Calendar overview 1809
Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the Austrian army under Karl von Österreich-Teschen in the Battle of Wagram . The Fifth Coalition War is effectively over.
|Swedish King Gustav IV Adolf is deposed by an officers' conspiracy.||James Madison becomes fourth President of the United States to succeed Thomas Jefferson .|
|1809 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1257/58 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1801/02 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1214/15 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2352/53 (southern Buddhism); 2351/52 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||75th (76th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1171/72 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4142/43 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1223/24 (turn of the year February 15/16)|
|Jewish calendar||5569/70 (September 10-11)|
|Coptic calendar||1525/26 (10/11 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2119/20 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2120/21 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1865/66 (April)|
Politics and world events
Napoleonic Wars in the Iberian Peninsula
- January 16 : During the Napoleonic Wars on the Iberian Peninsula, the British General John Moore succeeds in stopping the French troops under General Nicolas-Jean de Dieu Soult in the battle of La Coruña until all troops have been evacuated from the city . however, he dies in the process.
- February 20 : The second siege of Zaragoza ends with a success for the French. The Spaniards surrender after three weeks of house- to- house fighting .
- February 25 : In the Battle of Valls , the Franco-Italian troops under Marshal Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr defeat the Spanish troops under the Swiss General Theodor von Reding .
- March 29th : French troops capture Porto .
- May 12 : In the second battle at Oporto , the British under Sir Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington defeat French units under Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult .
- 27 / July 28 : Victory of the British-Spanish-Portuguese troops against the French invasion army in the Battle of Talavera de la Reina .
- November 19 : In the Battle of Ocaña , the French army under Marshal Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult victorious over the Spanish army.
Fifth coalition war
- February 25 : Archduke Karl von Österreich-Teschen and Wilhelm T. Freiherr von Steinmetzen conclude the secret Vienna Convention with Duke Friedrich Wilhelm von Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Oels to set up a troop of 2000 soldiers, half each consisting of infantry and hussars , which is supposed to fight Napoléon Bonaparte's troops in Germany as part of the coalition wars under the leadership and at the expense of the Duke of Brunswick .
- April 1st : The "Black Duke" Friedrich Wilhelm von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel sets up the Black Squad , a German free corps that fought against Napoleon Bonaparte's troops in the Wars of Liberation up to 1815 .
- April 9 : Fifth Coalition War : The Austrian Empire declares war on France and its allies, the Kingdom of Bavaria . The next day the army commanded by Archduke Karl von Österreich-Teschen invaded the neighboring country.
- April 9th : Tyrolean popular uprising : The forced drafting of recruits for the Bavarian army triggers an uprising across the whole of Tyrol in Innsbruck , led by Andreas Hofer .
- April 12th / 13th : Battle of Bergisel : The French capitulate to Andreas Hofer on Bergisel in Tyrol .
- April 15 : The Austrian campaign against the Duchy of Warsaw begins with the invasion of Austrian troops into the Duchy of Warsaw .
- April 16 : In the Battle of Sacile in the Fifth Coalition War, Austrian troops in Friuli force the French Italian army to withdraw from the battlefield.
- April 19 : The Battle of Abensberg begins, in which the French under Napoleon I remain victorious over the Austrians. On the same day, Austrian troops invading the Duchy of Warsaw are defeated by Polish troops in the Battle of Raszyn .
- April 19 : At the Battle of Teugn-Hausen , the Austrian Archduke Karl von Österreich-Teschen missed an opportunity to defeat the French army commanded by Marshal Louis-Nicolas Davout by reinforcing the fighting troops .
- April 24 : The Vorarlberg popular uprising in 1809 begins. Bernhard Riedmiller , Siegmund Nachbauer and Christian Müller move into Bregenz unhindered .
- May 5th : In the battle near Dodendorf between the Schillsche Jäger Freikorps on the one hand and French and Westphalian troops on the other, neither side succeeds in gaining a decisive victory. The battle can be seen as the forerunner of the wars of liberation against the French occupation.
