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Linz Urfahr – Aigen-Schlägl
Route of the Mühlkreisbahn
Route number : 258 01
Course book route (ÖBB) : 142
Route length: 57.784 km
Gauge : 1435 mm ( standard gauge )
Route class : B2
Maximum slope : 46 
Minimum radius : 112 m
Top speed: 80 km / h
Verbindungsbahn to Linz Hauptbahnhof
0.000 Linz Urfahr 264  m above sea level A.
2.100 Schiffmühle (closed January 15, 1978)
Stop, stop
3,612 Puchenau
Station, station
4,860 Puchenau West
Stop, stop
6.510 Achleitnersiedlung
Stop, stop
8.024 Dürnberg
Station, station
9.374 Ottensheim
Stop, stop
11.468 Walding
Station, station
13.266 Rottenegg 268  m above sea level A.
Stop, stop
18,222 Lacquers 440  m above sea level A.
19.206 Connection railway company Zellinger
Stop, stop
20.040 Gerling Upper Austria 464  m above sea level A.
22,400 Herzogsdorf (closed)
Station, station
26,431 Neuhaus - Niederwaldkirchen 556  m above sea level A.
Stop, stop
28,846 Small cell 531  m above sea level A.
Station, station
33.019 Neufelden 447  m above sea level A.
33.754 Neufeldner Tunnel (139 m)
35,550 Pürnstein (closed) 460  m above sea level A.
35,590 Pürnstein tunnel (72.83 m)
Stop, stop
39.234 Igloo Mill 486  m above sea level A.
40,700 Auberg (closed 01.09.1925)
Station, station
43.644 Haslach 485  m above sea level A.
Stop, stop
48.692 Rohrbach mountain 622  m above sea level A.
Stop, stop
51.778 Oepping 598  m above sea level A.
52,500 Mühledt (01.09.1925 closed)
Stop, stop
56.799 Schlägl
End station - end of the line
57.585 Aigen-Schlägl 564  m above sea level A.

The Mühlkreisbahn is a standard-gauge , single-track branch line of the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB) and runs from Linz Urfahr station through the Mühlviertel north of the Danube in Upper Austria to Aigen-Schlägl at the foot of the Bohemian Forest . The Mühlkreisbahn-Gesellschaft was founded in Urfahr for the purpose of building the railway .


The first discussion about a railway line to the Upper Mühlviertel took place in 1869. At that time, influential personalities wanted to build a railway line from Wels via Aschach to Rohrbach , an Upper Austrian Northern Railway . The state capital Linz was to be connected with a horse-drawn tram from Landshaag via Ottensheim to Urfahr. The economic crisis of 1873 thwarted these plans. In 1880 the route from Linz via Neufelden and Rohrbach to Aigen was discussed. Haslach an der Mühl was to be connected by a branch line. The towns of Leonfelden and Haslach refused to give their consent and instead wanted to establish the connection from Linz Urfahr through the Rodl valley , via Zwettl an der Rodl , Leonfelden and Haslach to Rohrbach. The government wanted to implement a cheaper project, the connection from Summerau ( Summerauer Bahn ) via Leonfelden and Haslach to Aigen. In 1882 the route via Neufelden and Rohrbach was still preferred, and more capital could be raised for this variant than for the other variants.

Since the route via Neufelden prevailed, only the connection to the district capital Rohrbach was discussed. The railway should either follow the Große Mühl via Haslach to Aigen or run along the Froschbach via Rohrbach. Ultimately, the so-called Krennbach line was implemented, which connected both Haslach and Rohrbach to the railway line.

After the announcement of the law of April 29, 1885, regarding the concessions and conditions for the construction of the Mühlkreisbahn (amendments 1888 and 1901), construction of the railway began on June 6, 1885. At the same time, the production of five locomotives began in Linz , which were christened Linz , Urfahr , Neufelden , Rohrbach and Aigen . On July 28, 1886, the license to build and operate the standard-gauge railway was granted.

The opening trip took place on October 17th, 1888 from the Mühlkreisbahnhof. From May 1, 1901, the state railroad ran operations on behalf of the company, which was nationalized in May 1942. While the passenger trains still start at Urfahr station, which is connected to the main station by the Linz tram, a state connection line to Linz main station was opened for goods traffic on November 14, 1900. The planned extension and the connection to the German rail network in Wegscheid and the Bohemian rail network in Salnau were not implemented as a result of the First World War.


