|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Upper Austria|
|Political District :||Catfish Land|
|License plate :||WL|
|Residents :||3,605 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||966 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||4650|
|Area code :||07245|
|Community code :||4 18 11|
|Address of the
|Market community Lambach
|Mayor :||Klaus Hubmayer ( SPÖ )|
Municipal Council : (2015)
|Location of Lambach in the Wels-Land district|
Lambach from the northwest
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Lambach is a market town in Upper Austria on the Traun in the Wels-Land district in the Hausruckviertel with 3605 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020). The Benedictine Abbey of Lambach Monastery, founded in 1056, is significant .
Lambach lies at an altitude of judicial district of Lambach until 2012 and has been part of the judicial district of Wels since January 1, 2013 . The extension is 4.9 km from north to south and 2.2 km from west to east. The total area is 3.7 km². 10.8% of the area is forested, 48.6% of the area is used for agriculture.in the Hausruckviertel. The community belonged to the
The municipality includes the following four localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Fischerau (15)
- Lambach (3441)
- Firing place (79)
- Ziegelstadl (70)
The community consists of the Lambach cadastral community .
In 1991 the community had 3432 inhabitants according to the census , by 2001 a decrease to 3242 inhabitants was recorded.
coat of arms
Official description of the municipal coat of arms:
A red barge in silver on a blue, wavy shield base , in it a naked, forward-facing, growing female figure with a golden crown, necklaces and long, loose hair.
The community colors are blue and white.
The coat of arms has its origin in the legend of the virgin Flavia , who was put in a boat on the Ager by her pagan father because of her Christian faith . The boat ran aground at the mouth of the Ager into the Traun . A Christian shepherd took on Flavias and housed her until her father died. This coat of arms is the coat of arms of the Lambach monastery, which was taken over from the market after the abolition of the manor in 1850. The market coat of arms up to that point showed a lamb standing on a piling, wavy brook as a talking coat of arms .
Originally located in the eastern part of the Duchy of Bavaria , the place belonged to the Duchy of Austria since the 12th century . In 1365 Lambach was given market rights by Rudolf IV . Since 1490 the place has been part of the Principality of Austria ob der Enns .
During the Napoleonic Wars , the place was occupied several times.
Since 1918 the place belongs to the federal state of Upper Austria . After the annexation of Austria to the German Reich on March 13, 1938, the place belonged to the Gau Oberdonau . In 1941 the Lambach Monastery was dissolved by the National Socialists and a National Political Educational Institution was housed in it. After the end of the Second World War, the expelled convent returned to Lambach Abbey in 1945.
In 1946 the US Army imported a Coca-Cola bottling plant for its soldiers, unfortunately without skilled workers for the assembly. Austrian engineers worked on it and were able to complete the plant. The drink was initially only for soldiers and US citizens. It is not known when the public sale began. (Source: TV production Austria II)
In 1056 the last descendant of the Counts of Wels-Lambach , Adalbero , converted his parents' ancestral seat into a Benedictine abbey. Adalbero had become bishop of Würzburg in 1045 . He carried out numerous reforms in his diocese, founded and renewed monasteries. In 1089 he and his friend Bishop Altmann von Passau consecrated the first monastery church in Lambach. Since he sided with the Pope in the investiture controversy, he was expelled from his episcopal city and found a place of refuge in his favorite foundation. In 1089 he also saw how Lambach monks moved out to settle in Melk . Adalbero died in Lambach on October 6, 1090. His grave enjoyed great veneration among the people. It was not until 1883 that his cult was officially recognized by Pope Leo XIII. accepted. In the 12th century, the monastery with its writing school was an outstanding center of medieval art. The monastery experienced its greatest heyday during the baroque period. A magnificent early baroque church was built and the entire monastery complex was enlarged. In 2006 Lambach Abbey celebrated its 950th anniversary with an anniversary exhibition.
Klaus Hubmayer ( SPÖ ) has been mayor of the community since the 2015 municipal council election . Ing.Johannes Moser ( ÖVP ) and Günter Marischka (SPÖ) as well as Mag. Johann Gibitz ( FPÖ ) act as vice mayors . The NEOS are also represented in the local council.
The cultural life in Lambach is significantly enriched by the cultural association group O2. The cultural work extends to around 40 events per year in the areas of theater, cabaret, readings, O2 jazz club, world music, concerts and events from domestic and foreign folk cultures, etc.
The baroque theater in Lambach Abbey is u. a. known for its own productions of the classical theater subject and an important institution in the Lambach community.
Since 2007 the complete works of Ludwig van Beethoven have been performed in Lambach Abbey in a 10-year project.
Various other associations (including the market music band Lambach-Edt) enrich the cultural life of the place with their activities.
Culture and sights
- Sacred buildings
- Lambach Benedictine monastery with magnificent baroque rooms (monastery library, outpatient clinic, summer refectory). The Lambach Baroque Theater in the Lambach Abbey has the oldest playable theater space (1770) in Austria.
