Spittal an der Drau
Spittal an der Drau
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Spittal an der Drau|
|License plate :||SP|
|Residents :||15,300 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||315 inhabitants per km²|
|Postcodes :||9800, 9701, 9702|
|Area code :||Spittal: 04762, Rothenthurn: 04767|
|Community code :||2 06 35|
|UN / LOCODE||AT SPI|
|Address of the
9800 Spittal an der Drau
|Mayor :||Gerhard Pirih ( SPÖ )|
Municipal Council : ( 2015 )
|Location of Spittal an der Drau in the Spittal an der Drau district|
Spittal seen from the Goldeck
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Spittal is a town with 15,300 inhabitants (1 January 2020) and also the seat of the district administration of the eponymous district in the state of Carinthia in Austria . The town at the intersection of Drautal , Liesertal , Millstätter See , Nockberge and Mölltal is the urban center of Upper Carinthia .
Spittal lies between the Lurnfeld and the Lower Drautal . The Lieser flows through the city from north to south and then flows into the Drava . Also south of Spittal is the Spittaler's "local mountain", the Goldeck . The municipality of Spittal extends partly over the south bank of the Millstätter See.
|Spittal an der Drau 1971–2000|
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Spittal an der Drau 1971–2000
The municipality is divided into the seven cadastral municipalities
- Molzbichl ,
- Spittal an der Drau and
- St. Peter-Edling
and comprises the following 27 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Aich (63)
- Aichforst (151)
- Baldersdorf (94)
- Broth Duck (33)
- Burgbichl (10)
- Edling (86)
- Grossegg (54)
- Kleinegg (28)
- Small seat (17)
- Krieselsdorf (45)
- Molzbichl (212)
- Neuolsach (178)
- Nussdorf (49)
- Oberamlach (173)
- Oberdorf (22)
- Oberzmoln (7)
- Olsach (237)
- Rothenthurn (378)
- Schwarzenbach (96)
- Spittal an der Drau (12,755)
- St. Peter (176)
- St. Sigmund (24)
- Tangiers (25)
- Unteramlach (250)
- Unterzmöln (4)
- Winkl (56)
- Zgurn (77)
In 1191, Count Otto II von Ortenburg and his brother, the archdeacon Hermann von Ortenburg , donated a hospital ( Spittl ) with a chapel on the Lieserufer near today's parish church , which the Salzburg Archbishop Adalbert confirmed in a document on April 11, 1191. The hospital, which gives the place its name, was intended for the care of pilgrims who traveled south over the Katschberg and the Radstädter Tauern . The emerging settlement on the right bank of the Lieser was protected by a tower castle belonging to the Ortenburgers , which probably stood on the site of today's castle.
In 1242 Spittal was elevated to a market, the convenient location at the confluence of Möll and Lieser in the Drau as well as the toll and rafting rights on the Drau caused an initial economic boom. In 1324 the market is mentioned as the seat of a judge. In 1403 Spittal was given the right to hold four multi-day annual markets and one weekly market. In 1408 they got the exclusive rights for the Drava rafting and iron transport from the nearby Krems near Gmünd . The people of Gmünd had to have the iron transported by the Spittalers and declare customs here. After the Ortenburgers died out in 1418, rule over the Counts of Cilli came to the sovereigns, the Habsburgs . Friedrich III. could assert the county against claims of the Counts of Gorizia . In 1457 Spittal was given the right to elect judges and councils itself. In 1478 the market was destroyed by the Turks invading Carinthia, in the following decades feuds, peasant revolts and the war with the Hungarians under Matthias Corvinus , which resulted in years of occupation of the entire region, brought prosperity; In 1522 the market finally burned down completely. The hospital was then rebuilt on the eastern bank of the Lieser and now houses the Carinthia University of Applied Sciences .
In 1524 Gabriel von Salamanca received the county of Ortenburg, a Spaniard and favorite of Ferdinand I. From 1533 onwards he had the Porcia Castle built in the Renaissance style. His descendants named themselves after the county of Ortenburger. The area was largely Protestant when, in the course of the Counter Reformation in 1600, an armed commission under the governor, Count Johann von Ortenburg, tried to force the population to re-enter the Catholic Church under threat of exile and expropriation.
