|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Upper Austria|
|Political District :||Rohrbach|
|License plate :||RO|
|Residents :||722 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||59 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||4144|
|Area code :||07284|
|Community code :||4 13 24|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Karl Kapfer ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2015)
|Location of Oberkappel in the Rohrbach district|
Town center with parish church
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Oberkappel is a market town in Upper Austria in the Rohrbach district in the upper Mühlviertel with 722 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020). The community is located in the judicial district of Rohrbach .
Oberkappel lies at an altitude of upper Mühlviertel . In terms of the spatial subdivision in terms of nature conservation, the municipal area belongs predominantly to the southern Bohemian Forest foothills , while the southern section belongs to the central Mühlviertel highlands . The extension is 7.1 km from north to south, 13.4 km from west to east, the total area is 12.18 km². Oberkappel is thus in the lower quarter of the municipalities in the district. With 60 inhabitants per km², the municipality was again in the lower middle field of the municipalities in the district in 2013. The community area extends over a height of around 510 meters in the area of the main town Oberkappel and a height of around 900 meters on the western flank of the Ameisberg. In 2001, 46.7 percent of the municipal area was forested, 49.2 percent of the area was used for agriculture. In comparison with the federal state of Upper Austria, Oberkappel is significantly more forested than the state average (Upper Austria: 38.3 percent) and the agricultural area (Upper Austria: 49.3 percent) is on average. The proportion of other uses (construction areas, gardens, bodies of water and others) is 4.1 percent, well below the Upper Austrian average of 13.8 percent. Coming from Bavaria , the Ranna crosses Oberkappel on the way to the Danube and forms the Rannatal below Oberkappel , which is a Natura 2000 protected area. Neighboring communities are Kollerschlag in the north, Sarleinsbach in the east, Atzesberg in the southeast, parish churches in the Mühlkreis in the south and Neustift in the Mühlkreis in the southwest. The state border with Germany runs to the west, where Oberkappel borders the municipality of Wegscheid in the district of Passau .in the western edge of the Rohrbach district in the
Geology and soils
The landscape of the municipality is part of the Bohemian Massif, which goes back to a very old mountain range that was created by the Variscan mountain formation in the Paleozoic ( Carboniferous ). After the strong erosion of the former high mountains, during the Alpidic mountain formation in the Tertiary, the crystalline basement was abolished by several 100 meters, causing fractures and faults. Subsequently, sediments were deposited in the Tertiary and Quaternary periods . The dominant rocks in the municipality are older, coarse-grained granites of the Weinsberg granite type . It is one of the first masses of magma to solidify during the folding of the mountains, has a typical coarseness and causes a restless landscape character with rapid alternation of peaks and valleys. The Weinsberg granite characterizes the east of the municipality, in addition, the younger fine-grain granites of the Mauthausen granite type characterize the landscape of the municipality. In the municipality there is silicate brown earth, which forms on granites and gneiss. The light to very light soils are generally poor in nutrients and their use depends on the depth and the water supply. The soil type is generally loamy sand or sandy loam, with the dominant form of humus in dry locations being mild , otherwise mull . In the valley area of the Rana there is also a gley , which can also be found in the area of waterlogged springs, ditches, hollows and at the foot of slopes.
The municipal area is congruent with the cadastral municipality of the same name Oberkappel. In addition to the main town, Markt Oberkappel, a distinction is made between nine districts, with almost half of the population living in the market. In addition to Oberkappel, only the village of Mollmannsreith has a population of more than 100. The Oberkappel market ( ) is located in the Ranna valley in the east of the municipality and in 2001 comprised 118 buildings, 19 workplaces and 25 agricultural and forestry facilities. To the east of Oberkappel lies the scattered settlement Dietmannsdorf, which partly also belongs to the neighboring community of Neustift. In 2001 Dietmannsdorf had only three buildings and one agricultural and forestry facility in the municipality. To the south-east of Oberkappel is also the Rotte Grubberg, which in 2001 consisted of four buildings and an agricultural and forestry facility. To the north-east of Oberkappel is the scattered settlement Osterwasser ( ), which also includes the Hubertus chapel and the Pernhof farm to the north-east. In 2001 the scattered settlement consisted of 13 buildings with five agricultural and forestry facilities. The district of Hochödt connects to the northeast of Osterwasser. In 2001, the group consisted of five buildings with four agricultural and forestry facilities, with the single farm Mitterödt to the west also being included in Hochödt. The Rotte Hallschlag and the scattered settlement Kaffring ( ) can be found in the southeast of the municipality . In 2001 Hallschlag had six buildings with four agricultural and forestry facilities, Kaffring had 14 buildings with nine agricultural and forestry facilities. Also in the south-east of the municipality is a building in the Mitterschlag district, the other buildings of which, however, belong to the Sarleinsbach municipality. In the northeast is the village of Mollmannsreith ( ), which in 2001 was the second largest district of the municipality with 52 buildings. The village also had three workplaces and 25 agricultural and forestry facilities. The village of Lamprechtswiesen and the hamlet of Schöffgattern are also north-west of Mollmannsreith. In 2001 Lamprechtswiesen had ten buildings, Schöffgattern three.
