|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Kufstein|
|License plate :||KU|
|Residents :||14.059 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||6300|
|Area code :||05332|
|Community code :||7 05 31|
|UN / LOCODE||AT QXZ|
|Address of the
|Mayoress :||Hedwig Wechner (List Hedi Wechner)|
Municipal Council : (2016)
|Location of Wörgl in the Kufstein district|
The city of Wörgl seen from the Grattenbergl
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Wörgl is a town with 14,059 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the Inn Valley in the Kufstein district in Tyrol , about 55 kilometers (as the crow flies) east of the provincial capital Innsbruck . The community is located in the judicial district of Kufstein . The greater Wörgl area is home to around 31,000 residents.
Wörgl was first mentioned in a document with the name "Uuergile" in 1104/1116, but there was already a settlement in this area in Roman times . In 1416 the municipality was divided into two regional courts , in 1815 the municipalities of Wörgl-Kufstein and Wörgl-Rattenberg became politically independent.
In 1911, following the unification of the municipalities, it was elevated to a market municipality , and in 1951 Wörgl was elevated to a municipality.
During the Tyrolean freedom struggle in 1809 , a major battle was fought in Wörgl. In the 1930s, Wörgl became known around the world for its free-field experiment , and the place suffered severe destruction in the Second World War . Economically, Wörgl has an outstanding position in Tyrol in the service sector.
Wörgl nestles in a gentle curve to the south sides of the valley of the Inn valley and Brixenthal and is located at the intersection of Brixen, Sölllandl , Inntal and the high valley Wildschönau or at the confluence of Brixentaler Ache with the Inn . The city is located on the wide alluvial cone of the Wörgler Bach , the Brixentaler Ache and some smaller mountain streams. In terms of population, Wörgl is the fifth largest municipality in Tyrol, but with an area of 19.68 square kilometers it only ranks 171st.
Community structure and urban environment
It accounts for 1,973.28 hectares of municipal territory
- 1,182.03 ha to the cadastral community of Wörgl-Kufstein (KG-Nr. 83020) and
- 791.62 ha to the cadastral municipality of Wörgl-Rattenberg (KG-Nr. 83021).
|Counting district in the municipality of Wörgl|
|Name counting district||Check-
|Population as of 2001|
Wörgl is divided into four districts:
- Lahntal, Mayrhofen, Söcking and Wörgler Boden;
- it includes the settlements of Bodensiedlung, Egerndorf, Einöden, Friedensiedlung, Gießen, Haus, Mühlstatt, Pinnersdorf and Winkl in the municipality.
The municipality is bounded by the Lahnbach in the west towards Kundl , in the north towards Angerberg from the Inn and in the east towards Kirchbichl from the Brixentaler Ache. The border with Wildschönau in the south of Wörgl runs over the ridges of the high Möslalmkogel and the high Eisstein.
South of the center will be steeper slopes of the four brackets Müllnertal cut, Latreinbach-, Aubach- and Gschießklamm. To the north of the city center are the main train station and the Wörgl-Ost motorway junction. In the east the community extends into the Brixental with the district Wörgler Boden, the ruins of Wehrburg, a small hydroelectric power station and the new underground route Bruckhäusl on Loferer Straße . To the west of the center, the bottom of the valley sinks partially to below 500 m. ü. A. to the so-called Wörgler Basin , which was last completely flooded during the 2005 flood.
Of the 19.73 km² community area (as of 2011, Tirol Atlas):
55.4% of the area of Wörgl (that is 10.94 km²) are considered permanent settlement areas.
The length of all municipal roads in Wörgl together is about 72 km, the length of all federal and state roads ( Tiroler Straße B 171, Brixentalstraße B 170 and L 3 ) 12.2 km. There are 19 road bridges and 6 railway bridges or overpasses in the municipality.
Despite its small size, Wörgl borders eight municipalities, two of which ( Hopfgarten im Brixental and Itter ) are in the Kitzbühel district. The roughly ten kilometer long borders to Breitenbach am Inn , Angerberg, Angath , Kirchbichl and partly Itter follow exclusively the courses of the Inn and the Brixentaler Ache, while the border to Kundl along a gorge and the border to Wildschönau, Hopfgarten and Itter follow the southern mountain ridges follows.
Wörgl city region
The Tyrolean Planning Association 29 Wörgl and the surrounding area consists of the eight communities Angath, Angerberg, Bad Häring , Breitenbach am Inn, Kirchbichl, Kundl, Mariastein and Wörgl with a total of around 31,000 inhabitants, which means that the region has about as many inhabitants as the entire Zillertal . The city region is characterized as one of the most dynamic growth areas in Tyrol. In the wide valley floor of the Inn valley, the region in the area of the communities Kirchbichl, Kundl and Wörgl is more heavily built up, while a largely agrarian landscape has been preserved on the northern low mountain range of the Angerberg. With Bad Häring there is also a spa and rehabilitation center in the region, but on average tourism is not very pronounced.
During the last ice age , the 1400 m thick, largest and longest east alpine ice stream pushed over today's Wörgler basin. After the glacier retreat, the Inn valley filled up over the course of several million years. The bed of rubble in the Inn Valley near Wörgl is around two kilometers wide. According to drilling outcrops, the solid valley floor is approximately 90 to 150 m deep. In between there are various materials, such as sand , clay , cement marl, bituminous marl and layers of stink stone. In the municipality you can find u. a. Dolomite , red sandstone , lime and slate .
Waters in the municipality
The main body of water in the Wörgl municipality is the Inn River , which in the north forms the border with the municipalities of Breitenbach am Inn, Angerberg and Angath. The river drains about 9,000 km² up to this point and has a width of about 120 m (Innsteg), the daily mean flow rate is between 100 m³ / s in winter and 600 m³ / s in summer. In flood situations , the Inn itself does not overflow its banks, but the backflows of the waters that flow into the river can cause overflow . The Inn and the Inn shipping, which continued into the 20th century, were of little importance for the city; the last Inn ferry in Tyrol was located in the place of today's Innsteg until its construction in 1982.
The Brixentaler Ache passes the city on its last kilometers of river. The Ache reaches the municipal area in the southeast, after it has left the Itterschlucht and is dammed up by the weir system of the Bruckhäusl power plant, and is the municipal boundary to Itter, Kirchbichl and Angath up to the confluence with the Inn. Several bank reinforcements built since the 1950s protect the Ache bed from erosion when the water level is high, floods with overburden are very rare along the Ache except for the estuary.
The third largest body of water in the community is the Wörgler Bach , which drains the Niederau (community Wildschönau) with a drainage area of about 20 km² and meets Wörgl through the Müllnertal. The stream, which crosses the town from south to north, has always been of major importance for the city, in the past both as a former municipal boundary, as a water source for the first swimming pool and as a location for hammer smiths and currently as a power station and cadastral boundary. The brook repeatedly flooded the urban area, which is why constant regulations and bank construction since the beginning of the 20th century have created good flood protection today.
In the west, the Latreinbach , the Aubach and the Lahnbach also flow from south to north in the municipality until they flow into the Gießenbach . This collects the resulting groundwater, which depends in particular on the water level of the Inn, as well as the aforementioned mountain streams along the railway line west of the main station. It is led into the Inn through the Giessen pumping station . In Wörgl Boden (Brixental) there are only smaller streams with hardly any significant amounts of water, which flow into the Brixentaler Ache in a regulated form. Other smaller streams only reach the receiving waters after heavy downpours or thunderstorms, but can then cause considerable damage. After a devastating storm in 1956, in which all the streams in the city area led to an extraordinary flood, extensive protective measures began. Boulder retaining walls were built at the gorge exits and the streams were led into stone channels.
With the exception of an 8,200 m² fishing lake in the west of the “Filz” nature reserve and smaller swamp pools, there are no other lakes in the municipality.
Flora and fauna
The flora and fauna around Wörgl were strongly influenced by the expanding city over the last century. There are only small areas of retreat for flora and fauna in the municipality, untouched parts of the landscape can only rarely be found. However, the waters provide ideal conditions for dippers ( Cinclus cinclus ), wagtails ( Montacilla alba ), eider ducks ( Somateria mollissima ) and rare Ringed Plover ( Charadrius dubius ) and Alpine beach runner ( Calidris alpina ). The open spaces for brown hares ( Lepus europaeus ) and weasels ( Mustela erminea ) in the few fields on the valley floor are also pushed back . Only the forests, away from the forest and hiking trails, offer larger habitats for foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ), forest chamois (most likely to be found in the Hennersberg area), woodpeckers ( Dendrocopos major ) and squirrels ( Sciurus vulgaris ).
