|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Spittal an der Drau|
|License plate :||SP|
|Residents :||5,782 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||65 inhabitants per km²|
|Postcodes :||9545, 9873|
|Area code :||0 42 46|
|Community code :||2 06 30|
|UN / LOCODE||AT RDN|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Michael Maier (MAIER)|
Municipal Council : ( 2015 )
|Location of Radenthein in the Spittal an der Drau district|
Overview of Radenthein
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Radenthein is divided into the following six cadastral communities : Döbriach, Kaning, Laufenberg, Radenthein, St. Peter in Tweng and Tweng. The cadastral communities of St. Peter in Tweng and Tweng, with the localities of St. Peter and Hohensaß or Obertweng and Untertweng, are districts of the city of Radenthein. The name comes from the local gorge (Enge) of the Riegerbach coming from Bad Kleinkirchheim and covers the core of the Catholic parish of St. Peter in Tweng.
The municipality comprises the following 16 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Dabor (146)
- Döbriach am Millstätter See (1307)
- Level (23)
- Erdmannsiedlung (302)
- Fresh (42)
- Hohensaß (91)
- Kaning (506)
- Laufenberg (81)
- Mitterberg (13)
- Obertweng (82)
- Radenthein (1809)
- St. Peter (359)
- Scrap (70)
- Starfach (159)
- Untertweng (726)
- Zödl (62)
|Krems in Carinthia|
|Millstatt am See||Bad Kleinkirchheim|
|Ferndorf||Field by the lake|
Radenthein was first mentioned in 1177 as "villa Ratentim cum capella" with a pastor Hartmann. It is believed that the villages of Döbriach and Kaning were founded around 1000 years ago. Radenthein and its surroundings belonged to the Millstatt Abbey for a long time , where the Benedictines worked until the 15th century.
There is evidence of mining activity around Radenthein as early as the end of the Middle Ages. The first hammer mill for iron processing was operated on the site of today's magnesite works ; melting furnaces were used since the end of the 18th century. The lower district to the right and left of the Kaninger Bach was called Niederdellach before the settlement became part of Radenthein . The place was mentioned for a long time as independent with hammer mill on the Kirchheimer Bach.
Garnet stones were mined in the adjacent Garnet Gorge. Grenades were mined on the Millstätter Alpe until 1914 in a ravine along the Kaninger Bach in the Lucknergraben.
As early as 1860, magnesite stone from the Millstätter Alpe was used for the lining of the Radenthein blast furnaces.
In 1904 the magnesite deposit was explored in the Globatschbachtal on the northeast side of the Millstätter Alpe . The choice of location fell on Radenthein, where the industrial exploitation of the deposit began in 1908 with the construction of a considerable magnesite plant. A total of six shaft furnaces with all associated systems were built there.
The industrialization resulted in a doubling of the population between 1900 and 1910 and also a permanent population growth. The first director Emil Winter was made an honorary citizen of the community in 1933; he also financed the first swimming pool in Radenthein.
In the 1920s, the right to mine the magnesite deposits in Hochfilzen was acquired and merged with Allgemeine Automobil GmbH in Vienna to form the “Austro American Magnesite Company” (now part of RHI AG ).
With the connection to Germany in 1938, the company name was changed to Österreichische Magnesit AG and the company headquarters relocated to Munich. The increasing demand for magnesite led to the construction of a second tunnel kiln in 1941. After the war, the company headquarters returned.
From the congregation constituted in 1850 Kaning was spun off as a separate local congregation in 1921, but in 1973 both congregations were reunited. Radenthein was raised to a market town on December 1, 1930. In 1995, Radenthein was raised to a town due to its supra-regional importance.
At the time of the 2001 census, Radenthein had 6,620 inhabitants, 96.2% of whom were Austrian citizens . 62.7% of the population professed the Roman Catholic Church , 28.1% the Evangelical Church and 1.1% Islam . 0.3% belonged to the Orthodox Church and 7.2% of the residents did not profess any religious beliefs.
Culture and sights
- Catholic parish church Radenthein hl. Nikolaus: The Catholic parish church above the village is a simple hall church from the 17th century with a Romanesque-Gothic core. Its oldest documented mention comes from the year 1177, it has been a parish church since 1262.
