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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Battle of Wagram
Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the Austrian army under Karl von Österreich-Teschen in the Battle of Wagram . The Fifth Coalition War is effectively over.

Gustav IV Adolf
The Swedish King Gustav IV Adolf is deposed by an officers' conspiracy.
James Madison
James Madison becomes fourth President of the United States to succeed Thomas Jefferson .
1809 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1257/58 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1801/02 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1214/15 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2352/53 (southern Buddhism); 2351/52 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Snake己巳 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Dragon 龙 辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1171/72 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4142/43 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1187/88
Islamic calendar 1223/24 (turn of the year February 15/16)
Jewish calendar 5569/70 (September 10-11)
Coptic calendar 1525/26 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 984/985
Seleucid era Babylon: 2119/20 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2120/21 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1865/66 (April)


Politics and world events


The strategic situation in Europe in 1809
Napoleonic Wars in the Iberian Peninsula
Battle of La Coruña
Fifth coalition war
Tiroler Landsturm 1809; Painting by Joseph Anton Koch (around 1820)
Vienna 1809
Lion monument on the Predil Pass for Captain Hermann
Johann Peter Krafft : Archduke Karl of Austria in the battle of Aspern
Battle at Ölper
Duchy of Warsaw 1809
The divorce of the Empress Joséphine
Other events in Europe
The opening of the state parliament in Porvoo by Tsar Alexander I in the contemporary representation by Emanuel Thelning
Charles XIII

United States of America

United States 1809/10

Latin America

Australia and Oceania

The Boyd massacre


science and technology




January February

Louis Braille
Edgar Allan Poe, 1848
Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, 1846
Charles Darwin
Abraham Lincoln

March April

Nikolai Gogol

May June

Heinrich Hoffmann, (around 1880)

July August

September October

November December

William Ewart Gladstone, 1861

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Joseph Haydn

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown


  • Edmund Burke: The Annual register or a View of the History, Politics and Literature, For the year 1809 . W. Ortritge et al., London 1811 ( Google eBook, full view ).

Web links

Commons : 1809  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files