|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Zell am See|
|License plate :||ZE|
|Residents :||3,036 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||12 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||5661|
|Area code :||06544|
|Community code :||5 06 17|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Peter Loitfellner ( SPÖ )|
Municipal Council : (2019)
|Location of Rauris in the Zell am See district|
View of the center of Rauris
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
The municipality is located in the Pinzgau in the Salzburg region on the Rauriser Ache below the Sonnblick group in the heart of the Hohe Tauern National Park and extends over the Rauris Valley . Rauris is the largest municipality in Salzburg in terms of area.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Rauris
The municipality includes the following six localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Bucheben (152)
- Rauris (1114)
- Seidlwinkl (407)
- Lowlands (373)
- Board area (464)
- Woertherberg (526)
The community consists of the cadastral communities Bucheben, Rauris, Seidlwinkl, Unterland, board area and Wörtherberg.
- Historical development
The Rauris Valley is one of the few permanently populated Tauern valleys. The fact that the paths over the Rauriser Tauern (Hochtor) were already taken very early is shown by various finds, such as that of a massive, gold-plated neck ring on the Maschlalm, which dates from the Latène period around 400 BC. BC. Six silver coins were found in the market, three of which depict the head of King Philip of Macedon , who lived between 360 and 336 BC. Ruled in the Balkans, show. Further finds are a small statue of Hercules from Roman times, important, even older finds are a bronze sword from the time 1300 BC. As well as a scarab from the time of Ramses II around 1200 BC. Chr.
The valley was settled from the south. It began with the construction of Schwaigen in the 12th century. Today's town of Rauris was previously named after the Gaisbach, on whose alluvial cone it was built, and is mentioned in a document as early as 1120. In 1122, when Bishop Heinrich von Freising handed over two farms to his brother Count Friedrich von Peilstein, the name Rurise appears for the first time and describes the entire valley.
The etymology of the name is unclear and, as in the case of neighboring Gastein , is certainly attributed to pre-Bavarian origins. For example, the common Indo-European root * ru / * reu for rivers appears possible, which here as in the neighboring valleys is also conveyed in Slavic or directly Romanic.
- Wagon and mule traffic
As early as 1230, Wörth is proven to be an important transshipment point for wagon and mule traffic across the Tauern to the south (Seidlwinkl) and into the mining area (Hüttwinkl).
The Seidlwinkltal formed the eastern access to the Heiligenbluter Tauern (Hochtor), which compared to all other Tauern crossings had the advantage of being open longer. This also led to the construction of the Rauriser Tauernhaus, which has been preserved to this day, which, like the other Tauernhouses in other valleys, had supply and supervision obligations for the traders and was already licensed in 1491.
- Pass Rauris
The passport and barrier house in the Rauris was in Rauris . This passport was mainly used for food and disease control for the mines in Rauris, and it was also set up to prevent alcohol smuggling across the Tauern . The only Tauern crossing that was open in winter led through the Rauris Valley . It is therefore reasonable to assume that there was a fortification in addition to the pass station in Rauris. This is believed to be above sea level on a protrusion of the Wörthberg near today's Burgstall farm .
As early as 1706, the hospital was very dilapidated. After the Protestants were expelled from 1731–1733 under Prince Archbishop Leopold Anton von Firmian , missionary work was promoted by the Franciscans in order to prevent Protestantism from regaining its strength in the country. In 1744 they tried from Hundsdorf to build a guard house in Rauris to prevent the "secret sneaking in" of Protestants from Heiligenblut in Carinthia , since the barrier in Rauris could not take over this function as it was easy to bypass. In addition, the masonry hospital was to be handed over to the bailiff and a prison was to be set up there. Although the military patrols incurred high costs for the landscape , the construction of the pass station was rejected.
- Rauris parish is established
In 1203 Chrysant von Einöd built a chapel in honor of St. Michael. In 1339 the new building of the church was requested and 15 years later it was completed. The restoration and the rebuilding of the church are once again mentioned in documents in 1411. Rauris has only had its own parish since 1858. The parish church of Rauris is the hll. Martin and Jakob consecrated.
- Gold mining
The valley gained importance through gold mining, which can be documented as early as 1354. From 1377 to 1802 Rauris had its own regional and mountain court. Mining flourished in the 15th and 16th centuries. The trade houses with keel arched doors and bay windows still bear witness to the prosperity of this time. By 1500 the valley had more than 3,000 inhabitants.
