|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Statutory city|
|License plate :||VI|
|Residents :||62,882 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||466 inhabitants per km²|
|Postcodes :||9500, 9504, 9523, 9524, 9580, 9585, 9586, 9587|
|Area code :||04242|
|Community code :||2 02 01|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Günther Albel ( SPÖ )|
Municipal Council : (2015)
|Location of Villach|
Villach panoramic view
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Villach [ ˈfɪlax ] ( Slovenian Beljak , Italian Villaco , Furlanisch Vilac ) is the seventh largest city in Austria and after Klagenfurt am Wörthersee the second largest city in the federal state of Carinthia . It represents an important traffic junction for the south of Austria and the Alps - Adriatic region. The statutory city with its 62,882 inhabitants (as of January 1st, 2020) is the largest city in Austria, which is not at the same time the capital of a federal state.
Geography and climate
The urban area lies on the western edge of the Klagenfurt basin at the confluence of the Drau and the Gail . The municipality of Villach borders or encloses several lakes, including Ossiacher See , Faaker See , Silbersee , Vassacher See , Grünsee , Magdalensee and Leonharder See .
The political district of Villach (city), that is the administrative area of the statutory city at the district level, includes numerous places in the surrounding area, of which only a few form actual city districts (the Slovenian names in brackets):
A – L:
M – R:
S – Z:
The municipality includes the following 58 localities (residents as of January 1, 2020):
- Bow field (185)
- Dobrova (85)
- Drautschen (365)
- Drobollach am Faaker See (441)
- Duel (26)
- Egg am Faaker See (297)
- Goritschach (604)
- Grass meat (66)
- Gratschach (190)
- Greuth (153)
- Gritschach (349)
- Main Saddle (130)
- Grossvassach (1035)
- Holy Spirit (184)
- Holy Shores (89)
- Small saddle (123)
- Kleinvassach (672)
- Kratschach (139)
- Kumitz (254)
- Landskron (4528)
- Maria Gail (566)
- Mittewald (91)
- Mittewald ob Villach (43)
- Neufellach (762)
- Neulandskron (493)
- Upper Fellach (812)
- Oberfederaun (24)
- Oberschuett (160)
- Oberwollanig (232)
- Pogöriach (107)
- Prossovich (163)
- Rennstein (139)
- St. Andrä (766)
- St. Georgen (995)
- St. Leonhard (1983)
- St. Magdalen (1416)
- St. Michael (258)
- St. Niklas an der Drau (264)
- St. Ruprecht (484)
- Ortisei (626)
- Serai (135)
- Chinovich (352)
- Turdanich (172)
- Lower Fellach (3354)
- Unterfederaun (23)
- Under bulk (211)
- Woolly (151)
- Urlaken (113)
- Villach-Auen (6747)
- Villach-Inner City (8207)
- Villach-Lind (5137)
- Villach-St. Agathen and Perau (3401)
- Villach-St. Martin (24)
- Villach-Seebach-Wasenboden (3969)
- Villach-Völkendorf (5471)
- Villach-Warmbad-Judendorf (2361)
- Weissenbach (4)
- Smoking (338)
Mountains and ridges
Dobratsch ( ), Mittagskogel ( ), Dobrova ( ), Genottehöhe ( ), Gerlitzen ( ), Graschelitzen ( ), Kumberg ( ), Kumitzberg ( ), Landskron ( ), Nieschach ( ), Oswaldiberg ( ), Polana ( ), Tscheltschnigkogel ( ), Wollanigberg ( ), Buchberg ( ).
Climate table for Villach 1971–2000
The oldest finds of human traces in the Villach area date from the late Neolithic . Various finds date from Roman times (from 15 BC), when there was a place called Santicum here. It is mostly located near the thermal springs of Warmbad in the south. A Roman customs station Bilachinium, which was also suspected at Villach at times, was actually in the Canal Valley / Val Canale near Camporosso / Saifnitz. Around 600 Slavic tribes immigrated and founded the Slavic principality of Carantania .
Around 740, Borouth , Duke of Carantania, turned to Duke Odilo of Bavaria for help against the Avars . This was also granted, but against recognition of Bavarian or Franconian sovereignty. In 878, the Carolingian King Karlmann gave the Bavarian monastery of Öttingen the Königshof Treffen . The Villach Bridge and the name Villach, which also dates from pre-Roman times, were first mentioned as ad pontem Uillach .
High Middle Ages and Early Modern Times
In 1060 Villach was granted market rights, in the following time the market settlement grew into a fully developed town; Villach has been documented as such at least since 1240. The city suffered severe damage in earthquakes on January 25, 1348 and December 4, 1690. After the Reformation took hold around 1526 , Villach became the center of Protestantism in Carinthia . During the Counter-Reformation around 1600, many Protestant Villach residents emigrated, which contributed to the city's temporary economic decline.
In 1759 Villach was bought by Empress Maria Theresia together with all other Bamberg possessions in Carinthia for Austria. The purchase price agreed with the Prince Diocese of Bamberg was 1 million guilders. Contrary to popular misconception, the assessment and payment of the purchase price was accurate. As part of the Teresian reforms Villach was next Klagenfurt and Völkermarkt the seat of a Kreishauptmannschaft .
During the Napoleonic period (1809 to 1813) Villach was a district town within the French Illyrian provinces . During this time the medieval city fortifications were torn down. The city was recaptured from Austria in the summer of 1813, causing severe damage. With the Citizens Guard , the rest of the former municipal defense organization was dissolved in 1852.
In 1880 the municipality of Villach had 6,104 inhabitants. Of these, 5,475 were German (90%) and 30 Slovenian (0.5%).
During the First World War , Villach was the seat of the command of the 10th Army from 1915 to 1917.