The mixed forests of the mountain range in the south of the municipality - Wörgler Berg, Eisstein, Möslalmkogel and Riederkogel - are composed of firs ( Abies ), spruces ( Picea ), beeches ( Fagus ), sycamore ( Acer pseudoplatanus ) and larches ( Larix ). Yew trees ( Taxus ) and holly trees ( Ilex Aquifolium ) are also found on the steep slopes of the gorges . On the alluvial cone of the Lahnbach in the far west of the municipality, a mixed forest of noble foliage that has become very rare in Tyrol grows . Tree species such as the sycamore maple, summer linden ( Tilia platyphyllos ), common ash ( Fraxinus excelsior ), pedunculate oak ( Quercus robur ), winter linden ( Tilia cordata ) and sycamore elm ( Ulmus glabra ) dominate here. The grassy grass and lime grass lawns of the Möslalmkogel represent a species-rich lime-loving flora. Little has been preserved of the once very extensive alluvial forests along the Brixentaler Ache and especially the Inn due to the regulations, the expansion of the pastureland and the construction of the motorway. Some species of willow ( Salix ) and alder ( Alnus ) now line the narrow and sometimes steep banks. At the Gießen drainage ditch along the railway line, there is now a part of the landscape that is worth protecting in terms of species and flora, but which also suffered losses due to various flood protection structures. As a railway junction, Wörgl also has a species-rich railway body flora, which, due to the poor and nutrient-poor soils that predominate there, represents an ecological niche for partly endangered plant species.
Protected area felt and natural monument Kaiserlinde
On the western edge of the urban area is one of the located Tyrolean Nature Conservation Act 2005 protected wetland complex of construction , transition bogs , small sedge vineyards , wet meadows and tall herb communities . Due to its location in the middle of the densely populated valley floor between Wörgl and Kundl, the Filz, with its great diversity of species, is a valuable relic of the wetland vegetation that was once widespread in the Inntal lowlands. Numerous protected and endangered animal and plant species are also found, eleven of which are plant species in Tyrol endangered regionally and two species in Tyrol underlines the need for protection of this moor. The wetland is likely to be a remnant of an earlier inner arm, on which clayey, water-impermeable material was deposited during floods. The internal regulation created an isolated biotope that is now only fed by slope water. The wetland has a layer of peat 10 to 30 cm thick. After drainage measures introduced in the 1960s, which had a very negative effect on the moisture complex, the city leased the eastern biotope area for protection purposes in 1986, and additional parts were added in 1992. In 1994 the Wörgl ecology group set up a show path with display boards. The protected area is still suffering from the drainage measures and is endangered by the surrounding intensively used grassland and the adjacent industrial area. The reserve currently has an area of 5.22 hectares.
The Kaiserjubiläumslinde is located in the city center, between the parish church and the music school (former elementary school) . On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the throne of Emperor Franz Joseph I, the Wörgler Beautification Association planted twenty winter linden trees to form an avenue, one of which was to be planted in the city center as a jubilee linden tree to be unveiled during the celebrations. But the young tree was destroyed, instead the director of the elementary school planted a linden tree in front of the school building. A plaque on the tree trunk commemorates the jubilee of the throne and the year 1898.
Since the city is located in the area of the northern congestion, the annual rainfall is correspondingly high. The average annual rainfall during the observation period from 1971 to 2000 was 1,135.2 mm. The main precipitation period is between April and October with maximum values in June, July and August. During this time, heavy rain or thunderclouds, which can develop into storms with strong hailstorms and storm fronts, often come over Wörgl from the west. This can even cause violent squalls with tornado phenomena . However, the precipitation is mostly concentrated north of the city and continues to the northeast. Wörgl is hardly in the foehn area anymore, which can lead to higher pollution levels and higher temperatures in summer. The winters are precipitation-rich due to the northern congestion, but the temperatures are usually unfavorable for heavy snowfalls.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Wörgl
It is still not completely clear where the name Wörgl comes from. There are neither names of the around 800 BC. The prehistoric settlement in this area was handed down to the Roman town. The rather unusual place name probably comes from “twerch” (zwerch, = across) from the Wörgler Bach that crosses the Inntalboden. Nevertheless, it must be assumed that the Bavarian conquest of the land was so violent and rapid that the pre-Bavarian place name could no longer be passed on by the old residents. The first mention was made as "Uuergile" in connection with a "Hartwich de Uuergile" between 1104 and 1116. Other names were:
- "Wergel" (1196–1214),
- "Wergell" (1385),
- "Twergel" (1390),
- "Wergl" (1397),
- "Zwergl" (1470, could mean an abbreviation for "zu Wergel") and occasionally too
- "Wirgl" (1468 and in Leopold Mozart's letter 1769).
Mainly, however, “Wergl” (presumably from 1515) became established, from which “Wörgl” developed over time.
Wörgl before the first mention of the name
According to excavations, the area of Wörgl had been inhabited since the early Iron Age (1000 BC); At that time there was also brisk trade. The most extensive prehistoric excavation sites in North Tyrol are located at Grattenbergl, Egerndorfer Feld and the Wimpissinger gravel pit . A point of attraction were the existing opportunities for ore mining of the Schwazer dolomite , which is striking here ; The traffic situation (route from the copper mines around Kitzbühel to the Inntal ) was certainly also an incentive for settlements to emerge. At that time, a Roman main road from Veldidena to Iuvavum led through Wörgl, which was later called "Landtstrasse Ordinarii", "Wörgler Gassen", "Kriegsstrasse" or "Salzburger Reichsstrasse" the same route through the village as today's Tiroler Strasse B 171 as "Innsbrucker Strasse" , " Andreas-Hofer- Platz" and "Salzburger Straße".
At the excavation site in Egerndorfer Feld, around 500 urn graves around 2500 years old were uncovered and examined in detail.
There is also evidence of a Roman settlement in today's urban area. In 1842 the remains of a Roman country house from the 2nd century AD came to light in the anger of the Unterkrumbacherhof , where a terra sigillata bowl and painted parts of the wall were found, which can be seen today in the showcases of the New Middle School Wörgl 1. The walls made of rubble were about 70 cm thick. The furnishings of the villa were quite luxurious, the floor consisted of solid screed, and wall paintings were found in five rooms. One room had underfloor heating ( hypocaust ), the required warm air was also brought up inside the walls for heating. It is possible that the heater was also used for a warm water bath ( caldarium ).
St. Laurentius , the parish patron, points to a pre-Germanic Christianization and even in the land maps from the years before the railway was built, the plots on the former Reichsstraße show the square shape and size that are known from the Roman arable land . Today the Dallnhof , the municipal building yard, a bus garage and the new south cemetery are located on the southern outskirts of the city within a Roman acreage (230 × 230 m) that is recognizable in today's cadastre.
In the late 6th century the Bavarians invaded the Wörgl area.
12th century to the Tyrolean struggle for freedom
The first mention of Wörgl as Uuergile can be found in a document for the St. Peter monastery in Salzburg from the years 1104–1116, which speaks of a Hartuuuich de Uuergile (Hartwig von Wörgl).
In 1255 the fortified castle was first mentioned as a castellum (Latin for "fortress") in the Wilten document . Today there are only sparse remains of the wall. It is located above the Haus district, around 5 km east of the town center. From 1310 the castle was repeatedly mentioned as an important base of the ducal-Bavarian rule in the Lower Inn Valley. In the course of the 14th century it reappears again and again in deeds and documents until 1363 the House of Austria provided the Prince Counts of Tyrol . From now on, the focus was on Rattenberg Castle and Kufstein Fortress . The ruins, which were still known as “Burgstätten am Pfaffenberg” in 1892, were no longer occupied and have been forgotten. Today the Wörgl city coat of arms still reminds of the former regional importance of the fortified castle.
In 1416 the Wörgl area was administratively divided into two regional courts . The boundary line of the Wörgler Bach is said to go back to the two settlement centers - Wörgl-Kufstein has a Germanic (traffic route-oriented), Wörgl-Rattenberg a Romanesque (water-oriented).
It was not until 1504, the country fell below the Ziller mouth with the conquest of the fortress Kufstein by the German king and later Emperor Maximilian I definitively to the Gefürstete County of Tyrol .
Despite the division of the place into two older similarities remained alive. There were probably two "village masters" (elected village chiefs, corresponds to today's mayors) and two "Trüchl" (community coffers), but one name, a common church and a unified economic community that shared the fields and forests and carried the burdens together, such as the village letter from 1609 proves that it is an informative legal document about the living conditions of this time. Right at the beginning, the Wörgler village letter explains the community rules and the position of the two village masters:
"To begin with, and before all while we are melted the peat, it is subject to two different jurisdictions, so a whole community and village alda zu Wörgl outside and under itself, just as it has happened from time immemorial, should be set by village master . "
The election of the village master took place every year around Martin's Day (November 11th), the community assemblies were held alternately in the three restaurants Kögltafern (today Hotel Alte Post ), Gratltafern (formerly Neue Post ) - both in Wörgl-Kufstein - and Lamplhof ( today Gasthof Weißes Lamm ) in Wörgl-Rattenberg.
