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Jesenice coat of arms Map of Slovenia, position of Jesenice highlighted
Basic data
Country SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia
Historic region Upper Carniola / Gorenjska
Statistical region Gorenjska (Upper Carniola)
Coordinates 46 ° 26 '  N , 14 ° 3'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 26 '5 "  N , 14 ° 3' 5"  E
surface 75.8  km²
Residents 21,945 (2008)
Population density 290 inhabitants per km²
Post Code 4270
License Plate KR
Structure and administration
Local panorama
, Jesenice from high chair seen from
Altsave, Jesenice

Jesenice (German Aßling ) is a small town in the Upper Carniola in Slovenia near the border with Austria with an area of ​​75.8 km² and 21,620 inhabitants (2002). The average age is 41.1 years, there are 6197 households (as of 2002).

Mayor is Blaž Račič.

Geographical location

The place borders in the north on the Karawanken , which form the state border with Austria (state of Carinthia ), and in the south on Mežakla . Jesenice is located on the Save ( Sava Dolinka ). The city's local mountain is the 1096 m high Jelenkamen northeast of the settlement core.

The city of Kranj ( Krainburg ) is 40 km southeast, Bled ( Veldes ) 10 km. There are also the towns of Mojstrana ( Masters in Upper Carniola ), Hrušica ( Pear Tree ) and Radovljica ( Radmannsdorf ) in the vicinity .

The A2 motorway , which passes south of the city, leads north through the Karawanken tunnel to Villach in Austria and south to Ljubljana ( Laibach ).


The place was first mentioned in 1004. He is known for its ironworks and the metalworking industry (Acroni Jesenice). The first mining rights were granted in 1381 by the House of Ortenburg . Later the ironworks were an armory of the Habsburgs.

In 1872 the Tarvis – Laibach railway was completed. Jesenice / Aßling was thus connected to the Austria-Hungary railway network. The connection from Jesenice to Tarvisio , now in Italy , was closed in 1967. In 1904 the Wocheiner Railway was opened, which leads from Jesenice / Aßling over the Julian Alps to Neu-Görz / Nova Gorica , with a connection to Trieste . Until the end of the Habsburg Empire, the place belonged to the Kronland Carniola , with Jesenice forming an independent municipality in the judicial district of Kronau (political district Radmannsdorf ).

In autumn 1906 the Karawankenbahn was opened, which joins this line in Jesenice. With the Tauern Railway , which was completed in 1909, the new Alpine transversal between Salzburg and Trieste emerged. From the definitive definition of the border between Austria and the new SHS state in 1920, Jesenice was a border station for the trains passing through the Karawanken tunnel . The border controls were suspended on December 21, 2007 due to the Schengen Agreement .

In 1926 some settlements were united and Jesenice was elevated to a town. 1941–1945 Jesenice belonged to the Upper Carniola occupied by the German Reich, and the ironworks located here were incorporated into the Nazi armaments industry. More and more partisans turned against this ; over 400 city dwellers fell victim to the resistance . Because of its iron works, the city was heavily bombed on March 1, 1945. Later the works were one of the largest employers (7000 workers and employees) in socialist Yugoslavia. The last remains of the long-closed works were torn down in 2003; a chimney of the blast furnace remained.

Town twinning


Jesenice was the hometown of the HK Jesenice ice hockey club , which played in the Erste Bank ice hockey league between 2006 and 2012 . The association then went bankrupt. Today in Jesenice the HDD Jesenice and the HD mladi Jesenice play .

sons and daughters of the town


  • Peter Handke : A quarter of a century or a day has passed since I arrived in Jesenice on the trail of my missing brother. [...] ... I was allowed to step out of the dark border station into the northern Yugoslav town, with the duffel bag over my shoulder without having to show any cash, which at that time was still called Aßling in brackets next to Jesenice on the school cards . (First paragraph from: Die Repetition , Suhrkamp-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1986, ISBN 3-518-02580-5 )

Web links

Commons : Jesenice  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Blaž Racic: Blaž Racic - Občina Jesenice. Retrieved January 15, 2020 (sl-si).
  2. ( Memento from April 24, 2012 in the Internet Archive )