Aloys Wach

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Aloys Wach: Altes Braunau am Inn , etching, 1934

Aloys Ludwig Wach (born April 30, 1892 in Lambach ; † April 18, 1940 in Braunau am Inn ; actually Wachlmeier , sometimes Wachelmayr ) was an Austrian painter and graphic artist .

His strong expressionist early work is now considered his greatest achievement and is of international importance. He later distanced himself from this direction.


Wach decided early on to pursue an artistic career and suffered a number of setbacks as a result. He was rejected by the Munich Academy of Fine Arts and therefore began his artistic training in Vienna in 1909 . From 1912 to 1913 he studied at the private painting school Knirr and Sailer in Munich . During this time he met the graphic artist Jakob Steinhardt in Berlin and got to know the newly opened Sturm gallery and probably also the exhibition of the Blue Riders . Between 1913 and 1914 he attended the Académie Colarossi in Paris, where he became friends with Amedeo Modigliani and met some painters in the Bateau-Lavoir . His works from this period include expressionist- cubist drawings , etchings and woodcuts . He finished his studies with Heinrich Altherr in Stuttgart .

Aloys Wach: self-portrait as bookplate , woodcut

Fascinated by the idea of ​​Expressionism, he became a member of the "Sturm" in Berlin and from 1918 to 1922 participated in various expressionist magazines, including a. to the magazines Die Bücherkiste , Das Kunstblatt , Der Weg , Die Aktion , Der Sturm , Der Zweemann and Die Schaffenden . In 1919 he moved to Braunau am Inn, where he lived until his death except for a stay in Rome in 1925/1926. The prodigal son woodcut cycle was created between 1919 and 1920 . From 1920 he also created expressionist still lifes , landscapes and portraits . In 1923, Wach was involved in the creation of the Innviertel Artists' Guild (IKG) and was one of the first guild masters. He was friends with Egon Ranshofen-Wertheimer . From 1922 to 1940 he was a member of the MAERZ artists' association .

He later devoted himself to more religious subjects and around 1930/1933 created, among other things, glass windows for the Spitalkirche in Braunau. After the Anschluss of Austria , he was banned from painting.

A collection of his work is exhibited in the Herzogsburg district museum in Braunau am Inn.

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