In 1786 the first post office in Wörgl was set up in Kögltafern, the first postmaster was the innkeeper. Until then, the post always had to be delivered or picked up in Kundl. 60 years later, the post office owned eight horses and two carriages with postilions , which supplied the area from Kirchbichl to Westendorf . The “Post im Kögl” (Alte Post) was in operation until 1891 when the station moved across the church square to Gradltafern (Neue Post).
During this time, several well-known personalities chose the inns of Wörgl as a place to stay during a transit. For example, Emperor Ferdinand II and his wife Eleonora stayed in the village on February 4 and 10, 1622 on their return journey from Innsbruck. Even Leopold Mozart and his son Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart quartered on their journey from Salzburg to Italy on 17 December 1769 in a Wörgler yard one. It was from here that the young Wolfgang wrote his first letter to his sister Nannerl . Leopold and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart also visited Wörgl in 1771, 1772 and 1773.
Furthermore, traveled along the main road through the village:
- Emperor Maximilian I (1514 and 1515 twice and in 1518 "terminally ill"),
- Emperor Leopold I (1665),
- Duke Charles of Lorraine-Commercy (several times 1681–1690),
- Prince Eugene of Savoy (1701 and 1717),
- Empress Maria Theresia (1739 and 1765) and
- Emperor Josef II (1765 and 1777) a. a.
Wörgl in the Tyrolean fight for freedom
On May 13, 1809, the "Battle of Wörgl" took place in the Tyrolean struggle for freedom under Andreas Hofer . At four o'clock in the morning General Field Marshal Carl Philipp von Wrede set out from Ellmau with his troops of over 10,000 men sent by Napoleon , which consisted mainly of Bavarian and Saxon soldiers , to recapture Tyrol in the direction of Wörgl. The Tyrolean troops, led by General Chasteler, were soon surrounded and could only be freed by the rapid intervention of an allied company; the Napoleonic troops of Wredes were already in the mood for victory. At around ten o'clock the Austrian and Bavarian troops crossed the Brixentaler Ache, and fierce defensive battles began on the Grattenbergl, in Egerndorf and on the Grattenbrücke, the only road bridge over the Ache near Wörgl. After the Austrians had managed to cross the barricaded bridge, another battle began against the Bavarians in the eastern fields near Wörgl. However, von Wredes Reiter managed to overrun the Austrian troops and the Bavarian artillery began to bombard the place. After von Wrede had bypassed the village to the north (between Söcking and the church) and bombarded the Austrian line from the west, the Austrians were forced to evacuate the burning place at noon. The retreat degenerated into a hunt around Wörgl, which resulted in high losses. Local riflemen were posted on the southern edge of the mountain to stop troops trying to circumvent the town to the south. They could no longer rush to the aid of the weak troops. The encounter cost the Austrians 38 officers , around 1,000 men were wounded, of which 655 died. The amount of casualties at the Napoleonic camp is not known, but around 1,000 soldiers are believed to have died. The village suffered several fires and looting. The Bavarians, Saxons and French then marched through the Lower Inn Valley, pillaging and murdering, towards Innsbruck, where the Second Bergisel Battle took place a few days later . The “ Wörgler Reara ” monument in front of the parish church, designed by Christian Plattner and inaugurated in 1909 for the 100th anniversary , commemorates this day.
Rise of Wörgl during the time of Emperor Franz Joseph I.
In 1842 more than 40 people died in Wörgl from a cholera epidemic . Serious illnesses circulated repeatedly in Wörgl, which were carried off to the small town by people passing through. In 1896 the village suffered from a typhus epidemic .
In the years 1863/64, the Wörgl settlement area was raised to two independent communities, Wörgl-Rattenberg and Wörgl-Kufstein , after these were politically independent in 1815 and joined to the neighboring communities of Kundl and Kirchbichl as dependent fractions in 1854. The Wörgler Bach formed the natural border between the two communities and at the same time between the judicial districts of Rattenberg and Kufstein . This division, which existed until 1910, is still reminiscent of the fact that Wörgl consists of two cadastral communities and therefore has two land registers that correspond to the old community areas and names.
The economic rise of Wörgl began with the construction of the Giselabahn between 1873 and 1875 and its connection to the Lower Inn Valley Railway, which was built in 1858 , making Wörgl the first Tyrolean railway junction before Innsbruck . The Wörgler Hauptbahnhof is for this reason today after the Innsbruck's main train station of the busiest in Tyrol.
Emperor Franz Joseph I is likely to have passed Wörgl about ten times by railroad, where he and his wife Empress Elisabeth also paid a visit to the village and the village church. After the murder of the Empress in Geneva , the “court corpse procession” stopped on November 24, 1898 in the Wörgl train station for a funeral service.
Emperor Karl I also passed the market several times by train, on July 5, 1917, he and his wife Empress Zita were received at the train station. Even Queen Victoria and Kaiser Wilhelm II. Passed the city by rail. During a stopover in Wörgl on April 6, 1938, Adolf Hitler was enthusiastically welcomed by numerous supporters at the train station.
In 1891, Wörgl was given a parish office when all vicariates of the monarchy were promoted to parishes by order of Emperor Franz Joseph . During this time there was also a significant increase in population, so that in 1912 the parish church was expanded.
On December 31, 1910 , the communities of Wörgl-Kufstein and Wörgl-Rattenberg ("entern and herentern Bach") were united. There were difficulties in convincing the municipality of Wörgl-Rattenberg of the merger, as it was to be merged into the larger neighboring municipality of Wörgl-Kufstein. In 1910 the Wörgl-Rattenberg village chief Franz Gruber succeeded in convincing his local council, which on July 4th approved the merger. Wörgl-Kufstein's approval was given on June 23, 1910. On September 10, the two community boards met to declare the legal validity, the Tyrolean state parliament approved on November 3, 1910, and one day later the kk Ministry of the Interior agreed. At the time of the local unification, Wörgl had 4232 inhabitants, of which only 1280 were Wörglers (around 30%), around 1,200 came from all parts of Tyrol and Vorarlberg , around 800 were citizens of various Austro-Hungarian crown lands, and a further 700 came from other communities in the District. It is noteworthy that even then around 200 foreign citizens were living in Wörgl. On March 28, 1911, the two united village communities Wörgl-Kufstein and Wörgl-Rattenberg were raised to market in the presence of the emperor . At that time, between the train station and the village center, there was the image of a pioneer settlement in the heated optimism of progress of the early days . In the course of the market survey, the parish council moved into the first parish hall, which was a converted farm and stood in the city center in place of today's Raiffeisenplatz.
Wörgler emergency money
After the First World War , coins became increasingly rare, and the State Office for Finance (today's Ministry of Finance ) issued a permit for municipalities to be able to print their change themselves if there was a shortage. From 1919 this happened to an increasing extent, in Tyrol starting from Innsbruck they started to print emergency money . The market town of Wörgl also began to issue Wörgl emergency money in 1919 with a value of 10, 20, 30, 50, 75 and 90 Heller , which was valid until the end of 1920. The municipality was able to keep the amount that had not been redeemed as a profit, but the amount of this profit is no longer known. In Wörgl, several editions were necessary due to the great success.
Wörgler Schwundgeld (free money)
In Wörgl, the local cement and cellulose production had declined sharply around 1932 and the unemployment rate rose threateningly. On the one hand, the municipality had considerable tax shortfalls, on the other hand, high burdens from support payments to the unemployed . The cash register was empty and there was no end in sight. A welfare committee was formed to organize the issue of emergency money. From the end of July 1932, the municipal administration under Mayor Michael Unterguggenberger issued its own so-called labor vouchers , the Wörgler Schilling, as wages for municipal employees . The notes came in face values of one, five and ten shillings. A total of 32,000 emergency schillings were issued, but the municipality that issued the Schwundgeld only bought a total of 8500 emergency schillings from the committee, of which only an average of around 6000 schillings were in circulation. It is believed that the actual money in circulation occurred over 400 times within the 14 months.
The labor vouchers were circulated free money . The ideas supplier was Silvio Gesell's free economy . Each month, a stamp had to be bought at one percent of the face value of the note and stuck in a space provided on the face of the note in order to keep it valid. The money was covered by depositing cash from the community at the Wörgler Raiffeisenkasse and was linked to the schilling in the same way. Municipal taxes could be paid with these notes. Local businessmen took free money in payment.
The experiment was successful. The money cycle and economic activity revived while the rest of the country was deep in economic crisis. The project's successes were impressive:
- The revenue gap has been reduced by 34%,
- the tax arrears could be reduced by more than 60%.
- Furthermore, there was an increase in the income from municipal taxes by 34% and
- an increase in capital expenditures of the municipality of about 220%.
Until the 1980s, among other things, the inscription “built with free money” on a road bridge testified to this. In the 14 months of the experiment, the unemployment rate in Wörgl fell from 21 to 15%, while it continued to rise in the rest of the country.