On January 1, 1932, Villach became an autonomous city with its own statute. At the same time, Villach took over the tasks of the district administration.
After the “ Anschluss of Austria ”, the Reichspogromnacht also saw the destruction of Jewish property, expropriations, expulsions and physical attacks against Jews in Villach . The Villach resistance fighters against the Nazi regime Heinrich Brunner, Valentin Clementin, Rosa Eberhard, Milan Jelic, Margarete Jessernig, Maria Peskoller, Erich Ranacher and Josef Ribitsch were sentenced to death on December 18, 1944 by Roland Freisler , President of the People's Court executed with the guillotine on December 23, 1944 in Graz.
During the Second World War , the Allies carried out 37 air raids against Villach. About 42,500 bombs were dropped, damaging 85% of the city's buildings. After Wiener Neustadt, Villach was one of the most damaged cities in Austria.
As part of the Alpine Convention , Villach was named the first Alpine town of the year in 1997 and in 2014 received a Europe-wide award for its commitment to environmental protection and renewable energies .
In 1905, part of the municipality of St. Martin was incorporated. In 1973 the urban area expanded again with the incorporation of Landskron, Maria Gail and Fellach and thus reached the current size.
Population and population development
On January 1st, 2009 there were 58,949 people living in Villach, 6961 of them or 11.8% foreigners. A total of 8,898 people or 15.1% were born abroad. The majority of the people born abroad came from the countries of the former Yugoslavia (3940 people or 6.7% of the total population), the next largest group were Germans (1642 people or 2.8% of the total population).
The population of the city of Villach is growing and on January 1, 2014 it reached a population of 60,004. Around 10,000 people or around 17% of the Villach population did not have Austrian citizenship as of January 1, 2018. A total of 12,648 people (20.4% of the Villach population) were not born in Austria (note: “Population with a migration background” without children born in Austria).
As of January 1, 2019, 62,243 people were living in Villach, of which 11,942 were not Austrian citizens (this corresponds to 19.2%) and 13,050 Villach people were born abroad (21% of the Villach population).
According to data from the Villach registration office, as of December 31, 2016, voluntary information provided by 55,591 residents (population according to ZMR as of October 31, 2016: 61,833) of the city resulted in the following religious affiliation figures:
- Roman Catholic : 28,877 (51.9% of respondents)
- Evangelical Church A. u. HB : 6,681 (12.0% of theory)
- Islam : 4,656 (8.4% of the total)
- Without confession: 15,377 (27.7% d. A.)
In January 2017, according to the Carinthian State School Board, 49% of the compulsory school students in Villach were Roman Catholic, 20% Muslim and 15.1% Protestant.
Culture and sights
It is a generously laid out street square with a ratio of one to eight. The complex dates from the 12th century, with slightly curved building lines and a closed-looking wall, interrupted by narrow alleys, the latter partly with Schwibbögen (Ankershofen and Karlgasse). There are also two historically important buildings on the main square, on the one hand the house in which the doctor and philosopher Paracelsus lived for a while, on the other hand the house where Anton Ghon was born . Both buildings are on the west side of the square.
On the lower main square in front of the former town hall, a stone post is set up. As early as the 15th century, the pillory stood roughly at this point, which was chosen so centrally that almost everyone had to walk past it. It was removed around 1800, walled in in the bank protection wall of the Draulände and was considered lost for around 150 years. Only when this wall was demolished on October 12, 1959 did the six-sided crown of the former pillory come to light again. Today's Villach pillory is a copy, the original is in the courtyard of the museum on Widmanngasse.
Unique among the many preserved Austrian pillories is the pictorial representation of the possible punishments for certain offenses. On the pyramid-shaped top, four draconian punishments are carved in stone as a drastic deterrent: puffing (whipping), chopping off a hand, poking out eyes and cutting off an ear. In addition to the four depictions of corporal punishment, two other fields show legal symbols: the scales as a symbol of justice and the sword arm as an expression of market justice and the dictate of peace.
The medieval punishment of a delinquent should not fail to have its effect, because standing in the pillory represented a terrible punishment. The perpetrator tied to this stake was to be hung a plaque on which his offense was written, and would thus be defenseless against the insults and ridicule of those passing by been exposed. Adulterers and thieves had to be pilloried particularly often. The threat of punishment should not have failed to have a deterrent effect in Villach, because there are no records or reports of the execution of such a sentence.
It is located in the north-western part of the former city wall in downtown Villach. It belongs to the quarter west of the main square. The old alley got its name from the craftsmen who had their factories here . Today it is part of the pedestrian zone.
High water marks
The buildings on the other side of the Lederergasse have suffered from flooding several times over the centuries. Plaques in the alley with the respective water levels of the flood testify this in an impressive way. In particular, the high water mark from 1567 on house number 12 is particularly worth seeing. The last two great floods of water struck Villach in 1966 and 1967. We can look forward to any future floods with confidence: the construction of the Villach river power plant will give us better control options.
The Hegerhaus was built as a late Gothic craftsman's house next to the upper watering gate, including the former city wall (north side). After severe war damage, the house fell into disrepair until it was ready for demolition. Between 1977 and 1978 Hilda Heger saved it from decay by architect DI Peter H. Kulterer, repaired it inside and outside and revitalized it.
Villach was the center of the Villach School , a workshop for painting and carving , which produced artistically designed works, mainly sacred art ( winged altar , fresco ), in the late Gothic style in the 15th and 16th centuries . Its most important representatives were Friedrich von Villach and his pupil Thomas von Villach .
- City Museum Villach ; The city museum, which has existed since 1873, is housed in a historic town house in the city center. With its collections it documents the history, art and culture of the Villach area. Research results and museum activities have been published in the museum yearbook “Neues aus Alt-Villach” since 1964. In 2017 the museum was awarded the Austrian Museum Seal of Approval.
