|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Lower Austria|
|Political District :||Sankt Pölten-Land|
|License plate :||PL (since 2017; old: WU)|
|Residents :||7,754 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||3021|
|Area code :||02233|
|Community code :||3 19 51|
|UN / LOCODE||AT PBM|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Josef Schmidl-Haberleitner ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
|Location of Pressbaum in the Sankt Pölten-Land district|
Center with town hall and parish church
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Pressbaum is located on the main ridge of the Vienna Woods in the industrial district . The Wien rises in the municipality and flows through the Wiental valley it forms to the Vienna Danube Canal . Pressbaum itself is mostly located in the Wiental and in subsequent side valleys such as the Pfalzau, the Weidlingbachtal and the Brentenmais. At some ends of the valleys there are saddles like the Rauchgern, the Hengstl or the Rekawinkler Berg. Higher-lying districts are Dürrwien, Haitzawinkel, in der Bonna, Rekawinkel and Schwabendörfl, the latter two being directly on the main ridge of the Vienna Woods. The area of the municipality covers 58.89 square kilometers, 78 percent of the area is forested.
The most famous elevations are the Pfalzberg, Bihaberg, Saubühel and Karriegel. The highest point in the municipality is the Jochgrabenberg at 645 meters.
The municipality includes the following localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Au am Kraking (4) including In der Au, In der Bonna and Rauchgern
- Pfalzau (531) including Fellinggraben, Klaushäuseln, Ober Kniewald, Pfalzberg, Schwabendörfl and Unter Kniewald
- Pressbaum (6440) including Bartberg, Bihaberg, Brentenmais, Frauenwart, Haitzawinkel, Offene Meidling, Wallner and Weidlingbach
- Rekawinkel (779) including Am Hagen and Sonnleiten
The community consists of the cadastral communities Au am Kraking, Preßbaum and Rekawinkel.
Antiquity and the Middle Ages
According to finds (Beilfund), the area may have been inhabited as early as the Neolithic Age. In ancient times the area of today's Pressbaum belonged to the Celtic Kingdom of Noricum , after its incorporation into the Roman Empire to the province of Noricum and later to the province of Pannonia . Several finds, such as a grave located on the municipal border (already in Sieghartskirchen ), the so-called "Roman grave", indicate traces of civilization from the time when this part of the Vienna Woods was both a retreat for the originally Celto-Illyrian population New settlement area for veteran Roman soldiers ( Romanes ) was. Another grave in this context was found during the construction of the road from Rekawinkel to Kogl , but was destroyed by the road construction. It is not clear whether the current municipal area was touched by traffic lines such as paths or roads during the Roman era. In any case, the border between the provinces of Noricum and Pannonia lay on the main ridge of the Vienna Woods ( Cetius Mons ), which runs through today's municipal area. This border has been preserved to this day as the diocesan border of the Catholic Church: Pressbaum belongs to the Diocese of Vienna , the neighboring municipality of Eichgraben to the west of the Diocese of St. Pölten .
At the time of the Great Migration , the Vienna Woods, and thus also the municipality of today's Pressbaum, was the western border of both the Avars and Hungarians . The name “Am Hagen”, alluding to an entrenchment , still refers to this time .
Early modern age
The further history of the area is unclear until 1572, as the Vienna Woods were a manorial forest and therefore not accessible to the public, which was probably not so easily possible due to the primeval forest character. In 1572, Emperor Maximilian II ordered a documentary recording of the area in the form of a forest book for the first time; the Imperial Forest Office in Purkersdorf Castle was responsible . In this book, well-known field names of the municipality are also mentioned for the first time. From the two offices " Anzbacher Amt" and "Koglinger Amt" of the Vienna Woods comprising a total of twelve offices, the municipality of Pressbaum developed over time.
It is said that after the first siege of Vienna by the Turks, residents who fled Vienna were the first to settle in today's Pressbaum, at least the first dated parts of the building come from the period afterwards (passage beams from 1609) and the first hallway name “Pressbaum” can be found in the year 1633. The population consisted mainly of forest and forest workers who were settled here from the areas of Salzburg, Upper Austria, Styria as well as from Bavaria and Swabia.
