|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Spittal an der Drau|
|License plate :||SP|
|Residents :||1,733 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||23 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||9761|
|Area code :||0 47 12|
|Community code :||2 06 09|
|Address of the
|No. 240, 9761 Greifenburg|
|Mayor :||Josef Brandner ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2015 )
|Location of Greifenburg in the Spittal an der Drau district|
View of Greifenburg
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Greifenburg is located in a narrow basin of the Upper Drautal between the Kreuzeck group in the north and the Gailtal Alps in the south. The water-rich Drautal, which is usually only 1 km wide, widens to about twice the width at Greifenburg and the east adjacent Steinfeld .
While the southern slope of the valley initially rises only moderately up to a valley shoulder , the northern slope is up to 70% steep. Five kilometers to the northwest is the Hochtristen mountain ( ), with the Emberger Alm ( ) on the southern flank . A mountain road leads to this high alpine pasture, which is also known as a ski area with guaranteed snow and for its clear view. At the Alpenhof Sattlegger , the Stella Carinthia astronomy association built a small observatory where an international telescope meeting takes place every autumn .
The community is divided into the three cadastral communities Bruggen, Greifenburg and Kerschbaum. The municipality includes the following 18 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Amberg (69)
- Amlach (35)
- Bruggen (61)
- Even (9)
- Egg (4)
- Gnoppnitz (63)
- Greifenburg (1025)
- Semolina (76)
- Hauzendorf (116)
- Lime (6)
- Kerschbaum (54)
- Kreuzberg (7)
- Pobersach (63)
- Rasdorf (16)
- Troebelsberg (20)
- Waisach (87)
- Water barrow (13)
- Weneberg (9)
According to the 2001 census, the community of Greifenburg has 1911 inhabitants, 91.7% of whom are Austrian citizens , 4.0% come from Croatia and 1.9% from Bosnia-Herzegovina . 86.7% of the population profess the Roman Catholic Church , 7.2% the Evangelical Church and 1.9% Islam , 3.1% have no religious beliefs.
From 1951 to 1971 the community had over 2,000 inhabitants. Since then, the number of inhabitants has been falling, as the slightly positive birth balance is exceeded by a mostly strongly negative migration balance .
The Greifenburg area was already settled in Roman times, which has been proven by finds. The Roman road station Bilachium was probably located in today's municipal area. From the Itinerarium Antonini the information for the Drau valley (from Innichen / Littamum to Villach / Santicum) is missing, but the distance information for the Via Julia Augusta leading from Aquileia to the north into the Alps , with the course Aquileia - Tricesimum - Iulio Carnico ( Zuglio) - Larice (St.Daniel / Weidenburg) - Bilachium (Radlach), accept this. At the same time it was the head station for the Römerwege from the Kreuzbergsattel .
The place was first mentioned in 1166 when the Lords of Greifenburg acted as witnesses for the Salzburg Archbishop. In 1267 Greifenburg was mentioned as a market, although an earlier construction of the market at the intersection between Drautalstrasse and Kreuzbergstrasse under the Carinthian Duke Bernhard von Spanheim around 1210 cannot be ruled out.
The citizenry gained in importance mainly through growing trade in the late 14th century.
Culture and sights
- Greifenburg Castle
- Greifenburg parish church
- Waisach parish church
- Mountain farming museum in Gnoppnitz
- Paragliding and hang-gliding on the Emberger Alm : In the recent past, Greifenburg has become an important venue for competitions in both sports, and Greifenburg is known to all pilots as a flying paradise.
- In 2004 the kite flying world championships ( FAI 1) for women, fixed-wing aircraft (FAI 5) and Swift devices (FAI 2) took place here
- The soccer club SV Greifenburg plays in the Carinthian minor league.
- The fire brigade Bruggen provides the national champion 2007 and the winner of the district cup of 2005, 2006 and 2010 as part of the fire brigade competitions.
The directly elected mayor is Josef Brandner (ÖVP).
coat of arms
On October 20, 1593, Archduke Maximilian granted Markt Greifenburg the right to use a coat of arms, which was used in a larger and a smaller seal until the 19th century. The coat of arms was re-certified for the market town in 1971. The heraldic description of the coat of arms reads:
- "In a red-white-red shield, an erect, red-tongued, golden griffin with a thrown back."
The mythical animal griffin is represented with the body of a lion, the head, the wings and the claws of an eagle. The rule of the Habsburgs over the market was supposed to be expressed with the Austrian shield .
The flag is red and white with an incorporated coat of arms.
- Peter Funder (1820–1886), Prince-Bishop of the Diocese of Gurk from 1881 to 1886, was born in Bruggen
- Erika Iberer (1906–1984), writer
- Baldur Preiml (* 1939 in Bruggen), ski jumper, trainer and "father" of the Austrian ski jumping wonder team of the 1970s, former teacher at the ski school in Stams , former head of the sports department of the Federal Ministry for Education, Art and Sport, author
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Statistics Austria, population census, demographic data. May 15, 2001, accessed March 3, 2019 .
- Statistics Austria, A look at the community of Greifenburg, population development. Retrieved March 3, 2019 .
- Quoted from Wilhelm Deuer: Die Kärntner Gemeindewappen , p. 124. Verlag des Kärntner Landesarchiv, Klagenfurt 2006, ISBN 3-900531-64-1