Philipp Broemser

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Philipp Broemser (born July 20, 1886 in Rüdesheim am Rhein , † November 11, 1940 in Munich ) was a German physiologist and university professor.


As the son of a general practitioner, Broemser attended the upper secondary school in Geisenheim and the royal high school in Wiesbaden . From 1905 he studied preclinical studies at the Philipps University of Marburg and was active in the Corps Hasso-Nassovia . He moved to the Albert Ludwig University and also joined the Corps Suevia Freiburg . As an inactive, he went to the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) and the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin after completing the Physikum . He passed the state examination in Marburg in 1910.

He turned to physiology and was awarded a doctorate in 1911 in Marburg. med. PhD. He then went to Otto Frank in Munich as a research assistant . During the semester break he helped his father in the doctor's office . In 1914 he volunteered for the Württemberg Army . In an infantry regiment he took part in the First World War as a troop doctor and was awarded both classes of the Iron Cross and the Knight's Cross of the Order of Frederick . He developed listening devices . He completed his habilitation in Munich with a corresponding thesis . Appointed associate professor by LMU in 1922 , he investigated nerve conduction velocity .

In 1925 he followed the call of the University of Basel to her chair for physiology. He developed new methods of measuring blood pressure and arterial current in the bloodstream . With Otto Friedrich Ranke he developed a method for bloodless measurement of stroke volume in humans. The theoretical foundations of this process also occupied him at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg (1930-1934) and at the LMU, which had appointed him in 1934 as Frank's successor. In the meantime he had become a member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences in 1932 .

In 1937 Broemser became a member of the NSDAP . From November 1938 until his death he was rector of the LMU. In his rector's speech on December 9, 1938, he dealt with the tasks of the university in the National Socialist Reich . Broemser was also elected a member of the Leopoldina in 1938 . From 1940 he was a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences . Broemser died in office at the age of 56. His basic research is of medical historical importance for cardiology .


  • A new theory of combination tones. Oldenbourg, Munich 1920.
  • Methods of studying the functions of individual organs of the animal organism. Urban & Schwarzenberg 1923–1938.
  • Introduction to Physics. JF Bergmann, Munich 1925.
  • The differential phygmograph - a method of recording the curve of the course of the flow rate of blood in unopened arteries. Lehmanns, Munich 1928.
  • with Albrecht Bethe and Gustav von Bergmann : Handbook of normal and pathological physiology, with consideration of experimental pharmacology. Springer 1929.
  • Excitability, conduction of stimuli and excitation, general laws of excitation. Springer, Berlin 1929.
  • Nerve conduction speed, fatigue and electronic excitability changes of the nerve. Nerve conduction theories. Springer, Berlin 1929.
  • Application of mathematical methods in the field of physiological mechanics. (Theory of registration methods, curve correction methods, harmonic analysis). Urban & Schwarzenberg, Berlin / Vienna 1930.
  • Basics of hemodynamics. Leipzig 1938.
  • Brief textbook of physiology. Thieme, Leipzig 1938.
  • Otto Frank on his 75th birthday. Lehmanns, Munich 1940.

See also


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans ReichelBroemser, Philipp. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 2, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1955, ISBN 3-428-00183-4 , p. 630 ( digitized version ).
  2. a b Kösener Corpslisten 1960, 99/803; 36/616
  3. a b c Obituary by Otto F. Ranke (SpringerLink)
  4. Dissertation: About the summation of twitches with differently strong stimuli .
  5. Habilitation thesis: On the importance of the theory of forced vibrations in physiology.
  6. Handbook Bethe-Bergmann IX, 1929, p. 213.
  7. The lever plate manometer. Munich 1926.
  8. On the speed of blood in the arteries. in: Journal of Biology. 86, (1927), p. 88.
  9. On the measurement of the stroke volume of the heart in a bloodless way . Zeitschrift für Biologie 90 (1930), pp. 467-507.
  10. Michael Grüttner: Biographical Lexicon on National Socialist Science Policy. Heidelberg 2006, p. 29.
  11. Rector's speeches (HKM)