From 1636 gold mining was operated by the archbishops from Salzburg.
- The market
In 1478 the term “market” appears for the first time for Rauris. In 1884, Emperor Franz Josef confirmed the market rights. In 1928 this was awarded again.
In the course of the eviction of Protestants in 1732, 166 Protestants had to leave the Rauris Valley.
- The 20th century
After gold mining in the Gastein and Rauris valleys had almost completely come to a standstill at the beginning of this century, OBR Dipl.-Ing. Imhof, and after Austria's annexation to the German Empire, the Prussian Mining and Hütten AG ( Preussag ) to revive gold mining. However, he was reinstated in 1944.
In recent times, a possible resumption of gold mining has been discussed in detail in public, but rejected by the market town of Rauris and the communities of the Gastein Valley as dangerous to the environment and tourist traffic.
coat of arms
The coat of arms is a shield divided by red and gold diagonally to the left, where a goat is growing out of the dividing line and two crossed, black mining hammers are shown below.
The goat in the coat of arms alludes to the former name of the Rauris market, which used to be called “Gaisbach”, while the mining hammers recall the former gold mining in the valley and the importance of the place as the seat of trades.
The community council has a total of 19 members.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2004, the municipal council had the following distribution: 9 ÖVP, 7 WGR, and 3 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2009 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 9 ÖVP, 6 WGR, and 4 SPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2014 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 8 ÖVP, 7 SPÖ, and 4 WGR.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Salzburg in 2019 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 12 SPÖ, 5 ÖVP, and 2 WGR.
- 1971–1974 Siegfried Rasser (ÖVP)
- 1974–1984 Anton Altenhuber (ÖVP)
- 1984–1989 Otto Kaiserer (ÖVP)
- 1989–2014 Robert Reiter (ÖVP)
- since 2014 Peter Loitfellner (SPÖ)
Culture and sights
- Parish church of Saints Jacob and Martin
- Sonnblick observatory : The Ignaz Rojacher trade revived gold mining again in the 19th century. In 1886, under very difficult circumstances, he built the weather station on the Hohe Sonnblick as the world's first and highest meteorological observation station. The material ropeway to the Sonnblick to supply the weather station was completed in 1954. Until then, everything that was needed had to be carried from the valley to the summit.
Economy and Infrastructure
Rauris is a two-season tourist destination with over 420,000 overnight stays per year.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Hieronymus von Bayer (1792–1876), legal scholar and professor
- Ignaz Rojacher (1844–1891), mine owner and builder of the Sonnblick observatory on the Hohe Sonnblick in the Rauris Valley in the Hohe Tauern
- Ulrike Maier (1967–1994), ski racer
- Reinhard Schwabenitzky (* 1947), film director, producer and screenwriter
- Paul Gerstgraser (* 1995), Nordic combined athlete
- Erika Scherer (* 1958), Austrian writer and book publisher
- Friederike Zaisberger & Walter Schlegel : Castles and palaces in Salzburg. Pongau, Pinzgau, Lungau . Birch series, Vienna 1978, ISBN 3-85030-037-4 .
- 50617 - Rauris. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Rauris . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- A Tale of two Valleys: Two Alpine valleys - two stories. The contrary strategies in two neighboring Alpine valleys to deal with climate variability and climate change , Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics, zamg.ac.at - research and documentation project on the communities of Flattach and Rauris, numerous materials and historical climate data
- Videos and audio files from or about Rauris in the online archive of the Austrian Media Library (literature, butter production, memories ...)
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- see Jürgen Udolph: Ruhr, Rhume, Rumia, Ruthe, Ryta and related things . In: Hydronomia Slowiańska 2, Kraków 1996, pp. 93–115 ( online , prof-udolph.com). Udolph gives the related group of meanings tear, pluck, raw, clear, rotten , thus about a meaning in the sense of 'torrent'
- Friederike Zaisberger & Walter Schlegel, 1978, p. 120.
- Siegfried Rasser . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Anton Altenhuber . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Otto Kaiserer . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Robert Reiter . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Peter Loitfellner . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Parish Church of Saints Jacob and Martin . In: Salzburger Nachrichten : Salzburgwiki .
- Rauris natural stone center. Retrieved August 7, 2016 .
- orf.at: Rauris becomes a film set . Article dated August 2, 2017, accessed on January 16, 2018.