- Relief of Carinthia in the Schillerpark: The largest such topographical landscape sculpture in Europe shows the federal state of Carinthia and the neighboring areas on 182 m².
- Villach Castle with a showroom as a branch of the city museum
- Vehicle museum in Zauchen: approx. 185 vehicles from the years 1927–1977
- Doll Museum: artist dolls from the studios of international artists
- Pilzmuseum Treffen as the only museum of its kind in Austria
- Ebner's house museum about mining, agriculture and tourism
- New stage in Villach
- Kulturhofkeller Villach
- Kremlhoftheater Villach as the smallest theater in the world
- Cultural spectrum of Maria Gail (KSMG)
City's Culture Prize
Since 1985, the city of Villach has awarded a culture prize once a year for special creative achievements in the cultural field that are suitable for sustainably enriching the cultural and intellectual life in Villach. The award can be given to natural persons, but in exceptional cases also to associations, institutions or working groups. Each award winner can only receive the award once.
- Prize winners: see Culture Prize of the City of Villach .
- Carinthian summer
- Villach Carnival
- Villacher Kirchtag (traditional festival)
- Harley Davidson's European Bike Week at Lake Faak
- International convertible meeting at Faaker See
- Honky-Tonk Festival
- Ackern ("open-air living room festival" until 2015)
- Viennese Tarock Cup
The Evangelical Superintendent of Carinthia and East Tyrol is located in Villach .
The non-profit traditional association of the Villacher Bauerngman is also based here. In Villach there are other socially active associations such as Lions, Kiwanis, Round Table, Rotarys and Together .
- Villacher cake
- Villach church soup
- Old Catholic castle chapel St. Heinrich and Kunigunde ( Villach Castle )
- City parish church St. Jakob with viewing platform at a height of around 48 m
- Nikolaikirche with attached Franciscan monastery
- Church of the Holy Cross
- Evangelical church in the city park
- Evangelical Resurrection Church in Lind
- Evangelical Church of St. Ruprecht
- Parish Church of the Holy Spirit
- Parish church Maria Landskron
- Parish Church of St. Leonhard
- Parish Church of St. Niklas an der Drau
- Parish Church of St. Martin
- Parish Church of St. Joseph
- Parish church Völkendorf
- Pilgrimage Church of Maria Gail
- Oberwollanig Church
- Federaun branch church
- Filial church St. Johann
- Filial church Obere Fellach
- Filial church St. Andrä
- St. Georgen branch church
- Branch church St. Magdalen
- Filial church of St. Michael
- Filial church St. Ruprecht
- Filial church St. Ulrich
- Landskron Castle with Eagle Arena and Affenberg
- Congress Center Villach as the venue for the Villach Carnival
- Historic city center with main square, Trinity Column and parts of the former city wall
- Römerweg in Warmbad; A so-called track road sunk into the limestone rock, which, according to the vernacular, was laid out in Roman times. However, only an expansion in the Middle Ages can be historically proven. The Römerweg is visible for a few hundred meters above Warmbad near the so-called Napoleonswiese to the south towards Oberfederaun and also serves as a hiking trail.
- Barrows from the Hallstatt period near the Landskron ruins
- Paracelsushof; The house at Hauptplatz No. 18 and its Renaissance arcaded courtyard are considered, according to a historically inaccurate narrative tradition, as the place of activity of Paracelsus and his father Wilhelm v. Hohenheim; Since 1896 there has been a memorial stone on the facade and since 1941 two marble portraits in the courtyard, created by the sculptor Josef Dobner Theophrast von Hohenheim ( Paracelsus ).
- Villach town hall ; This is where the EC VSV plays its home games, including the Carinthian ice hockey derbies .
- Monument of names ; The memorial in Widmanngasse commemorates the victims of National Socialism in Villach. Initiated by the association Erinnern, it was first unveiled in 1999. After numerous extensions and acts of vandalism , which led to redesign, it was last inaugurated again in 2008.
- Statue of Emperor Joseph II with the tolerance patent in his right hand on Kaiser-Josef-Platz
- Still picture of the painter Hanns Gasser on the Hanns-Gasser-Platz
Natural monuments and other special features
- see also the list of natural monuments in Villach
- Maibachl ; These natural spring pools in the middle of the green are 10 to 15 m higher than the Warmbad thermal springs with constant water flow. So it takes the special pressure of the snowmelt to make the springs above gush. Bathers can also enjoy the Maibachl during prolonged, intense rainfall. In 2003 it was declared a natural monument.
- Hungerbach; A very seldom flowing stream near the Maibachl, which is also fed by thermal springs.
- Warmbach / Zillerbach; The Warmbach near Villach is the outflow of the Warmbad thermal system and is constantly around 24 ° C. It is the habitat of numerous tropical and subtropical fish that have been illegally released by aquarists for decades. In 2015, BOKU was able to document around 50 different fish species in the course of a master's thesis, including more than ten species of cichlids .
- Furthermore, cold water appears in several places in a warm bath. This takes place in the form of perennial sources (Roman source) and in the form of periodic sources (Studenza source)
- Drobollacher Moor; Silting moor on the west bank of the Faaker See in a moraine landscape.
- Bad moss; Flat moor in Gratschach.
- Buchenloch (Helenengrotto) near Warmbad.
- Eggerloch ; One of the largest caves in the limestone rock of the Villacher Alpe (Dobratsch or here Tscheltschnigkogel) near Warmbad.
- Villach's natural shafts on the Dobratsch.
