Pannonia is a historical landscape in western Hungary , the name of which is derived from the Roman province of Pannonia . The name was retained after the end of Roman rule and was also used for drawing political borders until the arrival of the Magyars in the Pannonian Plain .
The northern and eastern border of both pannonia was the Danube, the western border was the line Wienerwald - Semmering - Fischbacher Alpen and the further watershed between Raab and Mur (hill range Mons Predel ) and further south to the Drau. Neighboring areas were the marchia orientalis to the west of the Vienna Woods, which was followed by Carantania to the south . Finally, south of the Drava was the Friuli region .
In the campaigns between 791 and 803, Charlemagne , allied with the Bulgarian Khan Krum , defeated the Avars. These, long since settled, now lost contact with the other steppe peoples and their political influence faded into the background.
Then the West Slavic population, who had moved to the region for about 200 years, was able to assert itself so far that small empires of their own were able to establish themselves. In the west the Balaton Principality , in the north the Moravian Principality and Neutra Principality and in the east Transtheissia.
These empires and the Frankish Avarmark were conquered by the Hungarians around 900 with the Magyar conquest (see Hungary before the Magyars ).
- Rajko Bratoz : Pannonia. In: Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde (RGA). 2nd Edition. Volume 22, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2003, ISBN 3-11-017351-4 , pp. 469-483.
- Martin Eggers: The use and meaning of the term “Pannonia” in “western” (Franconian) sources of the early Middle Ages. In: Südost-Forschungen , Vol. 65/66 (2006/07), pp. 1–27.
- Péter Kovács : The ancient sources on Pannonia in late antiquity. Part I: 284–337 AD Phoibos, Vienna 2014, ISBN 978-3-85161-109-0 .
- The territory of the EuRegio. burgenland.at, accessed on January 9, 2019.