- May 7th : The French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte claims in Vienna that Pope Pius VII has ceased to rule as secular ruler and is in fact annexing the Papal State .
- May 13th : Napoleon I entered Vienna as victor for the second time after a siege and bombardment of the city on May 12th .
- May 17 : Napoleon Bonaparte decrees the annexation of the Papal States for his empire .
- May 17th : The French army breaks through in Malborgeth . The Austrian captain Friedrich Hensel falls.
- May 18 : Captain Johann Hermann von Hermannsdorf falls on the Predil Pass after bitter resistance against the French army. Hensel and Hermannsdorf thus enable the Austrian victory at Aspern.
- 21 / May 22 : In the two-day Battle of Aspern near Vienna falls Napoleon Bonaparte's aura of invincibility of its troops there. The Austrians under Archduke Karl win the battle of the Fifth Coalition War . However, Archduke Charles did not dare to take advantage of the victory, move quickly to the right bank and destroy the exhausted French before they received reinforcements, given the exhaustion of the troops and the lack of ammunition.
- 25 / May 29 : In the second Battle of Bergisel during the Tyrolean popular uprising defeat the Tyrolean shooters under Josef Speckbacher and Andreas Hofer again Bavarian occupation troops. On May 30 Andreas Hofer takes into Innsbruck one.
- May 30th : The unsuccessful siege of the Graz Schloßberg by French troops begins.
- July 5th / 6th : French army under Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the Austrian army in the battle of Wagram .
- July 6th : Pope Pius VII is arrested with the approval of Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte and taken to France. The Pope had opposed the French annexation of the Papal States.
- July 8th : In the Battle of Gefrees , Austrian troops force French units to withdraw.
- July 12th : Archduke Karl of Austria concludes the Znojmo armistice with Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont and André Masséna .
- July 30th : A British invasion with a strength of 39,000 men begins on the Walcheren peninsula in the Dutch province of Zeeland . This Walcheren expedition later failed on December 10th.
- August 1st : The battle at Ölper between troops of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia and the Black Crowd under Duke Friedrich Wilhelm von Braunschweig-Oels ends in a tactical draw.
- August 13 : Andreas Hofer and Peter Mayr and the Tyrolean riflemen win the third battle on Bergisel again over Bavarian, Saxon and French troops.
- October 8 : The former envoy in Paris, Count Klemens Wenzel Lothar von Metternich , is entrusted with the management of the Austrian Foreign Ministry by Emperor Franz I in Vienna.
- October 13 : The 17-year-old Friedrich Stapß is arrested in Schönbrunn while planning to kill Napoleon Bonaparte with a kitchen knife. He was shot four days later for his assassination attempt.
- October 14 : After the occupation of Vienna and the victory in the Battle of Wagram, Napoleon dictates the Treaty of Schönbrunn to the Austrian Empire to end the Fifth Coalition War . Austria loses its access to the Adriatic Sea and has to cede Salzburg to the Kingdom of Bavaria . Western Galicia and Krakow , the profits of the Third Partition of Poland , go to the Duchy of Warsaw .
- November 1st : The fourth and final battle on the Bergisel is lost for the Tyroleans. The Tyrolean popular uprising collapsed a little later.
- December 15 : Napoleon I and Joséphine inform the family of their divorce settlement.
- Thebes Castle is blown up by Napoleonic troops
Other events in Europe
- January 5th : Ambassador Robert Adair concludes the Dardanelles Peace with the Ottoman Empire for Great Britain . The British pledged aid to the Sublime Porte in the event of a French threat.
- January 13th : The Baden Jewish edict of 1809 puts Jews on an equal footing, but also eliminates the traditional Jewish community constitution .
- March 13 : The Swedish King Gustav IV Adolf is dethroned by an officers' conspiracy and imprisoned at Gripsholm Castle . His uncle, later King Charles XIII. , then becomes imperial administrator.
- March 25 : The Finnish Assembly of Estates meets in Porvoo .
- March 29 : Finland is led by Tsar Alexander I as a Grand Duchy within Russia .
