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Hadersdorf-Weidlingau consists of two cadastral communities: the Hadersdorf cadastral community in the north (Mauerbachstrasse, Cottage district) and the Weidlingau cadastral community in the southwest (Hauptstrasse, Josef-Palme-Platz, Wurzbachtal, Auhof-Center). Mariabrunn (near the parish church ) is located in the south near the Lainzer Tiergarten and is perceived as a separate district. Partly it belongs to the Hadersdorf cadastral community, but partly to the Auhof cadastral community , the majority of which is in the 13th district of Hietzing . Hadersdorf (2106.37 hectares ), Weidlingau (93.47 hectares) and the Penzinger part of Auhof (22 hectares) together extend over an area of 2221.84 hectares. Hadersdorf-Weidlingau also forms its own census district consisting of four counting districts official statistics, the borderline of which, however, is neither identical with that of today's cadastral communities nor with that of the formerly independent municipality of Hadersdorf-Weidlingau.
Hadersdorf-Weidlingau (also known locally as HaWei ) is located in the Vienna Woods on the western outskirts of Vienna and borders the Lower Austrian communities of Purkersdorf , Mauerbach and Klosterneuburg . Due to its location in the Vienna Woods, it is the starting point for many urban hiking trails. Both the Mauerbach and the Wien River flow through Hadersdorf-Weidlingau . In the eastern part of Hadersdorf-Weidlingau (towards Vienna) is the so-called swamp area . This is the large Auhof retention basin at the mouth of the Wien River and the Mauerbach, which is intended to protect the City of Vienna from flooding in the event of flooding. South of the local area is the Lainzer Tiergarten, a local recreation area for the Viennese.
In the Hadersdorf-Weidlingau area, numerous finds from Roman times were made, which suggests a settlement or a Roman road , probably towards Tulln . At the time of the Great Migration there was a small Avar settlement in Hadersdorf on the Buchberg . You can still see an eroded wall around the mountain today. During the construction of the water reservoir in Buchbergstrasse in the 1970s, finds were made of this settlement.
Hadersdorf is first mentioned in the 12th century. In a document in Klosterneuburg Abbey is of Hedrichsdorf spoken. During this time, a fortification was probably built on the site of today 's Laudon Castle . This fortification, like the village and the parish church, was destroyed during the first Turkish siege of Vienna in 1529. In the following years a castle was built on the remains of this fortification and was to be rebuilt several times in the following centuries and later acquired by Field Marshal Laudon.
The baroque parish church of Mariabrunn and the monastery of Mariabrunn were built between 1639 and 1655 . Remarkable frescoes were discovered in the church during renovation work around 1995, which have been restored in recent years. The kk forestry school was located in the monastery building from 1813 and is now the federal forestry institute . The townscape was characterized by farmhouses, mills (on the Mauerbach near Mariabrunn) and houses of woodworkers who cut wood for Vienna in the densely wooded Vienna Woods.
A memorial to the inventor of the ship's propeller, Josef Ressel, stands here, as he graduated from the forest academy here in 1816.
The Ledererschlössel with its baroque garden at the foot of the Mühlberg in Weidlingau was built in 1715 . This pleasure house was built by Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and demolished in 1973 for the construction of the children's home “ City of the Child ”.
In the middle of the 18th century, Laudon Castle was rebuilt to its present form. This castle is a historically interesting monument in Hadersdorf, as it is the only moated castle in Vienna's urban area. After his victorious campaign against the Turks, Field Marshal Ernst Gideon von Laudon acquired the castle in 1779 and gave it its current name. On his property at the time, he built a monument for himself, the so-called Türkenstein (on which the campaign is partly depicted) as well as two tombs, one on the hill by the salt meadow, one down in the valley on the Mauerbachstrasse.