In 1675 Paul Tanner (or Thonner) became the forester of the Anzbach office and for this reason asked to be allowed to settle in his area of work. With the approval he received, he built the first house that was located “by the Pressbaum”, today's Gasthaus Lindenhof, which is probably the oldest house in today's community. This is where the term “Tonnerin” or “Tannerin” for Pressbaum, which was used well into the 19th century, comes from. In 1681 Christian Pezzelberger took over the forestry office. It was he who led the alliance's reserve army - consisting of troops from Austria, Poland , Bavaria and Baden , who gathered in Tulln against the army of the Ottomans besieging Vienna - over the main ridge of the Vienna Woods to the battle of the Kahlenberg .
In the course of the warlike acts of the second Turkish siege of Vienna, mainly by roaming Tatars who reached Pressbaum from the southwest from Hochstrasse , but even more because of the plague that had raged a few years earlier , the population of Pressbaum was badly affected. For example, woodworkers from Upper Austria and Styria were resettled again, who, in return for a certain amount of clearing work, were allowed to build "duck huts" depending on the size (1/4, 1/2 and 1 whole) and manage them with appropriate land. These so-called Hüttler formed the core of the inhabitants of that time.
The further time determined the life of the region , especially the logging and charcoal making . The cut wood was drifted down the Wien River by means of specially built systems , where it was then processed, mainly in Vienna.
In 1713/14 the plague raged again in the area and the residents were not allowed to leave the place for quarantine reasons. That is why they asked permission to build their own chapel, as the weekly church attendance at Purkersdorf was not possible until then. According to legend, until then they always met for this "at the press tree", a tree that was felled and never picked up for a cider press . In 1723 the chapel that was built was declared public and in 1730 the first church that replaced it was consecrated.
The passages of the French army under Napoleon , which in 1805 and again in 1809 took the shortest route through the Vienna Woods via Eichgraben and through Pressbaum, were again decisive experiences for Pressbaum, which has meanwhile grown into a typical Wienerwald lumberjack village. Legend has it that Josef Schönach and Michael Helm were executed in the Pfalzau valley, as is told by the French cross designed by Rudolf Pleban and erected at that point . Another victim of the French was the village school teacher Josef Peschka. Another monument from that time stands on what is now private land, the French grave, a small chapel where 14 graves from those days were found. In some records or descriptions, this chapel is also referred to as the Turkish Chapel , which would mean that the graves found were assigned to the time of the Turkish sieges.
Only after the rulership was abolished in 1848, Pressbaum became an independent municipality, which was assigned to the Hietzing district in 1850 . At that time Pressbaum had 358 houses.
From 1850 to 1873 the community of Tullnerbach , which was originally part of Pressbaum, was temporarily back to Pressbaum.
In 1858 the Vienna – Salzburg railway line of the imperial and royal privileged Empress Elisabeth Railway , named after the wife of Emperor Franz Joseph, was built. Empress Elisabeth also came to Pressbaum on her extensive hikes, as evidenced by the captured Wienflussquelle on the Pfalzberg, the “Kaiserbrünndl” and a drinking glass that is kept in the former “Zur Pfalzau” inn, from which Elisabeth supposedly drank milk. According to tradition, Elisabeth tasted the water from the Wienflussquelle so good that she had it brought to Vienna to make her coffee.
For Pressbaum, the passing of the railway meant a radical change in the village structure. Within a few years, the lumberjack village transformed into a summer retreat for the better Viennese society of the Belle Époque . The villa buildings built by the master builders of the Palais on Vienna's Ringstrasse still shape parts of the community today. During this time, the building that defines the center today, the elementary school (increased in 1891) and the Catholic Church (1909) were built. The Catholic Church is one of the few pure Art Nouveau buildings that were erected in the sacred area.
In 1881 Johannes Brahms spent his summer in the Brentenmais district of Pressbaum, where he completed the Nänie (Op. 82) and his 2nd piano concerto (Op. 83). The musician, opera director and librettist of the Strauss opera Die Fledermaus , Richard Genée , who lived in Tullnerbach but was actively involved in the social life in Pressbaum, among other things in the local choir, and even composed a song about Pressbaum, was even more connected to Pressbaum.
The aviation pioneer Wilhelm Kress undertook his experiments on the Wienerwaldsee , a damming of the Wien River and the Wolfsgrabenbach flowing into the former, which was built between 1895 and 1898 by the Belgian Compagnie des Eaux de Vienne, Societé anonyme for the Wientalwasserwerk built him the world's first airplane with a petrol engine.
