Alpine distress signal
The alpine emergency signal is an emergency signal in the event of a mountain emergency, an emergency in alpine terrain. There are also special emergency numbers with which mountain rescue services can be alerted by telephone .
The alpine emergency signal
The alpine emergency signal consists of an optical and / or acoustic signal of any kind, which is sent six times within a minute. It should be repeated in the same sequence after a one-minute break, as long as there is a prospect of being noticed by other mountaineers , by mountain huts or in the valley.
The answer to such a signal is given with three characters per minute and repeated after a one-minute break. This allows the alerting party to be confirmed that their distress signal has been received.
|1st minute||2nd minute||3rd minute||4th minute||etc.|
|Distress signal||• • • • • •||Break||• • • • • •||Break||etc.|
|Answer / confirmation||• • •||Break||• • •||Break||etc.|
• = Optical and / or acoustic signals of any kind:
- Phonetic signs - e.g. B. loud shouting , whistling , shooting or hammering or similar (low tones can be heard from far)
- Light signals - e.g. B. Flashing signs or sun mirror ; With some headlamps an emergency signal flashing mode can be selected
- Waving with eye-catching clothing, a bivouac sack , branches, etc.
The alpine emergency signal was introduced in 1894 at the suggestion of the Englishman Clinton Thomas Dent and soon proved itself internationally. This agreement tries to do justice to the extreme, changeable and only partially foreseeable situations in exposed surroundings in alpine terrain.
Due to regulation "967/08" of the German Federal Council, since December 17, 2008, emergency calls are no longer possible without an activated SIM card. The call can be set up via all accessible cellular networks , not just via the home network. In Austria, 140 is designated as a special emergency number for mountain rescue. In other countries or regions there are also emergency numbers specifically for alerting the mountain rescue service , while the alerting is sometimes via central civil defense institutions .
|Austria||140||Mountain rescue emergency number|
|Switzerland||1414||Swiss Air Rescue|
|Italy & South Tyrol||112||State emergency call center and operations center of the mountain rescue service|
|France||15th||Central emergency call of the Chamonix rescue coordination center Peloton de gendarmerie de haute montagne (PGHM)|
|Slovenia||112||Mountain Rescue Service Gorska reševalna služba (GRS)|
|Croatia||112||Croatian Mountain Rescue Service Hrvatska Gorska Služba Spašavanja (HGSS). Alerting via the constantly manned alarm center Županijski Centar 112 of the civil defense Državna Uprava za Zaštitu i Spašavanje DUZS|
Emergency call by radio
For emergency call by radio, see the section Emergency radio in Article emergency .
|Switzerland||161.300 MHz||123 Hz|
The abuse is punished similarly in other countries, for example in Switzerland according to StGB .
- ICAR : International Emergency Telephone Codes & Mountain Rescue Services. (pdf, 102 KB) January 22, 2010, accessed on December 6, 2010 (table on the availability of mountain rescue services worldwide and their alerting).