- city Park
- Schiller Park
- Walther von der Vogelweide-Park
- Warmbad Kurpark (private property)
There are around 80 sports clubs in Villach, in which over 60 sports can be practiced. Sports facilities include the Villach town hall , the Landskron sports center, the Lind stadium, the St. Martin sports hall, the Lind ball game hall, the Villach climbing hall and seven other sports and special halls. There are also four other sports and soccer fields, nine trend sports facilities and 21 tennis courts.
The sporting flagship of the city is the ice hockey club EC VSV , which has been playing in the highest Austrian league, the multinational EBEL , since 1977 and has won the title of Austrian champion six times , most recently in 2006. The Carinthian ice hockey derby with the EC KAC is considered the most interesting and oldest duel in Austrian ice hockey. The VSV plays its home games in the Villach town hall.
Further sports clubs at the Bundesliga level are the table tennis club TTC CarinthiaWinds (1st Bundesliga), the Panaceo Raiders basketball club (2nd Bundesliga) and the floorball club VSV Unihockey (1st Bundesliga).
The Villacher Alpenarena , ski jumping hill and cross-country ski run at the foot of the Dobratsch is a sports center for Nordic skiing. In addition to cross-country skiing, Nordic combined and special jumping are offered. The Alpenarena has already hosted a World Cup ski jumping competition seven times. In addition, a jumping will be held in the Ski Jumping Continental Cup . The ski jumping facility comprises four hills from K15-K90.
International sporting events in Villach
- Road cycling world championships from 1987
- Waterski World Championship from 1991 ( Silbersee )
- Kickboxing World Championship from 2009 ( WAKO , town hall)
- XVI. Fire Brigade Olympics of 2017, which is organized every four years by the World Fire Brigade Association CTIF in other cities (Lind sports stadium, Park des Alten Parkhotel).
- The annual Ironman Austria cycle route runs through the city.
Villach economy in numbers
On May 15, 2001, 3234 companies employed 32,133 people in Villach. 15 companies with more than 200 employees each are large companies.
Statistics Austria's register census of October 31, 2011 shows a sharp increase in the number of companies and employees in Villach. Accordingly, as of October 31, 2011, there were 4687 workplaces (companies) in the city of Villach with a total of 36,884 employees (of which 33,831 are employees).
8825 Villachers commute to work. In return, 18,225 commuters come from outside to work in Villach every day.
Economic focus and leading companies in Villach
Villach is traditionally the most important industrial location in Carinthia and has a number of large industrial companies.
In 1970 Siemens AG started producing diodes in Villach. In 1979 the first wafer production started and the development center for microelectronics was founded. A steady expansion of the location in Villach followed, so that Siemens has become one of the largest employers in Villach. Infineon Technologies AG , which emerged from the Siemens semiconductor division, has been running the Villach location as a competence center for automotive and industrial electronics and as the main location of Infineon Technologies Austria AG since 2000 . In 2018, Infineon announced that it wanted to further upgrade the location with another plant for 1.6 billion euros, which is due to go into operation in 2021.
The decline of the Magdalen pulp mill at the end of the 1980s was accompanied by a scandal that deeply shook the Carinthian state politics.
The tpv Technologiepark Villach is a hub in the Alps-Adriatic region for high-tech. The settlements follow the strategic objective of "teaching, research and development in one location". The main focus includes the areas of (micro) electronics, renewable energy, geographic information, information and communication technology as well as the associated suppliers and service providers. The supporting pillars are resident institutions such as the Carinthia University of Applied Sciences , the non-university research and competence center Carinthian Tech Research (CTR) and Micronas Villach semiconductor development GmbH.
The Vereinigte Kärntner Brauereien AG , which sells beer brands such as “Villacher Bier” and the traditional Klagenfurt brand “Schleppe Bier”, is a traditional company that is well-known beyond Carinthia and is based in Villach.
Other larger industrial companies in Villach are:
- Imerys Fused Minerals Villach (formerly Treibacher Schleifmittel), production of synthetic corundum , including a separate research center in Villach
- 3M Villach (formerly Rappold Winterthur), production of grinding and cutting discs
- Flowserve Villach, manufacture of control valves for pipelines and other pipelines
- Henelit , manufacture of lacquers
- ABC contract manufacturing, contract manufacturer in the fields of machining, plastics, mechatronics, assembly and textiles
- Ressmann vehicle construction
- Sto Villach, manufacture of reinforcement and filler compounds , as well as facade adhesive
- Ortner clean room technology, setting up and equipping clean rooms
Villach is one of the 24 municipalities in Austria (as of March 2019) that have received the highest award in the e5 municipal energy project. The e5 community project aims to promote the implementation of a modern energy and climate policy at community level.
Transport and infrastructure
The city of Villach has been an important traffic junction for both rail and road traffic in Carinthia since its inception . This is also proven by the well-preserved remains of the so-called Roman road in the Warmbad district .
Villach is one of the most important rail hubs in Austria. Here converge several railway lines: The Drautal train from San Candido-Innichen in South Tyrol via Lienz , Spittal , Villach main station , Hauptbahnhof Klagenfurt to Maribor (Maribor) in Slovenia, the Rudolfsbahngürtel of Amstetten or St Valentin and Bruck an der Mur on Sankt Veit an der Glan , Feldkirchen in Carinthia to Tarvis (Italy) and the Karawankenbahn to Jesenice (Aßling) in Slovenia .
In local transport, Villach is a central hub within the Carinthia S-Bahn . Since December 12, 2010, the S1 line has been running every half hour to Klagenfurt and every hour to Spittal an der Drau on weekdays . Since December 2011 Villach has been served hourly by the S2 line , which runs from Feldkirchen via Villach to Rosenbach .