The communities Hadersdorf, Weidlingau, Mariabrunn and Auhof were united in 1851 to form the Lower Austrian Wienerwald community Hadersdorf-Weidlingau. During this time - also due to the construction of the Westbahn - Hadersdorf-Weidlingau became a popular second home. Wealthy townspeople built villas in the typical Wienerwald style. Some of these villas are still preserved (Buchberg and Loudonstrasse, Cottage Quarter), but some have been heavily modified in recent decades.
After the " Anschluss of Austria " to Nazi Germany in 1938, the place was incorporated into Greater Vienna as part of the newly created 14th district of Penzing . After the Second World War, this part of the district remained near Vienna, but has retained its village character.
In 1858 the Western Railway was built through Hadersdorf-Weidlingau. Two stops were created: Hadersdorf-Weidlingau (today: Vienna Hadersdorf) and Weidlingau-Wurzbachtal (today: Vienna Weidlingau).
Caused by the construction of the Vienna Stadtbahn at the beginning of the 20th century, Hadersdorf-Weidlingau station was expanded into a five-track station, with two tracks reserved for local traffic and three tracks for long-distance traffic (one through track). The large reception building of the station was on Bahnstrasse (by the former Kirschenhofer inn) and resembled the Tullnerbach - Pressbaum station that still exists today . On the western section of the railway between Unter-Purkersdorf and Hütteldorf - Hacking (now Vienna Hütteldorf ) there was good local transport connections with the so-called Purkersdorfer commuter , which even ran every 15 minutes during the day. The station building was demolished in the late 1970s. Only the central platform with its interesting steel construction has survived to this day (although it has been heavily renovated and modernized).
Hadersdorf-Weidlingau has a connection to the network of the Vienna S-Bahn (line S50 in the stops Vienna Hadersdorf and Vienna Weidlingau). The Wolf in der Au bus stop further east belongs to Auhof. In addition, run several times per hour bus from station Hütteldorf (including the lines 50A, 50B, 450, 451 and 453). Since March 26, 2006, night buses run every half hour on the weekend via Hadersdorf to Auhof (line N49).
There are also some cycle paths: one to Purkersdorf (between Wienfluss and Westbahn through the Christkindlwald) and two cycle paths to Vienna (one along the wall of the Lainzer Tiergarten to Auhofstraße in the 13th district and the other from Wolf in der Au along the Westbahn , then along the Vienna River to Hütteldorf or Hietzing).
In Hadersdorf-Weidlingau, the Auhof autobahn station, which was closed in 2014, is the beginning of the A1 western autobahn .
- Peter Cornelius (* 1951), musician
- Alois Czedik von Bründlsberg and Eysenberg (1830–1924), railway director, politician
- Heimito von Doderer (1896–1966), writer
- Walter Honeder (1906–2006), painter and graphic artist
- Eugen Guido Lammer (1863–1945), alpinist and writer
- Hans Lukesch (1901–1994), NSDAP politician
- Josef Palme (1859–1935), Mayor of Hadersdorf 1919–1921 and 1929–1934
- Rudolf Stiassny (1883–1943), actor and director
- Friedrich Wiesner (1871–1951), lawyer and diplomat
- Otto Wutzel (1918–2013), art historian and civil servant
At the meeting on December 12, 1900, the municipal council decided unanimously to grant Emil Hardt honorary citizenship with effect from December 23, 1900 in recognition of his numerous charities.
- Hertha Wohlrab: Penzing. History of the 14th district of Vienna and its old places . Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1985, ISBN 3-224-16209-0 .
- Regine Rebernig-Ahamer: Hadersdorf-Weidlingau on the trail of a village in Vienna. 2nd updated edition. Provincial Library, Weitra 2018, ISBN 978-3-85252-842-7 .
- The history of the Hadersdorf-Weidlingau community and Laudon Castle ( Memento from October 6, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- History of Hadersdorf-Weidlingau on the website of the Vienna City Hall
- Laudon's tombs in Hadersdorf
- Mariabrunn in the Vienna History Wiki of the City of Vienna
References and comments
- According to the original in the private collection of Helmut Hardt-Stremayr.