In 1662, the French-born Princes Porcia became landlords and castle lords. In the 18th century there was a second economic boom as a result of the emerging iron industry and the associated trade and commerce. This heyday ended in 1797 when the market burned down in the course of the French Wars. In 1809 there were again fighting with Napoleon's troops near Spittal, all of Upper Carinthia and East Tyrol then fell to France through the Peace of Schönbrunn , and Spittal was assigned to the Carinthie department in the French province of Illyria . After the end of the coalition wars, this status was ended in 1814. In 1829 the market burned down again. In 1871 the train connection to the southern railway came.
After the formation of the communities in the Austrian Empire in 1849/50, Markt Spittal grew into a large community in 1865 through the incorporation of the six local communities Baldramsdorf , Molzbichl , Edling, Lendorf , Lieserhofen and Amlach, but shrank back to almost its original size in 1886/87 . Since then, only St. Peter-Edling (1964) and Molzbichl (1973) have been incorporated again, and parts of the Millstatt and Ferndorf districts were connected in 1973, giving Spittal a portion of the Millstätter See south bank.
In autumn 1919, during the Carinthian defensive battle , Porcia Castle was the seat of the Carinthian provincial government for some time . In memory of this, Spittal was elevated to the status of town on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the Carinthian referendum in 1930.
In the time of National Socialism , Spittal was, along with Wolfsberg and the Loibl Pass, one of the locations of a prisoner of war camp in Carinthia. Two grave fields called "Russian cemeteries" with the remains of around 6,000 prisoners of war and forced laborers who died under the inhuman camp conditions are a reminder of this time. The station was bombed in 1944, and craters from misdirected projectiles are still in the forest of the Fratres district.
After the end of the Second World War, the city was occupied by the British and ruled from Graz .
The municipality of Spittal an der Drau has 16,045 inhabitants (as of 2001 census), of which 88.7% have Austrian, 4.7% Bosnian and 2.7% Croatian citizenship. As religious affiliation, 67.9% stated Roman Catholic, 15.3% Protestant, 3.4% Islamic and 2.8% Orthodox. 8.3% are without confession.
Culture and sights
- Porcia Castle , one of the most important Renaissance buildings outside of Italy.
- Khevenhüller Stadtpalais (today town hall)
- Parish church Spittal an der Drau
- Rothenthurn Castle is an elongated building in an elevated position above the Drautal. Its history goes back to the 11th century - to the "red tower" that gave it and the village in the valley its name. The castle was given its present form in the 17th and 18th centuries.
- Spittl (historical, eponymous hospital , today location of the Technical University of Carinthia)
The city of Spittal is a member of the Association of Small Historic Cities .
Museums and exhibitions
- Museum of Folk Culture : District Heimatmuseum in the attic of Porcia Castle, founded in 1958 by Helmut Prasch . With around 20,000 exhibits from the Upper Carinthian area, it is one of the four largest folklore collections in Austria.
- Railway Adventure World: Austria's largest private model railway
- The Salamanca Festival (city festival) takes place every two years .
- Every year in the summer, the comedy plays take place in Porcia Castle.
- International choir competition at the beginning of July
- Small-field European football cup for amateur teams in June
To the west of Spittal are the Drauauen , a local recreation and nature reserve on the northeast bank of the Drau. In the course of integrating the Upper Drau in the area from the state border at Oberdrauburg to the start of the Drau jam at Paternion in the Upper Drau European Protected Area ( Natura 2000 ), the 13 meter high DrAUENland viewing platform was built in 2005 as a special attraction , from which a good view overlooks the Drava with its banks offers.
Economy and Infrastructure
Spittal an der Drau is located directly on the Tauern Autobahn (A 10, exits : Spittal-Millstättersee, Spittal-Ost, Spittal-Nord, Spittal-Lendorf junction), parallel to this is the Katschberg Straße (B 99) to Bischofshofen . In a westerly direction the Drautal Straße (B 100) leads to Lienz , to the east to Villach (via the Untere Drautal). To the east, Millstätter Straße (B 98) branches off in Lieserbrücke to Millstatt , Radenthein , Treffen and also Villach .
