|region||Friuli Venezia Giulia|
|Residents||99,051 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||1,769 inhabitants / km²|
|Factions||Baldasseria, Beivârs, Casali Sartori, Chiavris, Cormôr, Cussignacco, Gervasutta, Godia, Laipacco, Molin Nuovo, Paderno, Paparotti, Rizzi, San Bernardo, San Domenico, San Gottardo, Sant'Osvaldo, San Paolo, San Rocco, Sant'Ulderocco , Vât, Villaggio del Sole|
|Patron saint||Hermagoras and Fortunatus|
With 99,341 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2016) Udine is the second largest city in the region after Trieste and is the most important city in the historical Friuli landscape . The registry office confirmed a population of over 100,000 at the beginning of 2013 for the first time in 25 years.
Until 2018 Udine was the capital of the Province of Udine , which was then dissolved.
Udine's climate is predominantly continental, but less pronounced than in the cities of the central and western Po Valley . Temperatures are quite high in summer and relatively harsh in winter. In winter there is least rain, whereas in summer there are frequent thunderstorms , which can also be accompanied by heavy hail . Udine is considered the rainiest (ex) provincial capital of Italy. Sudden temperature changes can occur in Udine both in summer and especially in winter. Mild and humid air from the Adriatic can quickly be replaced by dry and cold air masses of continental origin. With around 10 cm of snowfall annually, Udine is one of the cities in northern Italy with the least snow. Most of the snow in the last few decades fell at the following times:
- January 1985 (50 cm accumulation),
- January 1987 (40 cm),
- December 31, 1996 (30 cm),
- February 21, 2005 (20-25 cm),
- March 3, 2005 (15 cm),
- December 29, 2005 (18 cm),
- December 17th 2010 (20-25 cm)
A cold record was reached in December 2009 at −19.8 ° C.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Udine
Source: Stazione meteorologica di Udine Centro
The place of today's Udine was probably the place of Utina in Roman times . The city was first mentioned in 983 in a document chartered by Emperor Otto II , who at that time gave Udine to the Patriarch of Aquileia , who moved his residence there in 1238. In those times cities were fortified with city walls; in the case of Udine, they have been expanded five times over the centuries to give more space to the growing population. The tower of Porta Aquileia belongs to the fifth and last wall, which encircled the city in an almost circular manner. The first market opened in Via Mercatovecchio, which was granted to the medieval town in 1223 by the patriarch Berthold von Andechs . “The market freedom together with the tax exemption (granted in 1248) attracted many free people who were so burgenses , i. H. Become citizens of Udine, built new houses, enlarged the walled patch and made it a city ”. It was not until the 14th century that the place gained importance at the instigation of the Patriarch of Aquileia, Bertrand de Saint-Geniès . In 1420 Friuli fell under the rule of Venice. In the unlucky year of 1511 civil war-like conditions spread, a severe earthquake destroyed the city and finally the plague broke out. In 1752 Udine became the seat of an archbishop
After the fall of the Republic of Venice , the balance of power in Northern Italy was reorganized in the Peace of Campo Formio (October 17, 1797). Udine then came under the rule of the Habsburgs . It was incorporated into the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy in 1805 and became the capital of the Passariano department. On October 25, 1813, Austrian troops occupied the city and it remained under Austrian rule from then on, as it became part of the Kingdom of Lombardo-Veneto after the Congress of Vienna . In 1848, Udine was the first city to fall away from Austria after the uprising in Venice, and on March 23rd, the Austrian occupation was forced to withdraw. However, she had to submit again on April 23, 1848 after several hours of bombardment, whereupon Austrian troops under Count Nugent moved into Udine. During this time it was also called German Weiden in Friuli . In 1866, in the Peace of Prague, Udine as well as all of Friuli and Veneto fell to the newly founded Kingdom of Italy . During the First World War , Udine was the seat of the Italian high command from 1915 to 1917, until the defeat in the Battle of Karfreit . During the Second World War , Udine was under German occupation between 1943 and 1945.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, local noble families vied with the rich patriarchs in a costly competition for the most magnificent palaces. Thus came Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (1696-1770) from Venice to Udine to embellish palaces.
- The cathedral, Duomo di Santa Maria Annunziata , is the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Udine
- The Cathedral Museum ( Museo del Duomo ) in the Baptistery and in the chapels of San Nicolò and Corpore de Cristo des Domes
- The Oratorio della Purità with frescoes by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and the son Giandomenico Tiepolo
- The Palazzo Patriarcale is home to the Diocesan Museum and the Tiepolo Galleries ( Museo diocesano e gallerie del Tiepolo ). The palace is known for the frescoes by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo .
- Loggia del Lionello : the town hall was built between 1448 and 1457 in the Venetian Gothic style with an open loggia on the ground floor
- Castello di Udine : The range extends from a gallery of ancient art, an archeology museum, a gallery of designs and prints to the Friulian Museum of Photography .
- The Casa Cavazzini (16th century) with the museum of modern and contemporary art. Founded by Antonio Marangoni at the end of the 19th century , the gallery set itself the goal of buying works by young artists in order to create a collection of contemporary art.
- Palazzo Valvason Morpurgo : The palace preserves the archives of architecture and design, hosts exhibitions on the subject and takes on various Friulian projects.
