Old West Railway:
Vienna West - Wagram - Linz - Salzburg
New West Railway:
(Vienna Meidling - Tullnerfeld) - Wagram - Linz
|Route number (ÖBB) :||101 01 , 101 02 , 101 13 , 103 01 , 103 02 , 123 01 , 130 01|
|Route number :||* Line 1 (Alte Westbahn):
2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017,
4011, 4012, 4013, 4014, 4015
|Course book route (ÖBB) :||100 (Vienna Airport (VIE) –Linz)
101 (Linz – Salzburg)
110 (Wien Westbf – St. Pölten)
111 (Vienna Airport (VIE) –St. Pölten)
|Route length:||312.2 km|
|Gauge :||1435 mm ( standard gauge )|
|Network category :||A.|
|Power system :||15 kV 16.7 Hz ~|
|Maximum slope :||13 ‰|
|Minimum radius :||275 m|
|Top speed:||250 km / h|
|Dual track :||continuous|
The Westbahn is an electrified main line in Austria from Vienna via St. Pölten and Linz to Salzburg . The line was built by the privately owned Kaiserin Elisabeth-Bahn and put into operation in 1860. Today the line is operated by ÖBB Infra and is part of their core network .
The Westbahn consists of the double-track Old Westbahn (route 1) and the double-track New Westbahn (route 30) . Wherever they run in parallel, the two lines form what is known as the four-track Western Railway.
To strengthen operations, the Westbahn is being supplemented by additional local routes, which are used as local traffic (route 23) from Vienna Hütteldorf to Unter- Purkersdorf or as a jam track (route 3) from Pottenbrunn via St. Pölten to Prinzersdorf.
At the eastern end of the Westbahn, the historic Vienna Westbahnhof , a terminus station, has been competing with the new Vienna Central Station , which was built as a through station, since December 2014 .
The railway company Westbahn GmbH, which has been operating since December 2011, has announced that it will continue to run its trains between Salzburg and Vienna from the Westbahnhof. Since the timetable change in December 2015, ÖBB has been running all long-distance traffic on the Westbahn in Vienna through the Lainzer Tunnel to Wien Meidling station and on to Vienna Central Station . Two long-distance trains every hour continue after the stop at the main train station to the airport VIE Wien station . From the end of 2017 to the end of 2019, Westbahn GmbH also had regular trains run from Vienna Praterstern , which occupied routes on the main S-Bahn line on their way west , on which they linked the main train station and other S-Bahn stations, their use was not possible with tickets from the transport association.
The line was opened on December 15, 1858, from Wien Westbahnhof to Linz and from August 1, 1860, it was open to Salzburg. The onward route to Munich Central Station went into operation on August 12, 1860.
The railway line was built by the privileged Kaiserin Elisabeth-Bahn company under Hermann Dietrich Lindheim . In addition to the Vienna - Salzburg route, it also included the Wels – Passau (1861), St. Valentin - Summerau - Budweis (1872) railway . In addition, the lines Linz - Lambach - Gmunden and Linz - Budweis, the former horse-drawn railway Budweis - Linz - Gmunden had to be taken over by the kk privileged First Railway Company as a narrow-gauge railway (1857), although most of them had to be re-routed. The Kaiserin Elisabeth-Bahn managed numerous other routes, even today there are still a few boundary stones with the initials KEB . The name of the Elisabethbahn was simply replaced by "Westbahn" by the public.
As early as 1851, a rail link was agreed in a state treaty between Bavaria and Austria ; In 1858 the Vienna - Linz line was completed. The route to Salzburg was opened to traffic in 1860. The journey from Vienna to Salzburg initially took nine hours. A few weeks before the official opening, Empress Elisabeth had already used the route to travel to her native Bavaria . At the official opening on August 12, 1860, Emperor Franz Joseph and King Maximilian II of Bavaria were present.