- May 31 : Rebels in the First Serbian Uprising are defeated by Ottoman troops in the Battle of Čegar near the city of Niš .
- June 6 : Charles XIII. becomes king of Sweden .
- September 17 : The Fredrikshamn Treaty ends the war between Russia and Sweden for supremacy in Finland. Sweden cedes Finland, the Åland Islands and parts of Lapland and Västerbotten to Russia.
- October 2 : A British fleet appears off Zante (today: Zakynthos ) and displaces the weakened French garrison from all the Ionian Islands (except for Corfu, which is later conquered).
- November 25th : The British diplomat Benjamin Bathurst disappears in Perleberg , where he has taken a rest on his incognito guided return trip, in the evening in an unexplained manner.
- December 10 : The Danish-Swedish war comes to an end with the peace treaty of Jönköping , which restores the status quo ante .
United States of America
- March 4 : James Madison takes office as fourth President of the United States . He replaces his party colleague Thomas Jefferson .
- May 25th : In La Plata (later renamed Sucre ) the "Revolución de Chuquisaca" takes place, the first independent revolt in Latin America against Spanish rule .
- August 10 : Ecuador declares its independence from Spain for the first time .
Australia and Oceania
- Boyd massacre in New Zealand
- February 11 : Robert Fulton receives a US patent on his version for a steamship . He made decisive changes to earlier drafts, thereby giving seafaring new impetus.
- December 22 : The US Congress loosens the Embargo Act due to undesirable effects and limits the trade ban to Great Britain and France only .
science and technology
- August 16 : On the initiative of Wilhelm von Humboldt , the Berlin University, later the Humboldt University in Berlin, is founded
- Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck contributes to the theory of evolution in his work philosophy zoologique thoughts .
- January 24th : Carl Friedrich Zelter founds the first German Liedertafel in Berlin .
- November 30th : The world premiere of the opera Pimmalione by Luigi Cherubini takes place in Paris.
- January 3 : Moritz Bauschke , German writer, publisher, bookseller and publicist († 1851 )
- January 4 : Louis Braille , inventor of Braille († 1852 )
- January 4 : Julius Adolph Stöckhardt , German agricultural chemist († 1886 )
- January 10 : Martin Fourichon , French admiral and Minister of the Navy († 1884 )
- January 12 : Leopoldo O'Donnell , Count of Lucena, Duke of Tetuan († 1867 )
- January 12 : Emanuel von Friedrichsthal , Austrian travel writer († 1842 )
- January 13 : Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust , Austrian politician († 1886 )
- January 15 : Pierre-Joseph Proudhon , French economist, sociologist and anarchist († 1865 )
- January 19 : Carl Wilhelm Arldt , German draftsman and lithographer († 1868 )
- January 19 : Edgar Allan Poe , American writer († 1849 )
- January 20 : Sebastián de Yradier , Spanish composer († 1865 )
- January 27 : Auguste Delacroix , French painter († 1868 )
- January 28 : Theodor Benfey , German orientalist and linguist († 1881 )
- January 30 : Georg Friedrich Blaul , German pastor and poet († 1863 )
- February 1 : Rupert Jäger , German teacher and philologist († 1851 )
- February 3 : Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy , German composer († 1847 )
- February 3 : Thomas Swann , American politician († 1883 )
- February 7th : Frederik Paludan-Müller , Danish writer († 1876 )
- February 7 : John P. Cochran , American politician († 1898 )
- February 11 : Karl Bodmer , Swiss painter († 1893 )
- February 12 : Abraham Lincoln , American President († 1865 )
- February 15 : Owen Jones , English architect and designer († 1874 )