The Spittal-Millstättersee (express train stop) and Rothenthurn stations are located in the municipality of Spittal. The railway lines 220 ( Klagenfurt - Villach - Salzburg ) and 223 (Spittal-Millstättersee - Oberdrauburg - Lienz - Franzensfeste / Fortezza - Brenner / Brennero - Innsbruck ) meet at the Spittal-Millstättersee train station . While Railjet , InterCity and Eurocity trains also stop at Spittal-Millstättersee station, Rothenthurn station is only a stop for regional and regional express trains.
Security and emergency services
The district fire brigade command with the Spittal / Drau volunteer fire brigade and the Spittal mountain rescue service are located in Ortenburgerstraße , which is responsible for the surrounding communities of Stockenboi , Baldramsdorf , Paternion , Ferndorf , Lendorf , Seeboden and Millstatt in addition to Spittal . The district office of the Red Cross is also located in the nearby Koschatstrasse. The general public (a.ö.) Hospital Spittal in Billrothstrasse, opened in 1925, is the medical center of Upper Carinthia and has 263 beds and 354 employees. The Olsach-Molzbichl volunteer fire brigade is located in the village of Rothenthurn and, among other things, ensures fire protection in the eastern part of the municipality.
- The Gabor shoe factory has had its Austrian branch in Spittal since 1960. Up to 1,300 employees worked there. At the end of August 2009, the era of continuous series production of shoes in the Lieserstadt came to an end. The workforce was reduced to around 200 employees. In mid-March 2010, CEO Achim Gabor announced the final end of the Spittal site at the end of 2010 - the remaining 170 employees lost their jobs. The era of the shoe industry in Carinthia finally came to an end. Production was relocated to Bánovce nad Bebravou in Slovakia .
- The STRABAG AG - international construction company, formerly headquartered in Spittal
- Lindner-Recyclingtech GmbH is a global recycling company.
- PPC Paper Print Converting GmbH produces single-use tableware and items as well as hygiene products and household aids.
- The pharmaceutical and chemical group Merck (sold to P&G since 2018) has one of its five global production sites in Spittal.
- The Kärntnermilch is headquartered in the city Lieser.
- District Commission
Spittal an der Drau is an important school center for the region. In addition to five elementary schools, one special school and three secondary schools, there are numerous secondary schools, including a polytechnic school, two grammar schools ( BG Porcia and BRG ), a federal upper secondary school (BORG), vocational schools ( HLW and HAK ), as well as in the "Spittl" den de jure Headquarters of the Carinthia University of Applied Sciences with courses in architecture and civil engineering.
Spittal is the place of publication of the Oberkärntner Nachrichten , a weekly newspaper that has been published since 1966. There are also editorial branches for the Kleine Zeitung , the Carinthian Week and the regional magazine Spittaler in the city.
- Sports arena (football stadiums, ice rink, ski center)
- An important hub for Telekom
- Goldeck ski area
- Stadtpark Center Spittal (shopping center)
- Drautal pearl
- City Hall
- Gabor ice rink
- Old German wine bar
City Councilor and Mayor
The city council (city government) consists of seven members and has been composed as follows since 2015:
- Mayor Gerhard Pirih , SPÖ
- 1st Vice Mayor Peter Neuwirth, SPÖ
- 2nd Vice Mayor Andreas Unterrieder, SPÖ
- City Councilor Christian Klammer, SPÖ
- City councilor Franz Eder, ÖVP
- City Councilor Christoph Staudacher, FPÖ
- City Councilor Gerhard Klocker , TS
- 1956 to 1963: Hans Schober
- 1983 to 1997: Hellmuth Drewes
- 1997 to 2013: Gerhard Köfer
- since 2013: Gerhard Pirih
coat of arms
King Ferdinand I gave the market at that time a coat of arms with the following description on December 11, 1555:
“… Ainen Schildt, after Lenng in two equal Thaills, the one behind red or robin and von der Thaill white or silver; In the middle of it there appear two flights, their Saxons running above and against each other and, according to the shield, the colors are alternated, namely those in the white field are red and the others in the red field of the shield are white, and then in the middle between the two Saxons six-pointed yellow or gold-colored star appearing ... "
This representation has not changed in the course of the centuries, neither in the seals nor in the colors. A new award of the coat of arms and the flag took place by decision of the Carinthian provincial government of December 7, 1973 with the following blazon :
"In a shield split by white and red, a flight of alternating colors, overlaid by a six-pointed golden star."
