|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 48 ° 33 ' N , 13 ° 38' E
|Administrative region :||Lower Bavaria|
|Height :||294 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||18.2 km 2|
|Residents:||3763 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||207 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||94130|
|Area code :||08591|
|License plate :||PA|
|Community key :||09 2 75 137|
|LOCODE :||DE ZLL|
|Market structure:||21 districts|
Market administration address :
|Mayor :||Ludwig Prügl ( CSU )|
|Location of the Obernzell market in the Passau district|
Obernzell is a market in the Lower Bavarian district of Passau and a state-approved resort .
Obernzell is located in the Danube Forest region directly on the Danube . The middle of the Danube forms the border with Upper Austria.
In Bavaria (Passau district):
In Upper Austria:
The municipality of Obernzell has 21 districts:
There are the districts Ederlsdorf, Kellberg and Obernzell.
Climate table Obernzell
Source: DWD, data: 1971–2000
Until the 19th century
The place, which emerged from a monk's cell, was initially owned by the Lords of Griesbach and since 1217 belonged to the Passau monastery . As Griesbach am niederen Markt or Niedergriesbach in der Zell , it continued to form a unit with Untergriesbach . In 1283 it had a parish and in 1359 it received market rights .
During this time, the processing of clay and graphite became Obernzell's most important economic factor. As early as 1516 the Obernzeller graphite crucible hafnerei had its own guild regulations. Around 1530 the place was named Hafnerzell for the first time after the local potter. The crucibles produced consisted of 50% graphite, 40% clay and 10% quartz. They were mainly used by alchemists, metal foundries and mints. The melting pots made Obernzell so famous that Bernhard Grueber and Adalbert Müller wrote in their book The Bavarian Forest in 1846 :
- “Regardless of its small size, Obernzell is better known abroad than some German residential cities. It owes this reputation to the unsurpassable melting pots which are manufactured here and sent halfway around the world. "
Even Joseph Kyselak (* 1798 Vienna , † 1831 ibid), the great migration of 1825 him Hafner cell leads, describes the flourishing trade:
“Opposite the village of Pirwang, the Danube curves in the shape of a moon, and on the left bank one approaches the only important Hafnerzell of its kind. We landed, and I was afraid, because it was a little windy, that I would have to spend the night; but only a few barrels and baskets of the so-called black Passau melting pot (indispensable for melting gold and silver, and therefore seduced from here through half the world) were loaded. These crucibles, for which the peasants dig the mass in their fields themselves and then process it, acquire considerable wealth for the market; also bricks, large slabs, etc. Like. For various fire work, are also ordered and made there. This place is made even more strange by the local porcelain earth, which was used to load a ship for the Vienna factory. "
From the middle of the 17th century the name Obernzell established itself as a place name. The prince-bishop's keeper had his seat in the castle until the secularization . Obernzell was secularized in 1803 with most of the Passau area in favor of Ferdinand of Tuscany and only fell to Bavaria in 1805 . In 1818 the community came into being.
The place suffered great damage from two major fires in the 19th century. The fire on New Year's Eve in 1839 destroyed almost 30 houses. Another fire on May 6, 1862, killed 28 residential buildings and 40 outbuildings.
It was not until 1940 that the last melting pot factory in Obernzell stopped production.
In 1972 the Kellberg districts Edlhof , Erlau and Holzschleife were incorporated. On July 1, 1972, the previously independent municipality Ederlsdorf was incorporated.
In the period from 1988 to 2018, the market grew by 317 inhabitants or 9.1% from 3,470 to 3,787.
- 1961: 3223 inhabitants
- 1970: 3426 inhabitants
- 1987: 3425 inhabitants
- 1991: 3822 inhabitants
- 1995: 3743 inhabitants
- 2000: 3790 inhabitants
- 2005: 3863 inhabitants
- 2010: 3844 inhabitants
- 2015: 3795 inhabitants
Ludwig Prügl (CSU) has been the first mayor since May 1, 2020; he was elected on March 15, 2020 with 58.2% of the vote. From May 1, 2008 to the end of April 2020, Josef Würzinger (CSU) was First Mayor. He replaced Manfred Riedl (SPD) and was re-elected for a second term in the Bavarian municipal elections on March 16, 2014 with 90.51%.
In the local elections on March 15, 2020, of the 3,118 residents eligible to vote in the Obernzell market, 2,025 exercised their right to vote, bringing the turnout to 64.95%.
