Michael Schmaus studied after high school in Rosenheim Catholic Theology at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich and in 1924 at Martin grave man to Dr. theol. PhD. In 1922 he was ordained a priest and celebrated the first session on July 16, 1922 in his native Oberbaar. After teaching positions at the Philosophical-Theological University of Freising , at the seminary there and at the University of Munich, he was Professor of Dogmatics at the German-speaking part of the Charles University in Prague (1928–1933) and from 1933 at the Westphalian Wilhelms University in Münster .
From 1946 until his retirement in 1965 he was a full professor for Catholic dogmatics at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich. Joseph Ratzinger, who later became Pope Benedict XVI, was among his students . - with whom he fell out in connection with his habilitation thesis on fundamental theology " The Understanding of Revelation and the Theology of History of Bonaventura " with Gottlieb Söhngen - Gerhard Boß , Josef Finkenzeller , Elisabeth Gössmann , Richard Heinzmann , Stephan Otto , Uta Ranke-Heinemann and Cardinal Leo Scheffczyk . From 1951 to 1952 Schmaus was rector of the LMU Munich.
He was a member of the Catholic student associations of the Cartel Association of Catholic German Student Associations (KV) and an honorary member of the Catholic German Student Association Trifels Munich in the CV. He was also a founding member of the Catholic student union Unitas Prague in 1929 and joined the Unitas Sugambria in Münster in 1933.
Schmaus was buried in the forest cemetery in Munich .
Schmaus significantly reformed Catholic dogmatics through the generally understandable language of his works and the consistent alignment of his theology with Holy Scripture and the works of the Church Fathers . His comprehensive Catholic Dogmatics , published six times, was a standard work of outstanding importance in its time. His books and writings have been translated into numerous languages.
In 1955 Schmaus was the founder of the Munich Theological Journal . A year earlier he founded the Martin Grabmann Research Institute for research into medieval theology and philosophy.
His private library was handed over to the Saxon State Library - Dresden State and University Library (SLUB) in 2007 .
Schmaus commented on points of connection to National Socialist ideology in 1934 in his encounters between Catholic Christianity and National Socialist worldview as follows: “ The tables of National Socialist ought and those of Catholic imperatives point in the same direction. ”In his work, Katholische Dogmatik , published in 1941, he described“ the Jews ”as“ servants of sin ”, for which they“ had no feelings ”, and as“ children, servants of the devil ”.
After moving to Munich, Schmaus was expelled from the university as a professor in November 1946 because of his previous membership of Nazi organizations. Arbitration proceedings first placed him in the group of “fellow travelers”, the appeal hearing as “not affected”. Schmaus was only able to return to the university after the court of cassation in the Bavarian State Ministry confirmed this classification in mid-October 1947.
honors and awards
- 1947: Appointment to the Archbishop's Spiritual Council
- 1951: Admission to the Bavarian Academy of Sciences , historical-philosophical class
- 1952: Admission to the Academia Mariana Internationalis in Rome
- 1952: Admission to the Accademia Leonardo Da Vinci, Naples
- 1952: Appointment as papal house prelate
- 1954: Commander's Cross of the Order of Al Merito of the Order of Merit in Spain
- 1956: Admission to the Pontifica Accademia Theologica Romana
- 1957: Commander's Cross of the Royal Phoenix Order of the King of Greece
- 1959: Bavarian Order of Merit
- 1968: Great Cross of Merit of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1983: Honorary title Apostolic Protonotary ; Awarded by Pope John Paul II on November 12, 1983
- 1983: Günther-Klinge-Culture Prize of the community of Gauting
- 1984: Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art
- Naming of the church square of his birthplace Oberbaar as "Prof.-Michael-Schmaus-Platz"
- 1957: Festschrift for the 60th birthday
- 1967: Festschrift for the 70th birthday
- The psychological doctrine of the Trinity of St. Augustine , 1927
- The Liber propugnatorius of Thomas Anglicus and the doctrinal differences between Thomas Aquinas and Duns Scotus , II: The Trinitarian Doctrinal Differences (Contributions to the History of Philosophy and Theology of the Middle Ages 29), Münster 1930 (Habil.).
- Encounters between Catholic Christianity and the National Socialist worldview , 1934
- Catholic dogmatics , 3 volumes in 4 sub-volumes, 1938–1941
- On the essence of Christianity , Westheim near Augsburg 1947
- Aurelius Augustinus - On the Triune God , 2nd edition: 3. – 5. Tausend, Munich 1951
- Together with Karl Forster : The cult and today's man , Munich 1961.
- The Faith of the Church , 2 volumes, Munich 1969–1970
- On the mystery of the divine trinity , Karlsruhe 1972, ISBN 3-7617-0037-7
- Johann Auer (Ed.): Theology in past and present. Michael Schmaus on his sixtieth birthday offered by his friends and students , Verlag Zink, Munich 1957.
- Manfred Eder : Michael Schmaus. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 9, Bautz, Herzberg 1995, ISBN 3-88309-058-1 , Sp. 322-327.
- Peter Kollmannsberger: The creation theological question of the personhood of humans in the dogmatics of Michael Schmaus and Johann Auer . Dissertation (University of Passau). Schuch, Weiden 1992. ISBN 3-926931-09-4
- Leo Scheffczyk (Ed.) (Among others): Truth and Annunciation. Michael Schmaus on his 70th birthday. Paderborn, Munich, Vienna 1967, two volumes.
- Christian Zühlke: The private library of the theologian Prof. Michael Schmaus in the SLUB , in: SLUB-Kurier, 2007, issue 3, pp. 12-14. available online
- Richard Heinzmann : On the relationship between church and theology according to Michael Schmaus , in: Thomas Prügl , Marianne Schlosser (ed.): Church image and spirituality. Dominican contributions to ecclesiology and church life in the Middle Ages (= Festschrift for Ulrich Horst OP on his 75th birthday). Paderborn, Munich, Vienna, Zurich 2007, ISBN 978-3-506-75651-0 , pp. 421-435.
- Leo Scheffczyk : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-11204-3 , p. 123 f. ( ).
- Literature by and about Michael Schmaus in the catalog of the German National Library
- Publications by and about Michael Schmaus in the Opac der Regesta Imperii
- Website Michael Schmaus ( Ludwig Maximilians University Munich )
- Wolfgang Burr (ed.): Unitas manual . tape 1 . Verlag Franz Schmitt, Siegburg 1995, p. 359 .
- cit. according to Gerhard Bodendorfer: excuse instead of admission of guilt. , www.jcrelations.net
- Norbert Reck: “Christian guilt history and hostility to Jews. Reflections on old and new forms of anti-Semitism . ”In: Hansjörg Schmid / Britta Frede-Wenger: New anti-Semitism? A challenge for interreligious dialogue. Frank & Timme, Berlin 2006, p. 45
- Georg Denzler : “Resistance is not the right word. Catholic priests, bishops and theologians in the Third Reich ”, Pendo, Zurich 2003, pp. 59–66.
- Annuario Pontificio per l'anno 1987 , Città del Vaticano 1987, p. 2031.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schmaus, Michael Raphael (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German Catholic theologian, dogmatist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 17, 1897|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Oberbaar|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 8, 1993|
|Place of death||Gauting , Bavaria|