During these years, Pressbaum developed into a popular winter sports location, to which the Viennese took special trains in the morning and back in the evening. The Bihaberg, which had its own ski jump until after the Second World War, was particularly popular with skiers. There was also a ski production facility, the “Wienerwaldski” from Haas in Pressbaum. In 1925 the Lower Austrian State Ski Association was founded by four clubs, one of which was the "Deutsche Turnverein Pressbaum".
The Nazis' ideology of extermination also fell victim to those born in Pressbaum, known by name are Artur Blumel and Adolf Spitz with his wife, who perished in a concentration camp . Jakob Nemencinkis, a Jewish boy from Lithuania who suffered from a harelip, was taken from the “Pressbaum Special Children's Home” to the Am Spiegelgrund Clinic , where he died of inhuman treatment. The Jew Max Arnold, who lived in Pressbaum, had better luck, who was ordered to be transported to Vienna, but was able to hide with his wife Johanna thanks to the help of a courageous Viennese woman, and thus survived.
During the Second World War, in the area of today's settlements around Badgasse, there was a barrack camp of the paramilitary work force " Organization Todt ", which, in addition to specialist staff, increasingly used forced labor on a large scale towards the end of the war. The camp was built for work on expanding the western railway to four tracks, an undertaking that was discontinued at the end of the war and never resumed. Refugees in striped camp clothing were encountered by the local population at the end of the war.
On the Western Railway itself, trains served as moving command posts for the German Wehrmacht, which were stationed on the route between Pressbaum and Eichgraben and were brought into the two tunnels near Rekawinkel in the event of an air raid. In 1945 the Red Army , on the point of encircling Vienna, advanced from the southeast to Pressbaum. Three houses were destroyed in the fighting, 17 Pressbaum citizens committed suicide in the face of the "end of the 1000-year empire". The Soviet soldiers who died in the fighting are buried in a separate military cemetery with a memorial next to the Pressbaum cemetery. Local Pressbaumers also had to bring deceased Soviet soldiers from more distant places to Pressbaum to be buried. The sanatorium in Rekawinkel served as a military hospital for the Soviet Army and had to be supplied with food and other things by the local population.
In 1961 Pressbaum got a connection to the West Autobahn A 1, which was completed in 1966 to Vienna and runs through the Pressbaumer municipality area, the Bihaberg was thereby divided. What was desired back then as a sign of progress and mechanization has now turned out to be a source of noise and exhaust gases. The construction of the western autobahn also made it necessary to build the Bihaberg tunnel in order to continue to ensure the smooth operation of Vienna's second high spring water pipeline in this area.
Apart from the construction of the motorway, the post-war period brought decisive architectural innovations for Pressbaum. Some of them, like the municipal office or the secondary school, have since been rebuilt and renewed or expanded. In any case, there has been a noticeable change in the appearance of the village, which today is characterized by the architectural style of the 1960s / 70s, supermarkets, and more and more residential buildings and terraced houses, and in which the typical for these decades and that continues to this day and therefore also by the residents and in the local media repeatedly thematized lack of awareness for a harmonious design of the townscape reflects. In 2003 one of the oldest houses in Pressbaum, the former forest administration, was demolished and a supermarket was built in its place. The only skyscraper in Pressbaum, which differs significantly from the other buildings due to its height, the Lower Austrian state nursing home Wienerwaldheim , which was built in the 1970s, was abandoned and reopened as a residential park in 2008 with added row houses. The valleys of the municipality are now more and more populated, with the forest and settlement touching each other directly. In order to stop the sprawling single and terraced house building activity, a building freeze and a structured development plan have been discussed for several years .
In 1964 Pressbaum was elevated to a market town . Pressbaum has been part of the Vienna Woods Biosphere Park since 2005 , with a core zone located in the Pfalzau on the Pressbaum municipal area. Pressbaum has been a member of the Climate Alliance Austria since 2007 . In 2012, efforts were made, especially by Mayor Schmidl-Haberleitner, to have Pressbaum elevated to the rank of town, which was mainly due to the growing number of inhabitants and the importance of the school location. On November 20, 2012, Pressbaum was raised to the status of town ( municipality ).
Mayor of the municipality has been Josef Schmidl-Haberleitner (ÖVP) since October 11, 2007 .
