Wilhelm Baum

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Wilhelm Baum (born January 30, 1948 in Düsseldorf ) is an Austrian historian and publisher .

Live and act

Baum was born in Düsseldorf-Volmerswerth, attended the local elementary school and from 1959 to 1963 the Görres-Gymnasium Düsseldorf and from 1963 to 1967 the Hermann-Josef Kolleg Steinfeld Eifel, where he also graduated in 1967. After studying history, philosophy and theology in Innsbruck, Mainz, Münster a. Tübingen he received his doctorate in 1971 at the University of Innsbruck Dr. phil. and in 1999 at the University of Graz as Dr. theol.

From 1981 to 1985 he taught at the Colegio Aleman in Barcelona and since 1985 in Klagenfurt. In 1995 he became a lecturer in the history of the Middle Ages at the University of Klagenfurt , and also taught history of the Middle Ages at the University of Graz. Baum is a member of the PEN Center Germany and the Austrian PEN Club and was the founder of the Kitab publishing house in Klagenfurt-Vienna in 1999 .

Baum has published several historical accounts: In addition to the history of the Middle Ages, he also deals with the history of the Christian Orient , the history of the Carinthian Slovenes , the resistance against the Nazi regime in Carinthia, the German-Austrian-Slavic cultural relations in the 19th and 20th centuries 20th century as well as with the philosophy of the 20th century . Baum's efforts to publish Ludwig Wittgenstein's secret diaries from the First World War met with particular interest in specialist circles . Further studies dealt with Wittgenstein's life and philosophy, especially with the “Negative Theology” of the Tractatus . In 1999 he founded the Kitab publishing house in Klagenfurt.

He is married to Ulrike Baum, who deciphered Wittgenstein's diaries, which were written in secret letters.



  • Germans and Slovenes in Carniola. A historical consideration . Carinthia, Klagenfurt 1981, ISBN 3-85378-184-5 .
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein (= heads of the 20th century . Vol. 103). Colloquium, Berlin 1985, ISBN 3-7678-0645-2 (also Spanish, Slovenian and Croatian).
  • The Habsburgs and the county of Nellenburg until they passed to Austria (1275–1465) . In: Writings of the Association for the History of Lake Constance and its Surroundings . Vol. 110 (1992), pp. 73-94 ( digitized version ).
  • The Habsburgs in the foothills. 1386-1486; Crisis and climax of the Habsburg position of power in Swabia at the end of the Middle Ages . Böhlau, Vienna 1993, ISBN 3-205-98005-0 .
  • Emperor Sigismund . Hus, Constance and Turkish Wars . Styria, Graz 1993, ISBN 3-222-12203-2 .
  • Margarete Maultasch . Heiress between the Powers . Styria, Graz 1994, ISBN 3-222-12245-8 ; 2nd edition: Margarete Maultasch. Heiress between the Powers. Kitab, Klagenfurt 2004, ISBN 3-902005-43-2 .
  • with Kay E. González : Karl R. Popper . Morgenbuch, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-371-00393-0 (also Slovenian and Croatian).
  • Rudolf IV the founder. His world and his time . Styria, Graz 1996, ISBN 3-222-12422-1 .
  • The metamorphoses of the myth of the kingdom of the priest-king John . Rome, Byzantium and the Christians of the Orient in the Middle Ages . Kitab, Klagenfurt 1999, ISBN 3-902005-02-5 .
  • The Counts of Gorizia in European politics in the Middle Ages . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2000, ISBN 3-902005-04-1 (also Italian).
  • with Dietmar W. Winkler : The Apostolic Church of the East. The story of the so-called Nestorians . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2000, ISBN 3-902005-05-X (also English, England and India).
  • Klagenfurt. History of a city at the intersection of three cultures . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2002, ISBN 3-902005-13-0 .
  • Shirin . Christian, queen, love myth. A late antique female figure; historical reality and literary impact . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2003, ISBN 3-902005-14-9 (also English, England and India; review on H-Soz-u-Kult ).
  • Turkey and its Christian minorities. History, genocide, present . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2005, ISBN 3-902005-56-4 (also in English).
  • The Christian minorities of Turkey in the Paris peace negotiations (1919–1923). Kemal Ataturk and the genocide . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-902005-97-7 .
  • Paris and the culture of modernity in Austria. Austro-French cultural relations 1880–1970 . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2009, ISBN 978-3-902585-18-9 .
  • The Freisler Trials in Carinthia. Evidence of resistance against the Nazi regime in Austria . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2011, ISBN 978-3-902585-77-6 .
  • Sentenced to death. Nazi justice and resistance in Carinthia . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2012, ISBN 978-3-902585-93-6 .
  • Peršmanhof 1945. Protocols of a Nazi war crime . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2013, ISBN 978-3-902878-13-7 .
  • Wittgenstein in the First World War. The Secret Diaries and Experiences at the Front (1914–1918) . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2014, ISBN 978-3-902878-43-4 .
  • In the shadow of the First World War. The genocide of the Armenians and Germany's shared responsibility . Kitab, Klagenfurt 2015, ISBN 978-3-902878-37-3 .


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Kurt Oesterle : The edition operetta . In: Die Zeit , January 8, 1993 ( Online: Zeit -Archiv ; accessed October 23, 2014)
  2. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 95 (1988), p. 439.


  • Who's who in Germany. 11th edition. 2002, p. 29.
  • Kürschner's German Scholars Calendar 2003. Volume IS 144.
  • Kürschner's German Literature Calendar 2006/2007. 2006, volume IS 57f.
  • Who is who in Austria. 20th edition. 2005, pp. 135f.
  • Austrian history in the 20th century. Vienna 2006, p. 52f.

Web links