A recycling or recycling center (also waste management yard , building yard or sorting loop, in Austria waste material collection center , in Switzerland also works yard) is a waste management facility of the public waste management company, private carrier or association for the purpose of collecting and forwarding waste and recyclable materials from private households and small businesses to recycling or disposal plants. The recycling yard's concept for the collection of recyclable materials is one of the so-called bring systems, in contrast to the collection systems, e.g. B. the yellow bin. Recyclable materials to be disposed of are brought to the recycling yards by the waste owner himself.
Function and tasks
A recycling yard usually consists of a paved area on which containers are set up for separate collection. The main waste fractions , which are assumed depending on the site conditions, bulky waste , waste wood , metal scrap , green waste , building waste, electrical appliances , cardboard and waste paper , waste glass , used clothing , old paints, fluorescent lamps , starter batteries etc.
Recycling yards are systems that are subject to the rules of the Federal Immission Control Act, according to which the operator must use suitable means to prevent or reduce damage to the environment and people through the emissions from his system. In addition to a number of other legal provisions, the Recycling and Waste Management Act also applies, according to which waste may be separated as best as possible and avoided, then recycled and only then disposed of. The aim is to recover resources through recycling and to feed them back into the production cycle. For this reason, some operators of recycling yards give usable items back to those in need or operate dismantling and sorting companies themselves. The waste is reused elsewhere or new products are obtained through recycling. The aim is always to reduce the amount of waste.
Some types of waste are free of charge and some are charged. Due to logistical conditions, such as the carrier's collection frequency or available space for containers, maximum quantities are defined per delivery. Sometimes the maximum dimensions of an object are also limited. This depends on the acceptance conditions of the recycling or disposal facility. The diameter of trees can be cited as an example here, which with a large diameter can not be processed by the shredders used by the recycler. Other ways of recycling must be found for this.
Recycling centers are usually offered in a municipality in addition to the garbage cans and the bulky waste collection on the street. The catchment area per facility in Germany is usually 50,000 households and a delivery radius of 15 km. These collection points for the disposal of waste exist throughout Germany. There are over 20 recycling centers in Berlin alone, with Berliner Stadtreinigung (BSR) being the largest municipal waste disposal company in Germany.
As a bring system, the recycling yard concept offers several advantages over collection systems:
- A striking feature is that valuable materials can be disposed of at the time they arise. In the case of collection systems, the recyclable materials may have to be stored at home until they are collected or emptied. This can u. U. spatial, olfactory and hygienic impairments.
- The sorting quality in the recycling yard can possibly be better than with industrial sorting, since all recyclables are sorted manually. As a rule, there are fewer incorrect throws, as the disposal of the waste in the provided containers is usually supervised or even sorted by trained personnel. Due to the better purity of the types, lower disposal costs may be charged to the disposal company so that the fees or charges can be reduced (e.g. for waste wood or waste paper).
- At a recycling center, the customer's waste can be separated into a larger number of waste fractions at one location. Fewer waste fractions are offered in the collection system.
- Another decisive advantage of recycling centers is the higher level of data security. Important documents such as files or x-rays can be disposed of directly without them remaining in the household waste until they are picked up, where they are accessible to third parties.
- Bring systems have the disadvantage that the waste has to be transported to a location (e.g. disposal facility or recycling center) by the waste owner himself. Immobile persons are therefore excluded. Elderly, disabled people or even people without their own vehicle suitable for transport are usually not able to participate in the recycling yard concept due to the distance.
- Recycling centers are only open at certain times of the day, which often conflict with the working hours of working people.
- Sorting at a recycling yard can be quite time-consuming.
A good and already established alternative to recycling yards are collection systems from waste disposal companies. Whether private or municipal - they also transport large amounts of waste or bulky waste, for example. This can be electronic scrap , such as washing machines or non-functional old cars or waste containers in which the waste is collected. The waste owner is no longer bound by the opening times of the recycling yards or has to overcome a distance to the recycling yard. Waste quantities and collection dates can be individually coordinated with the disposal company.