|description||Austrian history and science magazine|
|Area of Expertise||Regional studies|
|Frequency of publication||yearly|
The Carinthia is one in Carinthia appearing magazine , which first appeared on 1 July 1811 and making it the third oldest surviving publication of its kind in the German-speaking world and the oldest scientific journal in Austria. The Carinthia is split in two since 1891: Carinthia I is the official publication of the historical association for Carinthia , the Carinthia II the organ of Natural Science Society Carinthia .
Founded as a supplement to the Klagenfurter Zeitung
The permission to publish a magazine was applied for by a "Society of Patriotic Friends". Who belonged to it is no longer known today. The Carinthia was initially a supplement to the Klagenfurter Zeitung and was published by Kleinmayr . The founder and first editor was the actor and trained bookseller Karl Mercy , but he was replaced by Johann Gottfried Kumpf in autumn 1811 . An early sponsor of the magazine was Franz Josef Reichsgraf von Enzenberg , President of the Inner Austrian Appeals and Criminal Court in Klagenfurt. He made sure that the magazine was subject to the Klagenfurt censorship authorities and published under the pseudonym Gerbennez. Archduke Johann was also favored by the new magazine.
From 1814 to 1815 Johann Ritter von Jenull headed Carinthia, which in 1814 had 900 customers. From 1815 to 1862, with interruptions in 1848 and 1851 to 1854, Simon Martin Mayer was the director of Carinthia. During the breaks, Vinzenz Rizzi was her editor.
The original, self-imposed task of Carinthia was to present Carinthia's historical, ethnological, topographical, picturesque, industrial and agronomic importance . Over the years, however, it became a rather meaningless, aesthetic family paper in which, according to Nussbaumer, insignificant novellas, vague sonnets, Byzantine occasional poems and sappy necrologists appeared.
In 1848, under the new editor Vinzenz Rizzi, Carinthia became a political newspaper for a short time. The topics now were freedom of the press, the German question, the replacement of the basic burden, community regulations and the question of nationalities. The magazine's subtitle at this time was Constitutional Gazette for Time Interests . After a short time, however, Rizzi was replaced by his predecessor Simon Martin Mayer, and Carinthia became a magazine for patriotism, instruction and entertainment with the old content. In 1851, Rizzi took over from Mayer, he relied, albeit more cautiously and gently, on his topics from 1848. The Klagenfurter Zeitung, of which Carinthia appeared as a supplement, was a daily newspaper at this time, and a separate feature section was planned. The Carinthia thus appeared superfluous and was discontinued on December 31, 1854.
As an independent journal (1855–1863)
Under the leadership of its old editor Simon Martin Mayer, Carinthia was revived as a weekly newspaper on May 5, 1855. It was now published as a weekly by Leon in Klagenfurt. In addition to Carinthian poets, the Austrian neighbors from Styria and Carniola also had their say. However, Mayer's successor, Ernst Rauscher, could not stop the decline of Carinthia as a literary magazine in 1863.
The magazine of both state associations (1863–1890)
When Carinthia was again threatened with closure, the history association together with the Natural History State Museum (today the natural science association) took over the publication of the magazine, which now appeared monthly. It was subtitled the Journal of Patriotic Studies, Education and Entertainment . The contributions were predominantly of a popular scientific nature, which led to a certain scientific flattening and various conflicts.
Separation into two journals (1891 to today)
Differences between the historical and natural history associations ultimately led to the Carinthia being separated into two magazines. The history association initially founded its own magazine, the Neue Carinthia, in 1890 , which appeared parallel to the old Carinthia and only had one year.
After the separation, the history association published Carinthia I from 1891, with the counting of the years being continued by Carinthia. The content of the program was taken over by the Neue Carinthia. Both Neue Carinthia and Carinthia I were directed by Simon Laschitzer. The program was as follows:
- Restriction to Carinthia
- Consideration of the diversity of the country's history with political history, cultural history and folklore
- Literary history
- historical geography and vernacular
- Introduction of small historical messages
- Discussion of new literature
- larger source editions are reserved for the archive for patriotic history and topography .
The editors, editors since 1914, were:
- Simon Laschitzer 1890–1897
- August von Jaksch 1898–1912
- Martin Wutte 1913 / 14–1938
- Gotbert Moro 1939-1970
- Wilhelm Neumann 1971–1990, except 1975
- Alfred Ogris 1975, 1991-2007
- Wilhelm Wadl since 2008
The Carinthia II is the official publication of the Natural Science Society Carinthia. Until the end of the Second World War, it was used exclusively by Carinthian authors, and since then authors from outside Carinthia have also increasingly found their pages. The increasing specialization of the natural sciences and also of the contributions led to the danger of losing the broad base of interested laypeople. Therefore, since 1988 the Carinthia II has been divided into two parts, a popular scientific part 1 and a more scientific part 2. The Karinthin was a supplement to the topic of earth sciences. Specialized and popular science articles are published that deal with Carinthia or neighboring areas. Exceptions to this are possible.
In 2010, on the occasion of the 200th year of Carinthia , the two associations jointly published the book Carinthia - Landscapes - Habitats , written by the geographer Martin Seger .
- Göttingische Scholars Ads , the oldest still-published scientific journal in the German-speaking world (since 1739).
- Annalen der Physik , scientific journal since 1799
- Claudia Fräss-Ehrfeld: The Carinthia. “Love of home and the urge to research” - Carinthian recipe for a two-hundred-year success story. In: History Association for Carinthia (Ed.): Bulletin. Second half of 2010. pp. 26–27.
- Martin Seger: Carinthia: Landscapes - Habitats; a geographic study of the country. Anniversary volume on the occasion of the 200th year of the Carinthia magazine. Publishing house of the History Association for Carinthia and the Natural Science Association for Carinthia, 2010, ISBN 9783854541196 , 492 pages.
- History Association for Carinthia - Website of the publisher of Carinthia I ( Carinthia I / Register / CD-ROM edition ).
- Natural Science Association for Carinthia - website of the publisher of Carinthia II.
- Digital editions of Carinthia II in ZOBODAT (Zoological-Botanical Database), ed. from the Upper Austrian State Museum .
- Carinthia I (1873–1890) on ZOBODAT , Carinthia II (1891 to today) on ZOBODAT
- Erich Nussbaumer: Spiritual Carinthia. Literary and intellectual history of the country . Verlag Ferd. Kleinmayr, Klagenfurt 1956 (without ISBN), pp. 308-318.
- Quotations from: Nussbaumer, Geistiges Kärnten , p. 309.
- Alfred Ogris: The history association magazine "Carinthia I" under the editors of Laschitzer, Jaksch, Wutte and Moro (1890 / 91-1970) . In: Carinthia I, Volume 184, 1994, pp. 407-428.
- Alfred Ogris: To change the editorial team! In: Carinthia I, Volume 197, 2007, p. 575.
- Wilhelm Wadl: To the change in the editorial office . In: Carinthia I, 198th year 2008, p. 623.
- Marianne Klemun: On the history of the natural science association for Carinthia . In: Carinthia II, 56th special issue: Workshop nature - pioneers of research in Carinthia . Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein für Kärnten, Klagenfurt 1998, ISBN 3-85328-013-7 , pp. 11–125, here p. 92.
- Editing: Guidelines for Authors of Carinthia II . In: Carinthia II, 200./120. Year 2010, ISBN 978-3-85328-053-9 , p. 5f.
- History Association for Carinthia (ed.): Bulletin. No. 2, 2010, p. 25.