- The Protestant Church of St. John was built in 1953/54, an extension was built in 1997.
- Catholic parish church Kaning St. John the Baptist
- Parish church Sankt Peter in Tweng: Nothing more precise can be determined about the age and construction of this church. What is certain, however, is that it was a very early start. The oldest surviving document about Saint Peter dates back to 1212. In this document Archbishop Eberhard II notarized the purchase of the Tweng estate including the right of patronage over the Church of Saint Peter by Bishop Walther von Conrad von Maria Pfarr in Salzburg on April 12, 1212 in Friesach . According to the chronicle, the church was fortified against the Turks in 1481. In March 1951 the old mountain church of Sankt Peter was destroyed by fire to such an extent that only a ruin remained. It was rebuilt in its old form and inaugurated on July 26, 1953. The furnishings have been adapted to today's requirements, but the character of the church has been preserved.
- Parish church Döbriach : The parish church of St. Egydius, first mentioned in 1448, is located away from the town center on the northern mountain slope in the middle of the cemetery.
- Türkhaus: Sights include the Türkhaus in Kaning and the “Mühlenwanderweg” directly next to it along the Roßbach. This path leads past seven different mills, most of which were built in the early 19th century.
- Granatium : “Granatium” garnet museum with exhibition galleries and mining grounds in Radenthein
- old farmhouses: The old farmhouses in and around Radenthein are also interesting
- Magnesite mill
- Workers 'houses: workers' houses built around 1920, such as B. Millstätter Strasse No. 23
- Sagamundo - House of Telling: a legend museum in Döbriach, in which Carinthian legends are presented visually and acoustically
sport and freetime
The people of Radentheiner are available for sport and leisure activities:
- Sports field in Radenthein
- Swimming pool (modernized in 2008/2009)
- Playground in the city park
- Sports field in Untertweng
- Soccer field in the Erdmannsiedlung
- Football field in St. Peter
- several bathing beaches in Döbriach
- several tennis courts in Döbriach
- Trachtenkapelle Kaning & Knappenmusikkapelle Radenthein
- Nockhalle: The Nockhalle was completed in December 2008 in the southern part of Radenthein. It serves as a multi-purpose hall for sporting and cultural events. The Boulderbox , a bouldering facility managed by the Alpine Club , is also located in the hall .
- Wide-wall climbing garden in Döbriach for sport climbing and multi-pitch climbing with the very demanding via ferrata " Luft unter den Soles " and another climbing garden with medium-difficulty climbing routes on the Jungfernsprung on Lake Millstatt.
- Several hiking and walking trails (for example the "Cold Night" or "Path of the Jewels")
Economy and Infrastructure
Public transport is carried out by ÖBB-Postbus GmbH. On weekdays, regular buses run to the train stations in Spittal an der Drau and Villach . During the school days, the branch line to Kaning is also served by five pairs of courses. In the night from Saturday to Sunday there is also the possibility of taking the night bus to Spittal or Villach and back until 2 a.m.
In winter there is also a free ski bus from Döbriach to Bad Kleinkirchheim , which also stops in Radenthein.
Radenthein is best known for its mine, which has been in existence since 1908. The product name RADEX, which is still used today, is made up of RADenthein and EXport. Until 1965 the Austrian-American Magnesit AG (now RHI AG ) operated the quarrying of the rock in open-cast mining , in the so-called "quarry". Today the rock is only extracted underground in tunnels. Refractory materials are made from magnesite, which are particularly indispensable in the steel and iron industry, but also in the cement and glass industries.
Also in the magnesite city are RCE Industrieofenbau Engineering GmbH (a subsidiary of MAERZ Ofenbau AG), which was founded in 1976 by Radex Austria AG to market internally developed refractory know-how.
Tourism also plays an important role, especially in the village of Döbriach on Lake Millstatt.