In 1884 the railway line was transferred to state ownership (see kk Staatsbahnen ). The extension of the railway line on Austrian territory, the Salzburg-Tiroler Bahn ("Giselabahn") via Zell am See to Wörgl in Tirol (KEB since 1875), was also in government hands.
The double-track expansion was completed on August 14, 1902 and took place gradually: Linz - Wels on August 7, 1870, St. Valentin - Linz on August 22, 1874, Wels - Lambach on November 1, 1898, Lambach - Attnang-Puchheim on August 14, 1874 August 1899, Attnang-Puchheim - Salzburg on August 14, 1902.
The electrification of the line was accelerated after the end of the First World War and the disappearance of coal reserves. It began from the west, but only shortly before the beginning of the Second World War : October 3, 1938 to Steindorf, October 6, 1941 to Attnang-Puchheim, May 15, 1949 to Linz, June 28, 1951 to Amstetten. Electrification was completed on December 19, 1952 with the inauguration of the Amstetten - Vienna Westbahnhof section of the line, which was almost entirely in the Soviet occupation zone.
During the management of the Deutsche Reichsbahn , numerous expansions and extensions were made. The Hutten and Ederbauer company turnouts were built and a new marshalling yard (north of the Westbahn) was built in Wels . The construction of a second marshalling yard was also started in Wels (south of the Westbahn), but this was no longer carried out due to the end of the war. The purpose of this plan was to get both a marshalling yard with rolling direction west-east (today's Vbf) and one in rolling direction east-west (planned) in Wels. The Linz Ost marshalling yard underwent a generous expansion through the establishment of the “ Hermann-Göring-Werke ” (today voestalpine ).
At a press conference in 1983 , Austria's Transport Minister Karl Lausecker presented detailed plans for the expansion of the Western Railway. The start of construction was expected in 1987, the commissioning should take place in 1992. New building sections were to be created between Attnang-Puchheim and Salzburg, expansion sections were planned between St. Pölten and Linz and between Linz and Attnang-Puchheim. The planned top speed was 250 km / h.
The Sittenberg Tunnel was opened as the first new section in 1994. In 1995 the Lambach bypass followed with the Kalvarienberg tunnel , 1997 Breitenschützing - Schwanenstadt with the Römerberg tunnel . Three years later the sections St. Pölten - Prinzersdorf and Groß Sierning - Pöchlarn with the structures Grüntunnel Rohr , Wachberg-Tunnel II and Melker Tunnel were released for 200 km / h. Only a few months later, in 2001, followed Prinzersdorf - Groß Sierning and St. Peter-Seitenstetten - St. Valentin (green tunnels St. Peter and Siebergtunnel). Since 2003 (opening Amstetten - St. Peter-Seitenstetten) it is possible to drive from Amstetten to St. Valentin continuously at 200 km / h. In 2004 the two nodes Wagram and Rohr followed, and in 2007 the Enns bypass (St. Valentin - Linz Kleinmünchen) was opened to traffic.
As part of the renovation of the St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof station , two iceberg arch tunnels (a single-track for the jam track, a double-track for the two main tracks) were built west of St. Pölten and opened to traffic in 2010.
On December 9, 2012, a new epoch of the Western Railway began: On this date, the new line Vienna Hadersdorf - St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof through the Wienerwaldtunnel, which was passable at 230 km / h, was opened to traffic at the same time as the opening of the New Lower Inn Valley Railway and the increase in maximum speed between St. Valentin and Linz Kleinmünchen from 200 km / h to 230 km / h. Since that date, the railjet has made the route Vienna - Salzburg in 2 hours 22 minutes, and to Innsbruck it only takes a little more than 4 hours.
At Easter 2013 the two new tracks between Ybbs on the Danube and Amstetten were put into operation. In December 2014, the four-track expansion between Ybbs on the Danube and Amstetten with a length of 16.7 kilometers was completed. This makes it possible to drive on the new building sections without crossing them. Since then, the old route has been rehabilitated. Complete commissioning with all four tracks was planned for 2015. Due to construction work, the old route between Rekawinkel and Neulengbach was partially closed from February to June 2016 and fully closed from June to September 2016.
