Mountain rescue service
The mountain rescue service (also mountain rescue service ) is a specialized form of rescue service in the mountains, especially in Austria , Switzerland , Bavaria , South Tyrol and the German low mountain ranges .
Besides the purely medical emergency, he also has the task of using special equipment, vehicles to rescue people from acute mountain emergencies and training of the forces or to conceal . Since it is often not possible in the mountains to alert the mountain rescue service via an emergency call , there is an alpine emergency signal .
Mountain Rescue Types
- The makeshift mountain rescue is carried out within the framework of self and companion help by the companions of the accident victim and / or other people who happen to be present using the equipment carried. Examples are the makeshift rope stretcher and the rope seat. In some areas, self-help boxes have also been set up containing stretchers and first aid materials.
- The scheduled mountain rescue is precisely organized and carried out by trained personnel. Various rescue devices such as the static rope, the mountain stretcher , the Akia and the rescue helicopter are used.
Mountain rescue services
|country||Responsible organization (s)|
|Austria||Austrian mountain rescue service|
|Switzerland||Alpine Rescue Switzerland (cooperation between SAC and Rega )|
Corpo Nazionale Soccorso Alpino e Speleologico (CNSAS),
South Tyrol: Mountain rescue service in the Alpine Association South Tyrol , HELI - Air Rescue South Tyrol
National gendarmerie (Peloton de gendarmerie de haute montagne),
Compagnies Républicaines de Sécurité ,
fire brigade ,
Savoie : voluntary sociétés de secours en montagne
|Liechtenstein||Liechtenstein Mountain Rescue|
|Slovenia||Slovenian Mountain Rescue Service (Gorska reševalna zveza Slovenije (GRZI))|
|Spain||Mallorca : Fire Brigade (Bombers del Consell de Mallorca), State Police ( Guardia Civil -GREIM)|
|country||Responsible organization (s)|
|Poland||Górskie Ochotnicze Pogotowie Ratunkowe (GOPR)|
|Poland||Tatrzańskie Ochotnicze Pogotowie Ratunkowe (TOPR)|
|Slovakia||Horská záchranná služba (HZS)|
In Germany 10% of the mountain rescuers are female, in Austria 1.9%.
The first alpine mountain rescue service was the " Alpine Rescue Committee Vienna ", which was founded in 1896 as a reaction to an avalanche accident on the Rax with three fatalities. But the Hungarian Carpathian Association and Galician Tatra Society , founded in 1873, also dealt with mountain rescue in the High Tatras and founded their own section for mountain rescue in 1892 and 1909, the predecessors of today's Slovak and Polish mountain rescue services Horská záchranná služba and TOPR .
The ICAR is divided into the four technical commissions:
- Ground rescue
- Air ambulance
- Avalanche rescue
- Alpine emergency medicine
- Alpine distress signal
- International Association of Mountain Guide Associations
- Union of International Mountain Leader Associations
- International Commission for Alpine Rescue (ICAR)
- Mountain rescue service in Germany
- Austrian mountain rescue service
- Alpine rescue Switzerland
- National Mountain and Cave Rescue Corps in Italy
- Mountain rescue service in the Alpine Association of South Tyrol
- Liechtenstein Mountain Rescue
- Mountain Rescue Slovakia
- Mountain Rescue Slovenia
- horizon. A short excursion to the Alps-Danube-Adriatic region , Servus TV, January 6, 2012, 11 a.m .: Report about the German mountain rescue service.
Schall, Braun, Kapfenberger: SCHNEEBERG / RAXALPE , Verlag Kurt Schall, Vienna 1989. ISBN 3-900533-04-0 .
Section Schneeberg and Rax - the day before yesterday and yesterday by Karl Lukan
- The History of Mountain Rescue in Slovakia , accessed on February 9, 2012.
- TOPR , accessed on December 12, 2017.
- Wintersteller barracks. Federal Ministry for National Defense, accessed on December 9, 2019 : “In 1941 a high mountain medical school was set up. There, the research staff developed the steel cable device, the mountain stretcher and the Akja in 1944. "
- Walter von Schmidt-Wellenburg: History of the Alpine Club 1929-1967. Bound as a manuscript. Oesterreichischer Alpenverein (archive), accessed on December 9, 2019 : “... Demonstration and testing of the Heeres Mountain Medical School in World War II, later by the OeAV and the Bavarian. Mountain rescue, modern equipment developed to a high degree ... "
- ICAR International Commission for Alpine Rescue. ICAR Office, accessed on August 11, 2016 .