Albert Rehm

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Albert Rehm during his rectorate (1930). Painting by Ernst Maria Fischer

Albert Rehm (born August 15, 1871 in Augsburg , † July 31, 1949 in Munich ) was a German classical philologist .


After attending school and graduating from high school, Rehm studied in his home town of Augsburg as a scholarship holder of the Maximilianeum Foundation at the universities of Munich and Berlin . He described Heinrich Brunn in Munich and von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff as his most influential teachers . Rehm received his doctorate in 1896 with the dissertation Mythographic Investigations on Greek Star Tales at the University of Munich. From 1897 to 1898 he traveled to Italy, Greece and Asia Minor on a scholarship, where he came into contact with archaeological excavations for the first time. During the following 10 years he taught Latin and Greek at high schools in Regensburg , Ansbach and Munich . In 1903 the Austrian Archaeological Institute selected him as a corresponding member. In the same year he accompanied Rudolf Herzog to the excavation of the Asklepieion of Kos and then brought out the parapegm fragments found in Milet with Hermann Diels . In 1905 and 1906 he accompanied Theodor Wiegand on his excavations near Milet and Didyma on behalf of the Royal Museums in Berlin . In 1906 Rehm also received a call from Munich University to the chair of classical philology and pedagogy (as successor to Ivan von Müller ), which he accepted. In 1913 he was a co-founder of the Association of Friends of the Humanistic Gymnasium . In 1914 he was accepted into the Bavarian Academy of Sciences . He undertook his last major research trip in 1924 on behalf of the Prussian Academy of Sciences when he visited the Aegean Islands to collect material for the Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum .

In the academic year 1930/1931 Rehm was rector of the University of Munich. In a rector's speech titled Neuhumanismus once and now he dealt with the contemporary issues of classical studies and their didactics. During the right-wing student unrest of his rectorate year, Rehm was able to preserve the university's freedom of teaching through his calm demeanor. After the start of the National Socialist dictatorship , Rehm distanced himself from the leadership ideology and chose Inner Emigration . In 1937, shortly after his retirement, he resigned for political and ideological reasons from the editorial team of the journal Philologus , of which he had been co-editor since 1917. During the Second World War and in the first post-war years, Rehm tried to keep teaching and research projects in Munich; He owes in particular to him the salvation of the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae . He helped found the international thesaurus commission on April 7, 1949. From May 1945 to February 1946, Rehm was the first provisional rector of Munich University after the war. From 1946 until his death he taught again as a university teacher. Rehm became a corresponding member of the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin in 1947 and a full member in 1949 .

Albert Rehm's children were the philologist Bernhard Rehm (1909–1942), general director of the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae, who died in the war in 1942, the agricultural scientist Sigmund Rehm (1911–2001) and the doctor Maria Petersen (née Rehm) (1912–2008) .


Albert Rehm has made numerous contributions to both education and specialist science. He made important contributions, especially for real life studies : the volume Exact Sciences at the Introduction to Classical Philology by Alfred Gercke and Eduard Norden, as well as numerous essays and articles for the Real Encyclopedia of Classical Classical Studies . He also wrote valuable writings in epigraphy and archeology .

In pedagogy, Rehm tried to reform the education system in order to face the educational and socio-political crisis of the interwar period. He dealt (not only in the above-mentioned Rector's speech) with the concept of humanism and advocated a renewal of the traditional humanism concept from the 19th century. To achieve this goal, he and like-minded people founded the Munich Association of Friends of the Humanistic Gymnasium in 1913, which he endeavored to re-establish after the Nazi era and which he achieved in 1948.

In academic teaching, Rehm preferred the writings of Plato and Thucydides and, in this context, dealt with the history of Greek literature. His chronology of the state speeches of Demosthenes , presented in an essay in 1924, has not been outdated for a long time.

In 1905, Rehm was the first to postulate the thesis that the Antikythera Mechanism was an astronomical calculating machine .


  • Franz Brunhölzl : Theodor Hopfner (1886–1945), Viktor Stegemann (1902–1948), Albert Rehm (1871–1949) . In: Eikasmós 4, 1993, pp. 203-216.
  • Heinz Haffter : Albert Rehm † . In: Gnomon 22, 1950, pp. 315-318.
  • Hildebrecht Hommel : Albert Rehm in memory . In: Gymnasium 59, 1952, pp. 193-195
  • Richard Schumak (ed.): New beginning after the Third Reich. The resumption of scientific work at the Ludwig Maximilians University and the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Diary entries of the classical philologist Albert Rehm 1945 to 1946. Verlag Dr. Kovac, Hamburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-8300-4469-7
  • Philogus: Albert Rehm to the memory In: Philologus, 98 (1954/1955) p.1-4.
  • Maximilian Schreiber : Classical Studies in National Socialism. The classical philology at the Ludwig Maximilians University , in: Kraus, Elisabeth (Ed.): The University of Munich in the Third Reich. Essays. Part I, Munich 2006, pp. 181–248

Web links


  1. a b Philologus: Albert Rehm zum Gedächtnis In: Philologus, 98 (1954/1955) p. 1
  2. Supplement to the ordinance sheet for the service area of ​​the Ministry of Culture and Education . Born 1903, Vienna 1903, Piece XIII, p. 167.
  3. a b Philologus: Albert Rehm zum Gedächtnis In: Philologus, 98 (1954/1955) p. 2
  4. a b c d Philologus: Albert Rehm zum Gedächtnis In: Philologus, 98 (1954/1955) p. 3
  5. Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Presidents / Rectors ( Memento from February 23, 2016 in the Internet Archive ).
  6. ^ German Academy of Sciences: Yearbook of the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin 1946-1949. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1950, p. 122