There are the following train stations and stops in the city:
- Villach main station
- Villach Westbahnhof
- Villach Hauptbahnhof-Ostbahnhof car loading point (for car trains to Southeast Europe and Germany )
- Villach Warmbad
- Villach Seebach
- Villach St. Ruprecht
- Villach Landskron
- Villach St. Magdalen (planned)
The main train station in Villach is frequented, while the other train stations and stops are important stations for local transport. From the car loading point at the Ostbahnhof there are mainly connections to Southeast Europe (such as the Optima Express to Edirne in Turkey or car trains to other European countries, especially to Germany).
In the area Fürnitz lying large yard Villach-South. This is the second largest marshalling yard in Austria after the Wien-Kledering central marshalling yard. Traditionally, a not inconsiderable proportion of the Villach population is employed by the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB). The central railway office for southern Austria is located in Villach.
The new operations management center for Carinthia and Styria, which has been in operation since spring 2012, is also located in Villach. This is used to remotely control the ÖBB main network in both federal states (around 870 kilometers of rail).
At the Villach motorway junction, the A2 south motorway , which runs from Vienna via Graz and Klagenfurt to Italy , crosses the A10 Tauern motorway and the A11 Karawanken motorway . The Tauern Autobahn connects Villach with Salzburg and Germany , the Karawanken Autobahn connects Villach with Slovenia .
- Villach Ossiacher See (north) - leads to the north bypass or to the Ossiacherzeile
- Villach West - leads over Drautal Straße (B 100) to the northern bypass
- Villach Faaker See (South East) - leads over Mariagailer Straße to Ossiacher Reihe
- Villach Warmbad (south) - leads over the Kärntner Straße (B 83) to the center or to the western bypass
The Kärntnerstraße (B 83) of Klagenfurt leads to Italy runs, southeast from the center by Villach and is a major access roads to Villach. In the eastern part of the city, Ossiacher Straße (B 94) branches off from B 83 and continues in the Sankt Veit district to Friesacher Straße (B 317). In the north, Drautal Straße (B 100) branches off from Ossiacher Straße, which then runs west to Villacher Straße (B 86). Then the B 100 leads to Spittal an der Drau , East Tyrol and on to Italy . As a western bypass, Villacher Strasse connects Drautal Strasse B 100 and Kärntner Strasse B 83. The B 86 and B 83 intersect in a well-developed, plan-free junction. These streets create a road ring around the center of Villach. The Faakersee Straße (B 84) finally connects the Faaker See with Villach.
There are 4,480 parking spaces in Villach, including 2,490 private, toll-free, 840 toll-free public ones without time restrictions, 790 toll-free public ones in short-term parking zones and 360 free-of-charge in short-term parking zones. In the entire city center there is a free parking time of twenty minutes, whereby the arrival time must be clearly displayed. Since January 2019, it has been possible to park for free in the fee-based short-term parking zones in the city center on Saturdays from 9 a.m., and the loading zones can also be used as parking spaces from 10 a.m.
In addition to the 45 parking ticket machines installed in the short-term parking zone, it has been possible since 2011 to buy parking tickets with a mobile phone ( mobile phone parking ). Another option is the CityBonus system. In around 100 shops in the city center, points can be loaded onto a key fob or card after each purchase and converted into parking time at every parking ticket machine in the city center. The system was used by 15,000 people in 2018.
The regular bus service in the city area is operated by the Villacher Verkehrsgesellschaft Kowatsch . The city buses also connect the city center and the main train station with the outskirts of Villach. The main station is the junction of the rapid transit lines S1, S2 and S4 and the regional bus routes to Upper Carinthia, to Wörthersee, to the Villach area and to Italy. The S1 runs every 30 minutes via Klagenfurt to Sankt Veit an der Glan and continues every hour to Friesach and every 60 minutes to Spittal an der Drau . The S2 runs every hour via Faak am See to Rosenbach and every hour via Feldkirchen in Carinthia to St. Veit an der Glan. The S4 runs via Arnoldstein to Hermagor.
The bus lines of the company Kowatsch serve the following lines:
- Line Warmbad Thermal Baths - South Shopping Center ( ATRIO ) 1: Central Station -
- Line 2: Hauptbahnhof - Völkendorf
- Line 3: October 10th street - main station - St. Magdalen - St. Ulrich
- Line 4: Hauptbahnhof - Auen - Hauptbahnhof
- Line Annenheim am Ossiachersee 5: October 10th street - main station -
- Line 5A: October 10th Street - Central Station - St. Andrä - Lido
- Line Hospital - Tafernerstraße - Trattengasse 6: October 10th Street - Central Station - State
- Line Lind - Vassacher See - Neue Heimat 7: October 10th Street - Central Station -
- Line 7A: October 10th Street - Central Station - Lind - Neue Heimat - Vassacher See
- Line Perau - October 10th Strasse - Hauptbahnhof 8/11: Hauptbahnhof - Westbahnhof - Karawankenweg - Siemensstrasse -
- Line Judendorf - Möltschach - Bergsiedlung 9: Central Station -
- Line 10: Central Station - South Shopping Center (ATRIO) - Warmbad Thermal Spa
- Line 11/8: Central Station - Perau - Burgenlandstrasse - Siemensstrasse - Tschinowitsch - Karawankenweg - October 10th Street - Central Station
- Line 12: Hauptbahnhof - Warmbad thermal baths - Völkendorf
- Line 18: Hauptbahnhof - Federaun - Unterschütt - Oberschütt
- Line 30: October 10th Street - Central Station - Seebacher Allee - St. Magdalen - St. Ulrich
- Line 50: October 10th street - main station - Annenheim - Sattendorf am Ossiachersee
- Line 70: October 10th Street - Central Station - Lind - Neue Heimat
Postbus GmbH buses also take on tasks in city traffic
Line 5175: Hauptbahnhof - Hans-Gasser-Platz - St. Martin - Untere Fellach - Obere Fellach - St. Georgen - Neue Fellach
In Villach, cycling is possible in the whole city, including in the pedestrian zones of the old town, including on a trial basis on the main square. The city's cycle path network already covers over 120 km and includes several national cycle paths. The Drau cycle path R1, for example, runs through the city with a length of around twelve kilometers, the cycle path R2 from Seebach to Heiligengestade with around eight kilometers and the Carnic cycle path R3 starting at R1 at the mouth of the Seebach to Unterschütt. In 2016 the mountain bike practice area "areaone" was opened on the Kumitzberg. Mountain bikers can choose from six different mountain bike exercise trails and a practice area for driving technique courses with different obstacles and degrees of difficulty.
