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Brixental (Tyrol)

The Brixental , in the dialect Brixntoi , is a south-eastern side valley of the Tyrolean Lower Inn Valley . The Brixen and Inn valleys come together at Wörgl (513 m above sea level). The Brixentaler Ache flows through it.

Location and landscape

The Brixental towards the east, in the foreground the Brixental valley basin
Near Brixen im Thale

The Brixental is a 30 km long side valley of the Inn Valley . It leads through the Kitzbühel Alps and along the Brixentalstrasse B 170 to the valley watershed in the Leukental near Kirchberg and Reith near Kitzbühel . The course of the valley has also been followed by the Salzburg-Tyrolean Railway since 1875 .

The landscape of the Brixental is determined by soft, mostly forested mountain forms. The valley floor is flat and wide for this mountain valley. At the entrances to the few side valleys you will find some Mur alluvial cones, especially in the municipality of Brixen , which have gradually emerged from the rubble and rocks of the torrents. In the municipal areas of Kirchberg in Tirol and Westendorf , extensive terraces have formed that date from the last Ice Age. Furthermore, in the municipality of Westendorf and Hopfgarten there is the Brixental valley basin , which is divided by the torrent valleys of Windau and Kelchsau . The slopes are not particularly steep and can be used optimally for agriculture. Only the slopes of the shady side are more forested and are only used for agriculture in isolated cases.

Several peaks come close to almost 2000 m: the Hohe Salve ( 1829  m , also called “Rigi Tirols”) , which is visible from afar , with the highest pilgrimage church in Austria, the Nachtsöllberg ( 1886  m ) with the Choralpe, the Fleiding ( 1892  m ) and the Gampenkogel ( 1957  m ). Other peaks are the Gaisberg ( 1770  m ), the Rauhe Kopf ( 1580  m ) and the Zinsberg ( 1680  m ).

The largest town in the valley is Hopfgarten im Brixental (622 m), where it changes direction by 70 °. The main town of the valley is Brixen im Thale (794 m) and is located in the upper reaches , where the valley floor widens (see picture). Several source rivers converge here . The second largest town is Kirchberg in Tirol (828 m), which is six kilometers from the district capital Kitzbühel and is one of the largest tourist destinations in the region.

The Brixentaler Ache rises in the municipality of Brixen , where the Lauterbach and the Schleicherbach are two important tributaries and determine the amount of water considerably. In the lower area - for example between Westendorf and Hopfgarten - the Ache flows through a narrow gorge through which the main road meanders - the railway line deviates widely in the so-called Windauer Bogen. The gorge near the town of Itter is also a bottleneck .

Here you can see the arch of the valley that the Brixental describes at the confluence of the Kelchsau and Windau valleys in Hopfgarten. In the background the confluence of the Brixental and the Inn valley is visible.

Larger side valleys are (from Wörgl upstream):

The catchment area of the Brixentaler Ache covers around a third of the Kitzbühel district , to which the large tributaries of the Windauer and Kelchsauer Ache contribute significantly. The Brixentaler Ache flows into the Inn in Wörgl .


The Brixental is first mentioned in the year 902 as "Prihsnatala" on the occasion of a transfer of ownership of the royal office holder Rodolt to the Hochstift Regensburg . Under the current name " Brixental " it is mentioned as early as the summer of 1166 in the fiefdom and income register of the Bavarian Counts of Neuburg-Falkenstein , the so-called Codex Falkensteinensis . From 1312 it belonged to the Archbishopric of Salzburg and only came to the Crown Land of Tyrol in 1816 due to the Munich Treaty , a follow-up contract following the results of the ( Congress of Vienna ) .


View of the Brixental from the Salvenberg


  • Sebastian Posch (Ed.): Brixen im Thale 788–1988. A home book. Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 1988, ISBN 3-7030-0200-X .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Martin Bitschnau , Hannes Obermair : Tiroler Urkundenbuch, II. Department: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys. Vol. 1: Up to the year 1140 . Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 2009, ISBN 978-3-7030-0469-8 , p. 86-87, no. 117 .
  2. Martin Bitschnau, Hannes Obermair: Tiroler Urkundenbuch, II. Department: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys. Vol. 2: 1140-1200 . Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 2012, ISBN 978-3-7030-0485-8 , p. 186-189, no. 627 .