Seeboden on Lake Millstatt
Seeboden on Lake Millstatt
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Spittal an der Drau|
|License plate :||SP|
|Residents :||6,506 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||9871|
|Area code :||04762|
|Community code :||2 06 34|
|Address of the
9871 Seeboden am Millstätter See
|Mayor :||Wolfgang Klinar ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2015 )
|Location of Seeboden am Millstätter See in the Spittal an der Drau district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Seeboden is a legally recognized climatic health resort .
The municipality extends over the western bay of Lake Millstatt from Wolfsberg in the south to Tschiernock in the north. Seeboden is in the immediate vicinity of the district capital Spittal an der Drau . The main town Seeboden, a scattered settlement without a historical center, developed as a result of tourism from the places Gritschach, Kraut, Reich and Wirlsdorf .
Seeboden is divided into four cadastral communities :
and includes the following 22 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Am Tschiernock (0)
- Karlsdorf (158)
- Kolm (78)
- Koetting (122)
- Kras (202)
- Liedweg (65)
- Lieser Bridge (791)
- Lieseregg (1)
- Lieserhofen (478)
- Litzldorf (11)
- Lurnbichl (243)
- Muskanitzen (36)
- Pirk (137)
- Scuffle (5)
- St. Wolfgang (19)
- Schlossau (84)
- Seebach (53)
- Seeboden am Millstätter See (3180)
- Tangiers (185)
- Trasishk (33)
- Treffling (486)
- House of Commons (139)
|Trebesing||Gmünd in Carinthia||Krems in Carinthia|
|Spittal an der Drau|
Several prehistoric finds in today's municipal area indicate various early settlements. For example, a stone ax from the younger Stone Age (3000–2000 BC) was found in the Trefflinger Moos and a perforated ax was found in Gritschach. A rag ax from the Bronze Age was also discovered in the Trefflinger Moos, dating from around 1800–1750 BC. Is dated. Numerous other pre-antique finds come from the Hallstatt period . The largest find from this period dates back to 1927, when the remains of bronze castings were found near the former Ploni guesthouse in the east.
The first identifiable population of Upper Carinthia are the Illyrians . Mountain and river names such as the Tauern or the Drau go back to their Indo-European language , all of them topographical units of a size that did not involve Romanization , Slavicization or Germanization . From approx. 200 BC The area belonged to the tribal area of the Ambidravi , the "people living on both sides of the Drava", a Roman name for the Noric population who settled here and which arose from the resident Illyrians and the newly immigrated Celts .
Seeboden is one of the richest ancient sites in the immediate vicinity of Teurnia . The Roman road Via Julia Augusta leading through the Drau valley crossed the Lieser at Lieserbrücke and the road station with the junction to Salzburg (Iuvavum) is said to have been in the Seeboden area. Because of the finds and the strategically important location, F. Jantsch thinks of military installations and places the settlement's focus in the first half of the 1st century AD. It can be assumed that Rome crossed the route for the first time through the Eastern Alps the Liesertal, over the Radstädter Tauern to Salzburg and on to the Danube. There are many indications for the course of the road from the dealer station in Baldersdorf near Molzbichl in the Drautal past a pass sanctuary on Wolfsberg to the ford / bridge at Brugger-Haus over the Seebach up via Kötzing to Gmünd. In addition to small finds, there is also a Roman source at the Tangerner source. Many place names, especially on the high plateau above Lake Millstatt, bear witness to the intensive Slavic settlement activities in the area during the Carantan period . From the second half of the 8th century, the Bavarians occupied the area and began a violent missionary work and bloodily crushed flaming revolutions. The Rotte Trasischk, the "guard station", where there was a defensive village against the Bavarians, testifies to the defense efforts. Around 800 the church, which was subordinate to Emperor Charlemagne, changed its missionary strategy, as they wanted to avoid a genocide like that of the opposing Saxons . The lowest stratum of the population should be converted to Christianity non-violently by means of baptismal churches . One such is the oldest Seebodner church in Kötzing, dedicated to John the Baptist , whose foundation walls were found in 1953 when a silo was built. Around the year 1000, Croatian fortified farmers were settled by the Franconian district administration , as the name of the Kraut district suggests. They should probably control the still Slavic neighbors and protect the street. Around this time, German gradually became the popular language instead of South Slavic .
From 1237 at the latest, the protective function was taken over by the rule under the Burgrave of Sommeregg , to which the area of today's municipality belonged. This was for a long time in the possession of the sovereigns, Counts of Ortenburg , then passed to the Counts of Cilli and then to the Habsburgs . Fiefs and burgraves were the lords of Graben in the 15th and 16th centuries , whose heirs sold it to the Khevenhüller family in 1550 . After they left Carinthia in 1629, it came into the possession of Hans Wittmann , and in 1651 to the Lodron family, who lived in Gmünd . At that time, Sommeregg was only granted as a sovereign fiefdom , the following year the castle and lordship were privately owned by the Lodrons.