The positive effects led to the model test being praised in the press as the “Wörgl miracle”. The interest in it increased to such an extent that over a hundred other communities in the Wörgl area wanted to follow the example. The campaign also attracted a lot of attention and imitated abroad and overseas. The finance minister and later prime minister Édouard Daladier traveled to Wörgl from France , and in the USA the economist Irving Fisher proposed - albeit in vain - that the American government introduce a Wörgl-like money called stamp scrip to overcome the economic crisis.
However, the Oesterreichische Nationalbank successfully objected to the Wörgl free money campaign because it alone had the right to issue coins and banknotes. The Wörgl experiment and all further planning were banned. After threatening military action , Wörgl ended the experiment in September 1933.
The Unterguggenberger Institute association under the chairwoman Veronika Spielbichler keeps alive the legacy of the Wörgl money experiment and brings historical experience together with current projects. An exhibition is held together with the local history museum and the city archive. Up- to-date solutions around the topic of complementary currency are compiled comprehensively and made available to a broad public.
In 1951 and 1983, free economic congresses in Wörgl reminded of the currency experiment, as did a conference in 1996. The city of Wörgl officially declared 2007 the Wörgl free money year. At the end of March 2009, Mayor Abler proposed the introduction of a complementary currency based on the historical model because of the ongoing economic crisis.
In his novel "Wasserscheiden", Alfred DeMichele transforms the events surrounding the Wörgl currency experiment into the present day and presumably honors Michael Unterguggenberger with the figure of one of the protagonists (Professor Guggenmoser).
On February 12, 1934, young Social Democrats took up arms in Wörgl, as in other Austrian cities, because after Adolf Hitler's seizure of power they no longer believed in a peaceful transformation of Austria. Wörgl was thus the westernmost battlefield in the Austrian civil war . In the area of the train station and the former cellulose factory, there were violent exchanges of fire between the Social Democratic Republican Protection Association and the Home Guard . Mayor Michael Unterguggenberger and a cooperator were able to get the state gendarmerie commandant to postpone the standing rights to 90 minutes. During this time, the Schutzbund could be persuaded to give up, which resulted in two injured men on both sides, but no fatalities. The arriving armed forces were able to adjust the remaining resistance. Twelve “ bike guides ” were sentenced to heavy dungeon by the regional court , but in 1935 Federal President Miklas dropped the criminal proceedings against the 77 workers who were involved in the fighting in the Wörgl area.
On March 12, 1938, German soldiers, followed by the SS standard “Germany”, entered Wörgl, and the SS men withdrew to Munich on March 17. After a few positive changes such as the construction of people's apartments and the large number of jobs through further projects as well as flourishing tourism, worrying circumstances soon followed, such as the expansion of the garrison location in Wörgl, the dissolution of some associations or the imprisonment of political officials.
Second World War in Wörgl
From 1942 to 1944 there was a transit camp in the Söcking district , consisting of 18 accommodation, four administrative barracks, disinfection and disinfestation stations . At times up to 1,200 people were accommodated in the camp, a total of 34 transports with 31,759 people took place. Most of the forced laborers came from the occupied territories of the Soviet Union . a. used in agricultural and armaments factories in western Austria and Bavaria. After the end of the transports, it was used as a refugee camp and it was demolished in the 1950s.
Wörgl was badly damaged by the Second World War . From the end of 1943, Wörgl was exposed to Allied bombing in the air war , which culminated in the Wörgl bomb days on February 22nd and 23rd, 1945. As part of Operation Clarion (German: "Fanfare Blast"), numerous air raids began in the Tyrolean lowlands, which reached Wörgl on February 22nd. The Allies intended to destroy the station, but due to the thick fog and the associated poor visibility, 16.5 tons of bombs dropped caused widespread destruction, but the targeted area of the station was hardly hit. The following day, another 390 tons fell on the station in the form of over 1,000 bombs, which was destroyed. The bombing of these two days changed the cityscape of Wörgl forever and claimed 69 lives, including 46 people living in Wörgl and 23 foreigners. 43 houses were completely destroyed, 105 houses and the parish church were significantly damaged. Even today, aerial bombs are repeatedly found during construction work, particularly in the area around the station .
At least twelve wörglers died in concentration camps and other prisons. Between 1939 and 1945 during the Second World War, 236 Wörglers died in the theaters of war, 46 soldiers are missing.
Wörgl after the city elevation
Just ten days after the municipality's application to become a town, on February 16, 1951, on the initiative of the then Mayor of Wörgl and Vice-President of the Tyrolean Parliament , Kommerzialrat Martin Pichler , the Tyrolean Parliament gave its approval. The milestone was celebrated with a three-day ceremony (August 17-19). On August 19, Federal President Theodor Körner was received at the train station, followed by a festive divine service with Prince Archbishop Andreas Rohracher and a pageant through the city with 112 participating groups and around 30,000 spectators.
In 1952 the first Zamenhof monument in Austria was inaugurated in front of Wörgl's main train station, commemorating the founder of the Esperanto language . The monument in the city, which was badly damaged in the war, is intended to be a memorial for peace, which is the ultimate goal behind Zamenhof's planned language .
On Tuesday, August 23, 2005, Wörgl was badly affected by a flood of the century . At around 4 p.m. at the Aubach pump lift - in which the water carried by some streams is pumped up to the slightly higher level of the Inn - the separating dam that separated the Wörgl Basin from the Inn broke open over a length of around ten meters. As a result, massive water ingress was registered in the western part of the city. The dam breach flooded an area of around 80 hectares with an estimated 1.4 million m³ of muddy water from the Inn around two meters high. The evacuation was carried out by means of fire engines, and in the hours that followed, fire brigades rushed from South Tyrol to Lower Austria to Wörgl in order to master the masses of water. Burst oil tanks made the work difficult. This event of the century flooded around 200 buildings, two shopping centers and several warehouses and made some buildings uninhabitable. In the new “WAVE” adventure pool in the west of the city, the 2500 m² sauna area was flooded about six meters high. The Inntal Autobahn had to be closed between the Wörgl West and Wörgl Ost exits due to undermining. Without this breach of the dam, Kufstein would also have been a victim of the flood, as the Inn level there had already reached critical levels during this period. In Wörgl, the Brixentaler Ache and the Wörgler Bach also overflowed their banks at their confluence with the Inn. The cleaning and reconstruction work took several weeks. As a result, the community tried to improve the flood protection, for example the dam was replaced by several pump pipes into the Inn.
In 2010 the construction of the planned Tyrol Tower was shelved.
Today Wörgl is the second largest city in the Kufstein district and one of the economic centers in western Austria as well as the most important city in the Tyrolean lowlands in terms of retail sales. The city has been a member of the Tyrol Climate Alliance since 1992 .
Until the construction of the Giselabahn, Wörgl was a simple farming village that lived mostly from agriculture and the passing travelers. After the construction of the railway through the Inn Valley and the connection to the Brixental valley a little later, Wörgl experienced a huge boom as a railway junction. The village community at that time had over 3,000 inhabitants in 1900, and between 1880 and 1890 alone the population increased by 56.2%. In the 1920s and 1930s the population development remained almost constant, in the year of the city census in 1951 a stronger increase in the population followed (+ 33.2%). In the 1991 census, the municipality broke through the 10,000 inhabitant limit for the first time. The strongest increase within a decade was registered between 2001 and 2011 with 1760 new residents. Wörgl is one of the fastest growing communities in Tyrol. The population increased more than twelve-fold from 1869 to 2014, while the population in Tyrol or in the district can show around a quarter of this development.
Of the 13,537 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017)
- 20.8% belonged to the age group under 20 years, 15.8% were older than 65, the majority of the population was between 30 and 34 years old.
- 20.7% (2014: 17.1%) were not Austrian citizens , of which 11.5% (2014: 4.9%) or 409 inhabitants (compared to the total population 3.1% (2014: 0.8%) ) ) did not come from Europe.
- The distribution between the female and male population in the city is almost balanced (51.4% / 48.6%).
The register census of October 31, 2011 identified 3580 families, the majority of which corresponded to the “ couple family ” type .
The share of families is divided as follows:
- 38.3% without a child
- 32.1% with one child
- 22.2% with two children
The 5631 households consisted mainly of one-person households (35.6%). On average 2.8 people formed a Wörgler family, the average number of children was 1.6 children in families.
While the proportion of single and married people in the Wörgler population in 2001 was roughly equal to 45.1% and 42.2%, the proportion of married people decreased in 2011 to 37.8%.
Of the 10,676 residents of Wörgl who were older than 15 on October 31, 2011, had
- 16.6% have completed a high school diploma, with 7.0% also having completed a university , technical college or college ,
- around half have completed an apprenticeship or a vocational secondary school ,
- 35.1% compulsory school as the highest degree.
Attended by the 2081 high school and university students (October 31, 2011)
- the majority (47.5%) a compulsory school,
- one sixth schools with a high school diploma
The proportion of students at a BMS, polytechnic school or special school was below 5%, while students at a university, technical college or academy were 12.0%.