Old West Railway (route 1)
The route begins in Vienna Westbahnhof and first crosses the Vienna Woods . If the old western line used to run through St. Pölten, today it has been replaced by the expanded New West line from the Wagram to the Rohr node. After the completion of the St. Pölten freight train bypass (GZU) "Gap closure St. Pölten - Loosdorf" from the Wagram junction to the Rohr junction, the newly built route will be assigned to GZU route 1.
After the Rohr junction, the Westbahn runs through the Alpine foothills via Pöchlarn (with the branching off of the route into the Erlauftal to Kienberg-Gaming ), Amstetten , St. Valentin (the route branches off into the Ennstal via Steyr and Selzthal to Bischofshofen ) and Enns to Linz, where the routes through the Mühlviertel to České Budějovice ( Summerauerbahn ) and the Pyhrnbahn branch off. In Linz there is also a transition to the Linz Local Railway to Eferding . After Linz, the Danube and the Western Railway separate. While the former flows to Linz from the north-west, the Westbahn now turns to the south-west in the direction of Wels.
In Wels main station, the Westbahn is divided into the lines to Salzburg main station and Passau main station (see the route below). The Almtalbahn to Grünau im Almtal also starts here . The next junction is Attnang-Puchheim , where she with that of Stainach - Irdning to Ried im Innkreis leading Salzkammergutbahn is linked. Via Straßwalchen , where the Mattigtalbahn branches off to Braunau am Inn , the route continues to Salzburg Hbf, where the Westbahn ends.
The Alte Westbahn is almost exclusively used by S-Bahn, regional and REX trains as well as freight trains, mainly vehicles of the 4024 or 1144 series with double-decker push-pull trains or Tauri are used in front of the freight trains.
New Westbahn (route 30)
Vienna - St. Pölten
The new section Vienna - St. Pölten of the Neue Westbahn is a high-speed railway line in Austria . It leads from Vienna via the Tullnerfeld to St. Pölten and is part of the TEN project no. 17 “ Magistrale für Europa ”. The section was put into operation with the timetable change on December 9, 2012. The travel time without stopping between the newly opened Vienna Central Station and St. Pölten Central Station was reduced from 41 to 28 minutes; the one between Vienna Meidling and St. Pölten on 21 minutes.
The new section of the Neue Westbahn begins in the exit area of the Wien-Meidling station and runs through the Lainzer Tunnel , which leads directly to the Hadersdorf junction. Up to the existing link with the Old West Railway, the route can be traveled at 160 km / h (even with branching points ). From the Hadersdorf junction, the actual high-speed route begins with the entry into the Wienerwald tunnel. From this point on, the route can be driven at 250 km / h. The route comes to the surface after almost 13 kilometers at Chorherrn in Tullnerfeld .
The regional train station Tullnerfeld was built in this area . The reactivation of the disused Tullner Westschleife will connect the high-speed line to the Franz-Josefs-Bahn and create the conditions for attractive regional traffic. After crossing three tunnels, which were built using the cut-and- cover method for noise protection reasons, the Perschling tunnel chain follows with three further tunnels. The route then leads to the Wagram junction near St. Pölten, which was the previous starting point for the New West Railway.
Simultaneously with the construction of the new high-speed line, the train stations in Vienna and St. Pölten were also renewed. The Vienna Central Station was put into partial operation on December 9, 2012, at the same time as the line was opened, and was completed by December 2015. The St. Pölten train station was rebuilt by the end of 2011.