The municipality includes the following localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Dittmannsdorf (4)
- Grubberg (17)
- Hall impact (12)
- Hochödt (24)
- Kaffring (40)
- Lamprechtswiesen (29)
- Midriff (10)
- Mollmannsreith (178)
- Oberkappel (338)
- Easter water (54)
- Schöffgattern (16)
The place was originally in the Hochstift Passau . According to the land register of Rannariedl in 1581, Oberkappel belonged to the Wegscheid parish . In 1783 it became independent as a parish. During the secularization of 1803, the place fell with the largest part of the Hochstiftischen area to Archduke Ferdinand of Tuscany and his electorate of Salzburg . The place then came to Bavaria in 1805 . Oberkappel has been part of Upper Austria since 1814 and has been a border town with Bavaria ever since.
After the annexation of Austria to the German Reich on March 13, 1938, the place belonged to the Gau Oberdonau . During the Second World War , Oberkappel was the place where the Allied troops first entered Austrian territory. After 1945 the restoration of Upper Austria took place.
Today Oberkappel is a small tourist town.
The population development in the area of the municipality of Oberkappel was below average between 1869 and 2013 compared to the population development of the Rohrbach district. Compared to the province of Upper Austria, the population development was even well below average. Overall, the municipality lost 10 percent of its population between 1869 and 2013, with the population moving in a very narrow range between around 700 and 800 inhabitants during this period. Initially, the population fell by 10 percent between 1869 and 1900, then stagnated until the 1920s and then sank to the previous low of 698 inhabitants in 698 by 1934. After that, the population gradually increased to 824 inhabitants by 1981, which is the previous level Marked high. Since 1981 the community has seen a decline in population. The population loss in recent decades is due to emigration. While in the 1970s the community still benefited from a surplus of births and migration, there has been an emigration trend since the 1980s. The population decline was also exacerbated by a decline in the birth surplus.
Culture and sights
- Catholic parish church Oberkappel
- Former Schöffgattern hunting lodge
- Every two years in Mardi Gras, the Oberkappler Narrenkastl is held in Oberkappel. The fool's call is Ranna Ranna - bå bå , based on the Ranna and the word "Bach" (pronounced bå in the dialect).
Economy and Infrastructure
Baumgarten-Oberkappel Gasleitungsges.mbH, which is majority owned by OMV (51%), was named after Oberkappel.
The municipal council as the highest body of the municipality has 13 seats and is elected every six years in the course of Upper Austria-wide municipal council elections. The municipality board consists of three members, whereby the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) is represented after the municipal council elections in 2009 with the mayor, the deputy mayor and one other member in the municipality board and thus occupies all community boards.
The strongest parliamentary group in the Oberkappel municipal council has always been the ÖVP, which since 1945 has always obtained an absolute majority of votes and mandates or has always had a two-thirds majority. In 1973 the ÖVP achieved its best result to date with 95.3 percent, but since then the proportion of votes has decreased almost continuously to just under 70 percent. The second strongest party in the Oberkappel municipal council has always been the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) since 1945 ; like the ÖVP, it competed in every municipal council election and achieved results between 4.7 and 22.9 percent. The SOL was able to record its best result so far in 2003, its worst in 1973. While the SPÖ's election results between 1945 and 1979 were 4.7 to 15.3 percent, since 1985 it has had between 17.1 percent of the votes and 22.9 percent. The Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) has been represented in the Oberkappel municipal council since 1991, with 7.2 and 10.6 percent so far. In the last municipal council election in 2009, the ÖVP came up with 67.9 percent or 9 seats, which was the ÖVP's worst result. The SPÖ achieved its third-best result to date with 21.5 percent and three mandates, the FPÖ achieved one mandate with its best result of 10.6 percent.