The city has had a bicycle coordinator since 2017, whose tasks include finding solutions for greater cyclist friendliness and optimizing the cycle path network. By April 2018, 800 parking spaces with leaning bars had been created for bicycles.
In addition to the existing funding for electromobility, such as free parking, the city has also been supporting the purchase of electric vehicles, electric scooters and e-bikes since September 2016. In 2015, Tesla Motors Austria GmbH and Kelag opened Austria's largest e-charging station on Maria Gailer Strasse .
Since June 15, 2019, there has also been an e-scooter rental system from the provider TIER in Villach, which has chosen Villach as the first non-state capital for its rental system. 90 electric scooters are available between 7:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m. at 30 defined locations in Villach and are then spread over the entire city area during the day due to the individual trips. After registering once with the provider app, the locations of the scooters can be accessed or used for a fee. The scooters are collected and charged overnight.
As an important traffic route, Villach already had a stone Draubrücke bridge during Roman times and was first documented as a bridge location in 878. During the High Middle Ages , the so-called “sloping passage” led from Vienna to Venice , as one of the most important transit routes in Central Europe, through Villach. The Villach Draubrücke was also topographed in 1649 in the Topographia Germaniae by Matthäus Merian .
The city of Villach is responsible for 127 bridge structures with a total area of 26 km², which together span around 3.3 km. The bridges are divided into categories A (15 large bridges), B (60) and C (52). The bridges are checked nationwide every six or twelve years, although shorter intervals are also possible. Every four months there is a rough visual inspection by the road maintenance department, every two years a more detailed inspection with the support of civil engineers.
The bridge maintenance company Villach (BMV) looks after the only warehouse of temporary bridge equipment for disaster control in Carinthia. All makeshift bridge material is owned by the State of Carinthia and, if necessary, will be assembled at the locations by the armed forces or the staff of the Villach bridge maintenance facility.
The red Friedensbrücke is one of the landmarks of Villach and was built in 2004 as part of the Villach commercial area and industrial development (GAV). It connects St. Magdalen with the Süd Autobahn and was awarded the State Building Prize in 2005.
The water works Villach is an urban business and recovers the water to about 80% of the Karst Stock of Dobratsch where the water with more than 400 liters per second over the Union and Thomas source comes to the surface. The remaining 20 percent come from the Urlaken groundwater field, the gravelly aquifer in the area around the valley . The St. Magdalen groundwater well also provides sufficient reserves for emergency water supply. In addition, around 450,000 m³ of drinking water are fed into the Vassacher See and St. Leonharder See lakes every year to maintain the quality of the bathing water.
The urban pipeline network consists of around 315 km of pipelines and an additional 177 km of connection lines. For the balance between water supply and water demand 14 provide elevated tanks with a total of around 24,000 m³. In addition, over 800 hydrants are available for extinguishing water purposes. The per capita consumption in Villach is around 130 liters of water (household and commercial). Around 10,000 water meters are installed to record water consumption in households . The entire drinking water supply systems are monitored centrally by the control room in the operating building of the waterworks and managed automatically.
Post-treatment of the drinking water from Villach is not necessary because of its high quality and it could be given to the customer without chemical treatment. As a precaution, however, a UV system has been used for disinfection in the Obere Fellach headwaters since 1992 . This physical disinfection process for drinking water, which has only been officially recognized since 1989, made Villach the Austrian pioneer of this environmentally friendly method, replacing the previously common disinfection using chlorine dioxide .
As part of the implementation of the drinking water emergency supply concept for the city of Villach, a mobile drinking water packaging system, two mobile drinking water tanks with a capacity of 400 liters each, two group taps and two power generation units were purchased. In view of the fact that there are only four similar drinking water packaging machines throughout Austria, this is of supraregional importance in terms of disaster protection in addition to the supply support for the Villach population.
History of the water supply
For many centuries, Villach's historical water supply was based on the use of groundwater. In addition to numerous public wells and house wells , there was a network of underground wooden pipes, first attested in 1452, which carried water from a spring into the city. This earliest such communal system in Carinthia existed until the 19th century, when the pipeline network was replaced by pipes made of lead and later cast iron . In 1874, a pressure line with a network of pipes in the alleys and increased outlets with hydrants were created.
Due to the rapidly increasing water consumption, the springs of the Fellach brook were opened up from 1909. The older supply lines including the springs in St. Martin continued to be used until 1990. Because of the increased demand for water in the St. Leonhard district, deep wells were built and connected to the supply network in 1942.
Since 1964 there has been a permit under water law to use the entire donation from the Union and Thomas springs, with protected areas being established around the springs. The Thomas spring was filled with several wells and led into the spring room of the Union spring. From December 1966, the water from the Union spring was fed into the supply network. The municipal water supplies of Landskron and Fellach were taken over by the city in the course of the consolidation of the municipalities in 1973. Between 1989 and 1992 a new well was built in Urlaken and in 1993 the core, donkey and castle well springs were closed.