Between 1991 and 2011, the number of workplaces in Wörgl rose from 574 to 1102 (293 of them in the retail sector) and the number of employees from 6295 to 8,236 (2,765 active in retail), making Wörgl one of the fastest growing commercial centers in Western Austria. As of October 31, 2011, 381 residents were unemployed, which corresponds to an unemployment rate of 3%. 33.6% of the population in Wörgler was active in trade on this reference date, around 10.4% in traffic.
The planning association “Wörgl and the surrounding area” ranks fourth in Tyrol with its number of local supply companies (31); the sales area ranks sixth with 16,455 m². The sales area per 100 inhabitants is correspondingly high and amounts to 52 m² (as of 2011).
In the municipality of Wörgl, 10,885 inhabitants were registered in the 2001 census, of which around 78% professed the Roman Catholic Church , around 8% Islam , and around 6% were without religious beliefs.
Culture and sights
City parish church of St. Lawrence
The parish church of Wörgl was built in Roman times as a small chapel on a hill, which is hardly noticeable under the current building. A brick building was built for the first time in the early Middle Ages. The simple walls included an area of around 6 × 10 m. In 1479 a new Gothic style church was built. The assumption that the church tower was on the south side of the building was confirmed by excavations in 1961. Four altars were created by a Kufstein painter, of which only the Wörgler Madonna has survived. It is dated from 1500 to 1510, is in the transept and is the most valuable possession of the church.
In 1607 Wörgl was raised to the position of vicariate , in 1748 the decision was made to rebuild and enlarge the church in the baroque style due to the increasing village population . In 1836 the village center of Wörgl was set on fire. The flames quickly spread to the church roof, and in a short time the tower was also on fire. The bell cage burned and the falling bells split the tower walls. After the inferno of flames, the church was in ruins, and a few days later the vault also collapsed and the entire church furnishings were destroyed. Within a short time, the reconstruction of the baroque church in the engineering style began. The church was extended to the rear (west) and the church tower was built in the north on the street. Stones from the area, bricks from Hopfgarten, red sandstone and Schaftenau tuff were used for the construction. Due to the road widening between the two world wars, the cemetery around the church disappeared, as can be seen from the remaining memorial plaques on the church wall. During the Second World War , the hail of bombs in the station area also caused considerable damage to the church. The old bells together with the large imperial bell disappeared in the melting furnaces. After the Second World War, a new roof structure and new windows were installed. The transept was also built . This makes the Wörgler Church one of the largest churches in the Tyrolean lowlands . The remarkable bell ringing, consisting of five church bells (with a total weight of 8,781 kg) was cast by the Oberascher bell foundry in Salzburg . With a weight of over 3600 kg, the church also has the largest bell in the district.
After the 2nd Vatican Council in 1961, the valuable high altar , all church furnishings as well as paintings and frescoes were removed. In 1976 it needed painting, but the interior of the church had to be renovated again in 2000. The current church is about 50 m long and about 25 m wide; the tower has a height of 45 m. Next to the church is the former death chapel or cemetery chapel , which today serves as a baptistery. Another major renovation is currently being planned (2018).
- Baptistery (since 1962, from 1620 to 1962 cemetery chapel, connected to the parish church since 1912)
- Chapel of the Holy Cross (also Gradlkapelle , built in 1777, demolished in 2004 due to the construction of the M4 shopping center, replacement by an artistic cross on the main street and prayer room in the shopping center (no longer existent since 2011))
- Chapel of St. Maria (also Toaglkapelle , built in 1800)
- Pinnersdorfer Chapel (built 1831)
- Dallnkapelle (built 1889–1890 on Wildschönauer Strasse)
- Herz-Jesu-Kapelle (also Hauser Kapelle , largest Wörgler Wegkapelle, built from 1896 to 1898)
- Riedhart Chapel (built in 1900, Innsbrucker Straße)
- Waldfriedhofkapelle (built in 1925)
- Spitalskirche (built in 1930, rebuilt in 1946 after complete destruction, removed in 1996 when the health center was built)
- Chapel cemetery south
- Prayer and prayer room in the Wörgl retirement home
The "Haus Stawa", which is used as a city pharmacy, was planned and built in 1905 by the builder Ferdinand Mayr. In 1907 the pharmacist Carl Alfons Koch acquired the "Villa Edelweiß", originally planned as a coffee house, and set up a pharmacy there.
The building is a villa with two-storey, slightly protruding side wings with an attic and a three-storey, risal-like central section with a veranda at the back. The seven-axis main facade is oriented northeast to Bahnhofstrasse and consists of alternating protruding and recessed structures. The city pharmacy is an example of a representative, stately home with a garden and, with its historic building elements, corresponds to the villa type of the late 19th century.
The garden of the villa is also oriented to the northeast and, like the property itself, is delimited by an ornate black metal fence with gold-plated elements. The property is also separated from the sidewalk on Bahnhofstrasse by a concrete wall with columns. In the garden there is a fountain made of concrete and white marble, with a sculpture of a couple in love, which is also decorated with gold elements.
The city pharmacy is considered the most beautiful building in Wörgl.
Historic farms in the center of the city
Up until the 20th century, Wörgl still consisted of numerous farms. In the center (Bahnhofstrasse, Josef-Speckbacher-Strasse and in particular Kanzler-Biener-Strasse and others) there are still some old farms that are still in operation and form a strong contrast to the modern buildings. The Kanzler-Biener-Strasse on the Wörgler Bach, south of Innsbrucker Strasse, offers an insight into Wörgl's past due to the abundance of farms. Numerous courtyards fell victim to the two world wars and the strong growth since the city elevation in 1951.
From some farms, carriage stations emerged, which developed into today's inns in the city. The former market town office and the village bank were also located in a farm that stood on today's central square in front of the church. In the urban area there are still some fields and meadows from old farms, such as the Gradlanger behind the state music school, which is used for smaller celebrations. On December 5, 2013, the green space, which had been a meeting place for around a century, fell victim to a residential construction project. All fruit trees were removed together with the music pavilion despite criticism from the population.
Since 2003 there is Tyrol's largest adventure pool with sauna area Wörgler Wasserwelt WAVE . It was badly damaged by floods in August 2005 and reopened in 2006. The WAVE is home to the world's first double looping water slide .
On June 23, 2006, the Wörgl milestones were opened, which, placed in the sidewalks of the city center, true to scale at around 1480 meters (the length of an ancient Roman mile ), give an insight into 304 of the most important historical events of the last 2000 years. The start and end of the mile is in front of the entrance to the main train station.
Economy and Infrastructure
As the intersection of the Lower Inn Valley and the Brixental Valley, Wörgl has been an important traffic junction since ancient times, which became even stronger with the construction of the railways. Travelers came through the town on their way to Italy or Bavaria along the main road in the Tyrolean Inn Valley. There were regular carriage rides to Kufstein, Innsbruck or Schwaz , but the travel time to Innsbruck was still around ten hours due to the long periods of stay in the stations.
- See also sub-article → Wörgl Hauptbahnhof
With the opening of the North Tyrolean Railway (Kufstein - Wörgl - Innsbruck railway), through which the railway connection to the east of Austria was established by means of a state treaty, on November 24, 1858 under His Majesty Emperor Franz Joseph I, the travel time to the state capital was shortened to " only “four hours (for comparison: today an ÖBB RailJet express train needs 24 minutes for this). With the opening of the Salzburg-Tyrolean Railway , also known as the Gisela or Brixental Railway ( Salzburg - Bischofshofen - Zell am See - Kitzbühel - Wörgl) in 1875 , Wörgl became the first railway junction in western Austria. Wörgl Hauptbahnhof is an express train, ICE and ÖBB Railjet stop on the Westbahn (section of the Lower Inn Valley Railway ) and the Salzburg-Tyrolean Railway. Furthermore, the city is connected to the state capital via the lines and the S-Bahn Tirol (travel time 30 to 60 minutes); the line runs from Wörgl Hbf via Wörgl Süd and Kitzbühel as well as St. Johann in Tirol to Saalfelden .
The Wörgl Terminal Nord station is a pure freight station and is located with a general cargo terminal , indoor and outdoor loading tracks and a heavily frequented truck loading point for the Rollende Landstrasse (RoLa) at the industrial park in the west of the city. In the medium term, the new S-Bahn station Wörgl West - Terminal for passenger traffic is to be built there. Wörgl Terminal Nord has been steadily and significantly enlarged in order to be able to meet the increased requirements, especially of RoLa traffic.
Between the main train station and the business park there is also Wörgl Terminal Süd , a pure locomotive exchange, shunting and storage station with no passenger transport or goods loading facilities.
To the west of Terminal North, the Wörgl Terminal West train station is planned - especially for rail freight services for a large wood-processing industrial company. However, due to problems with the property redemption, construction will be delayed. In-house, a Wörgl West facility was set up in preparation .
Another railway station for passenger traffic in Wörgl's urban area is the Wörgl Süd - Bruckhäusl stop on the Salzburg-Tiroler-Bahn, referred to as "Südbahnhof" in the inner-city timetables for urban traffic. Previously this station was called Söll - Leukental , later Bruckhäusl .