- February 15 : Cyrus McCormick , American inventor of agricultural machinery and company founder († 1884 )
- February 17 : Adolphe Claire Le Carpentier , French music teacher and composer († 1869 )
- February 21 : Wilhelm Dunker , German geologist, paleontologist and zoologist († 1885 )
- February 24 : Edwin von Manteuffel , Prussian Field Marshal General († 1885 )
- February 25 : Morgan C. Hamilton , American politician († 1893 )
- March 7 : Vladimir Ivanovich Istomin , Russian naval officer († 1855 )
- March 8 : Vinzenz Kreuzer , Austrian draftsman and landscape painter († 1888 )
- March 9 : Bettino Ricasoli , Italian statesman († 1880 )
- March 9 : Eliza Wille , German novelist († 1893 )
- March 12 : Gustav Werner , Protestant pastor and founder of the foundation († 1887 )
- March 15 : Joseph Jenkins Roberts , Liberian President († 1876 )
- March 15 : Karl Joseph von Hefele , Roman Catholic church historian and bishop († 1893 )
- March 15 : William Cannon , American politician († 1865 )
- March 19 : Fredrik Pacius , German composer († 1891 )
- March 19 : Moritz Ludwig Seyffert , German philologist and educator († 1872 )
- March 20 : Georg Varrentrapp , German medic († 1886 )
- March 21 : Carl Gustav Friedrich Hasselbach , Lord Mayor of Magdeburg († 1882 )
- March 21 : Jules Favre , French politician († 1880 )
- March 23 : Charlotte von Hagn , German actress († 1891 )
- March 24 : Joseph Liouville , French mathematician († 1882 )
- March 27 : Georges-Eugène Haussmann , French urban planner († 1891 )
- March 31 : Otto Lindblad , Swedish composer († 1864 )
- April 1 : Nikolai Gogol , Russian writer († 1852 )
- April 4 : Benjamin Peirce , American mathematician and astronomer († 1880 )
- April 5 : Karl Felix Halm , German classical philologist and librarian († 1882 )
- April 6 : Friedrich zu Schwarzenberg , Archbishop of Prague († 1885 )
- April 6 : David Allen Smalley , American politician († 1877 )
- April 7th : James Glaisher , English meteorologist and aeronaut († 1903 )
- April 7 : Edward Seguin , American opera singer and impresario († 1852 )
- April 14 : Friedrich Adolph Roemer , German geologist, botanist and lawyer († 1869 )
- April 14 : George Willem Vreede , Dutch legal scholar and legal historian († 1880 )
- April 15 : Hermann Graßmann , German mathematician († 1877 )
- April 17 : Julie Rettich , German actress († 1866 )
- April 19 : Emil Braun , German archaeologist († 1856 )
- April 20 : James C. Jones , American politician († 1859 )
- April 23 : Karl Wilhelm Ludwig of Hesse , Prince of Hesse-Darmstadt († 1877 )
- April 23 : Eugène Prévost , French composer and conductor († 1872 )
- April 28 : Shimazu Nariakira , daimyo of the Satsuma province († 1858 )
- May 10 : Peter Tunner , Styrian mining pioneer († 1897 )
- May 12 : Robert Charles Winthrop , American politician († 1894 )
- May 13 : Karl von Varnbuler , Württemberg State Minister and Member of the Reichstag († 1889 )
- May 15 : Gottschalk Eduard Guhrauer , German literary historian († 1854 )
- May 18 : Harriet Low , American, best known for her letters and diaries († 1877 )
- May 18 : William Wilson , British mechanical engineer († 1862 )
- May 22 : Bernhard Dunker , Norwegian lawyer and political author († 1870 )
- May 23 : Friedrich Christian Avé-Lallemant , German criminalist, writer and linguist († 1892 )
- May 23 : Hugo Ewald von Kirchbach , Prussian general († 1887 )
- June 4 : Columbus Delano , American politician († 1896 )
- June 4 : José Gutiérrez de la Concha , Spanish general and politician († 1895 )
- June 6 : Heinrich Ludolf Ahrens , German classical philologist († 1881 )
- June 6 : Timothy Shay Arthur , American writer († 1885 )
- June 6 : Karl Heinrich Koch , German botanist († 1879 )