In 1997 the Reßmann spring and the Oswaldiberg spring were removed from the permanent drinking water supply. Wollanig's water supply was taken over by the city's waterworks in 1997. In the years that followed, the Wollanig district was integrated into the supply area of the Union and Thomas springs. Since then, the water supplies from the former Oberwollanig and Unterwollanig water cooperative (Maduschen, Dorf, Anger, Zertitz, Kapritzl and Holzwandl springs) are no longer used for the constant supply of drinking water. The water supply for the village of Mittewald, with the Barbaraquelle spring room, also went to the waterworks in 1998.
After 15 months of construction, the 16 km long district heating transmission line from the Arnoldstein waste incineration plant to Villach was put into operation in September 2018 . This line now transports around 100 million kWh of heat to Villach per year , which corresponds to around half of the city's district heating requirements. This means that around 90% of the heat requirement in Villach can now be met from regenerative sources ; natural gas is only used for peak coverage and as a failure reserve. The Kelag has invested around 16 million euros in the district heating transfer line into the heat transfer station in Warmbad and power adjustments. Other primary energy sources for district heating in Villach are the Kelag biomass heating plant in St. Agathen, waste heat from the Omya in Weißenstein , waste heat from a private biomass power plant in Untere Fellach and, to a lesser extent, landfill gas from Finkenstein and solar energy .
Sewer and sewage
More than 99% of the Villach building objects are connected to the city's 400 km sewer network, which transports the sewage to the organic sewage treatment plant in St. Agathen. The sewerage area is operated by the city of Villach (Innere Stadt, Fellach) and the Faaker See (Maria Gail) and Ossiacher See (Landskron) water boards.
The civil engineering department of the municipal authorities is responsible for the expansion, general renovation and maintenance of the sewer system. In 2018/19 a comprehensive status report of the sewer and thousands of manholes was created, which was last done in 1996/97. From 1998 to 2018 around 15 million euros were invested in the renovation of the sewer network.
In the fully biological sewage treatment plant St. Agathen, which has been in operation since 1997 and has a degree of purification of more than 95 percent, in addition to the wastewater from the city of Villach, also the wastewater from the area of the Faaker See wastewater association, parts of the Ossiacher See water association and the communities of Hohenthurn, Afritz, Arnoldstein, Bleiberg and Arriach cleaned. With the achievable degree of purification, the treated wastewater can be discharged into the receiving water Drau without hesitation. With an extension of 200,000 PE or an average annual cleaning capacity of approx. 13 million cubic meters of wastewater, the Villach sewage treatment plant is one of the ten largest municipal wastewater treatment plants in Austria.
Security and medical care
The Villach Police Department is located in Trattengasse in Villach, as a branch of the Carinthia State Police Department, which acts as the city's security authority. In addition to a police inspection , a police detention center , the city police command and the traffic inspection , an operative criminal service is also located here. In addition, there are five more police inspections in the city area on the main square, in the main train station (border and immigration police) and in the Atrio shopping center , as well as in the Landskron and Neufellach districts. There is also a motorway police station in Landskron. The VIPER (Villach Police Deployment Reserve) acts as a special unit in the urban area. City police commander has been Colonel Erich Londer since 2005.
To maintain security, Villach relies on shorter police patrol intervals and localized video surveillance in conjunction with emergency telephones . In order to combat the increasing spread of graffiti , the city is providing areas for legal spraying and funds from art funding.
There are three army barracks in Villach , in which two full battalions are stationed. In the Rohr barracks in Villach-Seebach and the Hensel barracks in Villach-Obere Fellach, there is the Pioneer Battalion 1, whose members are known as Villach Pioneers and can look back on a long, traditional history in the Villach area. The Villach pioneers are repeatedly deployed to provide aid and disaster relief in Carinthia, or in the case of major disaster events throughout Germany. Furthermore, the battalion has cadre presence forces for missions abroad.
In the Lutschounig barracks in Villach-Italienerstraße is the command support battalion 1 (telecommunication unit), which is directly subordinate to the armed forces command. The association can provide support in terms of ICT (information and communication technology) as a whole or in modules, depending on the troop's operational requirements.
According to crime statistics, the resolution rate for all offenses in Villach in 2017 was 52 percent (2016: 46 percent), and there was not a single drug or traffic death. The most rapidly growing problem areas included cellar break-ins, drug offenses involving "light drugs" and Internet crime .
Because of the proximity to the border with Italy, where state-controlled brothels are prohibited, prostitution in Villach was a lucrative business. At times around 200 women worked in a dozen brothels and whorehouses. In order to counteract this, the Villach Prostitution Restriction Ordinance was passed in April 2014, which grants a 300-meter protection zone in the old town around kindergartens, schools, churches and cemeteries. In these zones, business licenses for brothels and whorehouses are neither granted nor extended. From 2014 to January 2019, this reduced the number of establishments from twelve to two.
Fire and rescue services
In the Kasernengasse in Villach is the district fire brigade command Villach-Stadt, which also houses the voluntary main fire station Villach as well as a local office of the mountain rescue service and water rescue . There is also a Carinthian cave rescue mission in Villach.
In total there are in Villach 21 volunteer fire departments as well as the company fire brigade of Infineon . In 2013 the brigades had a strength of 874 active members with 48 vehicles deployed on 719 missions, including 96 fires. 322 other people were inactive members, reservists and members of the youth fire department.
The Villach Regional Hospital, which opened on October 4, 1891, has eleven departments and four institutes with more than 1,700 employees. In December 2003, the LKH Villach was the first general acute hospital in Austria to be accredited by the Joint Commission International and thus meets the highest international standards of quality assurance and patient orientation. With over 32,000 freshly injured patients annually, including over 5300 inpatients, Villach Trauma Surgery is the largest care unit in Carinthia. In addition, the LKH has the largest orthopedic department in Carinthia with the special hospital in Villach-Warmbad, which has been affiliated since 1992 .