- Aschach an der Donau in Upper Austria , Austria , since 1982
- Szigliget in Hungary , since 2005
The community is a member of the “Integrated Rural Development Abteiland” (ILE Abteiland) working group founded by 11 communities in April 2011, whose motto is to preserve and design the natural, cultural and economic area of Abteiland as a livable home.
Culture and sights
- Ceramic museum in the former prince-bishop's castle Obernzell with free admission
- baroque market church Obernzell
Economy and Infrastructure
Economy including agriculture and forestry
In 1998, according to official statistics, there were seven in the field of agriculture and forestry, 1664 in the manufacturing sector and 88 in the trade and transport sector at the place of work. In other economic sectors, 287 people were employed at the place of work subject to social security contributions. There were a total of 1238 employees at the place of residence subject to social security contributions. There was one in the manufacturing sector and five in the construction sector. In addition, in 1999 there were 30 farms with an agriculturally used area of 515 ha, of which 268 ha were arable land and 247 ha were permanent green space.
There are three leather companies , of which two manufacturers with their own collections, still two potteries that the tradition of Hafner continue.
Via the B 388 you can reach Passau, 16 km away, and in the opposite direction Wegscheid (16 km) on the border with Upper Austria .
Obernzell has a station on the disused Erlau – Wegscheid railway line , which was used for passenger traffic until 1965 and freight traffic until 2001.
Obernzell is located on the Danube Cycle Route and on the European EuroVelo 6, which runs along six European rivers from the Atlantic to the Black Sea.
Car ferry Obernzell
A car ferry connects Obernzell with the opposite (Austrian) bank of the Danube, where the B 130 Nibelungen Straße leads via Engelhartszell (9 km) and Eferding (40 km) to Linz (65 km). The ferry is the only car-compatible Danube crossing between Passau and the Niederranna bridge over the Danube , otherwise there is only the Engelhartszell – Jochenstein pedestrian ferry . The ferry crosses regularly all year round, but only during the day.
In addition to a kindergarten and a primary school, Obernzell also has an adult education center.
- Lukas Kern (1681–1749), ship master and founder of the Lukas Kern children's home
- Josef Zirnbauer (1834–1917), leather manufacturer and mayor of Obernzell from 1869 to 1882
- Hans Vogt (1890–1979), engineer and inventor, co-inventor of the sound film
- Heinz Zirnbauer (1902–1982), librarian in Munich, Speyer and Salzburg
- Otto Zirnbauer (1903–1970), sculptor and restorer
- Ernst Dorn (1924–2012), senior director of studies a. D., author and local researcher
- Reiner Kunze (* 1933), poet
- Günter Zahn (* 1954), athlete and final runner in the torch relay of the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich
- Entry on the coat of arms of Obernzell in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- ↑ "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ^ Obernzell municipality in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on January 6, 2018.
- ^ German Weather Service: Climate Information Obernzell. World Meteorological Organization, accessed January 4, 2013 .
- ↑ Bernhard Grueber, Adalbert Müller: Der Bavarian Forest , 1846, reprint: Morsak Verlag, Grafenau 1993, p. 135
- ^ Joseph Kyselak : Sketches of a foot trip through Austria . Jung und Jung, Salzburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-902497-52-9 (new edition of the unabridged original text from 1829, accompanied by the results of the research project).
- ^ Straubinger Tagblatt dated May 9, 1862
- ^ Regiowiki based on a report in the Passauer Neue Presse (May 7, 2012, p. 33)
- ↑ Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Hrsg.): The municipalities of Bavaria according to the territorial status May 25, 1987. The population of the municipalities of Bavaria and the changes in the acquisitions and territory from 1840 to 1987 (= contributions to Statistics Bavaria . Issue 451). Munich 1991, p. 66–67 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00070717-7 ( digitized version - footnote 17).
- ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 590 .
- ↑ landkreis-passau.de
- ↑ Mayoral election 2020 , accessed on July 17, 2020
- ↑ wahl.info: candidates and results Obernzell. Neue Presse Verlags-GmbH, March 17, 2014, accessed on July 30, 2014 .
- ↑ landkreis-passau.de
- ^ Origin of ILE Abteiland , accessed on April 25, 2020.
- ↑ webmaster: EuroVelo 6: explore the European rivers by bike! - EuroVelo. Retrieved April 28, 2017 .
- ^ Danube ferry Obernzell: ferry times . obernzell.de