- Lambach Collegiate Church : With the oldest Romanesque frescoes in the southern German-speaking area in the Romanesque westwork. Baroque church building by Filiberto Lucchese with a mighty high altar by Antonio Beduzzi .
- Kalvarienbergkirche on the Pfisterberg, built 1717–1722. The late Baroque central building with a two-tower facade is covered by an onion-shaped dome. Inside the church there are frescoes by Wolfgang Andreas Heindl from Wels. Some of the frescoes were reconstructed in 1952 by Prof. Fritz Fröhlich during the restoration of the church after being damaged by a bomb (1945).
- Maria-Hilf-Chapel on the Puchberg, built from 1717.
- The cemetery church (built before 1200, parish church until 1783) has served as a burial and funeral church since 1991.
- Secular buildings
- Town hall with musket fence: The fence was made from gun barrels from the time of the French Wars (1800, 1805, 1809).
- Former monastery tavern (pharmacy since 1802) with beautiful baroque facade (1730–1740)
- Former court judge's house : The house was expanded under Abbot Maximilian Pagl in 1721 as a house for monastery officials.
- Sparkasse building : The building was erected in 1893 as a monumental building in the style of late historicism.
- Obelisk with double-headed eagle in memory of those who fell in the battles at Lambach in 1800 and 1805 ( Napoleonic Wars )
- Traun bridge with statue of St. Johannes Nepomuk
- Former Stiftsmeierhof
- Lambach power plant (on the Traun)
- Natural monuments
- Weekly market: every Friday from 7:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.
- New Year's Eve concert by the Lambach-Edt market music band (in the Lambach sports hall); December 30th, 8:00 p.m.
- Wine festival of the Lambach volunteer fire brigade in October.
Economy and Infrastructure
In the Lambach power plant , which went into operation in 1999, 73 million kilowatt hours are generated annually, which corresponds to electricity for 17,000 households.
In 2019, Starlim Sterner's third plant (based in Marchtrenk) opened in the Lambacher Feld industrial park.
Lambach is on Wiener Straße (B 1) between Wels and Vöcklabruck . The Gmundener Straße (B 144) begins in Lambach and leads via Steyrermühl to Gmunden . The construction of a bypass around the site has been discussed since the 1960s. In 2006 a north bypass of the center and the start of construction in 2009 could be determined. (Groundbreaking summer 2012-completion planned for 2016.)
November 2016 Opening of the Lambach Nord bypass.
The Westbahn ( Lambach station and Lambach Markt stop ), the Lambach – Vorchdorf-Eggenberg local railway and the Trauntalbahn also run through Lambach . The stretch of the Haager Lies , which was closed in December 2009, also led to Lambach.
Today Lambach is an important school location in the Wels-Land district with a wide range of schools:
- Lambach elementary school
- Secondary school 1 Lambach (focus: sport and computer science) with an attached polytechnic school (PTS Lambach)
- Secondary school 2 Lambach (secondary music school and various areas of focus, e.g. IT)
- Realgymnasium and commercial academy of the Benedictines in Lambach Abbey
- Agricultural college in Lambach, specializing in horse management and agriculture - pig farming and arable farming, as well as an agricultural vocational and technical school for rural housekeeping in the newly established agricultural education center in Lambach an der Traun.
- State Music School (branch of LMS Stadl-Paura)
- Montessori school "Sonnenhaus"
Sons and daughters
- Ignaz Harrer (1826–1905), politician and mayor of Salzburg
- Josef Gruber (1867–1945), politician and mayor of Linz
- Josef Wiesmaier (1871–1931), politician ( CSP )
- Aloys Wach (1892–1940), Austrian painter and graphic artist
- Benedikt Oberndorfer (1912–1977), Abbot of Lambach
- August Auinger (* 1955), motorcycle racer
- Peter Stockinger (* 1956), semiotic
- Christian Brandstätter (* 1943), publisher
- Jutta Skokan (* 1943), author, cultural mediator
- Peter Lang (* 1946), pianist
Persons with a relationship with Lambach
- Anton Hafferl (1886–1959), anatomist and rector of the University of Graz
- Franz Ertl (1872–1933), Member of the National Council and State Parliament, died in Lambach
- Ignaz Hinterleithner (1898–1973), Member of the National Council, Mayor of Lambach
- Roland Anzengruber: Lambach , in: Germania Benedictina Volume III / 2: The Benedictine monastery and nunnery in Austria and South Tyrol, ed. by Ulrich Faust and Waltraud Krassnig (St. Ottilien 2000) 253–317 (with detailed bibliography)
- Roland Anzengruber: Adalbero - Count of Wels-Lambach. A saint from Upper Austria. In: Upper Austrian homeland sheets. Vol. 40 (1986) H. 2. P. 107-117, online (PDF) in the forum OoeGeschichte.at
- Roland Anzengruber: The horse-drawn railway (Budweis - Linz - Lambach - Gmunden) in old views .- Zaltbommel (Netherlands) 1985, ISBN 90-288-31371 CIP
- Page from Lambach
- 41811 - Lambach. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- More information about the municipality of Lambach on the geographic information system of the federal state of Upper Austria .