- “I strolled for an hour on the lake, which is rich in fish, through the miserable villages of Görtschach and Lerchendorf, until it ended at Wirlsdorf. Swampy meadows, hardly bearing the wooden huts of the dirt-loving inhabitants, are the constant sight of the alternate hikers sinking down on the stairs. "
Until the constitution of the political communities in Carinthia in 1850, the villages of Seebodens belonged to the Lodron family. Seeboden and Treffling, founded in 1850 as independent communities, merged in 1870. Lieserhofen, on the other hand, was attached to the large community of Spittal in 1850 , but became independent in 1886. At that time, the villages of Seebrücke and Wolfsberg (Fratres) also belonged to Lieserhofen.
In 1918, the Spanish flu in Seeboden killed at least 15 people ( Lieseregg parish chronicle ). Since the disease was not notifiable and difficult to diagnose, the exact number of victims is not known. In the school chronicle of the Seeboden elementary school it was recorded for November 5, 1918 that lessons could only be resumed after a two-week ban. Austria-Hungary was in the process of dissolving at the height of the second flu wave. There was no government support whatsoever. Because of troop movements, soldiers returned from the fronts to their home countries and occasionally plundered, there was a certain unrest in the place. There were also reports of Austrian prisoners of war who survived the war but then died of the flu abroad. A factory worker family was particularly hard hit by fate. The husband and older son died in the war, the mother and the younger child died of the flu.
From May 1934, there was constant fighting between the formations of political parties and the arrests of supporters of the NSDAP in the area around Lake Millstatt . The political actions of the Nazis, mostly young boys, were still relatively harmless in the early 1930s. There were swastika graffiti , swastika flags in prominent places or swastika- shaped fires that burned down on mountains on Mirnock , Goldeck or Gmeineck.
On the night of June 29, 1934, there was serious damage to property for the first time with stolen explosives from the Radenthein magnesite plant. In order to intimidate political opponents, supporters of the now banned NSDAP blew up the newly built house of the state-owned factory worker Stefan Steurer in Dellach. That same night, the largest terrorist attack in Carinthia to date took place, the large iron Lieser Bridge near Seebach being blown up, which temporarily cut off the Millstatt lake area from the connection to the railroad. An attack on the Vienna express train failed at Lake Wörthersee. Both actions were specifically aimed at damaging domestic foreign traffic.
On January 1, 1973, Lieserhofen was finally incorporated into Seeboden.
From the time around 1900 there are detailed descriptions of twelve farmhouses, alpine huts and rural work tools by Johann Reinhard Bünker for the Seeboden area . The folklorist from Seebach was a teacher in Ödenburg and spent a few summers with his brother, the pastor of Trebesing .
In contrast to the agriculturally intensively used hinterland, the lakeshore was little appreciated until the late 19th century. It was only as a result of summer vacation tourism that today's Seeboden developed along the western bank from the places Gritschach, Kraut, Reich and Wirlsdorf as the dominant capital of the municipality. Originally, most of the towns were agricultural communities with a small percentage of businesses, but in the last few decades tourism has become the most important economic sector in the community. This also led to a continuous increase in the population. Because of this and the increased regional importance, Seeboden was raised to a market town in 2000. In November 2011 the community name was supplemented by the addition "am Millstätter See".
According to the 2001 census, Seeboden had 6,045 inhabitants, of which 91.4% were Austrian citizens, 1.9% came from Germany and 1.8% from Bosnia-Herzegovina. 64.8% of the population confessed to the Roman Catholic , 25.9% to the Protestant Church and 2.2% were of Islamic faith, 5.6% of the inhabitants without religious belief.
Culture and sights
- Torture Museum in Sommeregg Castle
- 1. Carinthian fishing museum
- Bonsai Museum with Zen gardens
- Staircase gallery - Culture Impulse Association
- Millstätter See: boat trips, water ski schools
- numerous parks and green spaces
- Tschiernock (part of the Millstätter Alpe) as a local mountain and hiking area with toboggan runs in winter
- Knight games at Sommeregg Castle : every year in August, the Knight Festival takes place for three weeks in a specially built medieval village
- Spring concert by the Seeboden traditional costume band: annually on the Saturday before Mother's Day
- Peter and Paul Festival: held annually on 29 June in Wirlsdorf place
- The “Seebodner Strudel Festival” takes place in Seeboden at the beginning of September
City council and mayor
The directly elected mayor has been Wolfgang Klinar (ÖVP) since 2009.
coat of arms
The coat of arms connects the location of Seeboden on Lake Millstatt (blue shield ground and golden "mermaid") with the local history of rule (red and silver shield of the Counts of Ortenburg ). It was awarded to the market community on April 30, 1958 by the Carinthian state government.