St. Pölten - Ybbs on the Danube
Directly after the St. Pölten main station there is a right-hand bend that can be driven at only 80 km / h, after a short straight section the 460 m long iceberg arch tunnel, which was newly built until 2010/11 and is located in a left-hand bend, in which a 160 km / h can be accelerated. At the end of the arch the LZB begins, with which 200 km / h can be driven. The line runs on three tracks (traffic jam track St. Pölten main station - Prinzersdorf south of the existing line, with its own single-track iceberg arch tunnel) to Prinzersdorf, then double-track through the Markersdorf an der Pielach stop to the Rohr junction, where the two tracks are fanned out onto four tracks. Here the old west line branches off to the northwest to the Loosdorf station, while the new west line goes around the town to the south or under the Rohr green tunnel. In the northwest of Loosdorf, the two lines approach each other within a few meters, before the new line enters Wachberg Tunnel 2 in a slight left-hand curve. Shortly after its west portal, the Melker Tunnel, which takes its name from the town around, already follows. Immediately thereafter, there is a bridge over the Melk , before the existing line bends in an arc from the west next to the new line. Now the two lines run parallel through the Pöchlarn station until the new line enters the almost five-kilometer-long Sittenberg tunnel in a slight left curve. Shortly after the west portal, the new and existing lines meet again and about 2 km later you reach Ybbs station on the Danube. Shortly after the train station in Ybbs an der Donau, the route can be driven again at 250 km / h. The four-track gap closure to Amstetten went into operation in 2016.
Ybbs on the Danube - Amstetten
This project serves as a crossing-free link for the new lines between Vienna and Linz. The line runs from Ybbs south of the existing line, crosses between Hubertendorf and Kottingburgstall through a tunnel (Burgstaller Tunnel) under the existing line and the A 1 western motorway to the north. Then the route to Amstetten runs north of the existing route. The project borders on the already completed Sarling - Ybbs project in the east and on the already completed Amstetten West project in the west.
The two new tracks including the Burgstaller Tunnel have been in operation since Easter 2013. From this point on, the existing tracks were renewed and raised to a high-performance level. In December 2014, the entire section was put into operation with four tracks.
The completion of the work in 2015 will allow driving at 250 km / h.
Amstetten - Linz Kleinmünchen
From Amstetten station, the Westbahn runs again on four tracks and long-distance traffic can again accelerate to 200 km / h with line train control (LZB) as soon as the narrow left-hand bend directly at the western station exit at 160 km / h. The old and new west railways run parallel to St. Peter-Seitenstetten before the new line cuts a narrower curve from the existing line through the St. Peter green tunnel. At St. Johann-Weistrach, the two routes meet again for a few hundred meters. After the stop, the Alte Westbahn strives in the direction of Haag, while the Neue Westbahn enters the 6.5-kilometer-long Sieberg Tunnel to the north after a right-hand curve and a straight section. The two lines meet again at the north portal and run parallel to the St. Valentin train station. This is where the “Enns bypass” begins, which can be driven at 230 km / h and with which the new line in the area of the port bypasses the Enns settlement areas. (In 2005, in the course of the four-track expansion between Ennsdorf and Enns, a junction was built in the direction of Mauthausen, which enables trains from Linz to be run directly in the direction of the Donauuferbahn.) At Asten, the old and new Westbahn meet again. From the Asten-Fisching 1 junction, only 200 km / h are allowed; from here the two lines run parallel to Linz Kleinmünchen, the current terminus of the four-track western railway.
The New Westbahn was equipped with the European train control system ETCS Level 2 in the newly built section to St.Pölten Hbf in 2012 . The so-called registration route begins at the entrance to the Lainzer tunnel, which was equipped with both ETCS and the old PZB system. From the Hadersdorf junction, the route was originally intended to be secured exclusively with ETCS Level 2; However, it has been decided to set up signals as a fallback level. In 2019 [obsolete] the PZB line equipment including the light signals is to be removed and blocks are to be compacted.
The St.Pölten freight train bypass, which opened in December 2017, is the first route in Austria to be equipped exclusively with ETCS Level 2; trains without an ETCS-capable locomotive must use the existing route via St.Pölten Hbf.