The 58 km long route begins at the Linz Urfahr train station (commonly known as the Mühlkreisbahnhof ) in the Urfahr district of Linz, first along the northern bank of the Danube and then further inland from Ottensheim in a north-westerly direction in the Rodl valley until shortly before Rottenegg . This is followed by a 5 km long steep stretch with an adhesion gradient of 46 ‰ in the Saurüsselgraben parallel to the B 127 of 268  m above sea level. A. to Lacken ( 440  m above sea level ). It continues uphill to Gerling , where the route swings into the valley of the Pesenbach in a right-hand bend, before another climb follows in front of the Neuhaus- Niederwaldkirchen station near Drautendorf ( 556  m above sea level ). By Diesenbachtal down is at the station Neufelden ( 447  m above sea level. A. the deep valley of) Great Mühl achieved several tunnels were necessary for their Hangtrassierung.

In order to connect the district capital Rohrbach-Berg, the railway line leaves the valley of the Große Mühl shortly before Haslach and follows the Almesmühlbach. After overcoming a height of 627 m at the Rohrbach-Berg train station, the route reaches the valley of the Kren (n) Bach near Oepping and follows it, running parallel to the B 127, to Schlägl, where it crosses the Große Mühl. Finally, after a stop near the Premonstratensian Abbey of Schlägl, it reaches the Aigen-Schlägl terminus 565  m above sea level. A. .


Mostly there is a 2-hour cycle after Aigen-Schlägl, which is compacted in sections. On the Rottenegg – Linz Urfahr section, there is sometimes a 15-minute cycle during rush hour, otherwise there is a 30 to 45-minute cycle. The symmetry time agrees to Rottenegg with the usual elsewhere in Central Europe. Train crossings take place in Neuhaus-Niederwaldkirchen, Haslach, Ottensheim and Puchenau-West. The Mühlkreisbahn is a self-service route between Linz Urfahr and Rottenegg .


Until the complete switch to railcars, trains with the 2043 series were run. (1992)
A 5022 (Desiro) in the Linz Urfahr train station
Cityshuttle push-pull train in Linz Urfahr

The Mühlkreisbahn acquired five local railway machines as initial equipment from Krauss in Linz in 1888. They were named Urfahr , Aigen , Linz , Neufelden and Rohrbach . The kkStB initially designated the machines as 94.61–65, from 1905 as 494.61–65 .

Diesel railcars of the 5047 series and ÖBB Cityjets of the 5022 series (Desiro, since 2005) are used in passenger transport today .

For the front of the demolition of the Linz railway bridge on weekdays except Saturday about the Linzer Verbindungsbahn circulating freight train pair between Linz and Linz Urfahr Vbf a diesel locomotive of the series was in 2070 used. There is currently no more freight traffic between Linz Urfahr and Aigen-Schlägl.

Expansion plans

After the construction there were expansion plans in the direction of Bavaria and Bohemia. In 1909, detailed planning began for a line connection from Aigen via Schwarzbach and Stuben to the Budweis – Salnau railway line (built in 1892, today České Budějovice– Nová Pec ). In addition, an extension to Schwarzenberg and connections from Rohrbach to Wegscheid and Obermühl, a line Neufelden-Lembach-Hofkirchen and a connection via Aschach to Wels were planned. The First World War and the collapse of the Habsburg Monarchy prevented these plans.

Current expansion plans, on the other hand, deal primarily with an improved integration of the Mühlkreisbahn into the Linz local transport network. Two variants, the extension as a S-Bahn and the conversion into a tram, were discussed.

One variant is the conversion of the Mühlkreisbahn into an intercity tram, suggested by the former Transport Provincial Councilor Erich Haider ( SPÖ ). Most of the route was to be continued underground through the city to the main train station. Because of the associated change of gauge (part of) the Mühlkreisbahn to the 900 millimeter gauge used by the Linz tram, the communities in the upper Mühlviertel in particular would be disadvantaged. These demanded an expansion of the standard gauge railway. The management of the Mühlkreisbahn as a tram was finally abandoned in 2019.

