Finkenstein am Faaker See
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Villach-Land|
|License plate :||VL|
|Coordinates :||46 ° 34 ' N , 13 ° 52' E|
|Height :||562 m above sea level A.|
|Residents :||9,059 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||89 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||9584|
|Area code :||0 42 54|
|Community code :||2 07 11|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Christian Poglitsch ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2015 )
|Location of Finkenstein in the Villach-Land district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Finkenstein am Faaker See ( Slovenian : Bekštanj ) is a market town with 9059 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in Carinthia .
The market town of Finkenstein is largely located in the Faaker See basin between the Villach basin and Rosental . It is bounded in the north by the Drava and in the south by the Karawanken . Mallestiger Mittagskogel , Techantinger Mittagskogel (Truppekogel / Trupejevo poldne) and the 2145 m high Mittagskogel (Kepa) are the highest elevations. The wooded ridges of the Dobrova and the Humberg form the borders to the north and east. The Aichwaldsee lies between Unteraichwald and Untergreuth . The municipality has a share in the southern basin of the Faaker See including the island.
The place Finkenstein , in Slovenian Bekštanj , is located about four kilometers southwest of Lake Faak, about 4 km from the Villach / Warmbad motorway exit. It includes about 380 buildings about 1300 inhabitants. The historic center of Mallestig / Malošče with the Catholic branch church St. Margaretha (St. Stefan-Finkenstein / Šteben-Bekštanj parish) on the B85 Rosental Straße is now called Mallestiger Platz . To the north, the place extends to the Villach – Rosenbach railway line (Finkenstein stop) . The Gegeneritsch single layer also belongs to the village .
In terms of area and population, Finkenstein is one of the largest rural communities in Carinthia. The municipality is divided into the nine cadastral communities Faak , Ferlach , Fürnitz , Greuth , Gödersdorf , Korpitsch, Latschach am Faaker See , Mallestig and St. Stefan.
The following 28 villages are located in the municipality (population figures as of January 1, 2020):
- Altfinkenstein ( Stari Grad ) (62)
- Faak am See ( Bače ) (1087)
- Finkenstein ( Bekštanj. Until 1970: Mallestig / Malošče ) (1391)
- Fürnitz ( Brnca ) (1521)
- Gödersdorf ( Vodiča vas ) (373)
- Goritschach ( Zagoriče ) (150)
- Courtier ( Dvorec ) (37)
- Kopein ( Kopanje ) (12)
- Korpitsch ( Grpiče ) (293)
- Latschach ( Loče ) (548)
- Ledenitzen ( Ledince ) (1128)
- Mallenitzen ( Malence ) (247)
- Müllnern ( Mlinare ) (227)
- Neumüllnern ( Nova Mlinare ) (123)
- Oberaichwald ( Zgornje Dobje ) (245)
- Oberferlach ( Zgornje Borovlje ) (100)
- Outschena ( Ovčna ) (27)
- Pet carving ( Pečnica ) (85)
- Pogöriach ( Pogorje ) (152)
- Ratnitz ( Ratenče ) (89)
- St. Job ( Šentjob ) (149)
- Sigmontitsch ( Zmotiče ) (73)
- Stobitzen ( Stopca ) (208)
- Susalich ( Žužalče ) (99)
- Techanting ( Teharče ) (361)
- Unteraichwald ( Spodnje Dobje ) (132)
- Unterferlach ( Spodnje Borovlje ) (75)
- Untergreuth ( Spodnje Rute ) (65)
|Arnoldstein||Sankt Jakob im Rosental|
|Kranjska Gora (SLO)|
Today's community takes its name from the Finkenstein Castle of the Lords of Finkenstein, first mentioned in 1142 , knightly followers of the Dukes of Carinthia.
The community of Finkenstein was constituted in 1850 and was enlarged in 1973 through the incorporation of the cadastral community Ferlach and other areas from the former local community of Maria Gail . In 1979 Finkenstein was given the right to use the name market municipality . In 2000 it was renamed Finkenstein am Faaker See .
At the time of the 2001 census, Finkenstein am Faaker See had a population of 8,198, 93.3% of whom are Austrian citizens, while Bosnia-Herzegovina with 2.5% and Germany with 1.3% make up the largest proportion of foreign citizens. 5.6% of the population belong to the Slovene-speaking ethnic group . The number of community residents has doubled since 1869 (+ 108%). This increase is above the average of the population development of the federal state of Carinthia (+ 77%).