The mayor has been determined by direct election since 1997 , with no absolute majority for a candidate in a runoff election . Mayor Adolf Aumüller (ÖVP), who has been in office since 1995, won the first direct election with 71.3 percent. In 2003 he was able to increase his result to 86.0 percent. Aumüller was replaced in 2006 by Karl Kapfer (ÖVP), who was confirmed in office in 2009 with 78.5 percent of the population. In none of the three direct mayor elections so far, there has been an opposing candidate.
Mayor since 1850:
|Term of office||Surname||Term of office||Surname|
|1850-1861||Johann Perr||1942-1944||Alois Prechtl|
|1861-1866||Franz Falkner||1944-1945||Franz Jell|
|1866-1867||Josef Eidenberger||1945–1955||Robert Fischer|
|1867-1870||Franz Falkner||1955-1961||Leopold Miggisch|
|1870-1873||Johann Jungwirth||1961–1962||Otto Poschl|
|1873-1879||Johann Luger||1962-1967||Franz Lorenz|
|1879-1882||Josef Metzger||1967-1973||Leopold Firmberger|
|1882-1885||Peter Scheiblberger||1973–1985||Adolf Aumüller|
|1885-1894||Anton Andarfer||1985-1995||Wolfgang Pöschl|
|1894-1900||Josef Metzger||1995-2000||Gerhard Jell|
|1900-1903||Karl Fischer||2000-2006||Adolf Aumüller jun.|
|1903-1906||Franz Reichard||since 2006||Karl Kapfer|
As in municipal council elections, the ÖVP also dominates regional elections in the municipality, although the dominance of the People's Party has decreased somewhat. Nevertheless, the ÖVP has always been able to become the party with the strongest vote since 1945, and before 1997 it even had a three-quarters majority. The ÖVP achieved its best result in 1973 with 93.8 percent, since then it has almost gradually lost its share of the votes, whereby in 2003 it achieved its lowest result to date with 68.7 percent. The second strongest party in state elections was, with one exception, the SPÖ, which achieved election results between 4.9 and 22.1 percent. The SPÖ had its best result in 2003, its worst in 1973. The third strongest party was predominantly the FPÖ, which until 1985 only achieved a maximum of 4.8 percent. As a result, however, the FPÖ was able to increase its results to between 5.5 and 12.9 percent. In 1997 the FPÖ was able to position itself ahead of the SPÖ with its best result to date. In the last state election in 2009, the ÖVP came first with 68.9 percent and its second-worst result to date. The SPÖ only got 12.1 percent and thus had to give up around 10 percent of its share of the vote. The FPÖ reached 11.2 percent, the Greens only got 2.7 percent.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was awarded to the municipality of Oberkappel on October 21, 1981 by a resolution of the Upper Austrian provincial government. The design comes from the priest and artist Kurt Andlinger from Oberkappel. The blazon of the coat of arms reads: split of red and silver with a disc in alternating colors. The coat of arms is a simple coat of arms image, with the " herald figure " formed by a disk as the initial "O" symbolizing the place name. The color-changing division in turn addresses the situation of the municipality on the Austrian state border or the Upper Austrian border with Bavaria. The coat of arms is a mirrored version of the coat of arms of Toblach in South Tyrol (of the noble family von Herbst ). The flag of Greenland is also identical, only lying down.
- 1986: Kurt Krenn (1936–2014), Former Bishop of the Diocese of St. Pölten
- 2019: Franz Hauer (* 1943), local councilor, conductor, choir director
Sons and daughters of the church
- Johann Hazod (1897–1981), painter
- 41324 - Oberkappel. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Further information about the municipality of Oberkappel can be found on the geographic information system of the federal state of Upper Austria .
- Province of Upper Austria: Mapping of natural areas in Upper Austria. Landscape elevation Oberkappel. Final report. Kirchdorf an der Krems 2006
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Statistics Austria municipality data from Oberkappel
- State of Upper Austria ( Memento of the original from December 13, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Local council elections in Oberkappel from 1945
- Province of Upper Austria election results in mayoral elections
- State of Upper Austria Mayor of the municipality of Oberkappel since 1850
- State of Upper Austria ( Memento of the original from December 13, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. State election results in Oberkappel from 1945
- www.oberkappel.at: Marktgemeinde Oberkappel municipal coat of arms
- Oberkappler Zeitung June 2012 edition
- Diocese of St. Pölten: Bishop Dr. Kurt Krenn, honorary citizen of the market town of Oberkappel. In: www.dioezese-linz.at. Retrieved August 4, 2016 .
- Bezirk.at/rohrbach/c-linge/oberkappler-wurde-fuer-seine-dienste-geehre_a3681804 , accessed on May 30, 2020.