After the municipal council elections in 2020 , the first Vice Mayor is Michael Sigmund (Greens) and the second Vice Mayor is Irene Wallner-Hofhansl (ÖVP). On February 15, 2020, a coalition of VP Pressbaum (ÖVP) and the Green List was established.
Since January 26, 2020, there has been the following distribution of mandates in the municipal council with a total of 33 seats:
Mayor since 1850
- Johann Kolb 1850-1864
- Heinrich Täubl 1864–1867
- Georg Hofmann 1867–1870
- Johann Kolb 1870–1872
- Josef Dürstinger 1872–1873
- Ludwig Kaiser 1873–1885
- Engelbert Fröscher 1885–1916
- Ferdinand Kühnel 1916-1919
- Dr. Franz Niedermayr 1919–1921
- Klaudius Jayet 1921-1927
- Anton Taborsky 1927–1931
- Karl Metz 1931–1932
- Karl Dekara 1932–1934
- Anton Taborsky 1934–1938
- Karl Kiesling 1938–1945
- Karl Dekara 1945
- Karl Lastufa 1945–1946
- Karl Meusburger 1946–1949
- Karl Lastufka 1949–1950
- Ignaz Zecha 1950–1955
- Ferdinand Klaghofer 1955
- Josef Nemecek 1955–1977
- Dipl.-Ing. Dr. Otto Hartmann 1978-1998
- Dieter König 1998-2005
- Heinz Kraus 2005-2007
- Josef Schmidl-Haberleitner 2007– today
Townscape and way of life today
The transformation of Pressbaum from the “lumberjack village” via the “summer resort of the well-off bourgeoisie” to the “home of one's own in the countryside” of today also changed the infrastructure and thus the appearance of Pressbaum. Supermarkets have displaced a large number of small shops and businesses that once lined the main street on both sides. The number of sports and leisure clubs has risen sharply. The numerous inns and shelters in the village and on the surrounding hills, which lived not least from the weekend trippers from Vienna, are mostly closed today. But there is a flourishing hotel in Pressbaum and a few more modern restaurants and inns that have been adapted to the times and which also benefit from city tourism to Vienna by bus, and other restaurants.
Pressbaum is no longer a ski area (as of 2008), and the “Europe” cross-country ski trail on the Pfalzberg, which has been well attended for years, is no longer groomed due to differences with the Austrian Federal Forests .
The majority of Pressbaum's residents today are typical commuters who spend their working life mainly in nearby Vienna and use Pressbaum themselves as a private retreat, preferably in their own house with a garden. Due to the changes in the population structure, the village structure of the population that existed two decades ago has largely ceased and has given way to a typical urban-surrounding population structure that increasingly values privacy and anonymity. The residents of Pressbaum have an above-average number of children per family, which in turn leads to a wide range of leisure activities, often family-oriented.
The majority of the citizens of Pressbaum are Roman Catholic . Today's Catholic Church was built in 1908 for the 60th anniversary of the reign of Emperor Franz Joseph I in Art Nouveau style. Another building of the Catholic Church is the Sacré Coeur Monastery (1891) , which has lost its monastic character in favor of the schools of the Archdiocese of Vienna located there.
The Catholic parish church “ St. Theresa of the Child Jesus ” in Rekawinkel is a free-standing small church building with a southern choir tower. The high altar shows a miraculous image of Mary with child in a halo. It was originally planned by the architect Alfred Keller in honor of Cardinal Piffl and was finally consecrated in 1935 as the "Dollfuss Memorial Church" in memory of the murdered Chancellor Dollfuss . The later Federal Chancellor and Foreign Minister at the time of the State Treaty, Leopold Figl , donated a glass window and was therefore made an honorary citizen of Pressbaum before the Second World War.
The evangelical community AB von Pressbaum has had its own church since 1933. The Jehovah's Witnesses have a private place of worship, here Kingdom Hall called. There is also a numerically small Muslim population in Pressbaum, but no mosque of its own or an Islamic community center.
According to the results of the 2001 census, there were 5834 inhabitants. In 1991 the market town had 5421 inhabitants, in 1981 4899 and in 1971 4264 inhabitants.
|Pressbaum: Population from 2001 to 2019|
|Source: Statistics Austria|
Economy and Infrastructure
In 2001 there were 301 non-agricultural workplaces, and according to the 1999 survey there were 45 in agriculture and forestry. According to the 2001 census, the number of people in employment at the place of residence was 2511. In 2001, the employment rate was 45 percent.