From Abzw St.Pölten 1 to Linz Kleinmünchen and from Linz Hbf to Attnang-Puchheim, the line train control enables travel at up to 250 km / h.
Important connecting routes
Inner Austrian continuation to western Austria
The Westbahn continues in the main lines towards Rosenheim ("Deutsches Eck" to Innsbruck Hauptbahnhof or Munich Hauptbahnhof) and the Salzburg-Tiroler-Bahn (or Giselabahn) via Zell am See and Wörgl Hauptbahnhof , where the two meet Meet the branches via Rosenheim and Zell am See again, the Kufstein – Innsbruck (Unterinntalbahn) railway to Innsbruck, and then the Arlbergbahn (Innsbruck - Bludenz) to Vorarlberg, and the Lindau – Bludenz railway there .
Due to the steep and bendy route of the Salzburg-Tiroler Bahn from Salzburg via Bischofshofen, Zell am See and Wörgl to Innsbruck, corridor trains were carried out early on over the flatter route via Freilassing in Bavaria and Rosenheim, from there through the Inn Valley via Kufstein to Innsbruck. However, it was necessary to change the direction of travel in Rosenheim (referred to as falling ). Therefore, the single-track Rosenheim loop was built in 1982 at the expense of ÖBB , on which corridor trains can continue in the same direction without touching Rosenheim station .
Day express trains with start or destination Inntal / Western Austria are mainly led via the Rosenheim loop, as the connection is around 90 minutes shorter, and attractive travel times can be offered. Important freight trains also take the route via the " Deutsche Eck ", such as the express postal trains that ran here until the 1990s . Almost all freight trains are currently running in an east-west direction over the Rosenheim loop, including the 120 km / h fast BEX direct freight trains.
St. Valentin - Gaisbach-Wartberg route
In 1871, starting from St. Valentin in Lower Austria, the connecting line to Budweis was rebuilt by the KEB as a replacement for the horse-drawn railway . The connection from Linz to Gaisbach-Wartberg was not completed until a year later. Due to the political changes after the First and Second World War , the route completely lost its importance. In 1956 this was stopped after a car accident - a truck damaged the only road bridge near Ried in der Riedmark . Contemporary witnesses report that parts of the track remained intact until the late 1960s.
Rail replacement services were still offered until the 1960s. In 2006, the route was still recognizable in places through a few cuts and embankments in the landscape. In most areas, according to the word, grass has actually grown over the former route and the former course can only be guessed at. The remaining stretch from St. Valentin to Mauthausen is now - historically incorrect - part of the Danube Bank Railway . The section between Gaisbach-Wartberg ( Wartberg ob der Aist ) and Summerau is now assigned to the Linz -Summerau route known as the Summerauerbahn .
Importance and expansion
Along with the southern line, the Westbahn is the main artery of Austrian rail traffic. The EU enlargement made them even more important. Not only does a large part of the inner-Austrian rail traffic take place on the Westbahn route, the important long-distance connections from Vienna , including to Hamburg , Dortmund , Cologne , Frankfurt am Main , Munich and Zurich, are also run on the Westbahn.
Expansion by 2010
To increase capacity, it has been upgraded to a high-speed line since 1990 . On the one hand, the existing double-track line is being upgraded to a high-performance level, and on the other hand, a new double-track line running close to the existing line between St. Pölten and Linz will be upgraded to four tracks. The new construction sections are designed for speeds of up to 250 km / h due to numerous new tunnels and route straightening. The ICE T , which has been running from Vienna to Frankfurt, Munich and Bregenz in Austria since the timetable change in 2006 , and the Railjet trains that have been running between Budapest, Vienna, Munich and Zurich since the timetable change in December 2008, could use this expansion status.