The Wörgl Kundl train station , which is also integrated into the parking area of Wörgl Hbf, is located in the area of the neighboring municipality of Kundl , the local passenger stop is called “Kundl”.
In view of these stations, which all bear the name Wörgl, the Wörgl train station was renamed “Wörgl Hauptbahnhof” in 2006 in order to have a clearly visible label. In 2008, an extensive program of events was held under the motto “150 Years of the Railway in Wörgl” and a large railway festival was celebrated in August. On June 1, 2009, the Wörgler interlocking system became part of ÖBB's West Operations Center. East of Innsbruck, only in Wörgl main station in Tyrol has a “real” dispatcher with his red service cap his seat.
Wörgl is an extremely important traffic junction not only for rail, but also for road traffic. In the center of the city the Tiroler Straße B 171, which runs from Innsbruck via Schwaz and Rattenberg to Kufstein, meets the Wildschönauer Straße L 3, which leads into the high valley of the neighboring community.
The Brixentalstraße B 170 also began earlier in the center of the village until the Bruckhäusl bypass was opened on November 26, 2007. Today it leads from the end of the Bruckhäusl bypass in Wörgl Boden through the Brixental to Kitzbühel .
The construction work on the north bypass to Wörgl , which has been planned for several years and which should serve to relieve the city with the additional motorway junction Wörgl Mitte , has been temporarily suspended due to lack of funds. Another short section was built by June 2014, and the western part of the bypass from the Wörgl West motorway junction to Wörgl was completed in mid-2017, but not signposted as such, since autumn 2017.
Since 1972, national traffic has been running on the Inntal Autobahn A 12 from Innsbruck to Kufstein, including Wörgl. The largest distribution junction on the A 12 Wörgl Ost was built, but it was not fully expanded until 2007 when Loferer Straße B 178 was relocated via the Bruckhäusl bypass. Thus, in turn, a hub for supra-regional traffic was created.
There is also the Wörgl West motorway junction on the western edge of the city, which also supplies the communities of Kundl and Breitenbach am Inn.
Inner-city and regional public transport
The project started on a trial basis in 1993 with one line and was expanded to three lines in 1994. Today, urban public transport is served by five city bus lines, which, with the exception of line 4, run every half hour:
- Line 1 supplies the eastern part of the city (Wörgl Hauptbahnhof - Riederkogel).
- Line 2 supplies the southeast area (Wörgl main station - Bodensiedlung).
- Line 3 serves the western part of the city (Wörgl Hauptbahnhof - Lahntal).
- Line 4 serves the city area in the east, south and west and is the only line that runs every hour.
- Line 5 has been supplying the central and northern urban area (Söcking to the compulsory school center) since 2009.
- The regional bus line 8311 leading from Wörgl to the neighboring municipalities of Kundl, Breitenbach and Kirchbichl.
- Line 4026 leads via Kirchbichl, Bad Häring and Schwoich to Kufstein.
- Line 4055 leads via Kirchbichl, Niederbreitenbach and Schaftenau to Kufstein.
- Line 4068 leads via Mariastein , Niederbreitenbach and Schaftenau to Kufstein.
Wörgl is the most important trading center in the North Tyrolean Unterland, the most important branch of the city is the regional retail trade, in which numerous important chains and branches are represented. Wörgler Bahnhofstrasse is the second longest shopping street in Tyrol and was the center of Wörgl's economy for a long time until the first shopping centers developed on the western edge of the city from the end of the 1960s, a development that began with the opening of the "M4" shopping center east of the city center Peaked.
The shopping centers Bahnhofstrasse, City Center, M4 and Plus are concentrated around the city center, further commercial areas are located on both the east and west edges of the city, where the oldest Wörgler shopping center EKZ as well as the WestEnd retail park and wholesalers have been located here since the 1970s Riedhart are located. This high density of department stores underlines the supra-regional importance of the city as a trading center.
Wörgl is the location of the wood processing industry, for example one of the largest Austrian chipboard manufacturers, Fritz Egger GmbH & Co. OG , operates a plant on the outskirts.
The largest Tyrolean milk producer, Tirol Milch , relocated its entire production and its headquarters from Innsbruck to Wörgl between 2007 and 2010. The expansion of the plant in Wörgl cost 30 million euros. The Wörgler production site has been the second largest plant in the Berglandmilchgruppe since 2011, and in 2014 one of the largest cheese production facilities in Austria started operations here after a further expansion.
Business and industrial park Wörgl
On the western edge of the city there has been a business park for small and medium-sized companies in the fields of production, technology and logistics at the Wörgl West motorway exit since the 1990s. A roundabout and the city bypass ("Nordtangente") as well as the railway line leading past the 30-hectare business and industrial park has an ideal infrastructural connection. The most important branch is the ÖBB Terminal on Rollenden Landstrasse, and ÖBB also operates a cold store and the Wörgl Terminal North and South shunting stations. The headquarters of the Europe-wide operating logistics company Transped Europe GmbH has been in the industrial park since 2008, Berger Truck Service GmbH has been operating one of the largest and most modern service centers in Europe here since 2009.
In 1898 the first power plant was built at the exit of the Müllnertal gorge (today KW Müllnertal). The Wörgler power grid today consists of 59 km of medium-voltage and 129 km of low-voltage network . The distribution of around 60 GWh annually takes place with five substations and 59 network stations . Three power plants currently generate 20,369 MWh and thus cover 36.1% of the electrical energy. The difference in total consumption is 36,192 MWh (63.9%) and is purchased from TIWAG .
Since 2007, Wörgl has been working with Wörgler Stadtwerke to become energy self-sufficient by 2025, with the exception of the transport sector . At the end of 2010, the city had over 40 photovoltaic systems with a module area of around 2,400 m² and a total output of around 300,000 kWh. This corresponded to around 10% of the total installed capacity in Tyrol. Since 2008, CO 2 -saving systems have been built on public buildings (kindergarten, composting plant, elementary school, substation, etc.) . From the 2009 federal funding, 165,000 euros flowed to Wörgl for 14 new systems, for 2010 20 applications with a funding volume of around 120,000 euros were submitted. Thus by the end of 2010 there were around 40 systems with 1,250 m² of PV space in the private sector. The systems currently save over 260 tons of CO 2 per year . Thanks to these measures, Wörgl is one of the 24 municipalities in Austria to have received an “e5 municipality award”. The program for energy-efficient communities supports climate-relevant modernizations.
The energy supply in Wörgl is ensured by the following power plants:
- Storage power plant Wörgl Müllnertal: The dammed Wörgler Bach has operated this (oldest) power plant in the city since 1898, generating around 2.5 GWh per year.
- Kelchsau-Zwiesel run-of-river power plant ( Kelchsau , market town of Hopfgarten im Brixental): Built in 1967, this run-of-river power plant produces around 16 GWh per year and thus covers 55% of the municipal utilities' own electricity generation.
- Kelchsau-Ehreit run-of-river power plant: The run-of- river power plant, which was opened in 2005 and is also located in Kelchsau, generates around 10 GWh per year.
- Drinking water power plants Hennersberg 1 and 2: Since 1990 and 2010 respectively, these drinking water power plants have been generating around 365,000 kWh through the gradient of the drinking water pipeline from Wildschönau.
- Photovoltaic systems: In the course of efforts towards energy self-sufficiency, several photovoltaic systems were installed on public buildings (Kindergarten Mitterhoferweg, elementary school building, building yard, municipal utilities, transformer station, recycling center and composting plant) as well as in the street (roundabout east). In 2015, around 285,000 kWh were generated or 142.3 tons of CO 2 saved.
- TIWAG green electricity power plant Bruckhäusl: By means of a with inflatable weir equipped weir and three Entsandungskammern is dammed up the Brixentaler Ache for power generation, a Dotierkraftwerk uses the residual water for further energy generation. The power house in Bruckhäusl with its Kaplan turbine generates around 15.82 GWh annually.
- Another power plant is currently planned on the Brixentaler Ache in the Egerndorf area. A new weir system is to be built on the western edge of Bruckhäusl with two flaps that can be folded up in the event of a flood, four desanding chambers and a publicly accessible footbridge. Together with the doping turbine in the weir, the power plant equipped with a Kaplan bulb turbine should generate around 9 GWh annually.
In the north of the city, the main line (DIN 400) from the Brixental is divided into a main line towards Kufstein and a main line towards Innsbruck / Oberland . As a result, Wörgl can be seen as the hub of the Tyrolean natural gas supply . The city itself is supplied by three reduction stations with a branch line (DIN 200) crossing the city area. There is also a natural gas filling station in the city.
Since 2014, numerous buildings in the city have a connection to the so-called "Stadtwärme Wörgl". The water is heated to 95 ° C by using the waste heat from the Tirol Milch (waste heat from the steam generation, from the wood chip plant and the cooling systems). The "energy center" built for this purpose on the dairy site also contains two buffer tanks with a capacity of 90 m³ each. The supply of private and public buildings extends right across the city to the WAVE adventure swimming pool, which should save around 4,500 tons of CO 2 per year . The project is part of the action plan for the city's targeted energy autonomy by 2025.