Instead, it is planned to connect the Mühlkreisbahn to the main train station via a City S-Bahn route and to build this route as a standard-gauge railway. The construction of such an S-Bahn was first considered in 1992 and was also preferred by the Province of Upper Austria in the following years. An expert commission from the state of Upper Austria also recommended such a solution. The current plan, presented in 2019, provides that the line coming from the main station should be led to Ferihumerstraße, where a branching station is to be built. From this one line is to create a connection to the existing Mühlkreisbahn and a second line will run as a city-regional tram line via Gallneukirchen to Pregarten . The new city crossing could be completed by 2026 or 2027. It is planned to electrify the Mühlkreisbahn in the section between Linz Urfahr and Kleinzell by 2030. Template: future / in 5 years

Linz connecting railway

Linz Hbf – Linz Urfahr
Route number : 271 01
Route length: 9.402 km
Gauge : 1435 mm ( standard gauge )
Route class : D4 (Linz Stadthafen - Linz Urfahr = B1)
Maximum slope : 23 
Minimum radius : 205 m
Top speed: 40 km / h
Route - straight ahead
Western Railway of Vienna
Station, station
0.000 Linz Ebelsberg
Western Railway to Salzburg
Station without passenger traffic
Linz Vbf West
Station without passenger traffic
Linz Vbf Gleisdreieck
Plan-free intersection - below
Station without passenger traffic
2.093 Linz Vbf city harbor
2.255 AB tank farm
2.540 AB Hainzl
2.636 AB company Kühne
3.057 AB Holzwerke / Shipyard / Winter Harbor / Duty Free Zone
3.265 End of the route
3.603 AB service yard
Linz railway bridge over the Danube
6,300 Tram Linz
6.492 EK main street
6,583 EK Stadlbauerstraße
6.690 Linz Urfahr 264  m above sea level A.
Route - straight ahead

The now partially dismantled line between Linz Urfahr station and the Westbahn is known as the Linz connecting line. Like the Mühlkreisbahn, it was not electrified and was used exclusively for freight transport and shunting , but not for passenger transport.

The dismantled section of the connecting line began at Linz Urfahr station and initially followed Reindlstrasse. This section of the route ran partially in the street space, so that the trains had to take part in road traffic like a tram . Before the Linken Brückenstraße the route turned south and crossed the Linz tram . The track of the connecting railway then turned onto Linke Brückenstraße and led over the railway bridge , which was temporarily closed to individual traffic when the train was traveling. The block for individual traffic was similar to the block for a level crossing . After the bridge, the track continued straight ahead, crossed the Untere Donaulände at the same level, then crossed under the Mühlkreis Autobahn and finally reached the Linz Stadthafen train station near the Linz Posthof , where the part of the line that is still in operation begins.

At the Stadthafen marshalling yard, tracks feed from the industrial buildings and from the Linz harbor into the connecting railway. The connecting line follows the Mühlkreis Autobahn, passes under the Summerauerbahn and finally joins the Westbahn. The line, including the Stadthafen marshalling yard, will be electrified by 2022.

Originally, one or two continuous pairs of trains ran daily on the connecting line. For example, trains and multiple units of the Mühlkreisbahn were brought to the TS plant in Linz via the connecting line.

On December 1, 2015, the section between the Stadthafen train station and Wildbergstrasse was discontinued and taken over by Linz AG. The section was dismantled in 2016. This made the Mühlkreisbahn a real island operation, completely isolated from the rest of the regular-gauge railway network . The maintenance of the vehicles used is carried out in Rottenegg in a newly built maintenance hall. Operation on the Mühlkreisbahn to Aigen-Schlägl is guaranteed until 2029.


Aigen locomotive in front of the museum

In Rohrbach-Berg there is a museum about the Mühlkreisbahn with the presentation of the history of the train stations of the Mühlkreisbahn. The Aigen locomotive , which was used on the line until 1910, is also on display .

On Saturday, August 30, 2008, the ÖBB in cooperation with the BSV Linzer Eisenbahner at Linz Urfahr station brought out a special postmark for the 120th anniversary.


