|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Lower Bavaria|
|Height :||718 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||80.68 km 2|
|Residents:||5529 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||69 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||94110|
|Area code :||08592|
|License plate :||PA|
|Community key :||09 2 75 156|
|LOCODE :||DE WEC|
Market administration address :
|Mayor :||Lothar Venus ( CSU / Civic Union Wegscheid / Young List Wegscheid)|
|Location of the Wegscheid market in the Passau district|
Wegscheid is located in the Danube Forest region in the southern Bavarian Forest in the Passau district on the Austrian border and on the B 388 , which leads to Passau, 33 km away, and in the opposite direction to Rohrbach ( Upper Austria ), 21 km away . After Hauzenberg is 17 km and to Waldkirchen km 24th
The market at about 720 meters above sea level on the eastern slope of the Ponzau mountain offers a wide panoramic view as a typical hilltop settlement.
The community of Wegscheid has 84 districts:
There are the markings
Until the 19th century
Wegscheid was founded on an important trade route from Passau to southern Bohemia. Wegisceda (1130) got its name from the three branches that start here. Presumably a parish already existed at that time.
On September 16, 1360, Bishop Gottfried of Passau made the town a market. This meant that the citizens of Wegscheid were allowed to trade in cattle, grain, wood, etc. In a letter of freedom from 1404, Bishop Georg von Hohenlohe gave the market the right to hold a weekly market every Monday , and in 1497 a fair was added.
The plague struck Wegscheid in 1649 and 1650, and in 1655 a fire destroyed 40 of the 67 houses, including the church and the maintenance office .
The former nursing court of the Hochstift Passau was secularized in 1803 with most of the Hochstiftischen area in favor of Ferdinand of Tuscany and only fell to Bavaria in 1805. In the course of the administrative reforms in Bavaria from 1806 to 1818 the district court and today's community of Wegscheid were established in place of the nursing office .
In 1808 Wegscheid had 123 properties, including no fewer than 59 weber rights. Linen weaving flourished in the form of homework until the middle of the 19th century . So-called publishers were responsible for the procurement of raw materials and sales. Cushions, border skirts , carpets, damask scarves and madra scarves were made. The most important publisher, Fenzl, at times employed 700 to 800 weavers in Wegscheid and the surrounding area from 1820 to 1907.
Since 1830, smuggling , the so-called "blackening" across the border has been of great importance. It was favored by the high price differential to the nearby Mühlviertel on the one hand and by high import duties to Bavaria on the other.
From around 1870, the factories' mass production brought home weaving more and more into distress. In 1904 the Wegscheid weaving cooperative was founded, to which 63 members belonged in 1934/1935. Until the winter of 1941, the weaving cooperative produced around 60,000 meters of linen for the Wehrmacht . At the end of 1956, 40 members received orders, a year later only 20.
The Wegscheid Regional Court was renamed the District Office in 1862. It was dissolved in 1880, but re-established in 1888.
20th and 21st centuries
On December 1, 1912 Wegscheid received a railway connection with the Erlau – Wegscheid railway line , a rack railway. On January 28, 1965, the stretch to Wegscheid was closed. The former Wegscheid district, which emerged from the district office, was added to the Passau district as part of the regional reform on July 1, 1972 . The Wegscheid market was one of the few main district cakes in Germany that, as the seat of the district administration, had no city rights.
In autumn 2015 Wegscheid became a focal point of the refugee crisis in Germany in 2015 due to its border location with Austria .
On January 1, 1972, the previously independent communities of Kasberg , Meßnerschlag and Möslberg were incorporated. On July 1, 1972, Eidenberg , Thalberg and Thurnreuth were added. Wildenranna followed on May 1, 1978.
Between 1988 and 2018, the population only increased from 5,463 to 5,501 by 38 inhabitants or 0.7%.
The market council consists of the first mayor and 20 market council members. According to the results of the 2020 municipal council election , the members of the municipal council have been made up as follows since May 1, 2020:
- CSU : 9 seats (42.42% of the vote)
- FWG: 4 seats (19.61% of the vote)
- Wegscheid Citizens' Union : 3 seats (15.47% of the vote)
- Young list: 2 seats (11.78% of the vote)
- Thurnreuther List : 2 seats (10.73% of the votes)
Lothar Venus ( CSU / Bürgerunion Wegscheid / Junge Liste Wegscheid) has been the professional first mayor since May 1, 2020 . On March 15, 2020, he was elected to succeed Josef Lamperstorfer (CSU / Citizens' Union), who has been in office since May 2002, with 79.4% of the vote.
The community is a member of the “Integrated Rural Development Abteiland” (ILE Abteiland) working group founded by 11 communities in April 2011, whose motto is to preserve and design the natural, cultural and economic area of Abteiland as a livable home.
Culture and sights
- The parish church of St. John the Baptist was built from 1967 to 1969 by the Burghausen architect Karl-Heinz Limpert. Wolf Hirtreiter took care of their equipment .
- The St. Anna cemetery church is a late baroque central building from 1716. Its builder is Jakob Pawanger from Passau . The furnishings also come from the baroque period .
- There are still two hand-weaving mills and a tapestry in the community .
Economy and Infrastructure
Economy including agriculture and forestry
In 2017 there were 1,350 jobs subject to social security contributions in the municipality. Of the resident population, 2,240 people were in employment that was subject to compulsory insurance. This means that the number of out-commuters was 890 more than that of in-commuters. 50 residents were unemployed. In 2016 there were 122 farms. Of the community area, 3,172 hectares were used for agriculture.
From 1912 to 1973 the place was the end point of the Erlau – Wegscheid railway line .
The following facilities are in Wegscheid:
- Four day-care centers with 201 approved places and 188 children (as of March 1, 2018)
- Adalbert Stifter Primary School with ten teachers and 175 students (school year 2018/19)
- Gustav Häring (1927–2019), administrative lawyer, from 1983 to 1987 police chief of Munich
- Michael Uhrmann (born September 16, 1978 in Wegscheid), ski jumper
- Robert Zillner (born August 4, 1985), professional footballer, began his career at TSV Wegscheid
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Mayor / Lord Mayor in municipalities belonging to the district (as of May 1st, 2020). (xlsx) Bavarian State Office for Statistics, accessed on June 17, 2020 .
- Community Wegscheid in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library
- On the border with Austria: The disaster as a permanent condition. , FAZ of October 30, 2015, accessed on October 30, 2015.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 620 .
- wahl.info: Local council election & mayoral election in Wegscheid 2020 - candidates & results. Retrieved June 7, 2020 .
- Origin of ILE Abteiland , accessed on April 25, 2020.
- Adalbert-Stifter-Grundschule in the school database of the Bavarian State Ministry for Education and Culture , accessed on July 20, 2020.