- June 8 : Richard W. Thompson , American politician († 1900 )
- June 9 : Giovanni Gentiluomo , Austrian academic painter, opera singer and singing teacher († 1866 )
- June 13 : Heinrich Hoffmann , German doctor and writer († 1894 )
- June 13 : Cristoforo Negri , Italian politician and writer († 1896 )
- June 21 : Wilhelm Wolff , journalist and companion of Karl Marx († 1864 )
- June 27 : François Certain de Canrobert , French general and Marshal of France († 1895 )
- July 7th : Andreas Friedrich Trenckmann , German-American teacher and farmer († 1883 )
- July 9 : Friedrich August von Quenstedt , German geologist and paleontologist († 1889 )
- July 13 : Jacob Aicher von Aichenegg , German lawyer and politician († 1877 )
- July 16 : Konstantin Bernhard von Voigts-Rhetz , Prussian general of the infantry († 1877 )
- July 19 : Jakob Henle , German anatomist, pathologist and doctor († 1885 )
- July 22nd : Heinrich Proch , Austrian composer († 1878 )
- July 24 : Charles W. Cathcart , American politician († 1888 )
- July 25 : Ferdinand Redtenbacher , pioneer of scientific mechanical engineering († 1863 )
- July 29 : Étienne Vacherot , French scholar and philosopher († 1897 )
- July 30 : Charles Chiniquy , Canadian priest († 1899 )
- August 6 : Alfred Tennyson , British poet († 1892 )
- August 12 : William Huntington Russell , co-founder of the Yale secret society Skull and Bones († 1885 )
- August 13 : Julius Rupp , theologian with a free church orientation, politician of the Vormärz († 1884 )
- August 19 : Heinrich Abeken , German theologian and Prussian civil servant († 1872 )
- August 19 : Ludvig Kristensen Daa , Norwegian politician and publicist († 1877 )
- August 19 : Karl Gottfried Nadler , lawyer and Palatinate dialect poet († 1849 )
- August 26 : Constantin von Alvensleben , Prussian infantry general († 1892 )
- August 26 : Napoleon Nolsøe , Faroese doctor († 1877 )
- August 27 : Hannibal Hamlin , American politician († 1891 )
- August 28 : Wilhelm Hiller von Gärtringen , Prussian Lieutenant General († 1866 )
- August 29 : Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. , American doctor and writer († 1894 )
- August 30 : Adolf Friedrich Hesse , German organist and composer († 1863 )
- August 31 : Oswald Heer , Swiss paleontologist, botanist and entomologist († 1883 )
- September 4 : Juliusz Słowacki , Polish poet († 1849 )
- September 5 : Wilhelm von Breithaupt , German officer († 1889 )
- September 5 : Minna Wagner , German actress and first wife of Richard Wagner († 1866 )
- September 6 : Bruno Bauer , German philosopher, Bible critic and writer († 1882 )
- September 9 : Jakob Fürchtegott Dielmann , painter († 1885 )
- September 9 : Johann Daniel Eschenburg , Senator of the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck († 1884 )
- September 12 : Julius von Bose , Prussian infantry general († 1894 )
- September 15 : James Y. Smith , American politician († 1876 )
- September 20 : Sterling Price , American politician († 1867 )
- September 20 : Albert Zimmermann , German painter († 1888 )
- September 22nd : Friedrich Stehfen , benefactor († 1879 )
- September 26 : Philipp von Jolly , German physicist and mathematician († 1884 )
- September 28 : Elisabeth Concordia Crola , German painter († 1878 )
- October 4 : Albrecht of Prussia , Prussian Prince and General († 1872 )
- October 7 : Johann Heinrich Blasius , German zoologist († 1870 )
- October 9 : Adolphe Franck , French lawyer and philosopher, († 1893 )
- October 12 : Johann Leonhard Appold , German copper and steel engraver († 1858 )
- October 12 : Friedrich Ferdinand Löwe , German writer, librarian and translator († 1889 )
- October 16 : Hermann Henrich Meier , German businessman and politician († 1898 )
