Karl Felix Halm

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Karl Felix Halm

Karl Felix Halm , Knight of Halm since 1872 , (born April 5, 1809 in Munich ; † October 5, 1882, ibid) was a German classical philologist and librarian . In 1849 he was the first rector of the Maximiliansgymnasium in Munich .


Halm was the son of the art dealer Felix Halm and his wife Maria Josepha Mair. He lost his father early on. Shortly afterwards his mother married the art dealer Johann Nepomuk Waldherr , and Halm had a commercial profession in mind.

In 1826 Halm graduated from high school in Munich with distinction and in the same year began to study classical philology in Munich . Most of the time he was a student of Friedrich Thiersch . In 1830 he graduated with summa cum laude .

Subsequently, Halm got a job as a lecturer at the Ludwigsgymnasium in Munich. When this educational institution was taken over by the Benedictine order in 1839 , he went to Speyer and from there he was appointed to the grammar school in Hadamar in 1846 .

At the suggestion of the Minister of Education, Friedrich von Ringelmann , King Maximilian II appointed Joseph Halm as rector of the newly founded Maximiliansgymnasium in Munich; Halm held this office until 1856. When Halm was offered a professorship at the University of Vienna that year, he was appointed Professor of Classical Philology at the instigation of Minister Theodor von Zwehl and appointed to the University of Munich. At the same time he was entrusted with the management of the royal library (today Bayerische Staatsbibliothek ).

In 1844 he became a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences in Munich and in 1870 a corresponding member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences . Since 1865 he was a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg . In addition, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown in 1872 and was ennobled in the process . He was married to Carolina Müller, the daughter of a school council.

His duplicate sales were very controversial. For this, Halm was also attacked publicly by the senior librarian Anton Ruland (1809–1874) from Würzburg . Halm's sales also caused tumultuous discussions in the Bavarian state parliament. Halm used the proceeds for valuable purchases. He acquired u. a. the library of the orientalist Étienne Quatremère and the music library of Anton Friedrich Justus Thibaut .

Halm is best known as the editor of the Cicero and other Latin prose writers, although he paid notable attention to the Greek language in his early career . After the death of Johann Caspar von Orelli , he and Johann Georg Baiter prepared a critical new edition of Cicero's rhetorical and philosophical writings (1854–1862).

His school editions of some of Cicero's speeches with notes and introductions in the main and Sauppe series were very successful. He also edited a number of classical texts for the Teubner series, most notably Tacitus (4th edition, 1883); Rhetores Latini minores (1863); Quintilian (1868); Sulpicius Severus (1866); Minucius Felix together with Firmicus Maternus De errore (1867); Salvianus (1877) and Victor Vitensis ' Historia persecutionis Africanae provinciae (1878). He was also an avid collector of autographs .


Web links

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Wikisource: Karl Felix Halm  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Max Leitschuh: The matriculations of the upper classes of the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich , 4 volumes, Munich 1970–1976, volume 3, p. 271.
  2. ^ Members of the previous academies. Karl Felix von Halm. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities , accessed on April 1, 2015 .
  3. ^ Foreign members of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1724. Karl Felix Halm. Russian Academy of Sciences, accessed August 13, 2015 (Russian).
  4. Court and State Manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria 1873 , p. 25.