The official blazon is:
- "In the blue shield a golden mermaid who holds a red shield in her arms in which a silver tip with a red wing appears, which is accompanied by two silver wings."
The flag is red-blue-yellow with an incorporated coat of arms.
- Johann Reinhard Bünker (1863–1914), teacher and folklorist
- Otto Eder (1924–1982), sculptor
- Axel Huber (1942–2019), Austrian chronicler, local researcher and diver
- Herbert Haupt (* 1947), politician
- Hannelore Gigler (* 1954), skibob athlete
- Walter Hofer (* 1955), sports functionary, race director of the FIS in the field of ski jumping and Nordic combined
- Thomas Morgenstern (* 1986), ski jumper and Olympic champion
- Eva Glawischnig-Piesczek (* 1969), politician
- Edi Rauter: Seeboden. A health resort on Lake Millstatt. Carinthia Verlag, Klagenfurt, 1976, ISBN 3-85378-015-6 .
- Edi Rauter: Seeboden through the ages. Self-published by the Seeboden municipality, Seeboden 1994, without ISBN.
- Karen Schaelow-Weber: Seeboden am Millstätter See, Carinthia. Churches and chapels. (Art Guide) Art Publishing House Peda, Passau 2002, ISBN 3-89643-185-4 .
- Legally recognized climatic health resorts in Austria ( Memento of the original from May 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , at www.oehkv.at, accessed on June 7, 2015
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Richard Pittioni : The finds from Seeboden am Millstätter See, Carinthia. In: Carinthia I . 128th year, 1938, ISSN 0008-6606 , p. 190–196 (205 pp., Onb.ac.at [accessed December 23, 2019]).
- Axel Huber : Considerations for the water supply of Teurnia. A Roman spring outlet in Seeboden. In: Historical Society of Carinthia (ed.): Carinthia I . 208th year. Klagenfurt 2018, p. 67-94 .
- Axel Huber: 400 years of the Brugger House & 30 years of the fishing museum in Seeboden. In: KulturLandMensch, No. 9-10 / 2010, pp. 168-175. Under: Archived copy ( Memento of the original dated November 22, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed September 4, 2011.
- Eberhard Kranzmayer : Place name book of Carinthia. Part II. Klagenfurt 1958. Publishing house of the History Association for Carinthia.
- Einödertal and Mühlstädtersee In: Goffriller, Gabriele (ed.): Kyselak. Sketches of a foot trip through Austria. Salzburg, 2009. p. 127.
- chronicle Seeboden / parish chronicle Lieseregg. Information according to Katharina Worsche, May 18, 2020
- Kärntner Nachrichten. In: Kärntner Zeitung / Kärntner Tagblatt , November 13, 1918, p. 6 (middle column, middle) (online at ANNO ).
- Friedrich Koller: From the first guest to mass tourism. The influence of tourism on the change of people, the townscape and the ecology in a community using the example of Millstatt. ( Memento from May 9, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Diploma thesis, University of Klagenfurt, 2005.
- Kurt Bauer : Illegal National Socialism in Carinthia. Excerpts from unpublished manuscripts for the Red-White-Red Book. At www.kurt-bauer-geschichte.at (PDF; 120 kB), accessed on February 12, 2018.
- Court. The demolition of the Lieserbrücke in Seebach .. In: Kleine Volks-Zeitung , July 7, 1934, p. 10 (online at ANNO ).
- Johann Reinhard Bünker: The farmhouse on Lake Millstatt in Carinthia. Vienna, 1902. Reprint from Volume XXXII [Volume II of the third part] of the “Mittheilungen der Anthropologische Gesellschaft in Wien”, Vienna, 1902. Self-published by the Anthropological Society. Printed by Friedrich Jasper in Vienna.
- Provincial Law Gazette for Carinthia No. 91/2011 38th piece.
- Seeboden is now called “am Millstätter See”. ( Memento from September 15, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) In: Kleine Zeitung, November 9, 2011.
- Pörtschach will be colorful in the next three years. ( Memento from April 4, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) In: Kleine Zeitung, September 20, 2010.
- Statistical information based on municipal data , as of 2001 census from Statistics Austria
- Quoted from Wilhelm Deuer: The Carinthian municipal coat of arms . Verlag des Kärntner Landesarchivs, Klagenfurt 2006, ISBN 3-900531-64-1 , p. 262. Description also under Province of Carinthia / Municipality descriptions (PDF; 112 kB), accessed on September 6, 2011