- October 17 : Hermann Hendrichs , German actor († 1871 )
- October 20 : Eduard Degener , German-American politician († 1890 )
- October 23 : August Howaldt , German engineer, designer, inventor and entrepreneur († 1883 )
- October 24 : Daniel Clark , American politician († 1891 )
- October 26 : Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn , German naturalist († 1864 )
- October 31 : John Stenhouse , Scottish chemist († 1880 )
- November 2 : Georg Beseler , German lawyer and politician († 1888 )
- November 3 : James Richardson , English explorer of Africa († 1851 )
- November 6th : Christoph Friedrich Ammermüller , Württemberg physician, teacher, entrepreneur, publicist and politician († 1898 )
- November 8 : Richard Hartmann , German machine manufacturer († 1878 )
- November 10 : Moriz Adolph Briegleb , German politician († 1872 )
- November 10 : David Einhorn , rabbi († 1879 )
- November 11 : Francesco Anzani , Italian officer and freedom fighter († 1848 )
- November 13 : Archibald Hunter Arrington , American politician († 1872 )
- November 13 : John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren , American admiral († 1870 )
- November 17 : Nicolai-Peter Ahlmann , German politician († 1890 )
- November 20 : Gustav Körner , German-American lawyer and statesman († 1896 )
- November 22 : Bénédict Augustin Morel , French psychiatrist († 1873 )
- November 25 : Adolph E. Borie , American politician († 1880 )
- November 26 : Wilhelm Ferdinand Erichson , German entomologist († 1848 )
- November 29 : Gabriel Ferry , French writer († 1852 )
- December 1 : Joseph Gungl , Hungarian composer († 1889 )
- December 3 : Samuel Adler , rabbi († 1891 )
- December 5 : Edmond Lebœuf , French general and Marshal of France († 1888 )
- December 9 : Bertha Arndts , German writer († 1859 )
- December 9 : Kolmar von Debschitz , Prussian lieutenant general († 1878 )
- December 9 : Hermann Sauppe , German classical philologist and epigraphist († 1893 )
- December 10 : George Goldthwaite , American politician († 1879 )
- December 11th : Clemens de Lassaulx , German forester, "father of the Eifelwald" († 1906 )
- December 24 : Kit Carson , American pioneer († 1868 )
- December 29 : William Ewart Gladstone , British politician († 1898 )
- December 29 : Albert Pike , American lawyer, general, author and Freemason († 1891 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Chatschatur Abovjan , Armenian writer († 1848 )
- Anne Childes Seguin , American opera singer († 1888 )
- George F. Fort , American politician († 1872 )
- Eugenia Tadolini , Italian opera singer († 1872 )
First half of the year
- January 3 : Henri-Pierre Danloux , French painter (* 1753 )
- January 13 : Johanna Sebus , German lifesaver (* 1791 )
- January 16 : John Moore , British general during the Napoleonic Wars (* 1761 )
- February 6 : Antoine Joseph Santerre , French National Guard (* 1752 )
- February 8 : Anton Oehmbs , German Catholic theologian and university professor (* 1735 )
- February 13 : Thomas Osbert Mordaunt , British soldier and poet (* 1730 )
- February 14 : Heinrich Franz , Count von Rothenhaus (* 1738 )
- February 22nd : Johann Ludwig von Cobenzl , Austrian statesman (* 1753 )
- February 23 : Dirk van der Aa , Dutch painter (* 1731 )
- February 27 : French Laurence , English judge and politician (* 1757 )
- March 7th : Johann Georg Albrechtsberger , Austrian music theorist and composer (* 1736 )
- March 7th : Jean-Pierre Blanchard , French balloonist (* 1753 )
- March 13 : Ernst Wilhelm Cuhn , German librarian and historian (* 1756 )
- March 18 : Karoline Kaulla , German court factor and one of the richest women in Germany (* 1739 )
- March 21 : Giuseppe Aglio , Italian art historian (* 1717 )