Pressbaum is located on the old western railway line with the Tullnerbach-Pressbaum, Pressbaum, Dürrwien and Rekawinkel stops. Trains on the S50 S-Bahn in the direction of Wien Westbahnhof or Neulengbach stop every half hour . In addition, there is an hourly REX at the Tullnerbach-Pressbaum station in the direction of Wien Westbahnhof and St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof . Since December 2012, a large part of the long-distance traffic on the New West Railway Line has been routed through the Wienerwaldtunnel built in this context , from which regional traffic on the previous line benefits.
Historic forest and field railways
To support the forest work, there were some railways, so-called forest railways, some of which can still be seen today. One led from the Rekawinkel station to the Hagen, another into the Fellinggraben, others along the Saubach, onto the Karriegel (for the purpose of building settlements), and along the route of the high spring water pipeline (for the purpose of its construction, with a striking wooden bridge construction near the Dürrwien train station).
For a long time, Pressbaum was the end of the West Autobahn when coming from the west , until it was continued in the direction of Vienna. One of the reasons for this was the valley crossing at Wienerwaldsee. The Neulengbacher Straße B 44, which runs through Pressbaum, and the roads to Klausenleopoldsdorf – Alland and Sieghartskirchen – Tulln are of local importance .
Vienna's second spring water pipeline runs through Pressbaum . Several viaducts in the municipality belong to it.
Police inspection, post office, road maintenance department, two fire brigades, branch of the Red Cross with stationing of a dog squadron, kindergartens and groups, elementary school, secondary school, private schools with public rights: two elementary schools, secondary school, grammar school, educational institution for kindergarten pedagogy, higher educational institution for business professions; Pulmonary sanatorium for prisoners; Nursing home (private), aid organization, “future workshop” for young people with addiction (private).
Culture and sights
- Wiental stage
- Local history museum, open every 1st and 3rd Sunday of the month from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m.
- Residence of some well-known musicians and therefore always events with different musical styles.
- Public music school
- Roman Catholic parish church , built in 1908 in Art Nouveau style with neo-Gothic sounds
- Church in the Sacré Coeur school center, former sister monastery, completed in 1891, built in neo-Gothic style
- Roman Catholic parish church of Rekawinkel, built in 1935
- Two aqueducts of the second Viennese spring water pipeline , completed in 1911, over the Brentenmais valleys (142 meters long and 24 meters high, the highest of the entire water pipeline) and Pfalzau
- Turn of the century villas (in connection with those in Tullnerbach)
- Rekawinkel station and adjoining tunnel portal, station renovated in the style of the time of construction and under monument protection, highest point on the western railway between Vienna and Linz. The station complex, including the outbuildings and the pedestrian bridge, is still largely in its original condition from 1858 and is considered the best preserved system in the original station architecture of the Western Railway.
- Hotel Rekawinkel: The former "HÔTEL und CAFFÊ RESTAURATION Franz Kühnel" (spelling according to the inscription on the building), which was directly adjacent to the Rekawinkel train station, fell into disrepair for many years. The building was demolished in 2015.
- Roman grave in Au am Kraking
- Border stones of the Vienna Woods from the 16th century (local knowledge required)
- Monument to Emperor Joseph II, typical mass casting from Bohemia
- Memorial for the mayor of Vienna, Johann Prix , who died there on an excursion in 1894 in Rekawinkel
- Wilhelm-Kress-Monument at the Wienerwaldsee (already municipality Tullnerbach )
- Schubertstein and Linde
- Vienna river source Kaiserbrünndl am Pfalzberg and Kaiserbrunnberg
- 1950s-style lido
- Franzosenkreuz , in the Pfalzau in memory of the execution of two Pressbaumers in 1805 by the French army, erected by Rudolf Pleban in 1962
- French grave chapel on private property in the bank of graves from the French Wars
Wienerwaldsee and the recreational area around it (path for cyclists and pedestrians with rest areas as well as skating and playground in the Tullnerbach municipal area)
- 3 summer linden trees, cadastral municipality of Rekawinkel
- 2 Schwarzföhren, cadastral municipality Pfalzau
- 1 winter linden tree, cadastral municipality Pressbaum
- 1 Rotföhre, cadastral municipality Pressbaum
- 1 Weymouth pine, Pressbaum cadastral parish
In addition to the SV Pressbaum soccer club and the ASV Pressbaum with several sections (including soccer, badminton, basketball, ...), a Jiu-Jitsu club, a kickboxing club , a cycling club, a running club and the ski jumping club “Wienerwaldadler” are active in the community. There are also some riding stables, an outdoor swimming pool and tennis courts.