The population of Wörgl has been supplied by a public network since 1899. In addition to the Sonnberg springs, the Oberauer springs (Wildschönau municipality) were added to the Hennersberg 1 elevated reservoir in 1927 and the Pinnersdorf spring (Wörgl Boden) to the new Hennersberg 2 elevated reservoir in 1954. In the 1970s, the Lahntal drinking water pumping station was built with a maximum flow rate of 100 l / s, which was able to secure two thirds of the supply. Due to the growing industrial area at the pumping station, two new deep wells were built in Lahntal in 1998 and 2000, which have since covered most of the drinking water requirement.
In order to be able to provide the average daily consumption of around 4,000 m³ in winter and 5,000 m³ in summer, around 1.3 million m³ are subsidized annually. This is done with three spring taps , deep well systems and elevated tanks - with a storage volume of around 2,700 m³ - and two pressure boosting systems . The water at a temperature of 9 to 10 ° C is distributed via an approximately 60 km long network of pipes with an operating pressure of five to six bar .
The sewage network consists of around 55 km of collecting canals and around 10 km of house connection sewers as well as four sewer pumping stations and three rain overflow basins ; the connection density is 96%. The collected wastewater is the wastewater treatment plant Wörgl - fed Kirchbichl and the surrounding area.
A public recycling center on the western edge of the city is available to the population . This recycling center opens on Tuesdays, Fridays and Saturdays, access is only possible with the energy.card (Wörgler citizen card). The municipal utilities also provide “garden bags” in which organic waste, shrubs and tree cuttings can be collected and handed in or picked up at the recycling center. In addition to the recycling center, there are also 22 public garbage collection islands for waste disposal.
In contrast to the neighboring towns of Söll , Hopfgarten or Wildschönau, which are very touristy , there is hardly any tourism in Wörgl . The number of overnight stays in the winter of 2014/15 was less than an eighth of that in Söll and an eleventh of that in Wildschönau, and the number of hotels and pensions is significantly lower than that of the municipalities mentioned. In absolute numbers, the number of overnight stays fell by 5.9% compared to the previous year.
In contrast, the number of overnight stays rose by 15.5% in summer 2014, and the number of arrivals by as much as 35.1% compared to summer 2013.
Before the First World War, Wörgl was mainly advertised as a “climatic health resort”, and the fact that it can be reached quickly by rail also had a positive effect. The market was also able to attract a number of hiking troops with the nearby Hohe Salve or the Wildschönau high valley, which was still untouched by tourists at the time. The construction of the ski slope with chairlift on Hennersberg and the ski jump attracted further guests. With the rise of tourism in the Brixental, Sölllandl and Wildschönau, the city's tourist attractiveness declined. Today, Wörgl is popular with winter tourists as a shopping city.
Real estate prices
The last district market report “Wohnen in Tirol 2012” recorded the average property prices for the Tyrolean districts and some selected cities based on actual transactions that were recorded in the land registers. 111 real estate transactions for Wörgl from 2011 were taken into account. This resulted in an average square meter price for apartments in the first sale of 2,281 euros. The average value of resale apartments was 1,451 euros.
Child and youth care
There are four kindergartens in the city - Mitterhoferweg kindergarten (near the fire brigade), Grömerweg (peace settlement), parish kindergarten (city center) as well as a private kindergarten in the Mit einer Kinderhaus. The association "Kinderhaus Mit einer" also maintains a children's house, a school day nursery and a parent-child center in Wörgl. A crèche in the Volkshaus and three crèches are available to look after the little ones . There are also five afternoon care in compulsory schools and five day care groups in Wörgl. These 19 facilities are attended by around 700 children.
East of the city center, the two elementary schools and the two new middle schools are housed together in a compulsory school center. The new middle schools are attended by students from Wörgl, Angath and Angerberg. The New Middle School I, which is housed in the old main school building (completed in 1927), specializes in sports such as gymnastics, swimming, climbing, volleyball, basketball and outdoors as the “Sportmittelschule Wörgl”. Italian and computer science are the main subjects of the New Middle School I (opened in 1982). The special education center (Fritz-Atzl-Schule) has also been part of the compulsory school center since 1983 .
The federal school center is located west of the city center in the school complex built between 1970 and 1973. In addition to the natural science federal high school (BRG), this also includes the federal trade school (HAS) and the federal trade academy (HAK). Since 1985, the Federal College for Business Professions with Advanced Course (BFW) has been located next to the Federal School Center, the training of which consists of a three-year technical school and a three-year advanced course.
Other schools and adult education institutions
The Polytechnic School , which opened in 1993, is also located at the compulsory school center .
The conference center of the Archdiocese of Salzburg and the “ibis acam Bildungsgesellschaft” belong to the adult education sector. The Landesmusikschule Wörgl is housed in the former, listed primary school building next to the parish church.
The Zauberwinkel learning workshop, a Montessori school, the “LEA (Life Entfalten Anregen) Production School Unterland” for young people between 15 and 19 years of age and a branch of the adult education center are also located in Wörgl.
This abundance of educational institutions in the city is attended by around 3,000 schoolchildren.
The public library is located in the conference building of the Archdiocese of Salzburg . The library of Familienberatung Wörgl is also open to the public. The school library of the Federal School Center Wörgl has a publicly accessible OPAC .
Up until the beginning of the 20th century, various folk competitions were held in the Wörgl area, such as wrestling , bowling , ice stock sport , horse racing and shooting events . With the emergence of the German gymnastics club , all kinds of sporting disciplines with and without equipment became modern, especially in the context of club gymnastics , various new sports were practiced. Swimming , fistball , soccer and athletics became popular in summer , and skiing , ski jumping , tobogganing and ice skating in winter . Outside of sports clubs, the population increasingly enjoyed hiking , skiing, swimming and cycling , which resulted in an increase in the number of tourists in numerous Tyrolean towns - including Wörgl.
Wörgl became known as a winter and summer sports location through an advertising poster created in 1909, which shows a ski jumper over the place and was displayed at numerous train stations in Austria. On January 10, 1909, the first winter sports festival with tobogganing, jumping and skiing competitions took place in Wörgl.
Despite the collapse of sporting endeavors during the First World War, the clubs recovered quickly and the number of members increased many times over. Due to lack of money, several clubs had to be banned and dissolved during the global economic crisis. The Wörgler Sportwelt collapsed again during the Second World War, and in the following years it revived with the construction of new facilities.
- Swimming pools: Wildschönauer Strasse swimming pool (1908–1927), Augasse swimming pool (1927–1967), Madersbacherweg swimming pool (1967–2003), BRG Wörgl indoor swimming pool (1973–2001), Wörgler Wasserwelten indoor swimming pool and outdoor swimming pool (since 2003)
- Jump center Wörgl (built in 1933, 1959, 1974/75, 1982/83 and 2006–2009 rebuilt or expanded)
- Sports facility Madersbacherweg (built in 1963, renovation and expansion with a grandstand with 600 seats and two football fields as well as a 400 m running track 1992–1994) with one of the most modern boxing training centers in Austria, the stadium of SV Wörgl
- 8 gyms (three-field hall in the compulsory school center, two-field hall in the federal school center, single-field hall in the federal technical school, gymnastics rooms in the special education center, in the elementary school and in the city's three kindergartens)
- Speed-Skate Arena: World Cup-compatible inline speed skating facility with 6 m track width, 12% cant and floodlight system. It is also the venue for international competitions by SC Lattella Wörgl. In the center of the facility there are two basketball courts and an inline skate hockey field.
With around 60 clubs in various sports and nine leisure clubs, the city has a lively club life. Some clubs, such as the Unterberger boxing club, the Wave Tri Team (triathlon), the SV Wörgl football club, the rhythmic gymnastics club and the SC Lattella Speedskating Team are known far beyond the country's borders due to their excellent performance (in sometimes international) top-class sport. The sports clubs in Wörgl are listed on the municipality's website.
Due to the great fire disasters of 1836 and 1851, calls in the two Wörgl communities for a joint fire department became loud. Therefore, the volunteer fire brigade was founded on October 5, 1876 , making it the fifth oldest fire brigade in the district. The first turntable ladder with fire extinguishers was purchased around 1943, the first tank tender was added in 1963, and these remained in use for a very long time.
Today the fire brigade has eleven vehicles, including a tunnel fire-fighting vehicle, a large tank fire-fighting vehicle with 12,000 liters of extinguishing water and an aerial rescue platform with a height of 32 m. After the fire station (formerly "Spritzhütte") had been on Bahnhofstrasse since 1855, construction of today's fire station on Michael-Pacher-Strasse began in 1974, and the inauguration took place on June 29, 1975. In April 2018, it was removed. a new fire station is under construction on the same site.