- Piazza Giacomo Matteotti : Is the oldest square in Udine after the Piazza della Liberta
- Church museums:
- Manin Chapel: The Manin Chapel can be visited on weekdays by appointment.
- Diocesan Museum and Cathedral Museum: Both museums show other sacred works of art.
The University of Udine , founded in 1978, plays an important role for the city, and its almost 16,000 students shape the city's young impression.
City partnerships and friendships
Udine has nine city partnerships and seven city friendships:
- Esslingen am Neckar , Germany , since 1958
- Vienne , France , since 1959
- Neath Port Talbot , Wales , since 1960
- Norrköping , Sweden , since 1964
- Schiedam , the Netherlands , since 1970
- Villach , Austria , since 1979
- Maribor , Slovenia , since 1985
- Albacete , Spain , since 2002
- Yaoundé , Cameroon , since 2008
- Bikaner , India
- Klagenfurt , Austria
- Obunda , Hungary
- Piotrków Trybunalski , Poland
- Resistencia , Argentina
- Velenje , Slovenia
- Windsor , Canada
sons and daughters of the town
- Giovanni da Udine (1487–1564), Renaissance painter
- Luca Carlevarijs (1663–1730), painter
- Francesco Pavona (≈ 1695–1777), painter
- Sanctus Seraphin (1699–1776), violin maker
- Aloisius Scrosoppi (1804-1884), saint of the Roman Catholic Church
- Carlo Belgrado (1809–1866), Bishop of Ascoli and Patriarch of Antioch
- Alberto Mazzucato (1813–1877), composer and music teacher
- Viktor Dankl (1854–1941), Colonel General of the Austro-Hungarian Army
- Carlo Braida (1868–1929), racing cyclist
- Tina Modotti (1896–1942), photographer, actress, revolutionary
- Dino Basaldella (1909–1977), sculptor
- Mirko Basaldella (1910–1969), painter
- Ottavio De Liva (1911–1965), archbishop and diplomat
- Alfredo Foni (1911–1985), football player and coach
- Afro Basaldella (1912–1976), painter
- Bruno Chizzo (1916–1969), football player
- Sergio Graziani (1930–2018), actor and voice actor
- Giovanni Bruno Vicario (1932-2020), psychologist
- Bruno Sacco (* 1933), car designer
- Mario David (1934-2005), football player and coach
- Giuseppe Virgili (1935-2016), football player
- Francesco Janich (1937–2019), football player
- Getulio Alviani (1939–2018), painter and object artist
- Andrea Centazzo (* 1948), drummer and composer
- Dalila Di Lazzaro (* 1953), actress and model
- Luigi De Agostini (born 1961), football player
- Glauco Venier (* 1962), jazz pianist
- Giuseppe Battiston (* 1968), actor
- Francesco Renga (* 1968), singer and songwriter
- Isabella De Monte (* 1971), politician
- Fabio Masotti (* 1974), racing cyclist
- Chiara Cainero (* 1978), marksman
- Emanuele Blandamura (* 1979), boxer
- Alessia Tuttino (* 1983), soccer player
- Mara Navarria (* 1985), fencer
- Elena Cecchini (* 1992), racing cyclist
- Alessandro Piu (* 1996), football player
- Alex Meret (born 1997), football player
People related to the city
- Ludolf Jacob von Alvensleben (1899–1953), SS and police commander in World War II
The football club Udinese Calcio , founded in 1896, is one of the oldest clubs in Italy. His bigger successes include second place in the 1954/55 season, third place in 1997/98 and a historic participation in the Champions League in 2005/06.
In basketball, Pallalcesto Amatori Udine , better known as Snaidero Udine , was represented in Serie A until 2009. Rugby Udine also has professional players, who have been playing in Serie A for several years since the beginning (in reality it is an A2 series, as there is a higher class called Super10).
In the same year, three games of the 1990 World Cup in Group E took place in the Udiner Stadium .
- Roberta Costantini, Fulvio Dell'Agnese, Micol Duca, Antonella Favaro, Monica Nicoli, Alessio Pasian: Friuli-Venezia Giulia. I luoghi dell'arte. Bruno Fachin Editore, Triest 1998, ISBN 978-8885289574 , pp. 283-295.
- Elena Commessatti: Udine. Una guida. Odós, Udine 2014, ISBN 978-8896303276 .
- Touring Club Italiano: Udine e provincia. Palmanova, Aquileia, Carnia, Tagliamento. Guide Verdi D'italia, 2012, ISBN 978-8836560189 .
- Website of the City of Udine (Italian)
- Udine. In: Discover Friuli. italia.it, accessed April 2, 2019 .
- Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- Popolazione, Udine resta sopra 100 mila. In: Messaggero Veneto of January 22, 2013, accessed on October 26, 2019.
- Measured by the Udine Rivolto WMO 16046 weather station on December 20, 2009 .: Udine Rivolto . In: Temperature estreme in Toscana . ( altervista.org [accessed February 11, 2018]).
- Carla Mueller: Giovanni Battista Tiepolo's frescoes in the former patriarchal palace in Udine (= manuscripts for art history in the Werner publishing company 45). Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 1995, ISBN 978-3-88462-944-4 .
- see also: Museo di arte moderna e contemporanea in the Italian Wikipedia
- Gemellaggi e relazioni internazionali (German: city partnerships and friendships ). In: comune.udine.it, accessed October 26, 2019.