Signposted bridle paths, marked hiking trails and signposted mountain bike trails are offered as leisure infrastructure. ASV Pressbaum won the Austrian Badminton State League in 1994. In the 2011/12 season, ASV Pressbaum-Badminton was able to win the first Austrian badminton Bundesliga again.
Another parade sport in Pressbaum is Jiu Jitsu. Athletes from Pressbaum regularly win medals at World Championships, European Championships and international tournaments.
- Wolfgang Ambros (* 1952), songwriter
- Rosette Anday (1903–1977), chamber singer
- Karl Berger (* 1953), cartoonist
- Franz Bierbaum, strength athlete
- Eduard Bitterlich (1833–1872), Austrian painter and sculptor
- Christine Busta (1915–1987), poet
- Friedrich Dittes (1829–1896), German educator
- Gandalf (* 1952), musician
- Ludwig Ganghofer (1855–1920), popular author
- Gerhard Gepp (* 1940), painter
- Leopold Grausam (* 1943), footballer
- Michael Hatz (* 1970), footballer
- Frank Hoffmann (* 1938), chamber actor and television presenter
- Nikolaus Hummel (1924–2006), Bishop of the Old Catholic Church in Austria
- Christian Petzelberger, leader of the Habsburg relief army against the Ottomans through the Vienna Woods in 1683
- Gustav Götzinger (1880–1969), geologist
- Theodor Innitzer (1875–1955), cardinal
- Horst Kullnigg, founder of ASV Pressbaum, President of the Austrian Badminton Association (1980–1992)
- Kurt Leininger (* 1948), photographer
- Herbert Lippert (* 1957), chamber singer
- Else Ludwig (* 1937), chamber actress
- Edgar Niemeczek (* 1958), cultural manager, lawyer and radio presenter
- Ida Orloff (1889–1945), actress, is buried in Pressbaum, the grave can no longer be found.
- Friedrich Peter (1921–2005), politician
- Rudolf Pleban (1913–1965), painter, graphic artist and sculptor
- Herbert Prikopa (1935–2015), chamber singer, cabaret artist, television presenter
- Georg Riha (* 1951), director and photographer
- Wilfried Scheutz (1950–2017), representative of Austropop
- Karl Schmalzbauer (1895–1967), Austrian politician
- Franz Stocher (* 1969), racing cyclist
- 31951 - Press tree. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Entry on Pressbaum in the database of the state's memory for the history of the state of Lower Austria ( Museum Niederösterreich )
- Homepage of the municipality of Pressbaum
- Province of Lower Austria: Pressbaum community data
- Vienna University of Technology: Inventory analysis Pressbaum
- Open budget: Pressbaum
- Results of the municipal council elections : 1995 , 2000 , 2005 , 2010 , 2015 , 2020
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- BEV - Federal Office for Metrology and Surveying, Product: Register of cadastral municipalities , current status (reference date) of the data contained: February 10, 2016
- 4th part: Municipalities - Lower Austria - 373. Pressbaum . In: Austrian official calendar online . Jusline Austria (Verlag Österreich), Vienna 2002–, .
- Results of the municipal council election 2020 in Pressbaum. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, January 26, 2020 .
- Dehio-Handbuch Die Kunstdenkmäler Österreichs, Lower Austria south of the Danube, p. 1746
- Die Kirchen Pressbaums ( Memento of the original from May 19, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on January 22, 2011.
- Web presence of the Wientalbühne. Retrieved December 1, 2012 .
- Ferdinand Lettmayer: Vienna around the middle of the XX. Century. A cross-section through landscape, history, social and technical facilities, economic and political position and through cultural life. Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1958, p. 582.
- Rekawinkler village community ( Memento of the original from January 4, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- sic, the KG is written differently than the locality