icefalls in the Gößgraben, 17 in the Vordern Maltatal, 15 in the Middle Maltatal and 7 in the Rear Maltatal. In 2016, some of them were closed by the creation of a controversial game rest zone from December 1st. until 31.3. blocked.
- Gothic parish church Maria Hilf Assumptio with walled-in Roman stone, vault paintings (15th century), frescoes on the choir walls (Epiphany, Mary in labor, Annunciation) from the 14th century, high altar from 1740; Early Gothic round barn (13th century) with crucifixion fresco (14th century). Another attraction is the Christopherus fresco on the outside wall of the parish church, which in the lower right part depicts a mythical creature similar to the well-known comic figure Mickey Mouse .
- Former parsonage (built in the 16th century, renovated in 1984) is currently used as a wedding hall, exhibition hall and cemetery.
- Late Gothic church in Dornbach with frescoes (around 1463) and high altar (around 1700).
- Weidegg castle ruins (Sonnenburg).
- Dornbach Castle , accessible from Grieß and Fischertratten, originally built in Gothic style, expanded in the 16th century, with a circular wall and moat.
- Evangelical Church Fischertratten
Economy and Infrastructure
Until well into the 20th century, the localities of today's municipality were characterized exclusively by agriculture, today tourism also plays an important role. There are more than 100,000 overnight stays in the municipality each year, with summer tourism dominating in the lower Malta Valley. The community is part of the Bergsteigerdörfer -Initiative of the PES .
The directly elected mayor has been Klaus Rüscher (LIM) since 2009.
coat of arms
Before 1961, the community had a seal with the Hochalmspitze as a motif, which, however, was never formally awarded and also did not comply with the heraldic rules.
Therefore, the shield of the Lords of Mallenthein was used as a model for a community coat of arms , who resided at Ödenfest Castle north of Malta. The first verifiable bearer of this name, Walther "de Malantin", is documented for 1129/30. The Mallenthein residents had three stars in their coat of arms from the 13th century, while the seal of the younger gentlemen of Mallenthein, which is preserved on several documents from the 15th century, always showed a ladder. The Mallentheiner no longer lived in the castle from around 1400, but worked as carers, civil servants or trades in various parts of Upper Carinthia until the Carinthian line of the family in the male line died out in 1768.
The coat of arms, which was awarded to the community on May 31, 1961, shows an upright golden ladder with five rungs in a blue shield. The flag is blue and yellow with an incorporated coat of arms.
- Eva Kary († 1773 Gmünd, Carinthia), b. Faschaunerin, is considered the last victim of a torture trial in Austria
- Nina Queer, Berlin travesty artist
- Egon Straszer , sculptor and painter
- Wolfgang Feistritzer , cabaret artist (known for his character "Petutschnig Hons from Schlatzing") and part-time farmer
- Website of the municipality of Malta
- Joint website of the municipality and the tourism association
- 20619 - Malta (Carinthia). Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Statistics Austria, population census, demographic data. May 15, 2001, accessed March 3, 2019 .
- http://kaernten.orf.at/news/stories/2753988/ Eiskletterer von Bergrettung geborgen, orf.at, January 24, 2016, accessed January 24, 2016.
- Ideas - Deeds - Facts, No. 1: Start conference mountaineering villages in the mountaineering village of Ginzling, from 10-11. July 2008 , Austrian Alpine Association as part of the project “Specific Alpine Convention: Via Alpina and Mountaineering Villages”, Spatial Planning-Nature Conservation Department, Innsbruck 2008, p. 4. PDF download ( Memento of the original from November 8, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: Der Archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed November 7, 2018.
- Gerhard Schaar: Vertical adventures in the valley of the falling waters - Maltatal - sport climbing | Alpine climbing | Boulder . Ed .: Panico Alpinverlag. Panico Alpinverlag, Köngen 2015, ISBN 978-3-95611-035-1 , p. 240 .
- Vittorio Messini, Stefan Lieb-Lind, Martin Glantschnig: Ice climbing guide East Tyrol and Upper Carinthia . Ed .: Alpinverlag Jentsch-Rabe. Alpinverlag Jentsch-Rabe, Kötsching 2017, ISBN 978-3-902656-21-6 , p. 380 .
- No entry ban for recreational athletes! In: Website Österr. Alpine Club. Austrian Alpine Club, February 22, 2017, accessed on October 28, 2018 (German).