There is also a private clinic in Villach-Warmbad.
Burial and cemeteries
There are three municipal cemeteries in Villach. The central cemetery is the largest and also has numerous graves of honor and a military cemetery . Others are the St. Martin cemetery and the forest cemetery, the latter is the location of the only crematorium in the federal state of Carinthia. It was built between 1952 and 1953 according to plans by the architect Erich Boltenstern and is operated by Bestattung Kärnten GmbH , which arose from the merger of the Villach and Klagenfurt funeral homes. The 50,000th cremation took place in January 2016.
General education schools
- 2 high schools (BG / BRG Peraustraße and BG / BRG St. Martiner Straße )
- 4 new middle schools (Auen, Lind, Völkendorf, Landskron)
- 13 public elementary schools
- 2 private primary schools with public rights (Waldorf and ABC Trinity)
- 12 kindergartens
- Center for Human Vocational Schools (HBLA for business professions, artistic design, fashion and design, communication and media design)
- HTL Villach , higher technical federal teaching and research institute Villach for civil engineering, interior design, IT
- Carinthian Tourism School (KTS)
- Vocational college for communication and media design in CHS-Villach
- Commercial Academy Villach
- 3 vocational schools
- Carinthia University of Applied Sciences with courses in economics , geoinformation , mechanical engineering and systems engineering
Other educational institutions
- Special school for the severely disabled
- Music school Villach
- Vitalakademie Villach
- Professional development institute bfi
- Economic development institute WIFI
- Paracelsus Academy Villach
- School of Health and Nursing
The first mayoral election of Villach took place in 1588 and was won by Michael Grundtner. In the office of mayor, individual councilors often took turns, so that the same person often appears to have been elected mayor several times. In the Middle Ages, the mayors belonged to the city patriciate and in the following 16th and 17th centuries almost all of them belonged to the trade and industry.
The mayor holds the highest office in the city and is elected directly by the people every six years. Since 2015 is Günther Albel the 91st Mayor of Villach. His predecessor Helmut Manzenreiter had been in office since 1987, making him the longest ruling mayor in the city's history.
Mayor since 1945
- 1945 to 1951: Viktor Petschnik
- 1956 to 1968: Gottfried Timmerer
- 1968 to 1976: Josef Resch
- 1976 to 1981: Jakob Mörtl
- 1981 to 1987: Leopold Hrazdil
- 1987 to 2015: Helmut Manzenreiter
- since 2015: Günther Albel
The city's highest body is the Villach Municipal Council, which is elected directly by the population every six years and consists of 45 members. Unless otherwise stipulated by city law, it has a quorum if the mayor and at least half of the members (23 members) of the municipal council are present. A two-thirds majority (30 members) is required for certain resolutions .
It is currently composed as follows;
- 22 SPÖ
- 7 FPÖ
- 9 ÖVP
- 1 Earth responsibility
- 1 Villach citizens' list (before NEOS )
- 3 GREEN
- 2 non-party (1 since June 2017, before 1 SPÖ; 2 since July 2019, before 1 ÖVP)
The Villach city senate consists of the mayor as chairman, as well as two vice mayors and four city councilors who were elected by the municipal council. The city senate generally advises on all matters that must be submitted to the municipal council for resolution. The meetings take place in the presence of the magistrate director and are not public. The number of members of the city senate was reduced from 9 to 5 in 1997 and increased to 7 in 2003.
On April 10, 2015, the city senate of Villach was sworn in on the basis of the election results of March 1, 2015. This is composed as follows;
- Mayor Günther Albel (SPÖ)
- 1st Vice Mayor Irene Hochstetter-Lackner (SPÖ)
- 2nd Vice Mayor Gerda Sandriesser (SPÖ)
- City Councilor Christian Pober (ÖVP)
- City Councilor Harald Sobe (SPÖ)
- City Councilor Katharina Spanring (ÖVP)
- City Councilor Erwin Baumann (FPÖ)
Coat of arms and flag
|Blazon : “Inthe triangular shield in the yellow field, the city's coat of arms showsa downward-facing black eagle catch ; the rounded leg is heraldically feathered to the left , and the powerful claws sit on a black rock rising from the tip of the shield. "|
Foundation of the coat of arms: From the history of the coat of arms: The use of a seal in Villach can be proven up to the year 1240. The preserved fragment of a document on April 12, 1240 is the oldest evidence of a city seal in Austria and also the earliest example of the use of a municipal coat of arms. Due to the use of the shield, it is assumed that Villach used the coat of arms of a city judge or another person of the bishopric , which is also supported by the similarity of the coat of arms with that of the Lords of Finkenstein .
Around 1270 a new Typar (seal stamp) was made, the imprint of which is documented for the first time in a document dated March 5, 1282, and which was used until the 18th century. The four-clawed eagle trap was shown here sitting on a rock. Details on the motif were modified again and again. In 1926 the representation in the city museum was reformed based on the model of the large typar, but the rock was omitted. In the city charter of 1965 one returned to the strict heraldic form of 1270 with the rock in a shield base . The tinctures gold (heraldry) and black are handed down in the Bamberg vassal table from 1603 and in the register of arms A (1747) of the Carinthian State Archives .
The flag is yellow-black with an incorporated coat of arms.
Villach maintains city partnerships with five European cities:
- Bamberg (Germany), since 1973
- Udine (Italy), since 1979
- Suresnes (France), since 1992
- Kaposvár (Hungary), since 1994 (friendship between cities)
- Bled (Slovenia), since 2002 (friendship between cities)
- Kranj (Slovenia), since 2008
- Tolmin (Slovenia), since 2014
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