  • Reply of the tracirenden engineers of the Mühlkreisbahn to the ... report regarding the local railway from Urfahr ... to Aigen. Wimmer, Linz 1882.
  • Jordan Cajetan Markus: Mühlkreisbahn. Guide from Urfahr-Linz to Otensheim, Neufelden, Haslach, Rohrbach, Aigen-Schlägel and the surrounding area to the brands of the Bohemian Forest. Wimmer, Linz 1888.
  • Josef Sames: The history of the Mühlkreisbahn Linz-Urfahr-Aigen-Schlägel. Self-published, Linz 1939.
  • Franz Aschauer: Upper Austria's railways. History of rail transport in Austria's oldest railway country. (Ed. By the Office of the Upper Austrian Provincial Government.) [Illustr.]. Upper Austria. Landesverlag in Komm., Wels 1964.
  • Franz Humenberger among others: Rohrbach - from the market to the city. Festschrift for the town elevation on July 5, 1987. Rohrbach in Upper Austria 1987.
  • Adolf Czapek, Josef Jauker: 100 years of the Mühlkreisbahn. Commemorative publication on the occasion of the jubilee July 22 - July 24, 1988, Aigen-Schlägl, [Linz / Urfahr - Aigen / Schlägl 1888 - 1988]. Deutschbauer, Rohrbach 1988.
  • Christian Hager: The Mühlkreisbahn. Route Linz Urfahr - Aigen-Schlägl u. Linz connecting railway. 2nd Edition. [Verlag Wilhelm] Ennsthaler, Steyr 1989, ISBN 3-85068-251-X .
  • Heribert Schwarz: 110 years of the Mühlkreisbahn (1888 - 1998), a teaching aid for elementary school. [Kleinzell im Mühlkreis] 1998.

Web links

Commons : Mühlkreisbahn  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Commons : Railway line Linz Hbf – Linz Urfahr  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. RG Bl. No. 65 ex 1885 ( Memento from July 7, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )
  2. Law of June 29, 1888, on the partial amendment of the law of April 29, 1885 (RG Bl. No. 65), regarding the concessions and conditions for the construction of the Mühlkreisbahn. ( Memento from January 19, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  3. ^ Announcement of the Ministry of Railways of June 5, 1901, regarding the amendment of some provisions of the Very Highest Concessions Document of July 28, 1886, RG Bl. No. 136, for the Linz-Urfahr local line to Aigen (Mühlkreisbahn) ( Memento from July 1, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )
  4. http://www.pospichal.net/lokstatistik/14037-muehlkreisbahn.htm
  5. Concession of the Mühlkreisbahn . In: Josef Wimmers Buchdruckerei (Ed.): Linzer Tages-Post . August 7, 1886, p. 2 ( [1] [accessed July 10, 2017]).
  6. Mühlkreisbahn experience ( Memento from March 5, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
  7. http://www.eisenbahntunnel.at/inhalt/tunnelportale/25801.html Pictures of the tunnel portals
  8. Building history. January 8, 2008, archived from the original on April 22, 2009 ; accessed on March 24, 2014 .
  9. ^ Linz: Will the Mühlkreisbahn be a light rail? In: Eurailpress . August 29, 2008, accessed March 24, 2014 .
  10. Train arrival Mühlkreisbahn
  11. a b Linz dispensed with: Stadtbahn and trolleybuses are to replace the new tram axis. Oberösterreichische Nachrichten, December 14, 2019, accessed on December 14, 2019 .
  12. City-S-Bahn - utopia or future perspective. December 30, 2007, archived from the original on February 13, 2012 ; accessed on March 24, 2014 .
  13. Andreas Kremsner: Linz should get City-S-Bahn and an additional tram. In: nachrichten.at . August 8, 2009, accessed March 24, 2014 .
  14. 600 million for the rail: All branch lines are preserved. In: nachrichten.at. July 2, 2019, accessed July 2, 2019 .
  15. The connecting line Linz Urfahr - Linz Hauptbahnhof (Mühlkreisbahn part 2) , accessed on March 26, 2019
  16. marshalling yard in the city harbor before renovation. In: nachrichten.at. April 19, 2019, accessed July 2, 2019 .
  17. ^ Decision of the BMVIT - GZ. BMVIT-225.021 / 0003-IV / SCH5 / 2014
  18. Almtalbahn, Mühlkreisbahn and Hausruckbahn continue to run. In: liferadio.at. October 8, 2018, accessed December 28, 2018 .
  19. Mühlkreisbahnmuseum
  20. ^ Die Briefmarken und Post.Philatelie, August 2008 issue
  21. Catalog list Austrian National Library
  22. Catalog list Austrian National Library
  23. Catalog list Austrian National Library
  24. Catalog list Austrian National Library
  25. Holdings of the Austrian Library Association  ( page no longer available , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / ubik-lbo.bibvb.ac.at
  26. Holdings of the Austrian Library Association  ( page no longer available , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / ubik-lbo.bibvb.ac.at
  27. Holdings of the Austrian Library Association  ( page no longer available , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / aleph.wu-wien.ac.at
  28. Holdings of the Austrian Library Association  ( page no longer available , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / ubik-vbk.bibvb.ac.at