- Two kindergartens, one group of children
- Radenthein elementary schools
- Döbriach elementary school
- New middle school with a focus on Italian and sports
City council, local council and mayor
- 11 MAIER
- 10 SPÖ
- 3 FPÖ 3
- 2 List Martin Wacker - Die Freiheitlichen in Radenthein
- 1 Green (after the dissolution of the local branch mandate no longer occupied since October 19, 2017)
The directly elected mayor is Michael Maier (MAIER).
coat of arms
Before being awarded a coat of arms, Radenthein had a miner's mark in its seal . The coat of arms awarded on March 7, 1951 was the first Carinthian municipal coat of arms in the Second Republic and was intended to symbolize both the mining tradition and the solidarity of the population with the state of Carinthia. The former is expressed with the cut crystal in the upper half of the coat of arms; he refers to the Millstätter Alpe or the Lucknergraben as a place where garnet minerals were found . The black lion in the lower half of the coat of arms is taken from the Carinthian state coat of arms . The tinctures of the coat of arms (yellow-red-white or gold-red-silver) also correspond to the national colors, with which the tradition of the four municipal coats of arms of the First Republic was continued.
The official blazon of the coat of arms reads: “A shield, raised from red to gold, with a narrow black border. The upper field is pierced at its heart by a silver circle, from which emanate 12, arranged in the form of a stand, broadening, likewise silver rays; the circle is covered with a cut, yellowish-brown gemstone. In the lower field appears a striding, black, red-tongued and armored lion with raised right front paw. "
The flag is red and yellow with an incorporated coat of arms.
- Weiler / Rems , district of Schorndorf in Baden-Württemberg, Germany
- Ampezzo in the province of Udine, Italy
The following people were honored for their services by the municipality of Radenthein:
- 1933: Factory director Emil Winter
- 1935: Federal Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg , revoked in 1938
- 1956: Hannes Riegger
- 1958: Lionel Greene
- 1958: General Director Eduard Bargezi
- 1982: Former Mayor Rudolf Filipot
- 1991: Wolfgang Wick
- 2012: Ernst Werner
- 2018: Helmut Zieser
- 2018: Franz Hoffmann
Sons and daughters of the township
- Philipp Erlacher (1886–1980), orthopedist
- Arnold Awerzger (1907–1976), mining engineer and mountaineer
- Herbert W. Liaunig (* 1945), entrepreneur and art collector
- Elisabeth Kmölniger (1947–2018), comic artist and author as well as photographer and book illustrator
- Wolf-Dieter Eigner (1952–1988), writer
- Werner Mössler (* 1952), deaf actor and translator for sign language
- Michael Bünker (* 1954), Bishop of the Evangelical Church AB in Austria
- Michael Maier (* 1958), journalist and IT entrepreneur
- Gottfried Würcher (* 1958), singer of the Nockalm Quintet
- Reinhold Schmölzer (* 1983), jazz musician
- Herbert Kickl (* 1968), former Austrian Minister of the Interior
- Marco Schwarz (* 1995), skier
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Carinthian Geographic Information System (KAGIS): Carinthia Atlas - Radenthein and its surroundings. (Setting: map background Franziszeischer Cadastre / other layers deactivated) from 1822–1828. State of Carinthia , accessed on September 21, 2018 .
- Topographical post-lexicon of all localities of the kk hereditary countries: The second part, which includes Austria: Inner, Lower and Upper Austria, and the areas of Brixen and Trient, Volume 2, Edition 3 . Schuender, 1800 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- Wilhelm Günther, Werner H. Couple: From raw magnesite to refractory magnesite brick. Ed .: Mining Museum Association Leogang.
- Kaning mill and Kneipp hiking trail
- Boulder-Box Info alpenverein.at, accessed on February 3, 2019
- Quoted from Wilhelm Deuer: The Carinthian municipal coat of arms . Verlag des Kärntner Landesarchiv, Klagenfurt 2006, ISBN 3-900531-64-1 , p. 222
- Fanpage Marco Schwarz , marcoschwarz.com, accessed on February 1, 2019
- Franz Türk, Wolfgang Kury, Othmar Schmölzer: Radenthein. A chronicle in 2 parts. Ed .: City of Radenthein. Carinthia, Klagenfurt 1996, ISBN 3-85378-460-7 (600 pages).
- Martin Kowatsch: Radenthein. Working life and economic change - to the creation of a global corporation. Ed .: Vinzenz Jobst. ÖGB-Verlag (www.oegbverlag.at). Radenthein 2018. ISBN 978-3-99046-377-2 .