Eleonora Gonzaga

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Eleonora Gonzaga

Princess Eleonora Gonzaga (born September 23, 1598 in Mantua , † June 27, 1655 in Vienna ) was the youngest daughter of Vincenzo I Gonzaga , Duke of Mantua and Montferrat and Eleonore de 'Medici, Princess of Tuscany .


Eleonora spent her childhood at the court in Mantua. On February 2, 1622, she married Emperor Ferdinand II in Innsbruck , whose first wife Maria Anna of Bavaria had died in 1616. But the Gonzaga family did not benefit as hoped from their association with the emperor. Because this marriage was not welcomed by some of his advisors. This was reported by the ambassador of the Gonzagas shortly after the wedding. Imperial armies even conquered and ravaged the Mantua residence in the Mantuan War of Succession in 1630 .

Eleonora was described by the papal nuncio Carafa as very beautiful and pious. Eleonora founded the Carmelite Convents in Graz and Vienna . She also had the heart crypt built in the Augustinian Church in Vienna. Her marriage to the emperor remained childless, but Eleonora was the stepmother of Ferdinand's four surviving children from his previous marriage.

Eleonora first found her final resting place in the Carmelite convent in Vienna, until she was transferred to the ducal crypt under St. Stephen's Cathedral in 1782 .


Frans Pourbus the Younger painted the Princess of Mantua as a child (see there)


Web links

Commons : Eleonor Gonzaga (1598–1655)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Magdalena Hawlik-van de Water, The Capuchin Crypt. Burial place of the Habsburgs in Vienna , 2nd edition Vienna 1993, p. 71.
predecessor Office Successor
Anna of Austria-Tyrol Holy Roman Empress
February 2, 1622 to February 15, 1637
Maria Anna of Spain (1606–1646)