Expansion by 2018
Before the timetable change on December 9, 2012, the journey from Vienna to Innsbruck took four and a half hours; With the timetable change, the journey time was reduced to four hours and 15 minutes. Once the expansion measures have been completed, the travel time will be roughly a “1-2-4 scheme”, that is, the travel time from Vienna to Linz will only be one hour, to Salzburg two hours and to Munich or Innsbruck four hours.
With the timetable change on December 9, 2012, the new route Vienna - St. Pölten (travel time reduction 16 minutes) was opened. This section is driven at 230 km / h. The arched and mountain railway-like section through the Vienna Woods was supplemented by a new line through the Tullnerfeld ( Vienna Woods tunnel and Perschling tunnel chain ), which meets the route of the Old West Railway at St. Pölten .
In the course of the expansion, the Lambach - Breitenschützing section was brought to a high performance level and has been able to travel at speeds of up to 230 km / h since October 2012, the old route was recultivated by July 2013.
Since the Vienna Westbahnhof is a terminus station , long-distance trains with routes beyond Vienna and a train destination station in neighboring countries to the east (e.g. Budapest ) had to change the direction of travel in the Westbahnhof. Since the end of 2015, all long-distance trains, including all railjet connections, have not been routed from the Hadersdorf junction via Hütteldorf to the Westbahnhof as before, but through the Lainzer Tunnel via the Wien Meidling station to the newly built main station . This does not apply to trains operated by the private rail operator WESTbahn , which continue to only run between Vienna Westbahnhof and Salzburg Hauptbahnhof. From the end of 2017 to the end of 2019, the WESTbahn offered additional trains that alternated with the trains to Vienna Westbahnhof from the Hadersdorf junction via the Lainzer Tunnel in Vienna Meidling on the Vienna S-Bahn main line and were run to Vienna Praterstern .
In 2015 the four-track section Ybbs on the Danube - Amstetten was put into operation for a maximum of 250 km / h.
In 2016, the reconstruction of the east end of the Amstetten station was completed and, in addition to the connection of the four western railway tracks to the platforms, the necessary sufficient track lengths for the formation of freight trains were created and the switch configurations in the east of the station were changed.
In 2017, the St. Pölten freight train bypass (Wagram junction - Rohr junction) , which can be driven at a maximum of 120 km / h, was opened to traffic.
The east end of Linz Central Station was expanded to ten tracks by April 2018, thus establishing the connection for the four-track western line.
The Linz Kleinmünchen - Osteinfahrt Linz Hauptbahnhof section also includes the Linz marshalling yard and will only be accessible on two tracks for a longer period of time. In 2019, the expansion for a four-track western railway began at the western end of Linz's main train station. Then the section Linz Kleinmünchen - Linz Hauptbahnhof, which is currently under development, is to be structurally implemented.
Until 2026, the Westbahn will have four tracks continuously from Vienna to Wels, but not on a four-track route, but rather consist of two double-track lines that are linked at several operationally sensible points.
Another four-track expansion is planned between Straßwalchen and Salzburg (27 kilometers). The expansion is necessary because this section is also used by trains on the S2 line of the Salzburg S-Bahn . For this purpose, a new route will be laid between Köstendorf and Salzburg, which will lead around Seekirchen . This line is to be built from 2026.
- On August 18, 2004, the ICE S set a new speed record for rail vehicles in Austria at 305 km / h in the section between Ybbs and Prinzersdorf near Pöchlarn (route km 91).
- On July 12, 2008, a four-part railjet set set a new speed record for an Austrian train in Austria at 275 km / h between St. Valentin and Amstetten.
- As part of the approval of the Neue Westbahn, trips with the ICE S were carried out at 330 km / h, and a new Austrian speed record was set with 336.4 km / h.
- Between kilometers 216.0 and 219.0 as well as between 221.1 and 223.2, all locomotives of the series 1016, 1116 and 1216 carried out the official acceptance run required for approval for 230 km / h at 253 km / h. Between the two sections, at Gunskirchen station, only 240 km / h are allowed.
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