The vast majority of the parish population is Roman Catholic (82.2%). The next largest religious community ( Protestant ) has a population of 6.0%. Members of Islam make up 2.8%, community citizens without religious belief make up 6.5%.
Culture and sights
- Finkenstein castle ruins (Altfinkenstein) with castle arena
- Neufinkenstein Castle
- Parish church of St. Stefan with cemetery , documented presumably in 1340, certainly mentioned in 1385, is in its current form a Gothic church building that was built in 1472. The mighty west tower has a baroque onion helmet
- Pfarrhof St. Stefan
- War memorial with St. Stefan
- Parish church of St. Michael in Fürnitz
- Parish church of St. Ulrich with cemetery in Latschach
- Filialkirche Hl. Margaretha in Finkenstein is a small Gothic village church, first mentioned in 1340
- Filialkirche St. Georg in Faak am See is a Gothic church building with a mighty tower from the first half of the 15th century. The oldest documentary mention dates back to 1486
- Filialkirche St. Gregor at the southern end of Goritschach is a small, late Gothic village church with Romanesque masonry
- Filial church of St. Kanzian in Goritschach
- Way of the Cross Goritschach
- Filial church of the Holy Trinity in Pogöriach
- Filial church St. Job with cemetery and St. Job
- Barrow cemetery and hillfort Kanzianiberg
- Faak am See station with a historic station building from the Austro-Hungarian Empire
- Parish church Petschnitzen
- Traditional costume chapel Finkenstein - Faaker See
- Fraternity of Faak am See (Chairman: Michael Sitter)
- Village community of Gödersdorf
- Mallestig fraternity
- Slovenian cultural association Jepa-Baško jezero Slovensko kulturno društvo Jepa-Baško jezero
Slovenian cultural life and the Slovenian cultural association Jepa-Baško jezero
Slovenian has been present in the municipality since the early Middle Ages. Finkenstein is still part of the Slovene dialect area of the Gail Valley, but has already merged into that of the Upper Rosental Valley.
The organized cultural life of the Slovenes received a new dynamic at the end of the 19th century, but was suddenly interrupted by the First World War and the aftermath of the war. In 1922, on the initiative of Pastor Josip Ogris, Franz Aichholzer founded the Jepa Educational Association (Izobraževalno društvo "Jepa"), which advocates public education goals and education. School-age children are offered courses in Slovene, theater performances are given in Ledenitzen, Latschach and Ratnitz, and passion plays are also performed. The Slovenian singing culture is also rich, with numerous male choirs in Mallestig and Fürnitz.
In 1924 all parishes in the Lower Gail Valley and the Rose Valley were run in Slovenian.
The Slovenian priest, writer and politician Jurij Matej Trunk (1870–1973) from Faak was one of the outstanding personalities of the time. He was president of the Narodni svet za Rož (People's Council for the Rose Valley), adviser to the Yugoslav delegation at the peace conference in Paris and member of the referendum commission in 1920. In 1921 he emigrated to the USA.
After the war, the boys from Faak ( Baški fantje ) revived cultural life. Today the Slovenian cultural association Jepa-Baško jezero contributes to the cultural life in the community, to the integration and to the image of the community. Today's educational and cultural offer of the association is diverse and includes language courses for Slovene, gymnastics courses, the association newspaper JEPA and the department of the Glasbena šola music school .
Particularly noteworthy is the project to record the Slovenian field and farm names in the municipality of Finkenstein, which have been placed on the UNESCO list of intangible world cultural heritage .
Ringa raja multilingual kindergarten
Since the autumn of 1998, the ringa raja multilingual kindergarten (Otroški vrtec / Multilingual Kindergarten / Scuola materna Ringa raja) in Ledenitzen / Ledince , which emerged from the Slovenian cultural association Jepa-Baško jezero, has offered preschoolers the opportunity to learn both national languages and Italian while playing.