The Wörgl volunteer fire brigade has around 110 emergency services, 25 reserve and 6 young fire brigade members.
Red Cross Wörgl
In addition to the Wörgl rifle guild, the Red Cross Wörgl is one of the oldest clubs in the city. With the help of the then mayor Steinbacher and the pastor, the “Men's and Women's Branch Association of the Red Cross” with 24 members was founded in 1905. When the Wörgl Hospital was granted public rights, the voluntary rescue organization was given a supra-local function in 1909.
In 1913 the first rescue vehicle was handed over to its destination. After the First World War, the rescue service suffered a severe collapse, and it only consisted of three members. During the Second World War, an imposed night driving ban was not accepted, which led to the dissolution of the local position and the establishment of the “Voluntary Rescue Society Wörgl”. In 1980 it consisted of six volunteers and an ambulance; on July 1, 1985 , after decades of efforts, it was placed under the Kufstein district office.
The Wörgl local office today comprises the areas of rescue service , supervised transport service, rapid response group in the event of major accidents and disasters (SEG), crisis intervention, visiting service, mediators, food banks (food distribution to the needy), clothing stores and department stores. The local office thus consists of nine areas, with around 140 volunteer members.
- See also sub-article → Village chief Wörgl-Kufstein
- See also sub-article → Village chief Wörgl-Rattenberg
In the 40 years of existence as a market town, eleven terms of office were held by eight different mayors.
|Surname||Term of office||job|
|Josef Steinbacher||1911-1912||Power plant owner|
|Josef Loinger||1919-1922||Master Mechanic|
|Anton von Avanzini||1922-1928||Lawyer|
|Michael Unterguggenberger||1931-1934||Federal railroad inspector|
|Martin Pichler||1934-1935||Master tailor|
|Martin Pichler||1935-1938||Master tailor|
|Martin Pichler||1945- 1951||Master tailor|
Eight mayors have been at the head of the municipality to date, of which Fritz Aztl, at 17 years in office, was the longest head of the city.
Martin Pichler was appointed government commissioner for Wörgl from 1934 to 1938 and is considered the founder of the municipality of Wörgl. He was government commissioner and mayor three times, the last mayor of the market town and in 1951 the first mayor of Wörgl.
|Surname||Term of office||job|
|Martin Pichler||1951 -1953||Master tailor|
|Rupert Hagleitner||1962-1974||Registration office manager|
|Herbert Strobl||1974-1980||City chief|
|Arno Abler||1997-2010||tax consultant|
|Hedwig Wechner||since 2010||Secondary school teacher|
The current mayor Hedwig Wechner ( SPÖ ) won on March 28, 2010 via runoff against her predecessor Abler with 2,326 to 2,192 votes. For the first time in the history of the Kufstein district, a woman was at the head of a community.
- 9 List Hedi Wechner ( SPÖ -near)
- 4 Freedom Wörgler List - FWL ( FPÖ )
- 3 Citizens List Wörgler People's Party - ÖVP
- 2 Team Wörgl - Dr. Andreas Taxacher - Team Wörgl (ÖVP)
- 2 Wörgler Greens ( Greens )
- 1 Young Wörgler List - JWL (ÖVP)
The city council consists of four members and consists of the following people:
- Hedwig Wechner - Mayor, List Hedi Wechner
- Mario Wiechenthaler - 1st Vice Mayor, Freedom Wörgler List
- Hubert Aufschnaiter - 2nd Vice Mayor, Citizen List Wörgler People's Party (Deputy Chair of the Education Committee)
- Ing.Eil Dander - City Councilor, List Hedi Wechner (Chair of the Technical Committee)
coat of arms
The red rafters refer to the fortified castle (), which was destroyed, and the noble family of the same name. The gold, interlocking rings in the coat of arms of the city of Wörgl remind us that Wörgl emerged from the union of the two communities Wörgl-Kufstein and Wörgl-Rattenberg. The wings symbolize the economic upswing.
The coat of arms was awarded on July 20, 1911 by Emperor Franz Joseph I in the course of the amalgamation of the two original village communities and the subsequent elevation to the market community by "Very Highest Imperial Resolution", as it was customary in the old Austrian way only in market and town communities to carry a municipal coat of arms. The imperial patent with the first blazon of the coat of arms reads:
"Kaiserl. u. royal Market lending decree for Wörgl:
We Franz Joseph the First
By God's grace, Emperor of Austria, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia, Lodomeria and Illiria; Archduke of Austria; Grand Duke of Cracow; Duke of Lorraine, Salzburg, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Bukowina, Ober- u. Lower Silesia; Grand Duke of Transylvania, Margrave of Moravia, Prince Count of Habsburg and Tyrol etc. etc.
have found us moved in our imperial and royal power, with our resolution of March 28, 1911 our loyal village of Wörgl, in our duchy of Tyrol, in the most gracious Appreciation of their regular community and their prosperous upswing, to raise a market at the request of the community council. Furthermore, we have approved our loyal market Wörgl to use the market coat of arms described below and printed in color as a shield divided transversely by silver, black and red: The top field is criss-crossed by two fallen red rafters pushed against each other, in the middle field Two interlocking winged gold rings appear, the bottom field does not show a picture
To certify this, We have personally signed the present diploma with Our Imperial Name and had it attached to Our Imperial Majesty's Seal. [...]
Reichshaupt- u. Residence city of Vienna on July 20th of the year one thousand nine hundred and eleven "
The coat of arms was confirmed by the Tyrolean state government on the occasion of Wörgl's town elevation in 1951; the lower red third of the coat of arms was awarded to the two devastating world wars and their victims. The flag background is vertically divided into three parts with the coat of arms colors red, black and white.
- Albrechtice nad Orlicí ( Albrechtsdorf an der Adler ) in the Czech Republic has about 1000 inhabitants and is located east of Königgrätz near the Polish border.
- Josef Greuter (1817–1888), Monsignor
- Nikolaus Schachtner (1839-1913)
- Franz Hörhager (1851–1933), mayor and businessman
- Josef Perathoner (1852–1937)
- Johann Seisl (1861–1933)
- Josef Steinbacher (1862–1912), mayor and owner of an electric power plant
- Johann Grömer (1863–1946), cooperator
- Josef Stelzhamer (1869–1934), wholesale merchant ; Commercial Council
- Alois Angeli (1870-1949), doctor
- Josef Niedermoser (1871–1943), pastor
- Franz Stumpf (1876–1935), governor
- Peter Zottl (1879–1957), doctor
- Mathias Riedelsperger (1881–1953), clergyman
- Martin Pichler (1882–1953), long-time mayor, vice-president of the Tyrolean parliament and master tailor; Commercial Council
- Anton Hoflacher (1883-1891)
- Michael Unterguggenberger (1884–1936), mayor and initiator of the internationally acclaimed Wörgl open-air experiment
- Bibiane Blaikner (1885–1959), religious sister
- Hans Strickner (1885–1973)
- Georg Ager (1886–1908), longstanding councilor of Kufstein-Wörgl and landowner
- Johann Federer (1887–1963)
- Johann Astl (1891–1964), member of the state parliament and national council, mayor and electrician
- Ferdinand Mayr (1896–1984), economic federation chairman, committee chairman for the building trade in the Tyrol Chamber of Commerce, mayor and master builder; Commercial Council
- Kurt Schuschnigg (1897–1977), Federal Chancellor
- Andreas Lenk (1904–1975)
- Rupert Hagleitner (1914–1974), mayor and registration office manager
- 1999: Herbert Strobl (* 1932), City Office Manager and Mayor; Honorary ring bearer
sons and daughters of the town
- Therese Mölk (1872–1958), founder of MPreis , the largest grocery chain in Tyrol
- Franz Albert (1931–2017), racing car driver
- Josef Lackner (1931–2000), architect
- Josef Wimmer (1931–1986), NCO, 1983 patient of the first heart transplant in Austria
- Reinhard Furrer (1940–1995), German astronaut during the D1 mission in 1985
- Arnold Klotz (born August 5, 1940), urban planner and Vice Rector for Infrastructure at the University of Innsbruck
- Hans Peter Haselsteiner (born February 1, 1944), construction tycoon and former politician
- Gisela Wurm (* 1957), politician ( SPÖ )
- Heinz Zak (born March 23, 1958), extreme mountaineer and photographer
- Gerhard Berger (born August 27, 1959), Formula 1 driver and ex-boss of the Toro Rosso racing team
- Stefan Horngacher (born September 20, 1969), ski jumper
- Richard Kitzbichler (born January 12, 1974), football player
- Markus Bichler (born January 23, 1979), marksman and trainer
- Florian Sturm (born May 6, 1982), football player
Personalities associated with the city
- Hermann Hauser (born October 23, 1948), IT technician and entrepreneur, grew up in Wörgl
- Hans Hömberg (1903–1982), German filmmaker, playwright, radio play author and novelist; Honor bearers
- Franz Schunbach (1898–1981), painter and holder of honor
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