The red and white flight in a confused shield ground is a modification of the coat of arms of the Counts of Ortenburg , the founders of the hospital and the market, the golden star has been found again and again in their coat of arms since the acquisition of the County of Sternburg by the Ortenburgers in 1329.
The flag is red and white with an incorporated coat of arms.
- Alex Ebner (1821–1890), land and factory owner; During his lifetime and after his death, he gave what was then Markt Spittal with social facilities (money and land for the hospital, school system, construction of the water pipe). In his honor, the Alexius Fountain was built on Burgplatz in 1892, which had to give way to traffic in 1926.
- Vinzenz Rizzi (1816–1856), priest, author, editor of the Klagenfurter Zeitung and Carinthia
- Gustav Weindorfer (1874–1932), Austro-Australian farmer, naturalist, resort operator and ranger
- Anton Gasperschitz (1885–1975), workers secretary and politician
- Max Beier (1903–1979), zoologist
- Helmut Prasch (folklorist) (1910–1996), teacher and folklorist
- Peter Brandstätter (1917–2015), painter, honorary citizen
- Arthur Trattler (1917–1994), district captain in Spittal an der Drau and resistance fighter
- Fritz Gruber (* 1940), mining historian and author
- Walter Kolbow (* 1944), German politician (SPD)
- Hans Kary (* 1949), tennis player
- Renate Egger (* 1947), politician
- Herbert Haupt (* 1947), former Vice Chancellor and Federal Minister
- Heidemarie Lex-Nalis (1950–2018), sociologist and educator
- Alois Morgenstern (* 1954), ski racer
- Monika Kircher (* 1957), manager and politician
- Hartmut Prasch (* 1961), head of the Museum of Folk Culture
- Heinz Weixelbraun (* 1963), actor
- Manfred Weber-Wien (* 1969), draftsman and painter
- Josef Kleindienst (writer) (* 1972), writer and actor
- Roland Kaspitz (* 1981), ice hockey player
- Thomas Morgenstern (* 1986), ski jumper, nephew of Alois Morgenstern
- Katharina Gritzner (* 1985), actress and television presenter
- Ute Gfrerer , opera singer and actress
- Hartmut Prasch, Jörg-Wolfgang Herzog: Spittal on the Drau. The archive images series. Sutton, Erfurt 2000 [128 pages, development of the city based on annotated photos].
- Franz Türk: Spittal on the Drau. A chronicle. Published by the municipality of Spittal ad Drau and its culture ring. Verlag Johann Leon Sen., Klagenfurt 1959 [330 pages, well-founded, extensive chronicle 1191 to 1930, with references to sources and literature].
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- http://www.fh-kaernten.at/ FH Kärnten, Spittal location
- Upper Drava. Federal Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism
- Gabor Shoes starts producing samples in Slovakia on Radio Slovakia International on January 13, 2011, accessed on April 5, 2011.
- arms certificate issued on December 11, 1555 in Vienna ( KLA MA Spittal Urk. 21), quoted from W. Deuer: Die Kärntner Gemeindewappen , Klagenfurt 2006
- quoted from W. Deuer: Die Kärntner Gemeindewappen , Klagenfurt 2006
- Alfons Haffner: Vinzenz Rizzi and the Ebner family of pharmacists in Spittal. In: Carinthia I. Journal for historical regional studies of Carinthia. History Association for Carinthia. 183rd volume, 1993. pp. 575-639. ( online )