- European Bike Week - Harley-Davidson meeting in Faak am See
- Street Food Festival
- Farmer's market in Faak am See (May - September | every Thursday)
- Alpe-Adria-Cabriolet-Festival - an international convertible meeting, since 1981 every year over Whitsun
- Village museum
- Citrus garden - largest collection of citrus varieties in Austria
- Kanzianiberg climbing garden , one of the largest and oldest climbing gardens in Austria with the Kanzianiberg via ferrata
- Rotschitza Klamm via ferrata
- Settlers Beach. Mayor Poglitsch advocates a general opening of the 2500 m 2 meadow. A court ruling in the 2nd instance from 2020 supports the concern against residents who want to claim the beach for themselves.
The municipal council of Finkenstein has 27 members and has been composed as follows since the municipal council election in 2015 :
- 12 SPÖ
- 6 ÖVP
- 4 FPÖ
- 2 Free list sitters
- 2 greens
- 1 Enotna Lista (Slovenian standard list)
Mayor is Christian Poglitsch (ÖVP).
coat of arms
The official blazon of the coat of arms is according to the coat of arms and flag award document of October 31, 1979: "In silver a black, bloody cut off griffin foot ". The municipal flag is red and black with an incorporated coat of arms.
The oldest Finkensteiner seal on a document dated March 23, 1262 shows a feathered, but not cut off and bloody griffin foot, and also according to the Carinthian Chronicle of Jakob Unrest from the late 15th century, those - first mentioned in 1142 and in the first Extinct half of the 15th century - Lords of Finkenstein had a whole griffin foot in their coat of arms. However, the seal of Cholo von Finkenstein's on a document dated January 6, 1314 shows a griffin foot with a red (bloody) section as does the first field of the quartered shield of the barons and counts of Dietrichstein, who owned the Finkenstein rule from 1508 to 1861, like that that the community decided on this representation of the foot of the griffin at the new award.
- Wilhelm (Willi) Agaton (1941–1998), composer and musician
- Ulrich Gäbler (* 1941), Protestant theologian and church historian, who grew up in Fürnitz
- Lukas von Kronig (1813–1888), mining captain
- Christian Mayer (* 1972), ski racer
- Fritz Pinter (* 1978), biathlete
- Jurij Matej Trunk (1870–1973) Slovenian priest, writer and politician from Faak / Bače.
- Katharina Truppe (* 1996), ski racer
- Peter "Paco" Wrolich (* 1974), professional cyclist
- Market town of Finkenstein am Faaker See (Hrsg.): Finkenstein and its history. Self-published by the market town of Finkenstein am Faaker See, 2005.
- Luise Maria Ruhdorfer: The passion play “Terplenje in smrt Jezusa Kristusa”, St. Stefan near Finkenstein 1931. Mohorjeva Hermagoras, Klagenfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-7086-0247-9 .
- Market town of Finkenstein am Faaker See
- 20711 - Finkenstein am Faaker See. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- ^ A b Filialkirche Mallestig / Malošče ( Memento from March 22, 2006 in the Internet Archive ). kath-kirche-kaernten.at
- ↑ Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- ^ All of the following information is based on Statistics Austria, as of 2001 census
- ↑ Peter Popp: A description of the Faak am See train station. Retrieved December 1, 2010 .
- ↑ see http: //www.jepa.at/ or archive link ( Memento from October 25, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Parish map of the Diocese of Gurk, 1924
- ↑ see Matjaž Klemenčič: Jurij Trunk med Koroško in Združenimi državami Amerike ter zgodovina slovenskih naselbin v Leadvillu, Colorado, in v San Franciscu, California. Klagenfurt / Celovec ea 1999.
- ↑ see archive link ( Memento from June 11, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) or archive link ( Memento from October 25, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ see "Two EU projects under the sign of culture and language": Archive link ( Memento from January 12, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ see Slovenian Folklore Institute Urban Jarnik : http://www.ethno.at/deutsch.php . In cooperation with local associations and locals, this has already recorded the field and farm names in several communities, such as in Keutschach am See and Sankt Margareten im Rosental .
- ↑ see www.ringaraja.at
- ↑ see http://www.europeanbikeweek.com/
- ↑ see http://www.zitrusgarten.com/DT/ ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ No impairment of property due to free access to the lake orf.at, January 14, 2020, accessed January 14, 2020.
- ↑ All information on seals and coats of arms according to Wilhelm Deuer: The Carinthian community arms . Verlag des Kärntner Landesarchiv, Klagenfurt 2006, ISBN 3-900531-64-1 , p. 96.