Alfred Marchionini

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Alfred Marchionini and Stefania Jabłońska

Alfred Marchionini (born January 12, 1899 in Königsberg , † April 6, 1965 in Munich ) was a German dermatologist .


Marchionini studied medicine in Königsberg , Leipzig and Freiburg , where he received his doctorate in 1922 with his dissertation The causal genetic approach in its position on the problem of causality . He received his license to practice medicine in 1923. Subsequently, until 1924 he completed his clinical training in general medicine and paediatrics in Leipzig. He continued his education at the Leipzig Physico-Chemical Institute, the Heidelberg Cancer Institute and the Physico-Chemical Department of the Kiel Medical Clinic until 1927. He then began his training in dermatology at the University Dermatology Clinic in Freiburg, where he completed his habilitation in 1928 and was appointed adjunct professor of dermatology in 1934 .


The main focus of his medical work was skin tuberculosis and skin allergies . He worked out the connection between psyche and soma in dermatoses together with the neurologist Mathilde ("Tilde") Soetbeer (student of Alfred Hoche ), whom he married in 1931. Although Marchionini had been appointed adjunct professor in 1934, he chose - avoiding the growing political pressure of the National Socialist regime - in 1938 exile in Turkey ; he accepted Kemal Ataturk's call to Ankara as director of the Numune Hastanesi State Model Hospital . His wife had already had to close her practice because of a non-Aryan grandmother. In particular, Marchionini toured large parts of rural Anatolia and photographed village life. Together with Max Meyer , he was one of the doctors consulted in Ankara when Ataturk fell ill.


He did not return to Germany until after the end of World War II and from 1950 was Leo von Zumbusch's successor as head of the Clinic for Skin and Venereal Diseases in Munich, which is now known as the Thalkirchner Strasse Clinic . Before that, from 1948 to 1950, Marchionini had taught at the University of Hamburg . Marchionini contributed significantly to the reintegration of German dermatologists into the international ranks through his medical achievements and the rebuilding of the German Dermatological Society , of which he was later president. In 1950 he founded the magazine Der dermatologist, which he published . At the suggestion of Marchionini , the memorial service for von Zumbusch , who was deposed by the National Socialists in 1933, was held in 1951 , which is considered the cornerstone of the Leo von Zumbusch memorial lectures held annually since 1955 for well-known dermatologists from home and abroad. From October 1, 1954 to August 31, 1955 Marchionini was rector of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich .

From 1959 to 1967 he was a member of the Advisory Board of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation .

His body is buried in the old part of the Munich forest cemetery (grave no. 105-W-6). Today's clinic of the University of Munich - Großhadern campus is located at Marchioninistraße 15, which is named after him. In 1957 he was elected a member of the Leopoldina .

After his death Otto Braun-Falco took over the management of the clinic, who from 1967 also filled the chair.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Albrecht Scholz: Marchionini, Alfred. In: Werner E. Gerabek , Bernhard D. Haage, Gundolf Keil , Wolfgang Wegner (eds.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2005, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , p. 890.
  2. ^ Eberhard J. Wormer:  Marchionini, Alfred. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 16, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-428-00197-4 , p. 114 f. ( Digitized version ).
  3. Ali Vicdani Doyum: Alfred Kantorowicz with special reference to his work in İstanbul (A contribution to the history of modern dentistry). Medical dissertation, Würzburg 1985, p. 54.
  4. O. Grütz: The editor and founder of the "dermatologist", Alfred Marchionini, on his 60th birthday. In: The dermatologist. Volume 10, 1959, p. 47 f.
  5. ^ Hospital of the University of Munich: The first hospital building in Germany , at November 11, 2004.
  6. ^ Presidents / Rectors of the LMU. LMU, archived from the original on February 23, 2016 ; accessed on May 4, 2020 .