- March 23 : Thomas Holcroft , English writer and translator (* 1745 )
- March 31 : Thomas Smith , American lawyer and politician (* 1745 )
- April 16 : Vasily Tschitschagow , Russian admiral and polar explorer (* 1726 )
- April 17th : Johann Christian Kittel , German organist and composer (* 1732 )
- April 26 : Bernhard Schott , German musician and music publisher (* 1748 )
- May 1st : François d'Arlandes , French aviation pioneer (* 1742 )
- May 1 : Gottlieb Konrad Pfeffel , German writer and educator (* 1736 )
- May 6 : Leo von Seckendorff , German poet (* 1775 )
- May 8 : Augustin Pajou , French sculptor (* 1730 )
- May 17 : Friedrich Hensel , Austrian officer (* 1781 )
- May 18 : Johann Hermann von Hermannsdorf , Austrian officer (* 1781 )
- May 18 : Leopold von Auenbrugger , Austrian physician and librettist (* 1722 )
- May 29 : Johannes von Müller , Swiss historian (* 1752 )
- May 31 : Joseph Haydn , Austrian composer of the classical period (* 1732 )
- May 31 : Jean Lannes , French general, Marshal of France (* 1769 )
- May 31 : Ferdinand von Schill , Prussian officer (* 1776 )
- June 4th : Nicolai Abildgaard , Danish painter, sculptor and architect of the neoclassical era (* 1743 )
- June 4 : Francis Malbone , American politician (* 1759 )
- June 8 : Thomas Paine , British-American writer and inventor (* 1737 )
Second half of the year
- July 3 : Joseph Quesnel , Canadian composer, writer and actor (* 1746 )
- July 6th : Jean Étienne Benoît Duprat , French general and revolutionary (* 1752 )
- July 6 : Benjamin Ogle , American politician (* 1749 )
- July 7 : Konstantin Ghilian Karl Freiherr d'Aspre von Hoobreuck , Austrian Lieutenant Field Marshal and Theresa Knight (* 1767 )
- August 7th : Jonathan Trumbull Jr. , American politician (* 1740 )
- August 8 : Ueda Akinari , Japanese writer (* 1734 )
- August 11 : Hans Joachim Bernet , Swiss Mayor (* 1725 )
- August 13 : Marc-Antoine Berdolet , French Catholic Bishop of Aachen (* 1740 )
- August 18 : Matthew Boulton , English engineer and entrepreneur (* 1728 )
- August 24 : Michail Kamenski , Russian field marshal (* 1738 )
- September 7th : Rama I , King of Siam (* 1737 )
- September 7th : Caroline Schelling , German "femme de lettres" (* 1763 )
- September 14 : Johannes Karasek , leader of a band of robbers (* 1764 )
- September 18 : Gottfried Christoph Beireis , German doctor and chemist (* 1730 )
- September 20 : Simon Kramer , Carinthian robber; is known as "Robin Hood of Carinthia" (* 1785 )
- September 21 : Alexander Reinagle , American composer (baptized 1756 )
- September 24th : Johann Sebastian von Clais , German-Swiss watchmaker, inventor and entrepreneur (* 1742 )
- September 24th : August Ludwig Hülsen , German philosopher of early Romanticism (* 1765 )
- September 29 : Claude-François Achard , French Romanist and Provençalist (* 1751 )
- September 29 : Alexander Wilhelm von Arnim , Prussian lieutenant general (* 1738 )
- October 11 : Meriwether Lewis , American soldier and explorer (* 1774 )
- October 16 : Friedrich Stapß , German assassin (* 1792 )
- October 19 : Johann Kasimir von Auer , Prussian major general (* 1736 )
- October 30 : William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck , British politician and Prime Minister (* 1738 )
- November 4 : Samuel White , American politician (* 1770 )
- November 25th : Johann George von Schütz , Prussian civil servant (* 1733 )
- December 2 : John Walker , American politician (* 1744 )
- December 31 : Franz Ignaz Beck , German composer (* 1734 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Edmund Burke: The Annual register or a View of the History, Politics and Literature, For the year 1809 . W. Ortritge et al., London 1811 ( Google eBook, full view ).